Rosa Kerio: ndondomeko ndi ndondomeko za chisamaliro

Kawirikawiri, pamene munthu akufuna kupereka maluwa ena ndipo sakudziwa zomwe wosankhidwayo amakonda, nthawi zonse amalangiza kuti mugule maluwa. Inde, ndithudi, simukumana ndi munthu amene sakonda maluwa okongola awa. Koma zitatha zonse, maluwa amatha kufota msanga, koma ngati mumabzala ndikukula duwa, idzakondweretsa inu ndi okondedwa anu kwa zaka zambiri. Imodzi mwa njira yabwino kwambiri yobzala ndi hybrid tea Kerio, ndondomeko yomwe mungapeze m'nkhaniyi.

Mbiri yowonekera

Rosa Kerio - zosiyanasiyana odulidwa wosakaniza tiyi maluwa. Anatengedwera ku Lex +, rosa yopereka kampani pansi pa dzina lakuti Lexoirek. Kampaniyo yakhala yotchuka padziko lonse chifukwa cha mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya maluwa, ndipo izi sizosadabwitsa, chifukwa malonda a kampaniyo akhala akukonzekera kukwaniritsa makasitomala ake onse ndi mitundu yabwino kwambiri.

Panthawiyi, Lex + ndi maulendo ambirimbiri apadera. Rose Kerio - imodzi mwa mitundu yabwino kwambiri ya kampaniyo. Amayamikiridwa kwambiri ndi wamaluwa padziko lonse lapansi chifukwa cha maonekedwe ake okongola komanso okongola kwambiri.

Kufotokozera ndi zithunzi za zosiyanasiyana

Mitunduyi imakhala ndi zitsamba zamphamvu, zokhala ndi zitsulo zing'onozing'ono, mamita 1,20 mamita ndi 60 cm. Masambawo ndi owala, obiriwira. Nthawi zina masamba amakhala owala kwambiri.

Maluwawo ali ndi mawonekedwe a galasi, omwe amakhala aakulu pakati pa 13-15 masentimita awiri. Pamene Mphukira imasungunuka kwathunthu, pakati pake pafupifupi pafupi.

Nyengo yonse yotentha imamera, imakhala yowala kwambiri, yosasangalatsa. Maluwawo amasungira bwino mawonekedwe awo chifukwa chakuti amasintha pang'onopang'ono. Dulani maluwa akhale otsala kwa masiku osachepera khumi. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya maluwa imakhalanso yotetezeka ku matenda ozizira komanso osiyanasiyana.

Mukudziwa? Munthu yemwe amachititsa khungu la maluwa kwa nthawi yaitali, amachititsa kuti azikhala ndi maganizo komanso amachititsa kuti mchitidwe wamanjenje ukhale wabwino.

Kusankha malo

Zambiri zimadalira malo abwino okwera. Choncho, muyenera kudziwa zomwe zidzakupatseni chomeracho ndi chirichonse chofunikira kuti kukula bwino ndi maluwa. Akatswiri amati amalimbikitsa malo opanda mphepo yamkuntho, koma ndi dzuwa lokwanira. Maluwa okongola a tiyi amakonda osafooka, nthaka yochepa. Zomwe nthaka ikuyenera kuchita zimayenera kukhala 5.6-7.3 pH.

Chomera choyenera cha hybrid tiyi chinakwera

Tiyeni tiyang'ane pa sayansi yabwino yoyenera kubzala Kerio hybrid tea rose, kuphatikizapo kusankha mbande ndi kubzala.

Mukudziwa? Maluwa ochepa kwambiri padziko lapansi samakula kuposa mbewu ya mpunga. Mitundu yaying'ono yotchedwa C.

Kusankha ndi kukonzekera mbande

Mukamagula mbande musankhe mosamala. Mzuwu uyenera kutsekedwa, ndipo mbali ya mlengalenga ili bwino. Mwa njira, kugula kubzala zakuthupi kukulimbikitsidwa kupanga kumapeto kwa March kapena April.

Ndikofunikira! Mbande zabwino zimasiyana ndi mizu yosalala bwino, mizu ya miyeso yambiri komanso malo okhwima pamwamba pa nthaka popanda malo owuma.

Musanabzala, mbande ziyenera kuikidwa m'madzi, kwa maola pafupifupi 4 mpaka 6. Ndi bwino kutulutsa mphukira yathanzi ndikuchotsa zowonongeka ndi zofooka. Izi zimatsimikizira kuti chomera chimakula mofulumira.

Chombo ndi kutsika

NthaƔi yabwino yobzala idzakhalira kuyamba kwa May, pamene nthaka yayamba kale kutentha mokwanira. Kuzama kwa mabowo ayenera kukhala 45-55 masentimita, ndi mtunda pakati pawo - masentimita 40. Onetsetsani kuti mizu ya zomera imapezeka momasuka.

Ndikofunikira! Musanabzala, mbande za sitolo pamalo ozizira.

Nthaka iyenera kukhala yosungunuka bwino komanso yodzaza ndi nthaka, yomwe imaphatikizapo manyowa, mchenga, peat, ndi dothi lachonde. Kusakaniza kumeneku kungagulidwe pa malo apadera ogulitsa kapena kuchokera kwa omwe amabala maluwa. Ndifunikanso kupanga mchenga ndi miyala, monga kuchepa kwa madzi kungawononge zomera. Pamene mukubzala m'nthaka, muzu wa mizu sayenera kuikidwa m'manda. Mutabzala, duwa liyenera kuthiriridwa bwino komanso likhale lamdima kwa milungu iwiri. Chiwombankhanga chidzakhala choyenera paichi.

