Kufotokozera ndi kugwiritsa ntchito chakudya cha soya

Pakalipano, mapuloteni a soya amaonedwa kuti ndi otchipa komanso otsika kwambiri kuthetsa vuto la kusowa kwapuloteni padziko lonse. Nkhuku, makamaka, ndi mtundu wa mapuloteni, zakudya komanso chakudya. Mkhalidwe wa chigawo cha nyama umakhudza kwambiri momwe mlingo wokonzedwera wa soya umafikira ngati chakudya. Kufunika kwa nyama ndi zogula kuchokera kwa izo sizowoneka bwino, ndipo izi zimapangitsa kukhala ndi mapuloteni apamwamba kwambiri, omwe amachititsa kuti kufalikira kwa soya kuchitidwe. Kuwonjezera pa nkhaniyi tidzakambirana za kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa chakudya cha soya, fufuzani chomwe chiri komanso momwe mungayeneretse kudya zakudya zinyama.

Ichi ndi chiani?

Chakudya ndi mankhwala omwe ali kutali ndi mafuta omera mbewu. Kuchotsedwa kwa mafuta kumachitika pogwiritsa ntchito organic solvents. Pezani izo chifukwa cha kukonza nyemba za soya, kumene mafuta amachokera poyamba, ndiyeno nkupanga zina zowonjezera kutentha kwa chinyezi. Monga gawo la chakudya cha soya, pali amino acid, mapuloteni ambiri, phosphorous, iron ndi calcium, komanso zinthu zina zothandiza. Malinga ndi mapuloteni, mapuloteniwa amagawanika kukhala mapuloteni otsika komanso mapuloteni apamwamba kwambiri.

Komanso, mankhwalawa amawotcha (ali ndi mtundu wofiira ndipo amawoneka ngati mtengo wa sawdust) ndi granular (ndizosavuta kuzungulira ndi kutumizidwa).

Mukudziwa? Ponena za kulima soya, atsogoleri masiku ano ndi Argentina, USA ndi Brazil. Zambiri mwa mankhwalawa (pafupifupi magawo awiri mwa atatu) zimatumizidwa ku China.

Kupanga ndi kugwiritsa ntchito

Chakudya cha soya chimatengedwa ngati zipangizo zamtengo wapatali, zomwe zimapanga popanga chakudya cha nkhuku ndi nyama. Kuti mumvetse chifukwa chomwe chakudya cha soya chinayambira ndi chofunika kwambiri, ndikwanira kuti aone momwe akugwiritsira ntchito. Chofunika kwambiri pakukonzekera chakudya cha ziweto chimachokera ku zakudya zomwe zimadya zakudya zambiri, mafuta, zakudya, phosphorous, mavitamini komanso minerals.

Zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mphamvu ndi zowonjezera zikhoza kuyerekezedwa ndi keke, yomwe imapezedwanso chifukwa chokonzekera mbewu zowonjezera mafuta. Zonsezi zimakhala ndi mafuta omwe amawongolera, koma pokhapokha zakudyazo ndizochepa (mpaka 1.5%) poyerekeza ndi chakudya cha soya.

Mu chakudya, monga tanenera kale, pali mapuloteni ambiri ndi ma fiber (pafupifupi 30-42%), zomwe ndi zambiri kuposa mu keke. Zakudya zilipo, zomwe zimakhala ngati sucrose.

Phunzirani momwe chakudya chimakhalira, momwe mungakonzekerere chakudya cha nkhuku, pa zamakono zamakono za maluwa akudya, pakukonzekera chakudya chamtundu.
Mafuta sali otchedwa acids omwe sungakhoze kusungidwa kwa nthawi yayitali ndipo amawombedwa mosavuta. Pankhani imeneyi, masamu okhala ndi mankhwalawa ali ndi nthawi yochepa.

Chifukwa cha chakudyacho, mungathe kuwonjezera chakudya chopatsa thanzi, kupindula tsiku ndi tsiku, kuchepetsa kutayika kwa nyama. Chifukwa cha mphamvu yapamwamba ndi mapuloteni okhudzana ndi chakudya cha soya, chakudya chamagetsi chimatha kukonzekera popanda kugwiritsa ntchito chakudya chamtengo wapatali. Izi ndizopindulitsa kwambiri nsomba zamtundu ndi fupa.

