Kulolera kwambiri ndi kuphuka koyamba: Siberia nsalu zosiyanasiyana nkhaka

Nthawi zina kukula kwa dera lakumidzi kumalo osapatsa malo okwanira mabedi ndi masamba otchuka monga nkhaka.

Pankhaniyi, anthu okhala m'chilimwe akhoza kusungira mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya "Siberian garland F1".

Nkhaka za m'tsogolo: kufotokoza

Kuchokera pa F1 mndandanda wa mutuwu ukuwonetsa kuti "nsanja ya Siberia F1" imatanthawuza mitundu yowakanizidwa. Idamangoyamba kumene ku Chelyabinsk Breeding Station. Zimasiyanitsidwa ndi mtundu wapadera wa fruiting: m'malo mwa maluwa amodzi mazira ochuluka amapangidwa. Mitundu imeneyi imatchedwanso "mtolo" kapena "bouquets".

Zosakanizidwa "Nsalu zamtundu wa Siberia F1" ndizoyenera kulima, ponseponse mu wowonjezera kutentha ndi kunja. Nkhukazi zimakhala zosagwirizana ndi nyengo yozizira komanso yozizira, komanso mvula yambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi gawo, yomwe imapanga chipatso chopanda poizoni (mitundu yosiyanasiyana imatchedwanso "wodzipitsa mungu").

Mitengo

Mitundu imeneyi imapanga zomera zamphamvu ndi masamba ochuluka omwe amafunika kupanga. Nkhaka "Zitsamba za ku Siberia F1" ziyenera kukhazikitsidwa mwamphamvu.

Zipatso

Monga ndi mitundu yonse ya maluwa mtundu, zipatso za "Siberian garland F1" ndizochepa. Kukula kwake sikudutsa 8 masentimita. Pa nthawi yomweyi, sizimatuluka, zimakhala zonunkhira komanso zonunkhira. Zipatso zili ndi tsache lochepa kwambiri la mtundu wobiriwira.

Iwo ndi aang'ono-tuberous omwe ali oyera osati minga yamtengo wapatali. Nyama ndi yowutsa, yowopsya, yopanda voids ndi yamwano. Nkhukazi ndizoyenera kudya mofulumira, ndipo zingagwiritsidwe ntchito m'malo osiyanasiyana a pickle, pickles ndi zina zotetezedwa.

Mukudziwa? Botanists amafotokozera chipatso cha nkhaka monga dzungu, popeza mawonekedwe ake ali ofanana ndi mawonekedwe a zipatso za zomera za Mzungu.

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Zina mwa ubwino wa Siberia F1 garland, ndizoyenera kuwona zokolola zambiri za zosiyanasiyana, kuphatikizapo nthawi yaitali fruiting, kuthamanga kwake, mphamvu yodzipiritsa, kukaniza matenda, kukoma kwa zipatso.

Kuphatikizanso apo, "chitsulo cha Siberia F1" chimagwirizana bwino ndi nyengo zosiyanasiyana.

Onani mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nkhaka monga "Taganay", "Colonel woona", "Masha", "Mpikisano", "Zozulya", "Nezhinsky", "German", "Courage".
Masango awa alibe zopinga. Choncho, zimakhala zofunikira kwambiri kuti zisamalire, ndipo ndizofunikira kuti muzitha kusonkhanitsa zipatso nthawi zonse, tsiku lililonse, mwinamwake chitukuko cha mazira oyamba amaletsedwa.

Makhalidwe osiyanasiyana

Monga tanenera kale, nsalu ya Siberia F1 imapereka zokolola zambiri. Potsatsa malonda a mbewu zosiyanasiyana, obala mbewu amalonjeza zipatso zokwana 400 kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi pa nyengo - zikuwonekeratu kuti izi ndizotheka kokha mosamalidwa bwino komanso nyengo yabwino (ngati wosakanizidwa akukula pamtunda).

Zokolola za nkhaka izi zimapsa kwambiri kwambiri. Kuchokera ku maonekedwe akuyamba mpaka kumayambiriro kwa fruiting, zimatengera pafupifupi mwezi ndi theka. Fruiting amapezeka mofanana m'nyengo yonseyi. M'madera okhala ndi nyengo yoopsa, mbewu imachotsedwa mpaka m'dzinja chisanu.

