Matenda Osiyanasiyana Blagovest: makhalidwe ndi kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana

Kusankhidwa kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato ndi kwakukulu kwambiri moti m'zosiyana zawo zonse, ngakhale anthu omwe ali ndi nyengo ya chilimwe amavutika kuti asasokonezeke ndi kusankha imodzi mwa iwo.

Pambuyo powerenga makhalidwe ndi kufotokoza kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato Blagovest, ambiri adzasankha mtunduwu.

Kufotokozera

"Blagovest" ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato, yobala ndi obereketsa. Kuchita zinthu moyenera kumatheka chifukwa chakuti tomato wa zosiyanasiyanazi ndi okonzeka kukonzekera saladi, soups, sauces, marinades, komanso kupukuta ndi pickling m'nyengo yozizira.

Mukudziwa? Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato "Blagovest" inalembedwa ndipo inalembedwa mu State Register of Breeding Achievements mu 1996 ku Russian Federation.

Mitengo

Mzu wa chitsamba ndi wongopeka, nthambi, mwamphamvu kwambiri.

Zitsamba zosadziwika (kukula kochepa), ndi zosiyana siyana za tsinde. Tsinde lalikulu likula mpaka masentimita 170. Pa chifukwa ichi, mutabzala pasadakhale ndiyenera kuthandizira kuthandizira kuthandizira kuthengo.

Ndikofunikira! Zokolola za zosiyanasiyana zimakula ngati mfundo ya kukula kwa chitsamba kuchokera ku mphukira yapakati kumbali.

Pakati pa tchire muli masamba osakaniza a sing'anga, imvi-yobiriwira komanso ndi dissection zakuya. Maluwa ndi amuna kapena akazi okhaokha, ang'onoang'ono, akupanga burashi, akuwombera. Zipatso 7 mpaka 9 zipse ku dzanja limodzi.

Zipatso

Kulongosola kwa zipatso za tomato "Blagovest" si kosiyana kwambiri ndi kufotokoza kwa zipatso za achibale ake.

Onani mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato monga Labrador, Eagle Heart, Fig, Eagle Beak, Purezidenti, Klusha, Japan Truffle, Prima Donna, Nyenyezi ya Siberia, Rio Grande, Rapunzel, Samara, Verlioka Plus, Golden Heart, Kutsanulira Mwazi, Little Red Riding Hood, Gina, Yamal, Bison Sugar, Mikado Pink.
  • mawonekedwe: kuzungulira, pang'ono kugwedezeka ndi yosalala pamwamba;
  • maonekedwe: yosalala, yowala, wofiira;
  • zamkati: wandiweyani, wowutsa mudyo;
  • kulemera kwake: 110-120 magalamu;
  • kulawa: wolemera, wokoma ndi wowawasa;
  • moyo wa alumali: motalika;
  • chitetezo paulendo: mkulu;
  • Zipatso zonse zili ndi zipinda ziwiri za mbewu.

Makhalidwe osiyanasiyana

"Blagovest" - mtundu wosakanizidwa wa tomato, monga umboni wa "F1" pa phukusi ndi mbewu.

Mukudziwa? Mbewu za mitundu yambiri ya hybrid sizingathe kubereka ana ndi makhalidwe a "kholo", kotero zipatso sizoyenera kusonkhanitsa mbewu.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imalimbikitsidwa kulima mu nyengo yotentha. Pansi pa malo otseguka pansi, zokolola zimakhala zochepa kapena zero kumpoto.

Kulima kuli kokwera, mpaka 6 kg kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi. Zosiyanasiyana ndi zoyamba kucha: kuchokera kubzala mbewu kupita ku zipatso zoyamba, nthawi ndi masabata 13. Nthawi yakucha ndi masiku 95-105.

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Kawirikawiri, mitundu yosiyanasiyana imayamikira kwambiri ndi wamaluwa, koma ili ndi zovuta zina.

Ubwino wa zosiyanasiyana ndi:

  • Mbewu 100 kumera;
  • nthawi yoyamba yakucha;
  • chokolola chachikulu;
  • Kukaniza matenda ndi tizirombo;
  • chilengedwe chonse chogwiritsa ntchito zipatso;
  • zipatso zabwino;
  • poyendetsa paulendo wautali.

