Sanguinaria: zinsinsi za kulima bwino

Sanguinaria ndi chomera chosasinthika, chomwe, chifukwa cha kukongola kwake kokongola komanso nthawi yomweyo kudzichepetsa, chimayamba kuwonjezeka kwambiri kwa alimi a maluwa ndi okonza mapulaneti.

Kufotokozera ndi katundu

Sanguinaria ndi chitsamba chaching'ono chomwe chimamasula kwa kanthaƔi kochepa ndipo chimagwira ntchito yaikulu pakati pa zomera zoyambirira popanga zochititsa chidwi pa malo a pristenennyh.

M'mphepete mwa kasupe wa masika, maluwa a m'chigwa, mphepo yamkuntho, muscari, irises, galantus, hionodoksa, periwinkle, hyacinth, liverwort, kolhikum, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, phalapulo, lungwort, nthisito, hellebore, chipinda, scilla adzakusangalatseni ndi maluwa ake.

Zomwe zimawoneka, kumene zimakula

Sanguinaria imakula ku North America, makamaka makamaka kumwera kwa Canada ndi kummawa kwa United States, chifukwa chake amatchedwa Canada. Mu chilengedwe, duwa amakonda nkhalango zakuda, mitsinje ndi madera pafupi ndi mitsinje.

Dziwani kuti pamene mizu yawonongeka, madzi amayamba pomwepo, ndipo, malinga ndi mboni zowona, mzu wa madzi umakhala wofanana ndi magazi a anthu, choncho dzina lakuti "sanguinaria canadensis" m'Chilatini limatanthauza "mizu yamagazi". Sanguinaria ali ndi makhalidwe awa:

  • Osatha ndi miyendo yaitali yaitali yopanda malire, yomwe imakhala yaikulu mpaka mamita awiri. Muzuwo uli ndi malo omwe amatuluka kunja, potero amagwira gawolo ndikupanga mapulaneti wandiweyani. Munthu aliyense amatha zaka zoposa 4, kenako amafa.
  • Low shrub, peduncle kutalika sichiposa 15 centimita.
  • Chomeracho chimamasula nthawi yomweyo chisanu chitasungunuka. Nthawi yamaluwa imadalira nyengo.
  • Maluwa amodzi okha amakula kuchokera ku Mphukira. Maonekedwe ake akhoza kukhala ophweka (masentimita asanu m'mimba mwake) ndi terry.
  • Ili ndi pepala limodzi, lopotozedwa pozungulira peduncle. Amadziwululidwa bwino pambuyo pa maluwa a maluwa ndipo amatha kufika mamita makumi atatu. Mapangidwe a tsambali amawoneka mofanana ndi mtima pamphepete mwa magalasi okhala ndi ubweya wa buluu.
  • Ndilolekerera mthunzi, koma limakula dzuwa. Maluwawo ndi chilala chosagonjetsedwa.
  • Mbewu zipsa kumapeto kwa chilimwe. Bokosi la mbewu liri ndi mawonekedwe a pod mpaka masentimita 10 kutalika. Mbewu yakuda yokha imakhala ndi nyenyeswa yokhala ndi minofu yomwe imamera chikondi. Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndipo ndife osamalidwa mwachilengedwe.

Perennial ali ndi drawback - Zimatha kumapeto kwa chilimweakusiya zida zopanda kanthu. Izi ziyenera kuganiziridwa pokonza zojambula za m'munda.

Mukudziwa? Chomeracho chinabweretsedwa ku minda ya zomera ku Ulaya ndipo makamaka ku England m'zaka za zana la XYII, kumene kuli wotchuka mpaka lero.

Nthawi komanso maluwa

Maluwa amapezeka kumapeto kwa chipale chofewa chisungunuka, ndipo nthawi yayitali zimadalira nyengo. Ngati kasupe ndi kuzizira - nyengo yamaluwa imatha mpaka mwezi. Pamene kutentha kwa mpweya kumapitirira madigiri 25, sanguinaria imafalikira osapitirira masabata atatu. Kutalika kwa peduncle pa maluwa kumakhala masentimita 15.