Mukudziwa? Dziko la nkhaka limatchedwa kuti phazi la Indian la mapiri a Himalaya. M'madera amenewo mungathe kukumana ndi mitundu yobiriwira ya masamba. Iye anali kulima, amakhulupirira, pafupi zaka zikwi zisanu ndi chimodzi zapitazo.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Izi sizikutanthauza kuti wosakanizidwayi ndiwopseza kwambiri, koma n'kofunikira kudziŵa zenizeni za kulima kwake, zomwe zidzathetseretsa kuthekera kwa zosiyanasiyana. Tiyeni tiwone momwe tingamerere msana wa Siberia F1 molondola.

Kuunikira ndi malo

Choyamba, malo otsetsereka a "nsalu ya Siberia F1" iyenera kukhala shaded, ngakhale kuti si yaikulu, chifukwa zimamera ndi mbande sizilekerera dzuwa.

Kubzala nkhaka mumthunzi wa mitengo ya zipatso, mpendadzuwa kapena chimanga ndi njira yabwino. Nthawi zambiri, poti shading mungagwiritse ntchito awning.

Ndikofunikira kulingalira kuti ndi mbewu ziti zomwe zinakula mumalo olowera. Mbewu, mbatata, anyezi, kabichi woyera, ndi tomato zimaonedwa kuti ndi zofunika kwambiri. Mitundu yosafunika imaphatikizapo zukini, beetroot, dzungu.

Mtundu wa dothi

Dothi la "nsalu ya Siberia F1" liyenera kukhala lopsa, lachonde komanso lolowerera ndale (nthawi zambiri, zomwe zimakhala zochepa kwambiri zimaloledwa). Dothi lakuda ndi lolemera silikulimbikitsidwa.

Kubzala nkhaka

Nkhuka izi zingabzalidwe m'njira zosiyanasiyana: podzera pa mbande ya kukula mbande, ndi kubzala mbewu mwachindunji pansi.

Kukula mbande

Kuphuka mbande kumayamba kubzala mbewu mu March - kumayambiriro kwa April (malingana ndi nyengo mu dera lina). Kwa kubzala, zowonjezera zowonjezera kapena zitsulo zokhala ndi nthaka yachonde zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, zomwe zili ndi filimu mpaka ma germs awonekere.

Kuzama kwa kukwera kumapanga 20 mm. Kutentha kwakukulu mu chipinda, kumene mbande zimakula, zimakhala zofanana ndi +25 ° C.

Nthaka mu akasinja ndi mbande nthawi yothira. Chomeracho sichisowa chisamaliro china panthawiyi. Kawirikawiri mbewu zimakonzeka kubzala pamalo otseguka kapena kutentha masiku 25-30 mutabzala mbewu.

Kubzala pamalo otseguka

"Nkhalango ya Siberia F1" ikhoza kubzalidwa pamalo otseguka, onse okhala ngati mbande ndi mbewu. Mulimonsemo, ndizofunikira kwambiri kukonzekera kuti izi zitheke. Ndikofunikira mwezi umodzi musanabzala, ndipo makamaka mu kugwa, kuti mubweretse manyowa m'nthaka.

Mbande obzalidwa pamene mantha a kasupe frosts potsiriza amatha. Asanadzalemo ndi pambuyo pake nthaka imathiridwa mochuluka ndi madzi ofunda. Mtunda pakati pa zomera umasungidwa pafupifupi masentimita 70, ndipo pakati pa mizere - masentimita 15.

Ngati chisankho chapangidwa kuti mubzalitse mbeu pabedi, ndiye kuti m'pofunika kudikirira mpaka nthaka ifike mpaka +15 ° C. Nthawi yomweyo musanabzala, nkhaka imakhala yotentha (+30 ° C ... +35 ° C) madzi mpaka mphukira ikutha.

Zitha kutenga masiku 2-3. Mbeu zowera zimabzalidwa pansi mpaka akuya 15 mm, kubzala mokwanira madzi ndi madzi otentha ophimbidwa ndi zojambulazo.

Zapadera za chisamaliro

Chisamaliro choyenera cha Siberia F1 garland chidzapereka zokolola zambiri. Malamulo a chisamaliro amakhala ophweka, koma ayenera kutsatiridwa mosamala.

Kuthirira

Izi zosiyanasiyana, komanso nkhaka zonse, zimafuna nthawi zonse kuthirira madzi ambiri. Pamaso pa maonekedwe a ovary, wowonjezera kutentha mabedi ndi masamba kuthirira masiku 3-4 masiku. Pambuyo pa maonekedwe - masiku onse 2-3. Ngati nkhaka zikukula kuthengo, ndiye kuthirira kumadalira nyengo (kutentha, kuzizira, mvula).

Ndikofunikira! Zofunikira zapadera - kusunga khalidwe. Iyenera kukhala yotenthedwa ku +23. °C ... 25 °C, komanso pambali pake, khalani osachepera tsiku.