Zoipa za zosiyanasiyanazi ndizo zotsatirazi:

  • zomera zowonjezera zowonjezera;
  • mukamabzala mutseguka nthaka yotsika kwambiri;
  • chovomerezeka garter kuchirikiza thunthu lapakati.

Zotsatira zofika

Kukula mbande ndi kubzala kwawo ndizofunikira kwa tomato mitundu mitundu. Ngati izi zatha, imfa ya chomeracho sichidzasungidwa, mlingo wokhalapo, rooting, ndipo zotsatira zake zimakula.

Phunzirani za zovuta za tomato kumunda, mu wowonjezera kutentha, malinga ndi njira ya Maslov, mu hydroponics, malinga ndi Terekhins.

Nthawi

Kubzala mbewu zomwe zimapangidwa kumapeto kwa February - kumayambiriro kwa March. Pambuyo pa masabata asanu mutabzala mbande ndikuikidwa ku malo osatha. Kufesa mbewu mwachindunji kumunda wowonjezera kutentha kumachitika pachiyambi - pakati pa April.

Kawirikawiri, njira yobzala tomato ingagawidwe m'magulu angapo:

1. Kukonzekera mbewu

Mbewu isanayambe kubzala mbande ayenera kukonzekera bwino. Kuti achite izi, ayenera kuyamba kuyang'aniridwa ndikusamalidwa bwino (moldy kapena kukhalapo mawanga akuda).

Mbeu zowonongeka ziyenera kukhala zotetezedwa ndi matenda opatsirana pogwiritsa ntchito potassium permanganate. Sungani mbeu muyeso kwa mphindi khumi ndi zisanu. Pambuyo pa disinfection, nyemba ziyenera kutsukidwa kuchoka ku zotsalira zazothetsera madzi otentha.

2. Kubzala mbewu

Musanadzalemo, zida zokonzedwa bwino (mabokosi, miphika) zimadzazidwa ndi dothi komanso humus. Mbewu imayikidwa pa nthaka yosakaniza ndi kuwaza pamwamba pa iyo ndi wosanjikiza. Dothi loyenera liyenera kusakanizidwa ndi madzi ofunda kuchokera ku botolo lazitsulo.

3. Zomera za dive

Ndi kubzala mbewu moyenera, mphukira yoyamba imaonekera patatha milungu iwiri. Pamene mphukira imapangidwa ndi tsamba 2-4 lonse, mukhoza kuyamba kuyenda.

Ndikofunikira! Kusankha kuyenera kuchitidwa mosamala, kuti asawononge mphukira zazing'ono ndi mizu yofooka.

Zomera zimabzalidwa muzinthu zosiyana zodzikonzekera (zodzazidwa ndi hydrated). Izi zikhoza kukhala miphika yapadera ndi zida zosiyana siyana kapena mapepala apulasitiki omwe amagulidwa pa sitolo.

Mukakhala pamtunda wabwino, mungathe kudyetsa feteleza pang'ono.

4. Kukonzekera mbande

Pambuyo (masabata awiri) musanabzala pamalo osatha, mbande ziyenera kuumitsidwa. Mwa njira iyi akutanthauza kutulutsa mbande panja. Maulendo a kuwomba ayenera kukhala ofunda ndi dzuwa.

Kuvutikira kumayamba kuyambira 2 koloko, pang'onopang'ono kumawonjezera nthawi. Nthawi yoyamba ya kuuma iyenera kugwera pa nthawi ya chitukuko cha zomera (masabata 4).

Zimatengera miyezi 3.5 kuchokera kubzala mbewu mpaka kucha zipatso zoyambirira.

Ndondomeko yofesa

Kuchokera mu dongosolo lomwe, malingana ndi ndondomeko ndi mtunda wotani kuchokera kwa wina ndi mzake kubzala, zimatengera zokolola zam'tsogolo za tomato "Blagovest".

Choncho, chifukwa cha mbande, mbewu zimagwiritsidwa pansi pamtunda wa mamita 15 kuchokera mzake, kenako zimadzaziika m'magawo osiyana. Mbewu zowonjezereka zimabzalidwa pamalo osatha zikafika miyezi iwiri ndi theka.

