Zilonda zazikulu m'matulu ndi njira zamankhwala

Mbali yotchuka kwambiri ya thupi mu kalulu mosakayika ndi makutu ake, omwe akuyenera kuti azisinthidwa kuti azindikire zowonongeka. Ziwalo zofunika izi sizowonekera poyera ku matenda osiyanasiyana oopsa. Ndikofunika kudziwa zizindikiro za zilonda zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimapezeka m'makutu a akalulu kuti muwachitire ndi kuziwamvetsa mwamsanga komanso mwamsanga.

Myxomatosis

Matendawa amakhudza anthu onse a dongosolo la lagomorphs, komanso akalulu. Wothandizira matendawa ndi HIV Myxomatosis cuniculorum.

Onyamula kachilomboka ndi majeremusi oyamwa magazi (ntchentche, udzudzu, utitiri wa kalulu), komanso makoswe. Nthawi yosakanikirana (yotengera) imatenga masiku 7 mpaka 18.

Mukudziwa? Mu 1950, pofuna kuchepetsa chiwerengero cha akalulu a ku Australia, wothandizira causative wa myxomatosis anagawira pakati pawo. Izi zinapangitsa kuti nyama za hafu ya biliyoni zifa, koma otsala mazana asanu ndi atatu adayamba kulimbana ndi matendawa. Pofika kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma 1900, chiŵerengero chawo chinawonjezeka kufika pafupifupi mamiliyoni 300.

Kunja, myxomatosis imawonetseredwa mwa mawonekedwe a ziwalo zogonjetsa zowonongeka pamakutu, mutu, m'dera la anus ndi ziwalo za ziweto. Khungu pamutu limasonkhanitsidwa m'mapanga, mazira a maso amawotcha, omwe amaphatikizidwa ndi kumangirira maso ndi zizindikiro zamatsenga. Makutu a chinyama akulendewera. Pali mitundu iwiri ya myxomatosis: edematous and nodular. Pamene kupweteka kwa maonekedwe kumapezeka m'malo omwe amapanga zotupa. Matenda a mawonekedwe a nodular akuphatikizapo maonekedwe a zithupsa zing'onozing'ono, zomwe pakapita nthawi zikuwonjezeka ndi kutseguka, kumasula pus.

Ndikofunikira! Mtundu wodabwitsa wa myxomatosis umatha masiku 5 mpaka 10 (nthawi zina mpaka masiku 25) ndipo 100% amachititsa imfa ya nyamayo. Fomu ya nodular imakhala masiku 30-40, akalulu amatha kufala 70%.

Sewerani myxomatosis ndi mawonetseredwe a matendawa, komanso zotsatira za maphunziro a labotale.

Mukamagwiritsira ntchito mankhwala oletsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda komanso mankhwala ochepetsa ulusi ndi ayodini, matenda a akalulu ochokera ku nodular myxomatosis akhoza kuchepetsedwa kufika 30%. Panthaŵi imodzimodziyo, zimaonedwa kuti m'minda zamakampani zothandizira nyama ku matendawa nthawi zambiri sizikhala zopindulitsa komanso zopanda ntchito.

Nyama zimangothamangitsidwa, mitembo yawo imatenthedwa, maselo amatetezedwa.

Ndikofunikira! Pakuyamba kwa myxomatosis, ntchito ya zinyama ziyenera kudziwitsidwa, zomwe zimayambitsa masabata awiri.
Katemera wa nyama amagwiritsidwa ntchito popewera myxomatosis. Ndondomeko ikuchitika pamene kalulu ali ndi masiku 45. Akalulu oyembekezera amathandizanso katemera. M'madera osavomerezeka a myxomatosis, patatha miyezi itatu katemera woyamba, akubwereza njirayi.

Psoroptosis (khutu mite)

Makutu a akalulu ali ndi mitsempha yambiri ya mitsempha, yomwe imawapangitsa kukhala okongola kwambiri kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda monga makutu a khutu. Izi ndizochepa, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda okwana 0.6 mm. Koperani tizilombo toyambitsa matenda amatchedwa psoroptosis, imayenera kuchitira kalulu.

Choyamba, nkhupaku imapezeka mkati mwa makutu, kuchokera pamenepo imatha kufalikira kumtsinje wa khutu ndi khutu la pakati. Matendawa amafalitsidwa ndi kukhudzana ndi nyama zomwe zili ndi kachilombo.

Nthawi yosakanikirana ya psoroptosis imatha masiku angapo. Kenaka zinyama zimayamba kusonyeza kudera nkhawa: kanizani makutu awo pamtunda, yesani kuwawombera ndi mapepala awo.

Akalulu amavutika ndi pasteurellosis ndi coccidiosis.
Kuchokera ku zilonda zamatenda kumaoneka mabala, kutulutsa iyor, yomwe imayanika, imapanga scabs, ndi sulufule imasonkhana m'matumbo.

