Moussenda - maluwa okongola ndi oyambirira

Kusankha zomera zobzala m'dzikolo kapena kunyumba, ndimafuna kuti iwo azikongoletsera, oyambirira komanso osadzichepetsa.

Mukhoza kuwonjezera zest mkati mwa nyumba kapena munda chiwembu mwa kusiya patsogolo.

Shrub yofiira nthawi zonse imawoneka yokongola ndipo mosakayikira imakopa kuyang'ana. Mlendo wakudziko lachilengedwe sali wosadziwika, ndipo amalima pansi pa mphamvu ya munthu yemwe sadziwa zambiri.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Chomeracho chinabwera kwa ife kuchokera ku mayiko a Asia, maiko a ku Africa ndi zilumba za Pacific Ocean. Thais amatcha chipatso cha Bangkok. Inatsegulidwa ku Thailand mu 1888.

Chomeracho chimakhala choyera choyera, kawirikawiri chikasu kapena lalanje maluwa, amasonkhanitsidwa mu inflorescences wa 15-20 masentimita, omwe mwa iwo okha ali osamvetseka kwathunthu. Kodi tinganene chiyani za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitundu yowala yomwe imawazungulira ndi kupereka chomera chokongola kwambiri? Mwachidziwikire, si zokongoletsera zokha, komanso zimagwira ntchito, zimakopa chidwi cha tizilombo, chifukwa choyimira mungu umakhalapo.

Mitengo yowonjezera, yofiira ndi yobiriwira komanso yonyezimira, imatchula mizere yofiira.

Kumtchire, chomeracho chingakhale shrub, ndipo chikhoza kufika kutalika kwa mamita atatu ndikufanana ndi mtengo wawung'ono, womwe ungathe kupangidwa ndi kudulira bwino.

Imodzi mwa ubwino waukulu komanso wosatsutsika wa shrub yobiriwirayo ndi yaitali maluwa, omwe, ngati amasamaliridwa bwino, akhoza kupitilira chaka chonse.

Ndikofunikira! Kuti shrub ipangire bwino, akatswiri amalangiza kuti azikulumikiza pazitsulo, zomwe ziyenera kumangidwa zaka 1.5-2 zoyambirira, ndiye kuti monsenda adzakhazikitsidwa payekha.

Kukula

Mmerawo ukhoza kukulira mu malo amkati, ndi m'munda. Pazochitika zonsezi, pamene mukudziƔa malo oti mupite, m'pofunika kuti mupange malo a dzuwa kapena mawindo. Kukula, kudzichepetsa, koma amakonda kuwala, dzuwa ndi kutentha.

Mukamabzala zitsamba mumphika muyenera kuthira nthaka. Kuti muchite izi, miyala kapena miyala ya pansiyi imakhala pansi pa thanki, zomwe zimapangitsa kufalitsa bwino kwa chinyezi.

Nthaka pamalo omwe zomera zidzakula ziyenera kukhala zathanzi, zowonongeka pang'ono ndi zowonongeka, kuwonjezera kwa feteleza ndi mchenga kulandiridwa.

Zitsamba monga kerriya, bouvardia, buddleya David, weigela, quince ya ku Japan, hebad, hibiscus, hydrangea, jasmine, spirea, camellia ya Japan, lilac, forsythia amakongoletsa bwino munda wanu.
Kuti pakhale malo abwino pamene akukula panyumba, m'pofunika kusunga mphamvu ya kutentha, kotero kuti thermometer sichitha pansipa + madigiri 16, mwinamwake kutentha kungapangitse shrub kukhetsa masamba.

Zosamalira

Kugonjera sikuli kovuta kwambiri ku zikhalidwe za kukula, ndipo kusamalira izo kunyumba kapena kunja sikovuta ndipo sikungatenge nthawi yambiri.