Kuthirira kuchokera kuthirira kungathe kapena bedi lonse, kapena kugwiritsira ntchito kuthirira grooves pakati pa mizere. Madzi amadzimadzimodzinso amapangidwa m'mawa kwambiri kapena madzulo, pamene chomeracho sichitha kutentha kuchokera ku dzuwa.

Feteleza

Kudyetsa ndiwo zamasamba kumachitika nthawi zambiri, kokwanira 4 nthawi pa nyengo. Kwa nthawi yoyamba amadyetsedwa pambuyo pa tsamba lachisanu la mphukira. Pochita izi, mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito yankho la urea (25 g) ndi superphosphate (50 g) pa 10 malita a madzi. Kapenanso, gwiritsani ntchito njira yothetsera ndowe yatsopano (1 gawo la manyowa mpaka 8 mmadzi).

Phunzirani zonse zokhudza kudyetsa nkhaka, kudyetsa nkhaka ndi yisiti, za malamulo odyetsa nkhaka ndi mankhwala owerengeka.
Pafupifupi masabata awiri mutangoyamba kudyetsa, pamene chomera chimamasula, zimakhala ndi feteleza. Dulani masamba ndi yankho la superphosphate (50 g pa 10 l).

Kwa ulimi wothirira, yothetsera vutoli imaphatikizapo ammonium sulphate (25 g), superphosphate (45 g) ndi sulfate ya potaziyamu (15 g), yomwe imadzipukutira m'matita 10 a madzi. Chalk kapena wosweka makala amwazika pamabedi pamlingo wa 200 ml pa 1 sq. Km. m

Mlungu umodzi mutatha kuonekera kwa zipatso zoyamba, n'zotheka kugwiritsa ntchito madzi ovuta feteleza kwa nkhaka pamwamba kuvala. Iwo ali okonzeka ndipo amapangidwa molingana ndi malangizo. Kuvala kwachinayi kumachitika sabata ndi theka pambuyo pake. Kwa iye, mungagwiritse ntchito kulowetsedwa kwa ndowe ya ng'ombe. Pangani kulowetsedwa, sakanizani gawo la manyowa ndi magawo awiri a madzi, sindikizani mwamphamvu, lolani likhale m'malo otentha kwa masiku angapo, kenaka kuwonjezera madzi khumi.

Kupanga chitsamba

Zosiyanasiyanazi nthawi zonse zimapangidwa mu tsinde limodzi. Kuti muchite izi, zigawo zake zoyambirira zachititsidwa khungu, mwachitsanzo, mazira onse ndi ana opeza amachotsedwa. Pamene chomera chimakula masamba 3-5, chotsani mbali zonse, mphukira, ndi kusiya ovary.

M'tsogolomu, chitani zomwezo, mpaka tsinde lifike pamwamba pa trellis. Pamene phesi lifika pamwamba, pamwamba pake ladulidwa. Pansi pa trellis, zimayambira zimakulungidwa pamene zimakula pafupi masentimita 25.

Chitetezo ku matenda ndi tizirombo

Nkhaka "Zitsamba za Siberia F1" zimagonjetsedwa ndi matenda, koma nthawi zina zimakhudzidwa ndi mizu ndi imvi zowola. Zikatero, mphukira ndi zipatso zimadulidwa, mfundo zomwe zimadulidwa zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi phulusa la phulusa ndi vitriol (chiwerengero cha 12: 1), zomera zimachitidwa ndi fungicides. Pa tizilombo ta hybrid tingawonongeke ndi aphid, ntchentche, ntchentche, thrips. Zimamenyedwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Tiyenera kutsindika kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, ngati matenda, sitingathe kuopseza "nsanja ya Siberia F1".

Kukolola ndi kusungirako

Pakati pa fruiting, ndibwino kusonkhanitsa chipatso tsiku ndi tsiku, mwinamwake salola kuti zipatso zatsopano ziyambe. Mu furiji mwatsopano, iwo akhoza kusungidwa kwa sabata. Mtundu uwu umagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri m'nyengo yozizira, imapezeka muzitini m'njira zosiyanasiyana.

Mukudziwa? 1 makilogalamu a nkhaka ali ndi 150 calories zokha, zomwe zimapangitsa kukhala chinthu chofunikira pa zakudya zambiri.

Monga momwe tikuonera, mitundu yosiyanasiyana "nsalu ya Siberia F1" imasiyanitsa ndi zokolola zapadera komanso makhalidwe abwino. Komabe, zonsezi zikhoza kupindidwa kokha mosamalidwa bwino ndi izi.