Maluwa amakhala ndi mazira oyera ozungulira ndi mayi wa ngale ndi mamita asanu ndi awiri. Iwo amawoneka ngati daisies, chifukwa ali ndi mtima wachikasu, wopangidwa ndi magawo asanu ndi atatu. Maluwa ophweka ndi mawonekedwe a terry, omwe ndi zotsatira za kusintha kwa chilengedwe. Zachiwiri zimawoneka ngati duwa la peony, koma laling'ono chabe. Mitundu yotchuka ya terry:

  • "Multiplex" - Mizere yopapatiza imakonzedwa mu mizere ingapo.
  • "Floro Pleno" - Mankhusuwa ndi ochulukirapo kuposa "Multiplex", ali ndi mzere wozama komanso maluwa okongola.
Pambuyo pa maluwa, kukongola kwa mbeu sikumatha, koma kumapitirira mpaka kumapeto kwa chilimwe, mpaka tsamba lifa.

Chothandiza n'chiyani

Canadian Sanguinaria si zokongoletsera zokongoletsera m'munda, komanso osatha ndi machiritso katundu:

  • M'magulu odwala matendawa, amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati antibacterial, expectorant ndi spasm-removing agent.
  • Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa mankhwala ogwiritsira ntchito manyowa, mutu ndi mphumu.
  • Kubwezeretsa mphamvu zamadzimadzi komanso kuyimitsa kayendedwe kachakudya.
  • Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonzekera kuchiza matenda aakazi. Mwachitsanzo, otchuka "Amakumbutsa" ili ndi sanguinaria.
  • "Sanguinaria Canadensis" - Tincture wa mizu yatsopano ya zomera, yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito pochiza matenda a pamwamba pamapapo opumira, kutsitsa chifuwa, rheumatism ndi matenda ena.
Ndikofunikira! Chomeracho sichitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pa mankhwala okha, monga sanguinaria ali ndi zinthu zoopsa. Musanagwiritse ntchito mankhwala ochiritsira funsani dokotala.

Kusankha malo okhala

Canada Sanguinaria ndi yosasamala komanso yosasinthasintha kwambiri yomwe ingagwirizane ndi zosiyana siyana. Iye imakula bwino mumthunzi pansi pa mitengo ndi dzuwa, koma nthawi zonse kuthirira. Kuchokera apa tingathe kunena kuti pamene chodzala zomera zimangoyang'ana zokhazokha zokongoletsera.

Popeza sanguinaria ndi maluwa oyambirira, malo abwino oti mubzala sadzadutsa m'munda pansi pa mitengo yoyenera pakati pa zomwezo.

Kuunikira

Kukula bwino ndi kukongoletsa kumafunikira dzuwa kapena pang'ono penumbra. Chomeracho ndi mthunzi wolekerera, koma ndi mthunzi wamphamvu, mwachitsanzo, pansi pa honynikami, maluwa samabvumbulutsa.

Nthaka

Sangvinaria imakula pa wowawasa peaty, dothi la mchenga losalowerera ndale. Zowonongeka:

  • dzikolo ndi lofewa ndi lotayirira;
  • ngalande yabwino, yomwe imathetsa madzi ambiri;
  • pa dothi lolemera sanguinaria silimakula konse.

Sanguinaria amawoneka okongola motsutsana ndi maziko a chivundikiro cha pansi (thyme, primrose) kapena kuphatikizapo zochepa zomwe zimakhalapo (geranium, boxwood). Mogwirizana sanguinaria adzayang'ana pa mapiri a alpine.

Kubzala mbande pa tsamba

Kuti chomeracho chizoloƔera ndipo chinakula, ndikofunikira ndithu Chitani zotsatirazi: ngati timabzala delenka rhizomes, ndiye kuti imayikidwa mmwamba ndi mizu mpaka mumzere wokonzeka wa masentimita 7. Mbande zimabzalidwa mumapangidwe okonzeka, osayesa kusokoneza gulu ladothi la mbande. Mtunda wa pakati pa zomera zimakhala mpaka masentimita 30. Dzikoli likuphatikizidwa mosamala ndi kuthirira mochuluka.

Gwiritsani ntchito nyimbo za m'munda

Sanguinaria ali ndi katundu woti afalikire ku gawo limene limakula, kotero izi ziyenera kuganiziridwa poyambitsa nyimbo za m'munda. Zokongoletsera muzogwiritsidwa ntchito monga:

  • chotsindika cha mitengo ndi tchire zosiyanasiyana;
  • Mawanga okongola m'magulu a chiwembu;
  • m'munda wolima monga mwatsatanetsatane, ngati chomera choyambirira;
  • "kuonetsa" pakati pa miyala yomwe ili pamapiri;
  • mabedi okongola, zowonongeka m'mabotolo ndi zitsulo.
Mukudziwa? Maluwa otuluka m'magazi amakhalanso ndi fungo lofanana ndi fungo la misonkho yatsopano.