Chimodzi mwazimene zimapangitsa kuti asamalidwe bwino, ndizo kuthirira nthawi zonse, zomwe zimayenera kuchitidwa mwamsanga dothi likadzala. Chinyezi mu kulima kwapakhomo ndizofunika, kuti zikhalebe, zimalimbikitsa kupopera masamba a shrub ndi madzi olekanitsidwa.

Kudyetsa kawirikawiri kumalinso gawo lalikulu la chisamaliro. Kuwonjezera pa organic - humus, manyowa ndi manyowa, zomera zimasowa mchere wambiri. Ma feteleza owonjezera omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kamodzi pa milungu iwiri iliyonse ndi yabwino kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Zokonda ziyenera kuperekedwa kwa mineral complexes zomwe zilibe calcium.

Oimitsa malo ogwiritsira ntchito chipinda amatulutsa kokha pamene mizu ikudzaza chidebe chonse chodzala, ndipo chimakhala chokwanira kwambiri. Anthu okhala mmudzi sakonda kusintha malo awo okhala, choncho ndondomekoyi imachitika pokhapokha ngati pakufunikira ndithu.

Kudulira ndi chinthu chofunikira kuti chitukuko chikhale chogwirizana, chimachitika masika ndi autumn. Chifukwa cha ndondomekoyi, shrub imangotenga maonekedwe okongola, komanso imapanga molondola, komanso imakhala yolimba kwambiri.

Monga lamulo, achinyamata omwe amaimirira amawombera mphukira, mpaka kutalika kwa chomera mutatha kudulira ndi 20-35 masentimita, izi zimalimbikitsa tillering. Ndi mabala okhwima okhwima, mphukira imadulidwa mpaka masamba 3-4, kuchepetsedwa mochuluka sikupindula ndi zomera zowonjezera zitsamba. Mukamabzala m'munda, chomeracho chimakhala chosagonjetsedwa ndi tizirombo ndi matenda, koma mchipinda cham'mimba, mwatsoka, nthawi zambiri amatsutsidwa ndi whitefly ndi nkhupakupa, ayenera kumenyana ndi mankhwala apadera.

Mukudziwa? Ngakhale ndi chisamaliro chabwino ndi choyenera, nthawi yamoyo sizoposa zaka zisanu.

Chinthu chofunikira kwambiri chomwe muyenera kukumbukira pa chisamaliro cha chomera ichi ndi chakuti sichilekerera kutentha kwapakati ndipo kumafuna chinyezi nthawi zonse. Pazifukwa zabwino, zomera zimakondweretsa ndi kukongola kwake ndi maluwa ambiri.

Kuswana

Kumapeto kwa maluwa kumera, zipatso zokhala ndi nyemba zipse, koma zimakhala zovuta kuzifalitsa mwanjira iyi kunyumba. NdiEmena amamera bwino kwambiri, ndipo nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga zinyama.

Mukhoza kufalitsa nthawi zonse zitsamba shrub apical cuttings. Izi sizikutanthauza kuti njirayi ndi yophweka, koma, podziwa maonekedwe ndi kupirira, mukhoza kukwaniritsa zotsatira. Musanadzalemo, cuttings ayenera kusungidwa mu kukonzekera komwe kumapangitsa mizu kukula. Chinthu china chofunika ndi kutentha kwa mpweya panthawiyi, ndikofunikira kuti chipinda chikhale choyaka, madigiri 30 ndi chinyezi. Ndiponso, massend imafalikira ndi kuika ndi kuphatikizana.

Mukudziwa? Moussenda ndi msuwani wa khofi, zomera zimakhala za banja lomwelo la Madorinaceae, lomwe liri ndi mitundu yoposa 10,000 ndi 600 genera.

Akatswiri amalimbikitsa kugula zitsamba zamaluwa m'masitolo apadera. Mtengo wa zomera zoterozo ndi wapamwamba kwambiri, koma zikufanana ndi zokongoletsera zazitsambazo.

Kukongola kwam'mapiri mosakayikira kudzakusangalatsani ndi maluwa ambiri ndikubweretsa zokondweretsa.