Mukudziwa? Mukhoza kuonjezera kwambiri zokolola mwa kubzala baka phwetekere awiri mumtunda umodzi ndiyeno n'kuphatikizapo tsinde limodzi.
Zitsime za mbande zimakumbidwa pamtundu wa checkerboard pamtunda wa masentimita 40-50 wina ndi mzake. Kukula kwa mlingo pa 1 mita imodzi sikuyenera kupitirira tchire zitatu. Kuzama kwa mabowo sikuyenera kupitirira kukula kwa mphamvu ya mbande. Kufalikira kumachitika ndi kusintha, kupulumutsa mtanda wa dziko lapansi. Pafupi ndi phando lirilonse padzakhale kofunikira kuti mupange maziko (msomali kapena ndodo) kwa tsogolo la chitsamba cha phwetekere.

Pofesa mwachindunji mu nthaka yobiriwira, mbewu zimabzalidwa nthawi yomweyo pamalo ochezera. Pogwiritsa ntchito mwachindunji kubzala, ndizotheka kuti kupatulira kwa mbeu kumatha.

Ndikofunikira! Kafukufuku wasonyeza kuti kubzala mbewu pamalo otseguka sikuthandiza kusasitsa kwa chitsamba kapena kumapereka zochepa zokolola.

Ndondomeko yotsetsereka ya chess pamtunda wa masentimita 45 mpaka 50 kuchokera pa wina ndi mzake imapereka malo okwanira kuti chitukuko ndi matabwa a Blagovest azituluka.

Komanso, chiwembuchi chimakhala ndi mlengalenga pakati pa tchire, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zinthu zisasokoneze moyo wa tizirombo ndi tizilombo ndipo zimachepetsa matenda omwe amabwera ndi matenda.

Kusamalira chikhalidwe

Ndi zokolola zoyenera komanso njira zabwino zogwirira ntchito, zokolola zimakula.

Ndi agrotechnical njira amatanthauza pasynkovanie, kumasula nthaka ndi mulching. Kusamalidwa bwino kumatanthawuza kuthirira moyenera tchire.

Pakati pa kukula ndikofunika kuti zinyamulira (ie, kudulira mbali kumbali), zomwe zidzathe kutulutsa kukula kwa chitsamba kuchokera ku tsinde lalikulu mpaka kumbali yowombera. Mbaliyi ikuwombera panthawiyi ikupangidwa panthawi yopanga inflorescence, yomwe ili pansi pa burashi. Kuthetsa ndege yotereyi sikutheka.

Kuphatikizira ndi chinthu chofunika kwambiri chotetezera nthaka. Mukhoza kuzungulira ndi udzu, udzu, udzu, utuchi. Izi zimathandiza kuteteza chinyezi m'nthaka ndipo zimapangitsa kuti zinthu zikhale bwino m'nthaka. Kuthirira kumachitika masiku khumi ndi okwanira mokwanira (pazu - osati kuthira zipatso ndi mphukira za zomera).

Ndikofunikira! Kuwonjezeka kwa chinyezi, ming'alu imapanga zipatso, ndipo pamtunda wochepa, zipatso zimauma ndi kugwa.

Kutentha kwa tsiku ndi tsiku kwa wowonjezera kutentha kumathandizanso kuti mpweya uziyenda bwino. Ndikofunika kutsegula chitseko masana, ndipo kutentha kutentha usiku, zitseko zowonjezera kutentha zimayenera kutsekedwa.

Mukudziwa? Makomo a wowonjezera kutentha ayenera kukhala otseguka atatha kuthirira.

Tsiku lotsatira pambuyo kuthirira nthaka ayenera kumasulidwa. Izi zidzakuthandizani kupewa mapangidwe apansi pa nthaka. Mapangidwe oterewa amalepheretsa kulowa kwa mpweya ku mizu ndi kuchepetsa kukula kwa mbewu. Kutsegula kumayenera kuchitidwa mosamala komanso popanda kusuntha mwadzidzidzi, kuti asawononge mizu ya chitsamba. Kutsika kwa kumasula - osaposa masentimita asanu.

Kupaka feteleza ndi mchere kumathandiza kuthandiza chomera ndikuwonjezera fruiting ya chitsamba. Ndikofunika kupanga zovala zapamwamba katatu pa nyengo. Ichi ndi chiwerengero chochepa, monga momwe chiwerengero chomwe chimapangitsa kuti kudyetsa chikhale choyenera masabata awiri.

