Mbali za kusamalira ndi kusamalira akalulu a mchenga

Akalulu obereketsa akuyamba kutchuka. Izi makamaka chifukwa chakuti nyama izi zimapindulitsa kwambiri; amapereka zakudya zamtundu, komanso ubweya wapamwamba. Mitundu ina imapatsidwa makhalidwe abwino komanso osazolowereka omwe amawafikitsa pachimake. Chimodzi mwa izi ndi "marder".

Kufotokozera, chithunzi, khalidwe

Akalulu a Marder amamera amasiyana ndi abambo awo mwa maonekedwe awo ndi achilendo. Mtundu wodabwitsa umapangitsa nyama kukhala maonekedwe okongola kwambiri. Pambuyo pa zonse, ngati kuti ali pa piritsi la zojambulajambula, pa thupi la nyama, kusintha kosangalatsa kupita ku mtundu wakuda pamaso ndi miyendo ikupangidwa. Mtundu wapamwamba ndi wofiirira, womwe ukhoza kukhala wakuda pang'ono kapena wopepuka.

Mukudziwa? M'mayiko ena, monga Australia, akalulu amadziwika ngati tizirombo, chifukwa amawononga madola oposa theka la milioni pachaka. Ku Queensland, amaletsedwa kuyambitsa akalulu, monga ziweto. Otsutsa amalanga ndi ndalama zokwanira, kukula kwake ndi $ 30,000.

Big

"Marder" amasiyanitsa ndi masewera olimbitsa thupi, akalulu ndi amphamvu komanso olimba. Kumbuyo kwa chinyama chowonekeratu chiwonetsero chowombera kapena chigoba. Mphuno ndi yaing'ono; Akaluluwa amakhala otanganidwa kwambiri, amasuntha kwambiri. Nyama ndizolemera kwambiri, oimira akuluakulu akhoza kupeza makilogalamu 5, koma nthawi zambiri kulemera kwake kumasiyanasiyana ndi 3.5 mpaka 4.5 makilogalamu. Chiweto chokongola kwambiri chofanana ndi marten. Chovala chake cha ubweya chimayenera kutamandidwa mosiyana, chifukwa zinyama zimadziwika ndi ubweya wochuluka kwambiri komanso wonyezimira wa mtundu wokongola.

Phunzirani za miyambo ya akalulu obereketsa Rex, California, Butterfly, White Giant, Giant ya ku Belgium, Grey Giant, Baran, Black-Brown, Risen, Soviet Chinchilla.

Soviet

Kunja, "Soviet marder" si yosiyana kwambiri ndi "yaikulu", kusiyana kwakukulu kokha ndiko kuti akaluluwa ali ochepa kwambiri. Kulemera kwake kwa nyama yaikulu kumafika 4 kg. Kutalika, amafika pamtunda wa masentimita 50, ndipo chifuwa cha chifuwa chawo ndi 30-35 masentimita. masentimita thupi la nyama limakula mpaka tsitsi 25,000 - kuchuluka kwake kwa malaya a ubweya ndi mwayi wosatsutsika wa mtunduwu, womwe unapezeka chifukwa chochita nawo chinchilla.

Ndikofunikira! Oyamba kubala, chifukwa cha zifukwa zomveka, sangathe kuzindikira kusiyana pakati pa mitunduyo ndi diso, choncho tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tipeze zinyama zapadera.

Mbiri yamabambo

Kubwerera mu 1925, ku Germany, wofesa dzina lake Thomson adadutsa "Angora", "Havana", "Chinchilla", "Vienna Blue" ndi "Belgian Hare", yomwe imabweretsa "Marder", yomwe ili yofanana ndi marten. Mlengiyo amatchedwa rabbit marten kapena "marder." Chifukwa cha kukhalapo kwa chinchilla genotype, akalulu adapeza zachilendo, mtundu wa mink, ndipo panthawi yobereketsa, nsomba zapamwamba za thupi zinakwaniritsidwa ndipo "marder wamkulu" anawonekera. Akalulu a ku Germany ndiwo omwe amachokera ku mtunduwu, pakukonzekera mtundu wina wa mitundu yomwe ikupezeka m'mayiko osiyanasiyana. Mwachitsanzo, ku Armenia, chifukwa cha zaka 10 za ntchito, mu 1940 "Soviet marder" inagwedezeka, yomwe inapezeka mwa kudutsa akalulu a chinchilla, a manderm ndi a manyolo.

