Duchenei Indian: kulima ndi zopindulitsa katundu

Indian Potentilla - choyambirira ndi zokongola mankhwala - maina ambiri. Zimatchedwa Indian kapena zabodza sitiroberi, komanso Indian dusheney, pseudo-earthy, fragaria ndi dushenya. Kunja, ndi ofanana ndi zipatso zowonongeka: masamba amodzi, masamba amodzi, zipatso zofiira, koma makhalidwe a Duchenae ndi ofunika kwambiri. Dushenay yakula ngati chomera chokongola m'munda, m'mphepete mwa miphika komanso m'miphika pa khonde kapena mawindo, ndipo zimakhala zovuta kusiyanitsa ndi mitengo yowona.

Kulongosola kwa zomera

Duchenei indian ndi mankhwala osatha osakanikirana. Pa zimayambira kukula trifoliate masamba pa petioles, amene kukula kuchokera rosette rosette.

Mitundu ina ya siliva imatchuka kwambiri ndi wamaluwa: yoyera ndi shrub.

Mukudziwa? M'zaka za zana la 18, a botanist wa ku France, dzina lake Antoine Duchesne, anafotokoza Indian Potentilla, ndipo amalemekeza dzina lake, Ducheneus.
Chomeracho chimapanga mphukira kufika ku theka la mita m'litali.

Maluwa a Potentilla ali pamimba, m'mimba mwake ndi 1.5 masentimita, ali pa peduncles. Maluwawo ali ndi maola asanu, mtundu ndi wachikasu kapena wokoma, ndipo uwu ndi umodzi mwa kusiyana pakati pa dusheney ndi sitiroberi. Maluwawo ali ndi 20-30 stamens ndi yaing'ono pestle.

Maluwa kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe ndi nyengo yonseyi. Mu Potentilla zipatso amafanana strawberries ndipo kuzungulira zipatso za zofiira, okwanira yokutidwa ndi ang'onoang'ono mbewu.

Kusiyana kwachiwiri ndikuti zipatso za sitiroberi zimapachikidwa pansi, ndipo zipatso za duchenae zimatambasula.

Mukudziwa? Ngakhale kuti sitiroberi ndi Dushenay Indian - achibale ndi onse a m'banja la Rosy, ndipo kukoma kwawo kumakhala kosiyana kwambiri. Strawberries ali ndi kukoma kokoma ndi fungo, zipatso za Dusheney - zopanda pake ndi zonyansa

Zimayendetsedwa ngati udzu wodutsitsa kudzera m'mitengo, yomwe malo ake amamera mofulumira, mukhoza kufalitsa mbewuyo pogawanitsa chitsamba, komanso kudzera mu mbewu. Monga chomera cholimidwa chakhala chikulimbidwa kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa zaka za zana la 19, chimakhala chosasamala mu chisamaliro ndi kulekerera chisanu molimba kwambiri, ngakhale chimafuna chisanu kapena malo obisala, icho chingakhoze kufungira pang'ono popanda icho, ngakhale chingakhale chotsitsimutsidwa mosavuta.

Zimasunthira mosavuta mthunzi, koma amasankha madera a mthunzi omwe amapezeka pansi pa mtengo wawukulu, koma samawakonda madzi ochulukirapo. Pambuyo chilala chambiri, icho sichidzachira, kotero mu chilimwe chozizira muyenera kuwonjezera kuwonongera zinyontho za nthaka, yomwe imabzala mizu.

Chikhalidwe cha chikhalidwechi chimakonda kuchepa: chonyowa kapena kutentha, chomwe chimatha kuchira mwamsanga pamene kukhala ndi malo ochepa omwe amakhalapo. Maonekedwe a Dushene ndi olemera:

  • dzuwa;
  • fiber;
  • chodabwitsa;
  • zinthu pectin, nayitrogeni, tannic;
  • chithandizo;
  • Mankhwala a zitsulo: iron, calcium, phosphorus, manganese;
  • mavitamini B, C, carotene, folic acid.