Manyowa amchere omwe amasankhidwa kuti asankhidwe amasankhidwa ku universal kapena apadera kwa tomato. Amayenera kukhala ndi zinthu monga nitrogen, phosphorous ndi potaziyamu. Mukhoza kuwagula pa sitolo iliyonse yam'munda. Gulu la mtengo ndi losiyana: kuchokera kumsika wotsika mtengo mpaka wapakati-mtengo.

Mavitamini a feteleza (urea ndi ammonium nitrate) amathandiza nyengo yoyamba ikukula ndikufulumizitsa kukula ndi kupanga zitsamba. Yankho lirikonzedwa pa mlingo wa: 1 tebulo pa bodza pa 10 malita a madzi. Phosphate feteleza (superphosphate) imathandizira kuti chitukuko cha mizu chikhale chofunika ndipo makamaka chimafunidwa pamene chodzala mbande pansi kapena panthawi yozengereza.

Njira yothetsera ("kuchotsa") imakonzedweratu (maola 24 asanayambe kukonza) pa mlingo wa - supuni imodzi ya fetereza pa madzi okwanira 1 litre otentha. Pambuyo kulowetsedwa, 1 lita imodzi ya Tingafinye imadzipangidwira mu 10 malita a madzi.

Potaziyamu feteleza (potaziyamu sulphate) idzakhala ndi zotsatira zabwino pa chitukuko cha mizu, kuonjezera chomera chitetezo ndi kuonjezera kukoma kwa chipatso.

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito panthawi ina iliyonse ya nyengo yokula muwerengedwe: pa 1 mita imodzi 40 mg ya feteleza - pa malita 10 a madzi.

Mukudziwa? Mukamagwiritsa ntchito feteleza mungasakanike ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito movuta.

Zigawo izi za chisamaliro zidzakuthandizira osati kuwonjezera zokolola za tomato "Blagovest", komanso kuwonjezera nthawi ya fruiting baka.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato ndi yowonongeka kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, kotero imagonjetsedwa ndi tizilombo tosiyanasiyana.

Phunzirani momwe mungagwirire ndi matenda a tomato, makamaka ndi choipitsa, fusarium, Alternaria, tsamba lopukuta, powdery mildew, ndi vertex zowola.
Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imakhala ndi chitetezo chokwanira ku matenda:

  • mochedwa choipitsa - matenda a fungal, akuwonetsedwa ndi maonekedwe a mdima wofiira mawanga pa masamba pa zipatso kucha. Mawonetseredwe a matendawa amakula mu nyengo yamvula;
  • Cladosporia (bulauni malo) - matenda a fungal, omwe amaoneka ngati kuwala kwa chikasu pa zipatso ndi masamba, omwe pamapeto pake amasanduka bulauni. Mawonetseredwe amachitanso kuwonjezeka nyengo yamvula;
  • Chithunzi cha fodya - matenda a tizilombo, omwe amawonetsedwa ndi maonekedwe a chikasu chobiriwira pa masamba ndi zipatso.
Pa matenda onse, zosiyanasiyana zimapezeka ku tizilombo toyambitsa matenda - chlorotic tsamba kupiringa.

Nthendayi ikuphatikizidwa ndi kusintha (kufotokoza) kwa masamba a masamba ndi kupotoza kwawo komweku. Chitsamba chodwala chimachepetsa kukula kwake, ndipo pakapita nthawi chizoloƔezi chokula chimakhala chowonekera.

Ndikofunikira! Matenda odwala samachiritsidwa, ndipo kenako amafukula ndi kutenthedwa.

Mitengo yosiyanasiyana ya tomato "Blagovest" kwa zaka zambiri imakhalabe ndi makhalidwe abwino. Mitundu yosiyana imasiyanitsa ndi kucha kwake koyambirira, ndipo ngati zizindikiro zina zimachitika pobzala ndi kulima, zimapereka zipatso zambiri.

Zipatso zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ponseponse, zimakhala zokoma ndipo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito osati saladi, komanso monga kukonzekera nyengo yozizira.

Kubzala ndi kusamalira kumafuna ndalama zina zakuthupi ndi zachuma, koma ndalamazi ndizoyenera chifukwa cha mbewu zabwino.