Mitundu ya zokometsera zosatha zosatha

Ripsalis imatanthawuza banja cacti. Nkhalango za epiphytic cactizi zimapezeka mwachibadwa pa mitengo ndi miyala ku India ndi South America. Ngati mutanthauzira dzina lake "makombole" kuchokera ku Chigriki, ndiye momveka bwino ndikulongosola momveka bwino chomera ichi, chifukwa chimatanthauza "nsalu". Inde, mphukira zabwino kwambiri za ripsalis ndizozidziwika bwino ndipo zimakhala ndi mitundu yonse ya mitundu yake, yomwe, mwa njira, imaposa 50.

Barchela

Yemwe akuimira nkhalango epiphytic cacti mawonekedwe ake amafanana ndi matanthwe. Mitengo ya pulayimale imakula mpaka masentimita 60, ndipo imatha mpaka 6-7 masentimita. Chomeracho chimakonda kuwala kwambiri, koma sichimalekerera dzuwa lotentha, choncho, tikulimbikitsanso kukula mu mthunzi. Ndi bwino kuyika pawindo la kumadzulo kapena kummawa. Kuchokera kumayambiriro kwa kasupe mpaka oyambirira autumn, zomera zimasowa madzi ochuluka. Cactus iyenera kuyesedwa nthawi zonse ndi madzi olekanitsidwa, izi zidzathandiza kutonthoza mpweya ndikupereka chilimbikitso chokwanira kwa raactalis.

Ndikofunikira! Mphungu ya epiphytic nthawi zambiri imakhala ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tomwe timakhala tating'onoting'ono tating'onoting'onoting'ono tomwe timapanga tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Pamene zizindikiro zoyamba zimaonekera, akatswiri amalangiza kuti azichiza chomeracho ndi madzi asopo.

Misozi

Nyamazi zimachokera ku Brazil, kumene zimakula pamthambi za mitengo. Ampelny ripsalis amafanana ndi wigu wobiriwira, womwe umakhala woonda, wopotoka womwe umafika kutalika kwa masentimita 120. Ndibwino, maluwa ang'onoang'ono oyera amaundana.

Pustoplodny (kassuta)

Ripsalis kassuta amatanthauza mitundu yopanda kanthu. Zomera za zomera izi zimasonyeza, zoonda, kutalika kwake zimatha kufika mamita 3, ndi zigawo zina - kuyambira 15 mpaka masentimita 55. Mbalameyi imakongoletsera kwambiri ndi maluwa ake omwe ali ochepa kwambiri komanso osadabwitsa, koma amapatsidwa fungo lopsa, ndipo pambuyo pake limamasula pa cactus popanga zipatso zofiira. Amakula mumthunzi ndi mthunzi, koma amamasula bwino.

Ndikofunikira! Ripsalis Pustoplodny amafunikira nthawi zonse fertilizing ndi mchere feteleza 1 nthawi mu masabata awiri nthawi yogwira ntchito.

Gobeliana

Kumtchire, amamera pamtengo kuti apeze kuwala kokwanira. Mtundu uwu umakhalapo ndi kukhalapo kwa mitundu iwiri ya zigawo zachitsulo: choyamba, kuzungulira m'munsi ndi kupindikizidwa pamwamba, ndi chachiwiri, chophweka ndi chophatikizidwa 10-15 masentimita m'litali ndi 2-3 masentimita m'lifupi. Maluwa ndi zipatso zomwe zimapangidwa pambuyo pa maluwa, makamaka zazing'ono - zosapitirira 15 mm m'mimba mwake, zimapezeka mu pinki yoyera ndi yotumbululuka.

Dzidziwitse nokha ndi zovuta zonse za kukula kwachakumwamba kunyumba.

Kupyolera

Mphuno imeneyi imakhala ngati chitsamba. Zomwe zimayambira zimakhala ndi masamba osiyanasiyana, omwe amatha kufika 5-10 masentimita m'litali ndi 2.5-5 masentimita m'lifupi. Zikuwoneka kuti nthumwi ya cacti imamangidwa ndi masamba.

Lindbergh

Mitunduyi imakhala ndi mphukira zapakati pafupipafupi komanso mphukira zochepa. Maluwa a Lindberg ndi amaluwa otumbululuka, omwe ndi ochepa kwambiri.

Mesembryantemic

Epiphyte, zimayambira zomwe zikufanana ndi nthambi zochepa zokhala ndi matope ndi zigawo zozungulira. Zigawo zapakati zifikira kutalika kwa masentimita 15-20, ndi sekondi - 1-2 masentimita. Mu gawo, magawo onsewa ndi ozungulira. Maluwa ake ochepa, koma, okongola kwambiri amawonjezera chithumwa ndi kukonzanso kwa mbewu.

Zilipo

Nthambi yomwe imaimira cacti ndi kupachika ikuwombera mpaka 0,5 mamita kutalika mpaka 5 mm m'mimba mwake. Nthawi ya maluwa imakhala ndi masamba ang'onoang'ono oyera ndi chikasu.