Habitat

Malo a kukula kwa Indian Potentilla - Kumwera ndi Kum'ma Asia, amakhulupirira kuti dziko lawo - nkhalango za Eurasian ndi America. M'madera obiriwira - uwu ndi udzu wamsongole, wofanana ndi udzu wamtchire.

Timakhala ngati zokongoletsera, komanso munda m'munda uliwonse: kuchokera ku Siberia kupita kumadera akum'mwera. Potentilla ngati loamy ndi dothi la mchenga mumdima wosakanizidwa koma osati mvula. Indian strawberries amakula m'minda monga chivundikiro chosatha, komanso chomera chophika.

Mesembryantemum, alissum, silver dichondra, zombo, miyala yamtengo wapatali, nemophila, zhivkuchka komanso ducheney ndizo zowomba.

Chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake okongoletsera kwambiri, silverweed amawoneka bwino kwambiri ngati chinthu chokhazikitsidwa m'mapangidwe osiyanasiyana, koma kutha kwake "sikungalole kuti chomeracho chigwiritsidwe ntchito muzithunzi zochepa za alpine.

Koma chifukwa cha khalidweli, Dusheney amabzalidwa m'malo momwe kuli kofunika kuti atenge malo, mwamsanga pakati pa mitengo ndi tchire. Alibe kanthu kotsutsana ndi malo osokoneza bongo.

Ndikofunikira! Pokhala chomera chosatha, Duchenaea imataya kukongola kwake kwa tchire nthawi iliyonse, ndipo chikhalidwe chiyenera kukonzanso mwezi uliwonse. Mosiyana ndi munda wa strawberries, sichiyenera kuikidwa pamalo atsopano.

Kudyetsa kunja

Poyera nthaka Dusheney Indian okonda penumbra, koma kukulitsa dzuwa kumadera ndi kotheka ndi kuthirira okwanira. Mu chisamaliro cha Ducheney, ndimodzichepetsa, iye amakonda nthaka kuwala kapena sing'anga, chifukwa chodzala malo otseguka ndikuphika zotsatirazi zikulimbikitsidwa: magawo awiri a nthaka yothira ndi gawo limodzi la sod ndi mchenga. Mungagwiritsenso ntchito kugula kwa nthaka yonse.

Mukudziwa? Zimakhulupirira kuti zojambula zolemekezeka padziko lonse monga "Khokhloma" ambuye achi Russia akuwonetsa osati nkhalango, koma ma Indian strawberries. Maganizo amenewa amathandizidwa ndi maluwa okongola a chomera. Ndipo izi sizosadabwitsa, kuyambira zaka zana zapitazo Ducheney ankagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ngati chomera chokongoletsera, ngakhale kuti chinatchulidwa m'mabuku owerengera zamaluwa a zaka zimenezo. "fragaria".

Monga chomera chopanga, potentiallla amakongoletsa bwino mkati. Iye ndi wokongola ndipo amakondweretsa diso ndi maonekedwe ake. Chomeracho chimamveka bwino, ngakhale kutentha kumapita ku 5 ° C.

M'chilimwe, miphika ya tchire imayikidwa pamalo pomwe pali kuwala, koma palibe dzuwa lenileni komanso mpweya wokwanira. M'nyengo yozizira, ayenera kusunthira kumene kuli kuwala, koma kutentha kumakhala kochepa kwambiri 12-15 ° C.

Kuswana

Alipo Njira zitatu za kubalana kwa chomera chokongola ichi:

  • magawano a chitsamba;
  • Mitsinje yozika miyendo ndi masharubu;
  • mbewu.
Njira yotchuka kwambiri ndi kugawikana kwa chitsamba: Mizu yazuyo imasiyanitsidwa ndi kholo la mbeu ndikubzala m'magawo osiyana kapena otseguka pansi.

