Kachimake mtengo "Krepysh": makhalidwe ndi magetsi a kulima

Ntchito ya wamaluwa wamakono imayesetsa kuwasakasaka mitundu yambiri ya rasipiberi, yomwe imaphatikizapo makhalidwe angapo othandiza - kuchepetsa chisamaliro, zosamalidwa, zomwe zingabwereke panthawi yokolola, mabulosi akuluakulu komanso okoma, zokolola zambiri ndipo palibe chifukwa chothandizira zomera . Makhalidwe onsewa ndi khungu la "Krepysh". Nkhaniyi imapereka uphungu kwa wamaluwa momwe angasankhire sapling a rasipiberi osiyanasiyana, momwe angabzala ndi momwe angasamalirire mtsogolo kuti awonetsere kukolola kwa zipatso.

Kuswana

Rasipiberi "Krepysh" kapena rasipiberi mtengo ndi chimodzi mwa zomwe anapeza a Russian wotchuka wotchedwa V. Chinese. Raspberries anapeza kumayambiriro kwa zikwi ziwiri mu malo odyetserako mphamvu ya Kokinsky.

Onetsetsani rasipiberi mitundu yosiyanasiyanayi monga "Canada" ndi "Tarusa".

Kufotokozera ndi zinthu

"Krepysh" - lalikulu-fruited sing'anga oyambirira zosiyanasiyanakucha kwake kumayamba kuyambira zaka khumi ndi ziwiri za June ndipo kumatha mpaka zaka makumi awiri. Chofunika kwambiri pa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi chakuti tchire sichifunikira kansalu ndipo palibe minga iliyonse pa iwo. Zimakhala zazikulu komanso zowonongeka - zimakhala ndi masamba ambiri pamthambi zawo, zomwe sizidalira ngakhale kulemera kwa chipatsocho.

Mitengo

Rasipiberi "Wolimbikitsidwa" ndi chitsamba chaminga chaminga, chokhala ndi vuto lochepa la kukula. Fruiting za zosiyanasiyanazi zimabwera m'chaka chachiwiri cha moyo wa mphukira. Rasipiberi wamkulu amapereka mbewu ndipo amauma, malo ake chaka chamawa adzatengedwa ndi kukula kwamakono.

Kutalika kwa mipesa ya rasipiberi iyi kumasiyana kuyambira 1.4 mpaka 1.8 mamita. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imakhala yochuluka kwambiri, ndipo mizere yolimba ya mipesa imatha kufika ku 1.5-2 masentimita. Pali tizilombo tating'ono tomwe timapanga timadzi timene timayambira, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti nthambi zambiri zizioneka.

Pa rasipiberi nthambi mwamtheradi palibe spikes, peel pa mitengo ikuluikulu ya zomera ndi yosalala, ngati pa currant baka. Mitengo yachinyamata imakhala ndi mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira, chomera cha biennial chimasintha mtundu wa thunthu ku pine-chikasu. Maonekedwe a chitsamba akuyamba pa 30-40 masentimita kuchokera pamwamba pa nthaka, masambawa ndi obiriwira, obiriwira, ndi tsamba la masamba obiridwa kwambiri. Pamwamba pa chitsamba, masambawa amakonzedwa mumtambo wambiri. Mtambo wa rasipiberi wamakazi wa zaka ziwiri umapereka mphukira zazing'ono kwambiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti kubereka kwake kukhale kovuta, ndipo kumbali ina, wolima minda sakuyenera kumenyana chaka chilichonse ndi mphukira yosadziletsa yomwe imadzaza munda wake.

Malo a fruiting pa rasipiberi a zosiyanasiyanazi ali mu chapamwamba chapamwamba cha tsinde. Zotsatira (nthambi zam'mbali) sizitali, mabulosi akukhala pa compactly. Zipatso sizifesedwa, kuchokera ku inflorescence ya zipatso zopangidwa (mu kuchuluka kwa zidutswa 6 mpaka 9) mu kupsa msanga pakhoza kukhala chimodzi chokha - zina zonse zidzakhala zobiriwira, ndipo kusasitsa kwake pang'ono pang'ono kudzatambasula mpaka masiku khumi. Kukolola ku tchire rasafiberi, komwe kulibe minga konse, ndimasangalala kwambiri!

