Heliopsis "Lorain Sunshine": kukwera ndi kusamalira

Kutambasula maluwa pa bedi la maluwa, ndikufuna kupanga chilengedwe chosazolowereka mothandizidwa ndi zomera zosadzichepetsa. Pambuyo pake, nthawi zambiri pamakhala nthawi yokwanira yokhala ndi zomera zopanda nzeru.

Ndipo ndizopanda phindu, popeza pali misala yosakongoletsera, koma popanda kuikapo chidwi mitundu.

Imodzi mwa izi ndi heliopsis, timapereka maonekedwe osiyanasiyana pa "Lorraine Sunshine", yomwe idzakongoletsa munda uliwonse wa maluwa ndipo idzakupatsani kukongola ndi kununkhira kochokera kwa July mpaka chisanu choyamba.

Mafotokozedwe a zamoyo

Kagulu kakang'ono ka herbaceous osatha, omwe ali a banja la Astrov. Poyamba, chomeracho chinakula kumadera akummawa kwa North America, koma kalekale kakhala kotchuka pafupifupi m'madera onse a dziko lathuli.

Kwa Léraine Sunshine heliopsis, zimayambira ndizoyimira kutalika kwa masentimita 70-80. Chinthu chosiyana ndi chizindikiritso cha mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi masamba ake, tsamba la masamba ndi loyera ndi lokongoletsedwa ndi mitsempha yobiriwira.

The motley ndi oyambirira mphukira za zomera nthawi zonse zimakhudza maganizo ndi kukopa chidwi, komanso ake osachepera wokongola maluwa, anasonkhana mu basketball inflorescences. Mafuta ndi a chikasu chofupika, chozungulira kwambiri. Zina zotchedwa "Lorain Sunshine" polemekeza wolima, amene anapeza chitsamba chosadziwika mu bedi lake la maluwa.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mphukira zobiriwira zimapangidwa pa Lorain Sunshine heliopsis, akulimbikitsidwa kuti achotsedwe mwamsanga.

Malo abwino kwambiri oti mukule

Heliopsis sizomwe zimakhala zopanda phindu, kubzala ndi kusamalira sizingakhale zovuta. Mmodzi amangosankha bwino malo ndi nthaka, ndipo zambiri za ntchito zatha, ndipo maziko a kulima bwino apangidwa.

Malo ndi kuunikira

Poganizira kuti chomeracho chabwera kuchokera ku maiko otentha, malo omwe akubzala ayenera kukhala dzuwa. Koposa zonse, herbaceous osatha amakula m'madera otseguka komanso ouma.

Nthaka ya heliopsis

Chomera chimakonda chonde, makamaka loamy nthaka. Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti dothi likhale lokonzedwa bwino, ngati kuchepa kwa madzi kungawononge zomera.

Kubzala ndi kubalana kwa zomera

Mitengo yosatha imatha kubzalidwa nthawi yamasika komanso yophukira, zimadalira momwe kuberekedwera kudzapangidwira.

Mukudziwa? Mukamabzala mixborders mumayenera kugwiritsa ntchito maluwa, monga momwe zimakhalire ndi zinyama zowonongeka zomwe zimakhala zogwirizana ndi anansi awo m'munda wa maluwa ndipo ndithudi ziwonjezerani kuti zikhale zosangalatsa kwambiri. Akatswiri a zamaganizo amati mtundu wachikasu umathandiza kuti kutuluka kwa hormone ya chisangalalo.

Kukula kuchokera ku mbewu

M'chaka, mungathe kufesa mbewu mubzala. Pansi pa thankiyo iyenera kuyikidwa ngalande. Gulu lapansi liyenera kukhala lotayirira, mukhoza kuwonjezera peti ku miphika. Ndi bwino kuthira nthaka ndi mphamvu yochepa ya potaziyamu permanganate, ndikubzala kubzala.

Pambuyo pake, chidebecho chimadzazidwa ndi magalasi kapena mafilimu ndipo amachoka pamalo okongola ndi kutentha kwa mpweya osachepera madigiri 20. Pambuyo masiku asanu ndi awiri, mbande ziyenera kusunthira ku malo amdima, ozizira ndi kusungidwa kwa masabata 3-4 kutentha kwa madigiri 3-4. Pambuyo panthawiyi, chidebecho chimayikidwa dzuwa mu chipinda chomwe thermometer imasonyeza osachepera +25. Pamene mphukira zoyamba zikuwonetsedwa, malo ogona amachotsedwa. Kukula mbande kumapitiriza kutentha kwa madigiri 10-15.

Pochita kusintha kusintha kwa kutentha ndi kosavuta, zomera zimayenera kuthiriridwa ngati dothi likuuma. Pamene nyengo imakhala yofunda, mbewu zimabzalidwa poyera. Pamene njira yobereka yobereka imatha mchaka cha 2.