Mukudziwa? Mapuloteni a poizoni amatha kudwalitsidwa ndi thupi pafupi ndi mapuloteni a nyama, zomwe sitinganene za mapuloteni omera. Mwachitsanzo, mapuloteni a ng'ombe amatenga pafupifupi 90%, mapuloteni a soya - 80%, ndi masamba - okha ndi 50-60%.

Ntchito ya chakudya cha Soybean

Nkhuku ikhoza kuyanjanitsidwa ndi zakudya za nyama iliyonse yaulimi. Komanso, soya imagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonzekera mapuloteni, mkaka wa soya, udzu, ufa, silage, komanso, chakudya.

Zinyama ziyenera kudyetsedwa chakudya cha soya, osati ma soya mu mawonekedwe ake. Chomera choterocho chidzakhala kwa iwo chitsimikizo chokwanira cha mapuloteni ndi amino acid. Mu chakudya, chakudya cha soya chingatenge kuchokera 5% mpaka 25%. Mwachitsanzo, mlingo wa nkhumba umadziwika pa mlingo wa 500 g payekha, nkhuku ndi mbalame zina - 10 g payekha.

Ndikofunikira! Ndikofunikira kufufuza mosamala kuchuluka kwa chakudya chodyetsedwa kwa mbalame, makamaka nkhuku. Chakudya chawo sayenera kukhala oposa 30 peresenti ya mankhwala a soya, mwinamwake iwo adzawonetsa kutsekula m'mimba, ndipo akhoza kukhala ndi mimba.

Zowononga katundu

Ziyenera kumvedwa kuti soya wachilengedwe ali ndi zinthu zoopsa zomwe zingachepetse mlingo wa zakudya zamtunduwu ndikuchepetsa kuchepetsa kulemera kwa nyama. Pankhani imeneyi, kugwiritsa ntchito soya mu mawonekedwe ake sikunakonzedwe.

Kungakhale koyenerera kuigwiritsira ntchito muwuniyi yaiwisi yodyetsa ng'ombe panthawi yopuma. Kenaka muyenera kufufuza zotsatirazi: 100 g nyemba zimatengedwera 1 l mkaka. Zakudya zoterezi zimapangitsa mkaka wonenepa ndi apamwamba kwambiri, ndipo kuchuluka kwa mkaka kumawonjezeka kwambiri. Nthawi zina, soya yaiwisi sizingangowononga zokolola, komanso zimatha kuwononga thanzi la nyama, zomwe zingathe kukwaniritsidwa ngakhale ndi zotsatira zake zowononga.

Osadyetsa zinyama mbulu yaiwisi, makamaka kuphatikiza ndi urea, chifukwa muli ndi urease, zomwe zimayambitsa kutulutsa ammonia ku urea, ndipo izi zimakhudza thupi kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Zaletsedwa kudyetsa kudyetsa nyama za soya, zomwe zinali ndi nkhungu. Kudyetsa koteroko kudzakhala koopsa kwa iwo.

Kusungirako zinthu

Chakudya cha soya chikhoza kusungidwa kaya matumba kapena zambiri. Chipinda chiyenera kukhala chouma, choyera komanso makamaka chisanafikeko. Zikopa zomwe zili ndi mankhwala siziyenera kuikidwa pansi, koma pa pallets yapadera kapena pogona.

Ndiponso, chipinda chosungirako chiyenera kukhala mpweya wabwino, pasakhale tizirombo. Chitetezo ku dzuwa ndi malo ena otentha ayenera kuperekedwa. Malingana ndi zomwe tatchulazi, kupambana kwakukulu kwa chakudya cha soya kudyetsa zinyama ndizosavomerezeka. Ndalama yowonjezera ndi ndalama zake zochepa, zomwe zimathandiza kuti anthu onse oweta ziweto azikhala ndi zakudya zokhala ndi thanzi labwino podyetsa ziweto zawo ndi mbalame.