Mukudziwa? Pulezidenti woyamba, omwe anafika ku America, adapeza mitsinje yamtengo wapatali ndi mabulosi wakuda - anali rasipiberi wakuda, koma sanalandire mbiri pakati pa anthu atsopano. Kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la 18, a British anabwera ndi raspberries ndi mtundu wofiira wa zipatso ku New World. Chomeracho chinkazoloŵera ndi kufalikira ku America. Koma kwa raspberries ndi zipatso zakuda, kufunika kunayambira kokha m'zaka za zana la 19.

Zipatso

Tchire za zosiyanasiyana ndi yokutidwa ndi lalikulu zipatso. Zokolola za rasipiberi "Fortress" ndi zapamwamba kwambiri, koma zipatsozo zimakhala mwamphamvu pa mwalawo, ndipo zikachotsedwa, zimatha kuphwanya. Ngati zipatsozo sizimatengedwa nthawi, sizidzatha, koma pang'onopang'ono zidzamera pamtunda.

Mukhozanso kubzala mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya raspberries yachikasu ndi yakuda pa chiwembu chanu.

Makhalidwe zipatso:

  • wofiira wofiira, wosawala;
  • zipatso zimakhala zazikulu kwambiri;
  • kulemera kwa rasipiberi 7-9 g;
  • mabulosiwa ali ndi mawonekedwe a kanyumba kakang'ono, kofanana ndi kapu yozungulira yomwe ingakhoze kuikidwa pa thupi lako;
  • kukoma kwa zipatso - zokoma ndi zowawa pang'ono;
  • mabulosi amatsitsimutsa pa drupes, koma ndi kuchotsedwa kolimba kuchokera ku nthambi akhoza kugawidwa mu zidutswa.

Kutulutsa ndi kupereka

Kulima zipatsozi kumayamba kuyambira pa 15 mpaka 15 mpaka kumapeto kwa July 10-15. Mitengo ya zipatso yakucha ingasunthire kumbali imodzi kapena ina. Izi zimakhudzidwa ndi nyengo: nyengo ya nyengo, kuchapa mofulumira, ndipo mvula yambiri imapsa pang'onopang'ono ndipo kukoma kwawo kumasintha kwambiri.

Mu makhalidwe awa zosiyanasiyana analengeza zokolola za 4-5 makilogalamu wa zipatso kuchokera bwino anayamba wamkulu rasipiberi chitsamba. Mwachizoloŵezi, zokolola za Krepysh zosiyanasiyana pa zida zowonongeka zamatenda (zakula popanda kugwiritsa ntchito njira zapamwamba za agro) zimasiyana mkati mwa makilogalamu awiri kapena atatu a zipatso kuchokera ku chitsamba. Koma imakhalanso kwambiri, zokolola kwambiri.

Zima hardiness

"Fortress" yakula kwa zaka zoposa khumi m'madera osiyanasiyana a dziko lathu, zomwe zikutanthauza. Anadutsa mayesero aakulu a kutentha ndi chisanu. Kulima kafukufuku wasonyeza kuti zosiyanasiyanazi ndi zosagonjetsedwa ndi chisanu ndipo sizidzivulaza zokha zimalekerera chisanu. mpaka -30 ° C. Kutentha kutentha kufika -20 ° C nthawi zambiri sikofunika kwambiri kwa Raspberry Krepysh.

Kugwiritsa ntchito

Large wokongola zipatso "Krepysh" yowutsa mudyo ndi okoma. Chiŵerengero cha shuga ndi acidity mwa iwo n'chogwirizana kwambiri. Zipatsozi zimanyamula katundu ndipo zimalola kuyenda ulendo wautali. Panthawi ya kucha kucha, raspberries amakhala amchere kwambiri panthawi yomwe amatha kumasula madzi pambuyo pa maola atatu kapena asanu.

Chifukwa chake, mabulosiwa amanyamula mofulumira pakati pa fruiting zosiyanasiyana (mpaka kumapeto kwa June) - njira zina zowonongeka ndi zopanda pake. Chifukwa cha kukoma kwabwino ndi juiciness, zipatso zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zakudya za mwana, zakudya zokoma, mazira, jelly, mousses, confiture ndi compotes.