Poyera Pamalo otseguka, mbewu zimabzalidwa bwino asanafike nyengo yozizira. Izi zimachitika panthawi yomwe chisanu chili pafupi, ndipo palibe chitsimikizo chotentha.

Munda wanu udzakongoletsedwa ndi maluwa osatha monga delphinium, rudbeckia, lupine, echinacea, periwinkle, peony, phlox, tulip, gladiolus, bello, pansies, saxweed, stachis.
Chowonadi ndi chakuti pamene thaw imachitika, nthawi yosatha imatha kumasula ziphuphu, zomwe, ndithudi, zimakhala zosafunika kwambiri, popeza zomerazo zimangomwalira. Choncho, kudalira pazochitika ndi chidziwitso, m'pofunika kudziwa nthawi yoyendetsera yekha.

Kupyolera mu mbande Mbande amabzalidwa potseguka pansi kumapeto kwa May. Kuti muchite izi, chemba mabowo obzala pamtunda wa masentimita osachepera 40 kuchokera pa wina ndi mzake ndikuyika mbande zolimbikitsidwa kumeneko.

Kugawa chitsamba

Kwa njira iyi yoberekera zomera zoyenera zomwe zafika zaka 4-5. Chitsambacho chimakumbidwa mosamala ndipo kachilombo kameneka kamagawidwa mofanana kuti impso imodzi ikhalepo pa delenka iliyonse. Pambuyo pake, nthawi yomweyo anabzala pansi pamtunda wa 30-40 masentimita. Njirayi imalimbikitsidwa kasupe kapena yophukira, makamaka osati kamodzi pa zaka 4-5.

Ndikofunikira! Heliopsis "Lorain Sunshine" amatanthauza variegated, kotero kufalitsa kwake kwa cuttings kumaloledwa. Cuttings adadulidwa pakati pa chilimwe ndikuyikidwa mu mphika ndi gawo lapansi mpaka nyengo yotsatira. Njirayo imalingaliridwa kuti ndi yovuta kwambiri, choncho imakhala yogwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri.

"Lorain Sunshine": chisamaliro

Chomeracho chimaonedwa kuti sichiri chopanda chidziwitso, sichifunikanso njira zinazake, koma izi sizimapangitsa kuti minda yamaluwayo ikhale yofunikira kuchokera ku zofunikira zomwe maluwa onse amafunikira.

Kuthirira ndi kusamalira nthaka

Osatha, safuna kuthirira tsiku ndi tsiku. Njira zothandizira madzi ziyenera kuchitika kokha ngati nthaka yozungulira mbewu yayika kwambiri.

Komanso, heliopsis ikhoza kuchita popanda ulimi wothirira, koma panopa ziyenera kumveka kuti maluwa sadzakhala ochuluka komanso obiriwira. Nthaka yozungulira shrub iyenera kumasulidwa nthawi zonse, namsongole namsongole.

Kupaka pamwamba

Kufesa mbewu sikofunikira, koma ngati mukufuna kuteteza ziweto zanu, ndiye kuti feteleza zamchere ndi zokongoletsera zapamwamba zimalandiridwa. Zimathandiza kuti mukhale ndi maluwa ambiri komanso kuwonjezera masamba okongoletsera komanso okongola.

Mukudziwa? Kuphatikiza pa makhalidwe ake okongoletsera mu bedi la maluwa, heliopsis ingagwiritsidwe ntchito mu floristics, mothandizidwa kuti muthe kupanga zozizwitsa zapadera za dzuwa, makamaka ngati zimabwera ku zosiyanasiyana Lorain Sunshine. Masamba oyera achilendo mosiyana ndi maluwa achikasu amathandizira kupanga maluwa osiyana omwe adzakhale mu vase kwa nthawi yaitali ndipo chonde ndi kukongola kwake.

Kukonzekera nyengo yozizira

Mitundu yonse ya chomera ichi imatengedwa yozizira-yolimba, kuphatikizapo mpendadzuwa Heliopsis, Lorain Sunshine, Summer Pink ndi ena ambiri. Ndikwanira kudula amadyera kumapeto kwa autumn, ndipo osatha amaonedwa kuti okonzeka m'nyengo yozizira, palibe malo apadera okhalamo.

Chitetezo ku matenda ndi tizirombo

Heliopsis "Lorain Sunshine" imakhala yotetezeka kwambiri ku matenda ndi tizilombo toononga, koma sitiyenera kuiwalika kuti chinyezi chochuluka chingayambitse matenda a fungal. Monga njira yowononga, njira yothetsera sulfate kapena mkuwa sulphate imagwiritsidwa ntchito. "Lorain Sunshine" ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya heliopsis yomwe imakhala ndi maonekedwe okongola kwambiri komanso masamba okongoletsera achikasu, omwe amatha kukwaniritsa bedi la maluwa ndi chimwemwe ndipo amachititsa kuti azisangalala kwambiri.