Kusamalira bwino mitundu

Kusamalira chomera choyenera ndi chinthu china chofunikira chokula maluwa okongola.

Kusankha mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya maluwa kuti mupange munda wa rozi, muyenera kumvetsera mwatsatanetsatane ndi Delight Delight, Graham Thomas, Chopin, Sophia Loren, New Dawn, Abraham Derby, Mary Rose, William Shakespeare, Blue Perfume, Pink Intuition, Falstaff, Pierre de Ronsard.

Kuthirira ndi kusamalira nthaka

Chinyezi chokwanira kwa maluwa ndi chowononga, choncho sayenera kuthiriridwa katatu pa sabata. Komanso onani kuti chitsamba ayenera kuthiriridwa m'chilimwe ndi oyambirira autumn. Mu nthawi yotsala ya chinyezi zikhale zokwanira zitsamba za chitukuko chabwino.

Ndikofunikira! Musaiwale kuganizira nyengo ndi nyengo.

Ngati, mwachitsanzo, posachedwa mvula pa siteti yanu, ndiye kutsirira sikofunikira. Ndipo ngati kulibe mvula kwa nthawi yaitali ndipo nthaka inali youma, ndiye kuti kuchuluka kwa madzi kuwonjezeka.

Madzi omwe mumwawetsera amathandizanso. Sizingatheke kuti madziwo amwe madzi pompopeni kapena kuchokera pachitsime, ndikofunikira kuti azichirikiza tsiku ndiyeno amwe madziwo. Kutentha kwa madzi kumafunika kuzungulira 16 ° C. Mtsinje wa madzi uyenera kutumizidwa pansi, osati ku chitsamba chokha ndi maluwa. Chakumapeto kwa nyengo yachisanu, nthawi zambiri kuthirira kumalimbikitsa kuchepetsa kukonzekera chomera m'nyengo yozizira.

Kupaka pamwamba

Popanda kudya kudyetsa, tiyiyi siidzakula ngati ikufunika ndipo imafalikira mobwerezabwereza. Ichi ndichifukwa chake kuli kofunikira kufesa nthaka. Pazinthu izi, feteleza oyenera kapena manyowa.

M'chaka, asanadzalemo, akatswiri amalangiza feteleza nthaka ndi nayitrogeni feteleza. Ndipo pamaso pa maluwa masabata angapo, fetashi phosphate feteleza akhoza kuwonjezeredwa ku nthaka.

Ngati mwasankha kugwiritsa ntchito manyowa ngati feteleza, pansipa ndizomwe mungagwiritsire ntchito:

  1. Pangani mizere yapadera ya feteleza pamtunda wa masentimita 30 kuchokera ku chomera.
  2. Sungani feteleza ndi madzi ndi malo mu mizere.
  3. Pambuyo pake, lembani feteleza ndi madzi kachiwiri ndikuphimba ndi nthaka.
  4. Patatha tsiku muyenera kumasula nthaka.
Kawirikawiri zimachitika kuti msuzi wosakanizidwa umatulutsa bwino popanda kudyetsa kwina, koma palibe amene amatsimikizira kuti izi ndi zabwino ndipo izi zikhala bwino kuti apange zinthu zabwino pazomera. Ngakhale kuti chomera chili ndi chisanu chabwino, ndi bwino kuziphimba m'nyengo yozizira, chifukwa ichi mungagwiritse ntchito filimu kapena peat.

Kuteteza tizilombo ndi matenda

Rose Kerio, monga mitundu yambiri ya maluwa, nthawi zambiri amavutika ndi majeremusi osiyanasiyana. Komabe, vuto lake lalikulu kwambiri ndi aphid. Polimbana ndi tizirombo timagwiritsa ntchito mankhwala, makina komanso mankhwala. Mmodzi wa iwo ndi wabwino mwa njira yake, mukhoza kuyesa njira zingapo ndikusankha bwino kwambiri:

  • Njira yabwino kwambiri yogwiritsira ntchito nsabwe za m'masamba ndi madzi ambiri. Komabe, ndege yamphamvu imatha kuvulaza chomeracho.
  • Muzitsulo za mtundu wa anthu ambiri kusankha. Mwachitsanzo, kugwiritsa ntchito kulowetsedwa koteroko kungakhale kothandiza: mapaundi a nsonga za mbatata ndi 5 g wa sopo yotsuka kutsanulira madzi asanu otentha ndikupita kwa masiku awiri.
  • Garlic kulowetsedwa: kuwaza 100 g wa adyo ndi kutsanulira 6 malita a madzi ozizira. Imani maola atatu.
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito fodya kungathandizenso: 400 g fodya ndi 40 g sopo yotsuka kutsanulira madzi okwanira 9 malita ndikupita kwa tsiku.
  • Zogwira mtima zitha kukhala ndi adyo phwetekere, phwetekere ndi anyezi komanso kulowetsedwa kwa tsabola wofiira.
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala, mungagwiritse ntchito mankhwalawa: "Kinmiks", "Decis", "Iskra", "Intavir", "Fitoverm" kapena "Aktara". Kukonzekera njira molingana ndi malangizo omwe atsekedwa. Kupanga bwino kumachitika madzulo nthawi yamvula.
Matenda wamba a roses ndi powdery mildew, dzimbiri, cytosporosis, spotting, kansa ya bakiteriya, imvi nkhungu.
Kotero inu mumakumana ndi maluwa osiyanasiyana osiyanasiyana Kerio, anawona chithunzi ndi kufotokoza, ndipo awerenganso momwe mungamalime ndi kusamalira bwino. Tikukhulupirira kuti, mutatsatira malangizowo onse, mudzatha kukula chomera ichi chokongola chomwe chidzakondweretsani ndi maluwa kwa nthawi yaitali.