The classic Chinsinsi cha rasipiberi confiture -"mphindi zisanu":

  • kilo wa mabulosi imadutsa mu chopukusira nyama kapena pansi ndi blender;
  • Zidontho zowonongeka zimayikidwa mu chidebe chophika kupanikizana ndi kuyaka moto;
  • 1 makilogalamu shuga ndiwonjezeredwa bwino bwino mkaka puree ndi wiritsani pa moto wochepa;
  • Kuyambira nthawi yotentha, kusakaniza shuga kwaphika kwa mphindi zisanu.

Rasiti ya rasipiberi, "maminiti asanu" ndi okonzeka, imathiridwa mitsuko ndipo imasiyidwa kuti ikhale yozizira.

Mukudziwa? Mu nyimbo ndi miyambi yaku Russia, masamba a rasipiberi amaimira moyo wabwino - "Wachilendo - viburnum, dziko lawo - rasipiberi" kapena "Osati moyo, koma rasipiberi".

Kodi ndi makhalidwe otani omwe ayenera kukhala abwino, apakisilasi abwino "Burly":

  • achinyamata mmera shtambovogo kalasi ayenera kukhala thunthu m'mimba mwake m'mimba mwake osachepera 1 masentimita;
  • Pansi pa tsinde ayenera kukhala ndi masamba ambiri, zipatso za mpesa zidzakula kuchokera kwa iwo;
  • kwa madontho a raspberries, mizu ya nthambi yabwino ndi mizu yaying'ono (lobe) ndi yofunika;
  • Zilibe kanthu ngakhale kuti chomeracho chimakonzedwa, chifukwa tsinde la rasipiberi lidakonzedwa pamene libzala.
Ndikofunikira! Mizu ya rasipiberi imakhala youma dzuwa kapena mphepo. Pofuna kupewa izi, kugula mbande (mizu) yophimbidwa mu nsalu yonyowa. Ndikofunika kuyesa kudzala rasipiberi pamapiri mofulumira momwe angakhalire.

Kusankha malo abwino

Rasipiberi amakonda wokoma, malo osayera. Mukasankha malo, muyenera kulingalira zofuna za mbeuyo ndikuika jamukiro la rasibisoni mtsogolo pansi pa chitetezo cha mpanda kapena makoma a nyumba iliyonse. Mphepo yam'mlengalenga siimasokoneza zomera, koma nyengo yozizira, mphepo yamkuntho yomwe imanyamula chisanu nawo, ingayambitse mvula yofiira.

Konzani mitundu ya rasipiberi mitundu monga "Indian Summer", "Hercules", "Heritage", "Atlant", "Zyugan", "Caramel" ikukudziwika kwambiri.

Kuunikira

Rasipiberi imayankha bwino pofika pamalo abwino. Ngati wokhala m'nyengo ya chilimwe ali ndi mwayi wotere, ndiye kuti mizera ya rasipiberi iyenera kukhala kuchokera kummwera mpaka kumpoto. Kulandira kwa agronomic koteroko kumalola kuti chomeracho chikhale dzuwa nthawi yamadzulo. Masamba a rasipiberi, obzalidwa m'malo amdima ndi ozizira, amapanga mbewu zapamwamba ndi zabwino kuposa zomwe zili mu penumbra.

Nthaka

Krepysh rasipiberi minda ikhoza kusonyeza zokolola zomwe zimatchulidwa muzosiyana siyana ngati zimabzalidwa bwino mu nthaka.

Malo a rasipiberi ayenera kukhala:

  1. Zosasintha, zomwe zimadutsa mpweya ndi chinyezi ku mizu;
  2. Mavitamini okwanira ndi nitrojeni.
Ngati dothi latha, zigawo zonsezi ziyenera kuwonjezeredwa. Kuti muchite izi, zibalalani zinthu m'dera lomwe mulibe kusowa (humus, manyowa, choko, mchenga, laimu kapena humus) ndi kukumba nthaka ndi chiwongoladzanja cha gombe.

Ntchito yokonzekera musanafike

Ngati pakhomo m'nyengo ya chilimwe imayang'aniridwa ndi nthaka yosauka, yomwe ili ndi dothi, amafunika kupanga laimu (choko) monga mawonekedwe a phulusa kapena phulusa. Zinthuzi zimabalalika pansi asanayambe kukumba. Kuyamba kwa zinthu izi ndi zosavuta kuwerengera: pa mita iliyonse ya malo omwe amatenga mapaundi a laimu ndi 2-3 ochepa phulusa.