Pakati pa nyengo yokula, thambo limakula ndi rosette yomwe ili pamtunda wa chitsamba, yomwe mizu imakhala pansi, popanda kuipatula kuchokera ku chitsamba cha mayi mpaka iyo ikhale yolimba ndipo imakula mizu yake yokha. Ngati silverweed ikukula pansi ndipo yayamba kale mokwanira, mukhoza kulowetsamo chidebe ndi malo omwe mwana wamkazi angatenge mizu, kenako amagawanye zomera.

Nthawi zina amalimi amagula mbewu ndi kubzala mbewu. Ngati mbeu yayamba, nthawi yawo yowonjezera yafupika kuyambira masabata asanu ndi awiri mpaka 1-2, ndipo mbande ndi yokoma. Stratification ikuchitika motere: chidebe ndi mbewu zofesedwa pansi zimayikidwa mufiriji ndikukhalapo kwa sabata. Pambuyo kukula, mbande imathamangira m'zinthu zawo.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mwasankha kuswana kwa Indian Dusensei ku mbewu, kumbukirani kuti maluwa adzachitika chaka choyamba cha moyo.
Potentilla kawirikawiri imakula m'nthaka ikuwonjezeretsa kufesa.

Chisamaliro

Indian strawberries sali opanda phindu, ndipo chisamaliro chomwe akusowa chili chochepa:

  • Chotsani zidutswa zouma kuti muwone bwino, kuzichepetseni pafupi kwambiri momwe mungathere;
  • musachotse maluwa osweka kuchokera ku zimayambira, chifukwa cha zipatso zabwino zokongola zidzakula, kotero kukongoletsa mbewu; pamene ataya kukongola kwawo ndikusanduka bulauni, amachotsedwa ndi kuwachotsa ku mapesi a maluwa omwe amakula;
  • Zimalangizidwa kuthirira maluwa nthawi zonse, makamaka udzu wa maluwa m'miphika: mwa iwo nthaka imayenera kukhala yogawanika bwino, kukula kumachepetseka m'nyengo yozizira, ndipo zomera zimakhala zochepa, choncho zimasowa madzi okwanira;
  • m'nyengo yachilimwe, ma strawberries a Indian amathiridwa nthawi ndi nthawi;
  • mu kasupe, cinquefoil amadyetsedwa ndi zovuta fetereza, imayambira mu nthaka musanadzalemo;
  • Dushene imafuna kuunika, koma osati kuwala kwa dzuwa, koma kufalikira, pachimake cha kutentha ndikofunika kuti ikhale mthunzi, kuyibisala ku dzuwa;
  • Zomera zimatha kuvulaza mbewu, makamaka ngati nyengo yozizira ndi yopanda snowless, ndiye kuti duchenite ikukula mumtunda, iyenera kuphimbidwa m'nyengo yozizira, pomwe zitsanzo zomwe zikukula mu miphika zimayenera kuperekedwa ndi kutentha kwa 10-15 ° С poziika mu chipinda, wowonjezera kutentha kapena wowonjezera kutentha;
  • Mitundu ya Indian strawberries ngati nkhono ndi slugs sizomwe zili m'munda mwawo; choncho, zomera zimakula pansi zimatetezedwa mofanana - amaika miyala, mtengo wapadera wogula, eggshell, ndi zina zotero; Mitengo ya mphika imapachikidwa mwachindunji m'miphika kapena pulasitiki m'mphepete mwake ndi mafuta odzola;
  • Ngati chomera chikukhudzidwa ndi tizirombo, tiyenera kuchiritsidwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda omwe amawapha.
Mukudziwa? Dzina lachilatini Potentilla - Potentila - amachokera ku dzina lachilatini potentis, kutanthauza mphamvu, mphamvu. Dzina limeneli limaperekedwa mopanda phindu, akhala akutchuka chifukwa cha machiritso awo, komanso mphamvu yawo ya moyo.