Momwe mungasankhire kalulu

Kusiyanitsa kofunika kwambiri kwa mtundu uwu ndi mtundu wapadera, kotero sizingatheke kuti zidzatheke kusokoneza akalulu awa ndi mitundu ina. Akatswiri amalimbikitsa kupeza nyama ali ndi zaka 2-3, chifukwa nthawiyi akalulu amakhala ndi nthawi yowonjezereka, ndipo ma chitetezo cha mthupi amawoneka kuti apangidwa.

Ndikofunikira! Ubwino wa bunny wa miyezi iwiri ya "marder" ayenera kukhala osachepera 1.5 makilogalamu.
Anthu omwe ali ndi thanzi labwino amayenda kwambiri, ntchito zochepetseka zimasonyeza kuti pali matenda alionse. Mukamagula, muyenera kuyang'ana maso a nyama: ngati pali pusipo, kalulu akudwala. Makutu a fluffy ayenera kukhala oyera; Chimodzi mwa matenda omwe ali ndi akalulu ndi khutu, ndipo sikoyenera kugula nyama.

Kusamalira ndi kusamalira

Akalulu a mtunduwu "Marder" amasangalala kwambiri ndi kutentha, choncho ndibwino kuti muwaike m'chipinda chouma komanso chotentha. Mulimonsemo musalole kuti zitsamba ndi zinyontho, zikhale choncho, nyama zimayamba kuvulaza. Chofunika chokonzekera ndi chiyero. Chodziwika bwino kuti akalulu samawakonda - ndikofunikira kuwasamalira bwino ndi izi m'maganizo.

Zimene mungadyetse akalulu

Chakudya cha furry chiyenera kukhala chopatsa thanzi komanso chosiyana. Poganizira kuti ali ndi mimba yowawa kwambiri komanso matumbo, zakudya zomwe amadya ziyenera kukhala zapamwamba komanso zatsopano. Ntchito yaikulu imayimbidwa ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zakudya zomwe zimadyetsa zinyama. Mizu ya mbewu, masamba, tirigu ndi udzu ziyenera kupezeka pa zakudya zawo.

Tikukulangizani kuti muwone ngati n'zotheka kuwonjezera zinyama ndi zitsamba ku zakudya za akalulu; Ndi udzu uti sukhoza kudyetsa nyama izi.

Omwe amamwa zinyama ayenera kudzazidwa ndi madzi oyera, ayenera kusinthidwa tsiku ndi tsiku. Zakudya zabwino ndizofunikira kuti kulima koweta bwino, kotero muyenera kuisamalira bwino.

Mukudziwa? Ngati simukuletsa anthu a akalulu ndikuwalola kuti azichuluka mofanana ndi inu, patatha zaka pafupifupi 100 chiwerengero chawo padziko lapansi chidzakhala chofanana ndi mtunda wa makilomita 510,100,000. km

Mbali za kubereka ndi kuswana

Nkhumba za mtundu wa "marder" zimakhala zazikulu kwambiri; ana amodzi angapange akalulu oposa 10. Mwatsoka, samasamalira bwino ana awo, choncho ndi bwino kulipira kwambiri kalulu wakhanda, ndiyeno kwa mwana wakhanda.

Ana amabadwa ndi zolemera zoposa 60 g, koma mosamalira amayi, akuwulandira mofulumira. Ngati zakudya za amayi zimakhala ndi mavitamini, minerals ndi zofunikira zonse, m'mwezi woyamba wa moyo iwo adzalandira pafupifupi 500 g. Mafint akuyamba pa miyezi inayi, ndipo nondescript imakhala yowirira, yofewa, ndipo miyezi isanu ndi umodzi zinyama zimakhala ndi mtundu wosadziwika wa mtunduwo.

Kodi ubwino wa mtunduwu ndi uti?

Akalulu "okongola" amtengo wapatali kwambiri, amagwiritsira ntchito kusoka zinthu zosiyanasiyana. Chinthu chachikulu ndi chakuti sichifuna kupenta, monga mtundu wawo uli wokongoletsa kwambiri. Mitunduyi imatchulidwanso ngati nyama, chifukwa akuluakulu, makamaka "mardera yaikulu," ndi olemetsa kwambiri.

Palibe vuto linalake pokula mtundu uwu. Pansi pa malamulo a chisamaliro ndi zakudya zonse, iwo samadwala ndi kukula bwino. Mukamagula "marder" muyenera kukumbukira kuti ngati mukulera kuti abereke, ndi bwino kugula akalulu kuchokera kwa odyetsa osiyana kuti asakanikize magazi.