Kuchulukitsa nthaka yobereka, feteleza zachilengedwe (manyowa a ng'ombe, humus kapena kompositi) kapena feteleza zamchere zomwe zili ndi nayitrogeni (nitrate, nitroammofoska) zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa nthaka yamapisipiberi yamtsogolo;

Manyowa onse amaikidwa pansi ndikuikidwa mmanda ndikumba. Feteleza akhoza kuphatikizapo kugwiritsa ntchito choko, laimu kapena phulusa la nkhuni. Manyowa ochiritsira amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa mlingo wa 10 kg wa manyowa kapena humus pa mita imodzi ya zipatso za zipatso. Manyowa amchere amayesedwa ndi wamaluwa m'makina a masewera: kamodzi kamodzi ka nitrate kapena masewera atatu ofanana a nitroammofoski pa mita imodzi ya dothi.

Mukudziwa? Maluwa otentha a rasipiberi maluwa m'nyengo ya maluwa amasokoneza chikho. Mbaliyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito bwino ndi njuchi - ngakhale imvula mtsogolo, njuchi, pamene ikugwira ntchito, ili pansi pa chilengedwe "ambulera" ndipo sathyola muzosonkhanitsa uchi kwa mphindi imodzi. Njuchi zimapanga mungu wochokera ku raspberries ndikuwonjezera zokolola zake ndi 80-100%.

Kubzala mbande pa tsamba

Musanabzala pa malo atsopano, muyenera kulemba mabedi a rasipiberi yamtsogolo. Kulemba kwa mabedi kumachitika ndi chithandizo cha zingwe ndi chingwe chitambasulidwa pakati pawo.

Pakati pa malire a mabedi, ndodozo zikatambasulidwa pamalire ake, feteleza amapezeka pamtunda. Rasipiberi yotsatira ayenera kukumba. Ndipo gawo lotsiriza la kupanga bedi la rasipiberi: wolima munda, akudutsa mabulosi amtsogolo, amamera nthaka pakati pa bedi kumbali zake.

Bedi limakhala loponyedwa pakati (ngati chikho kapena boti) Fomu yotereyi idzawathandiza woyendetsa galasi kuti apitirizebe kusamalira zomera: mwa kuthirira mabedi kapena kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza zamadzimadzi, simungadandaule kuti madziwo adzatuluka m'munda wa rasipiberi. Chinyezi chonse chidzachoka mizu ya zomera zomwe zinakonzedweratu.

Maenje akufika akukumba pamakalata omwe atsirizidwa. Sikoyenera kuika feteleza mwa iwo, chifukwa nthaka yomwe ili pansi pa raspberries imakwaniridwa kale. Thirani chidebe cha madzi mu dzenje lililonse ndipo, mutatha kutuluka, yikani mmera ndi mizu yoyenerera bwino. Zomera zimaphimbidwa ndi dziko lapansi ndipo zimamwetsanso. Izi zimapangitsa kuti nthaka ikhale yaying'ono ndipo imatulutsa mizu ya mbande.

Nthawi

Raspberries akhoza kubzalidwa m'dzinja ndi masika, koma nthawi yophukira kubzala achinyamata amakhala ndi nthawi yambiri yosinthira ndi rooting kuposa nyengo yotentha.

Ngati mlimi akuganiza kuti adzalitse kasupe, ndiye kuti ziyenera kuchitika kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa April, masamba asanakhale pachimake pa raspberries. Mu kugwa, mbande zabzala kuchokera kumapeto kwa September mpaka kumapeto kwa October.

Sewero

Mtengo wa rasipiberi "Krepysh" ndi muyezo osati wosiyana kwambiri, kotero mtunda wokhala pakati pa mabedi awiri a mabulosi sungapangidwe kuposa mamita 1.5. Imeneyi ndi mtunda wokwanira wosamalira raspberries.

Ndikofunikira! M'lifupi la bedi la mabulosi amtsogolo siliposa mamita limodzi ndi theka. Bedi labwino kwambiri m'lifupili limapatsa mlimi kuti asankhe zipatso, ngakhale pakati pa tsamba la rasipiberi.