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji mukukula?

Pamene mukukula sanguinaria mu mthunzi kapena mthunzi pamtunda, sichifunikira chisamaliro chapadera, kupatulapo kumapeto kwa kasupe kokometsera mitundu ya maluwa. Ngati itabzalidwa pamalo amdima, m'pofunika kuti nthaka ikhale yonyowa.

Kuthirira

Kuzindikira nthawi zonse ulimi wothirira, muyenera kutsogoleredwa ndi mkhalidwe wa nthaka. Nthaka yowirira bwino ndi yabwino kwa munda wamunda. Sanguinaria ikhoza kulekerera nthawi zochepa, chifukwa mizu yake yambiri imatha kusonkhanitsa chinyezi.

Ndikofunikira! M'chilimwe, pamene chilala chiri masiku opitirira khumi popanda kuthirira, sanguinaria amafa.

Kupaka pamwamba

Popeza sanguinaria ali ndi mizu yopanda malire yomwe ilibe pang'onopang'ono m'nthaka, ndiye kuti kukumba kulibe. Kudyetsa kwakukulu kumachitika kumayambiriro kwa masika ndi mchere wambiri wa feteleza.

Zimayambira pa nthaka mulching. Pakuti mulch wotengedwa kuwala crumbly organic feteleza: kompositi, humus kapena peat. Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito masamba a aspen, linden ndi mitengo ina ya m'nkhalango, yomwe, motero, iyenera kukhala composted.

Zima

Chomeracho sichiwopa kwambiri frosts ndi nyengo zopanda chipale chofewa. Malinga ndi kafukufuku wa America, ili m'dera lachitatu la chisanu chotsutsa sakusowa pogona.

Matenda ndi Kutsutsana ndi Tizilombo

Amagazi samakhala ndi matenda ndipo samakhudzidwa ndi tizirombo. Vuto lokha limabwera pamene dothi liri lonyowa kwambiri, mizu ikhoza kuvunda.

Njira zoberekera

Olima minda amatha kulengeza chomera chodabwitsa, chodzichepetsa m'njira ziwiri - pogawaniza rhizomes, kubzala mbewu.

Gawo la rhizomes

Kugawidwa kwa mizu kumachitika kumapeto kwa chilimwe kapena kumayambiriro kwa autumn, pamene masamba akugwa pa exotus. Zigawo za rhizomes ziyenera kukhala zazing'ono, koma nthawizonse ndi impso imodzi. Mizu kumapeto kwa mzu waukulu ayenera kusungidwa popanda kudulira, popeza siibwereranso m'dzinja.

Popanda iwo, kuziyika delenki sizingatheke ndipo zingakhale padziko lapansi m'nyengo yozizira m'nyengo yozizira. Ngati zomera zimagulitsidwa, kuyendetsa ndikugawanika kumachitika pakati pa chilimwe. Zolinga zimabzalidwa miphika ndipo zimakhala mumthunzi.

Kukula kuchokera ku mbewu

Kupeza mbewu za mbewu ndi vuto, chifukwa kumera kwake kuli kochepa kwambiri. Ngati muli ndi chikhumbo chachikulu choyesa njira iyi, muyenera Tsatirani malangizo awa:

  • Kuyala mbewu, kuziyika kwa miyezi itatu mufiriji pa kutentha kwa madigiri +5.
  • Mu okonzeka bwino lotayirira nthaka kubzala mbewu ndi kumera pansi pa filimuyi pamalo otentha ndi ofunika. Popeza kuti mbande ndi yovuta kwambiri ndipo imayesetsa kusamalidwa bwino, ndi bwino kufesa mbewu mu mapiritsi a peat.
  • Mphukira yaying'ono iyenera kuthiridwa bwino mofanana ndi yotentha.
Ndikofunika kusunga zinthu izi kwa anthu odwala mpaka June, ndiyeno mukhoza kuziika pamalo okonzeka, kumene zidzakula nthawi zonse. Mukamabzala mbewu maluwa imapezeka zaka zitatu.

Chifukwa cha kudzichepetsa kwa sanguinarium, ngakhale woyang'anira minda amatha kukulitsa mosavuta pa sitepa, ndipo kulekerera kwa mthunzi wabwino kudzakulolani kupanga mapangidwe osiyanasiyana a munda.