Prismatic

Yemweyu wa cacti ali ndi thunthu lamphamvu, lomwe limatulutsa nthambi ndikupereka chomeracho ngati chimango. Mitunduyi imakhala ndi maluwa aang'ono kwambiri.

Mukudziwa? Zimakhulupirira kuti ripsalis, yomwe imakula muzolowera mkati, imatha kukhazikitsa nzeru ndi chidziwitso chobisika cha eni ake.

Mapiko ang'onoang'ono

Ndi katsamba kakang'ono kamene kali ndi masamba. Amatha kutalika kwa mamita 1-1.5 Mphindi za tsinde zimakhala ndi zozungulira kapena zojambulidwa ndipo zimajambula mu mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira womwe umakhala wofiira m'mphepete mwake.

Mtolo

Epiphyte, yomwe imafika kutalika kwa 35-45 masentimita. Tsinde likhoza kulunjika ndi kupachikidwa, ndipo liri ndi zigawo zambiri za 8-10-centimeter, m'mphepete mwake zomwe zimadzazidwa ndi nsapato yaitali. Mtundu wa chomera ndi wobiriwira wobiriwira ndi utoto wabuluu. Mu August, maluwa obiriwira obiriwira amamera pachimake, ndipo atatha maluwa, zipatso zimafanana ndi jamu zipatso.

Zosangalatsa

Kwa ripsalis iyi, ikuwombera kuchokera kumagulu ambiri a pulasitiki kapena botolo mawonekedwe ali, pafupifupi 5-7 masentimita m'litali ndi 2-3 masentimita awiri. Mitengo yaing'ono, imayima, ndipo ndi msinkhu iwo amayamba kukhala pansi pa zolemera zawo. Kuwombera kwa mphukira kumafika mamita 1 m'litali.

Mukudziwa? Pofuna kupanga choyambirira chogwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito chipangizo cha epichytic cactus, munthu akhoza kudzala ripsalis m'phika limodzi ndi orchid. Iwo amakula bwino kwambiri muwiri ndipo amakhala ofanana mu chisamaliro. Ndipo zosakaniza zosakaniza azikongoletsa chilichonse mkati.

Fluffy

The mphukira za zomera zikufanana yaitali wochepa mitsempha, amene amapangidwa ndi munthu magawo 20-25 masentimita.

Pilocarp

Epiphyte iyi imasiyana ndi ena ake makamaka chifukwa imamasula kwambiri 2-3 nthawi pa nyengo. Maluwa ake ndi ovuta komanso okongoletsera. Makhalidwe ambiri ndi stamens omwe amapangidwa amapereka kuwala ndi fluffiness kwa maluwa. Zimayambira pa zomera izi ndizolimba komanso zowonjezereka, zophimbidwa ndi mdima wandiweyani wachikasu.

Cereus

Cereuscula rhipsalis akhoza kutenga mawonekedwe ampelous ndi mtengo. Mbalameyi imamera kwambiri kawirikawiri. Ziphuphu zake zimapangidwa ndi magulu ang'onoang'ono ndi nthambi bwino kwambiri. Kuti chomera chikule ngati mawonekedwe a mtengo, chimangidwe.

Ripsalis akulozera zomera zosadzichepetsa, koma ndikofunika kutsatira malamulo osavuta kuti azisamalira. Chinthu chachikulu ndicho kuganizira zomwe ziri mitundu yake yonse ndi yofunika, Choncho, kuyatsa bwino ndikofunika kwambiri kuti kukula ndi kukula kwa mbewu zitheke. Mu nthawi yogwira ntchito, amafunika kuthirira zomera zambiri komanso nthawi zambiri, ngakhale kuti ripsalis ndi ya succulents ndipo ikhoza kusungunula chinyezi. Posankha dothi lodzala epiphytes, munthu ayenera kukonda malo a mchenga ndi peyati kapena mapepala apadera a cacti. Ripspalice zimaswana mosavuta - ndi kudula. Chidutswa chabwino chimaonedwa ngati chidutswa chochotsedwa pa chomera cha mayi, chokhala ndi magawo 3-4 a masamba. Mchenga, chomeracho chimakula mofulumira kwambiri.

Zomera zapansi monga Alokaziya, Anthurium, Araucaria, Begonia, Hippeastrum, Gloxinia, Dendrobium, Dracaena, Kalanchoe, Calathea, Cattleya, Columnia, Cordilina, Croton, Monstera, komanso ripsalis, zimakula bwino m'malo otulidwa bwino.

Kawirikawiri pakakula epiphytic cactus, amalima a maluwa amayang'ana kugwa masamba ndi masamba. Izi zikhoza kuyambitsa kutentha kwapansi, kupitirira kapena kusowa kwa chinyezi. Motsogoleredwa ndi malamulo osavutawa, mungathe kulimba mosavuta chowoneka choyambirira kunyumba.