"Fortress" ikhoza kufika:

  • mu mzere umodzi ukufika - Pamene m'lifupi mwake mabedi a mabulosi amamera 1.5 mamita obzalidwa pamabedi mumzere umodzi (kumka pakati). Mtunda pakati pa mbande uyenera kukhala osachepera 50 cm Mukati mwa kukula mu zaka zotsatirazi, mizu ya rasipiberi idzadzaza bedi lonse.
  • mumalo ozungulira awiri - ndi kukula komweko kwa mabedi, monga momwe anadyera mzere umodzi, zomera zimabzalidwa mizere iwiri.
    Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kudziwa bwinobwino kukhalapo kwa mizere iwiri yolowera pakati pa bedi, kuyambira pakati pa bedi pamakhala masentimita 35 kumanzere, ili ndi mzere wamanzere wa rasipiberi. Mofananamo, amachoka pakati pa bedi 35 cm kumanja - mzere wachiwiri wa landings udzayamba apa.
    Mtunda pakati pa rasipiberi mbande ndi 50 masentimita, mtunda wa pakati pa mizere iwiri ndi masentimita 70. Mukamabzala, mbande m'mizere yoyandikana imakonzedwa muzithunzi zochepa.

Zosamalidwa za nyengo za nyengo

Kudzala rasipiberi zosiyanasiyana sizingapereke malo a chilimwe ndi zokolola zochuluka - onetsetsani kuti mukuzisamalira chaka chonse: manyowa, madzi, kudula, kuteteza ku matenda ndi tizirombo. Ngati mlimi akugwirizana ndi zikhalidwe zonsezi, kudzala kudzakhala wathanzi ndipo zipatso zidzakhala zambiri.

Kuthirira ndi kukulitsa

Chimodzi mwazofunikira kuti mupeze zokolola zabwino mukadzala rasipiberi "Krepysh" kutchire ndi bwino komanso kusakhala namsongole m'munda. Modzikongoletsera mlungu uliwonse weeding sikuti amangotulutsa mlimi, koma amatha kuwononga mawonekedwe a mizu ya mabulosi.

Izi zikhoza kupewedwa ngati bedi likulumikizidwa kumayambiriro kwa masika. Pofuna kuyamwa, mungagwiritse ntchito utuchi, nsalu, masamba a chaka chatha, nthanga zamkonde kapena mbewu za mpendadzuwa.

Rasipiberi amakonda kuthirira kwambiripopanda chinyezi chokwanira, rasipiberi maluwa akhoza kutha popanda kumangiriza zipatso. Mizu ya rasipiberi siifalikira mozama, koma mmalo mwake pansi pamtunda pansi. Choncho, popanda madzi, mizu imauma mwamsanga, ndipo chomeracho chimatha kufa.

Pa fruiting nthawi ya mabedi a crimson akusowa madzi okwanira mlungu uliwonse. Ngati pali madzi pa chiwembu, ndizomveka kuti wolimawo azifalikira m'mitsinje yomwe imayambira kuthirira.

Choncho kuthirira sikungatenge nthawi yokonza munda, ndipo chinyezi chidzapita ku mizu ya zomera nthawi ndi nthawi. Pa bedi la mamita 10 la rasipiberi, mufunikira 300-400 l madzi.

Kupaka pamwamba

Pa nyengo yokula, zomera zimatulutsa zakudya zonse pansi, ndipo wolima minda ayenera kuzibzala m'nthaka. Yabwino feteleza mbewu mabulosi zachilengedwe organic feteleza. Ali ndi rasipiberi yoyenera nayitrogeni, calcium, potaziyamu, ndi phosphorous.

Ndipo chinthu chofunikira kwambiri ndikuti zinthu zonsezi zili mu malo omwe anthu amawagwiritsa ntchito ndi zomera. Kuti apange kavalidwe ndi zinthu zakuthupi muwonekedwe owuma, zimangowamba (kuikidwa) pansi pazu wa zomera zamasamba.