Pharmacological katundu

Duchenei Indian imakhala ndi zotsatira zotsutsana, ma polyphenols omwe amapangidwa amakhala ndi zinthu zopindulitsa zomwe zimalimbana ndi maselo a khansa ndi kuwawononga. Izi zinatsimikiziridwa ndi ofufuza a ku America, omwe anapeza zotsatira zoterozo pa zitsulo.

Anthu okhala ku Asia akhala akudziwika kale ndikugwiritsa ntchito machiritso a zomera, kuphatikizapo kupewa ndi kupititsa khansa.

Zotsatira za Antitumor zimakhala ndi zomera zambiri: zofiira currant, celandine, aconite, suti yosambira, stonecrop yofiira, hellebore, periwinkle, chitsamba chowawa, timbewu tonunkhira, kakombo m'chigwa, barberry.

Kukonzekera kwa zipangizo

Masamba onse ndi zipatso za Indian Indian potentilla amachiritsa katundu. Amakolola kuti apitirize kugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Ndikofunikira! Zipatso zimadyedwa mwatsopano, komabe mungagwiritse ntchito zouma ndi mazira, komabe chiwerengero cha zakudya m'thupi mwawo chimachepa.
Pamene cholowacho chimasanduka mdima wofiira ndipo n'zosavuta kupatukana. - ndi nthawi yokolola. Kuyanika kumachitika mumayake wapadera, uvuni, uvuni. Kuyanika kutentha - madigiri 45-50. Zipatso zouma ziyenera kusungidwa mu chidebe chokwanira chotsekedwa galasi pamalo amdima kutentha. Moyo wawo wa alumali ndi zaka 2-3.

Masamba auma pamthunzi pamalo abwino kwambiri. Nthaŵi zina amatembenuzidwa kuti apange yunifolomu, kusungidwa pamalo amdima. Sizowonongeka kusungira zipangizo zopangira zoposa 2 zaka.

Gwiritsani ntchito mankhwala achipatala

Mankhwala apakhomo samagwiritsa ntchito Indian duchenaea, koma machiritso ake amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'mayiko a ku Asia. Mankhwala am'chipatala amapereka katundu wotere:

  • chotsutsa;
  • katemera;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • zosangalatsa
Mothandizidwa ndi zipatso za zipatso zodabwitsazi amachizidwa:

  • ziwalo za dongosolo la zakudya;
  • chiwindi;
  • mphukira;
  • matenda opatsirana.

Anthu a ku China amagwiritsira ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo a madzi kuti asamalidwe:

  • mphutsi;
  • machiritso owonda;
  • komanso ngati njoka yothandizira.
A decoction opangidwa kuchokera m'magulu a Indian Potentilla, ali ndi mphamvu zowonongeka, amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuchiza:

  • neurosis;
  • kusowa tulo;
  • wovutika maganizo.
Komanso, mothandizidwa ndi msuzi, kudulidwa, kukhuta komanso mabala ena, kuphatikizapo zotentha, amachiritsidwa.

Zipatso zakutchire ndi mbali ya masikiti a nkhope.

Contraindications

Zipatsozi n'zosavuta, ndipo ambiri amaziwona kuti ndizovuta, zokongoletsera zokhazokha. Mofanana ndi sitiroberi, iwo alibe chochita ndi izi, kupatula mwina zothandiza zomwe zimapanga iwo.

Ndikofunikira! Mukamadya zipatso zambiri za Dusheni, mumamva bwino, chifukwa muli ndi poizoni pang'ono.

Sikoyenera kuti tigwiritse ntchito ana, amayi omwe ali ndi pakati komanso otukuka, anthu amakhala ndi vuto lopweteka, komanso omwe alibe tsankho limodzi ndi zigawo zake.

Kaya kugwiritsira ntchito zida za Dusheni Indian monga mankhwala chomera ndi nkhani yaumwini. Sitikukayikira kuti ndizabwino ngati chomera chokongoletsera, zonsezi zikukula pansi ndipo zimabzala miphika kuti zikhale zokongola.