Ngati feteleza organic siovunda, mwa iwo konzekerani madzi ochepa kulowetsedwa:

  • Fosholo imodzi yatsopano ya nkhuku kapena ndowe ya ng'ombe ikuikidwa mu chidebe;
  • wodzazidwa ndi madzi oyera pamwamba ndi kutsekedwa ndi chivindikiro;
  • mphamvu imayikidwa kuti izitsitsa dzuwa;
  • kamodzi katatu masiku onse zomwe zili mu chidebe zimagwedezeka pogwiritsa ntchito chosakaniza matabwa;
  • Pambuyo masiku khumi ndi asanu ndi awiri (10-14) fetereza feteleza ndi okonzeka kugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Ndikofunikira! Manyowa a chophimba ichi ndi ochepetsetsa kwambiri kuti agwiritsidwe popanda kupukuta ndi madzi. Kwa malita 10 a madzi onjezerani 0,5 malita a kuikapo mtima, kusonkhezera ndi kutsanulira rasipusi.
Kudyetsa ndi phulusa ndibwino kwambiri, pali potaziyamu yambiri. Zimayambitsidwa ndi kukonkha kokha pamitsitsi ya zomera kapena mungu wowumphira phulusa pamwamba pa tsamba. Phulusa la nkhuni silikufuna mlingo woyenera pamene mukupanga, imodzi kapena ziwiri zowonjezera pa mita imodzi ndi imodzi yokwanira.

Kuyamba kwa ammonium nitrate kudzapereka zakudya zamabulosi ndi nayitrogeni. Kuti izi zitheke, m'nyengo yozizira kapena kumapeto kwa nyengo, ngakhale chisanu, chisakanizo chokhala ndi ammonium nitrate ndi urea amwazikana pa rasipiberi pancake. Pa mita iliyonse ya mzere wa mabulosi, mlingo wa 10 g wa ammonium nitrate ndi 8 g wa urea amawerengedwa. Pamodzi ndi madzi otungunuka, feteleza adzatsukidwa ndikugwedezeka ndi mizu ya zomera.

Mukudziwa? Otsatira a "njoka yobiriwira" adzatha kuchotsa nthenda yaikulu, atatha kudya timadzi tambiri tambirimbiri, pothandizidwa iwo athandizidwa ndi zipatso zomwe zimapezeka mabulosi.

Kuchiza mankhwala

Ngati mlimi akunyalanyaza chithandizo cha mabulosi, sadzapeza zokolola zabwino. The main processing raspberries amachitika mwamsanga chisanu chimasungunuka ndipo nthaka imalira m'munda.

Zomwe zinachitikira wamaluwa amayesa kuchita zonsezi pamaso pa rasipiberi masamba akuphulika ndi kuyamba kukula:

  • Kuwonjezera chitetezo cha zomera kwa rasipiberi matenda (anthracnose ndi imvi zowola), urea amachiritsidwa (15-20 g pa mita imodzi) ndipo amachizidwa ndi mkuwa sulphate yankho (50 g ya mankhwalayo ndi osakaniza 5 malita a madzi).
  • Komanso processing zomera ndi mkuwa sulfate ndi osafunika, popeza raspberries amakonda kudziunjikira izo mu mawonekedwe a nitrates mu zipatso.
  • Ngati matendawa ayamba kale ndi matendawa, powdery mildew kapena rasipiberi dzimbiri, ndiye kuti chodzala chingachiritsidwe mwa kupopera mbewu ndi Bordeaux madzi (Topaz ndi Nitrofen kukonzekera).
  • Waukulu mdani wa raspberries ndi rasipiberi weevil. Kupha kwakukulu kwa tizilomboti pa raspberries kumayamba pa mapangidwe ndi kutsanulira zipatso, kotero mungathe kumenyana ndi zokonzekera zamoyo.
  • Kwa tizilombo tomwe tizilombo timaluwa timakonzekeretsa mpiru kulowetsedwa. Mu 5 malita a madzi ozizira 10 g wa mpiru wouma amawonjezeredwa, zonsezo zimasakanizidwa, zophimbidwa ndi zotsalira kuti ziime usiku wonse. M'mawa, kulowetsedwa kumakonzeka kudya. Ikani izo ku zomera ndi munda wopopera mbewu.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mutayika nthaka ya mabulosi a mabulosi kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa kasupe ndi pini kapena piritsi za sing'anga, ndiye kuti tizilombo tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe sitimawonekere. Zimachita mantha ndi coniferous fungo.

Yambani

Rasipiberi yapamwamba sichifunikira zowonjezera zowonjezera. Chifukwa cha phesi lake lakuda ndi lokhazikika, silikugwa ngakhale mphepo yamphamvu kwambiri. Mafashoniwa ndi abwino kwambiri kukula mu mafakitale, omwe amatha mahekitala ambiri nthawi imodzi.

Mwiniwakeyo ndiye mwiniwake, ndipo alimi ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito ndalama zowonjezereka pa kukhazikitsa mobile trellis ndikulima garters. Rasipiberi "Krepysh" popanda kuthandizira kunja kumakhalabe ndi zokolola zambiri pamthambi.

Kudulira

Kudulira rasipiberi "Krepysh" ikuchitika m'chaka, mwamsanga pamene nyengo yofunda amatha. Mwamsanga muyenera kuyeretsa rasipiberi kwa akufa, kudula ndi maluwa m'munsi mwa chitsamba. Mbewu ya mabulosi yomwe idzabala chipatso nyengo ino (zimayambira chaka chachiwiri cha moyo) kudula nsongazo ndi masentimita 10-15. Izi zidzathandiza kugawa bwino mbewu pa phesi la rasipiberi ndikupanga mapangidwe a nthambi zowonjezera.

Kusamala makamaka pamene kudulira munda wamaluwa kumayenera kutembenukira ku kuphulika kwa raspberries. Mzere umodzi wa lalikulu wa mabulosi sayenera kukhala oposa 12-15 rasipiberi mapesi. Mphesa wochuluka umadulidwanso ndi mitsempha yochokera pansi yomwe imachotsedwa.

Kukonzekera nyengo yozizira

Kuti "Krepysh" apambane popanda mavuto, ayenera kukonzekera. Chifukwa cha ichi, wolima munda kumapeto kwa nyengo yotentha (August mpaka m'ma September) amadyetsa kansalu kofiira ndi phosphorous ndi potaziyamu. Potash ndi feteleza za phosphate zimalimbikitsa kuwonjezeka kwina kwa mizu ya lobes ya chomera ndi kucha kwa tsinde la pamwamba. Mitengo yokhala ndi tsinde lamphamvu komanso yolimba mizu modekha komanso popanda nkhawa ingapulumutse kwambiri chisanu.

Ndizovala zokongola zomwe zimathandizira m'nyengo yachisanu palibe sayenera kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza feteleza. Mavitamini okhala ndi zinthu sizimalimbitsa zomera, koma zimawalimbikitsa kuti azikula mofulumira. M'malo mokonzekera kuti apulumuke m'nyengo yozirazira, raspberries amayamba kukula masamba. Masambawa amatha mwezi umodzi, koma mbewuyo idzawapatsa mphamvu zofunikira zowonjezera nyengo.

Mu sayansi yamakono ya kukula raspberries pali njira monga kuwonetsa chinyezi chinyezi mkate wa rasipiberi

Bedi ndi raspberries ndi madzi pamaso pa isanayambike woyamba chisanu (mochedwa October - oyambirira November). Pa mita iliyonse ya lalikulu ya zipatso ayenera kutsanulira 50 malita a madzi. Kuti achite madzi okwanira m'nyengo yozizira - zikutanthauza kuonetsetsa bwino kukolola zipatso kwa chaka chotsatira.

Kufotokozera kwa rasipiberi zosiyanasiyana Krepysh imaphatikizapo ubwino wolimba wachisanu, koma ngati pali chisanu m'nyengo yozizira ndi chisanu pamwamba -15 ° C, wolima minda akhoza kuthandiza zomera zake kuti zisapitirire kuzizira. Ndi chithandizo cha fosholo muyenera kupeza chisanu mu bedi rasipiberi. Izi zidzateteza mizu yosalala ya rasipiberi ku chisanu ndikutumikira ngati zowonjezera zowonjezera madzi okwanira m'chaka.

Mitengo ya rasipiberi inkaonekera m'minda yathu osati kale kwambiri, koma, atapambana mayesero a chisanu, mvula, chisanu ndi zaka zowuma, ndi ulemu udapulumuka masautso onse. Chaka chilichonse zosiyanasiyana anasangalala chilimwe alendo ndi bwino yokolola lalikulu ndi onunkhira zipatso. Rasipiberi "Krepysh" muzitsulo zathu za mabulosi sizinali alendo, koma onse okhalamo.