Matendawa amatha kuyambitsa ubongo wa kalulu. Kuonetsetsa kuti zinyama zimalandira psoroptosis ndizosavuta. Kuti muchite izi, tengani khutu la kalulu ndipo muyiike mu mavitamini oyaka moto mpaka pafupifupi 40 ° C. Mitikiti yomwe imapezeka posachedwa idzakhala yosavuta kuiwona ndi galasi lokulitsa.

Pochita matendawa, nthata ndi nkhanambo zimachotsedwa. Mabalawo amaikidwa ndi chisakanizo chomwe mbali imodzi ya mafuta a mafuta, glycerin (kapena mafuta a masamba) ndi creolin.

Matenda akuluakulu a scabs amachepetsa ndi chisakanizo cha gawo limodzi la mankhwala a ayodini ndi magawo anayi a glycerin.

Mapiritsi apadera monga Psoroptol amagwiritsidwanso ntchito. Ngati matenda a misala, mankhwala operekedwa ndi veterinarian amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Izi zingakhale, mwachitsanzo, madontho a "Dekta" kapena "Baymek" yankho la injection.

Monga njira yothandizira kuyendera zinyama nthawi zonse, kutsuka makutu awo, komanso kusinthanitsa makina. Zinyama zobwera kumene ziyenera kusungidwa kwaokha kwa milungu ingapo.

Mutatha kuyanjana ndi nyama zodwala, sambani manja ndi kumwa mankhwala.

Frostbite

Matendawa amapezeka pansi pa kutentha. Choyamba, makutu amakhudzidwa, komanso mapeto a zinyama.

Pamene digiri yoyamba ya chimfine ikuwoneka kutupa kwa malo okhudzidwa, nyama imamva ululu. Pamene digiri yachiwiri ikuwoneka mitsempha, yomwe imayambitsa zilonda zam'mimba.

Zomwe zimamvetsa chisoni zimakula. Pakati pachitatu, tizilombo ta frostbitten zimafa. Zizindikiro zonse zimapezeka mosavuta poyang'anitsitsa.

Pofuna chithandizo china, nyamayo imasamutsidwa kupita kumalo otentha. Ngati digiri yoyamba ya chimfine imapezeka, malo okhudzidwawo amaikidwa ndi tsekwe kapena mafuta a nkhumba. Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta odzola mafuta kapena maolivi. Pamapiritsi othamanga achiwiri amatsegulidwa, mabalawo amaikidwa ndi camphor kapena mafuta a ayodini.

Ngati zinafika pa digiri yachitatu ya chisanu, ndiye kuti, mwina mungafunike thandizo la veterinarian, chifukwa madera akufa ayenera kuchotsedwa. Mabala omwe amapanga panthawiyi amachitiridwa ngati achilendo.

Pofuna kupeŵa milandu ya chisanu, zimalimbikitsa kutentha zitsamba za nyama. Kuti muchite izi, gwiritsani ntchito mapesi a udzu, omwe mumasiku oundana amatseka makoma ozungulira.

Kuwonjezera apo, udzu umaponyedwa mkati mwa maselo, kumene akalulu amatha kubisala kuzizira. Njira yabwino yopewera kudyetsa zinyama zakutchire ndiyo kusamalira nyengo m'nyengo yozizira.

Mukudziwa? Kale, kalulu ankaimira moyo, kubala ndi kusapindulitsa. Kawirikawiri iye anajambula pamodzi ndi mulungu wamkazi Aphrodite.

Kutenthedwa

Kawirikawiri amafunsidwa: chifukwa chiyani kalulu ali ndi makutu otentha? Chowonadi ndi chakuti, makamaka kudzera m'makutu, chinyama chimatulutsa kutentha kwakukulu kuchokera mthupi lake, motero zimayesedwa ndi kutenthedwa. Koma nthawi zina chilengedwe chozizira sichithandiza, ndipo chinyama chikhoza kupwetekedwa ndi kutentha.

Phunzirani zoyenera kuchita ndi kutentha ndi dzuwa ku akalulu.
Kunja, kutenthedwa kumadziwonetsera poyamba mwa mawonekedwe a khalidwe losangalatsa la nyama - likuyesera kupeza malo ozizira. Pambuyo pake amayamba kukhala wosasamala ndipo amangogwa pansi.

Kupuma kwa nyama kumathamanga ndipo kumakhala kozizira, kenaka imayamba kupuma kwambiri, kutentha kwa thupi kumatuluka, ndi kupsinjika kwa miyendo kumawoneka. Pamapeto pake, ngati simukuchitapo kanthu, zonsezi zingapangitse imfa yake.

Zizindikiro zonse za kutenthedwa ndi zovuta kuziwona. Mukhoza kubwereza kuyang'anitsitsa poyesa kutentha kwake kwa nyama - mukakwera kwambiri, iposa 40 ° C.

Kutentha kwabwino kwa mpweya kwa kalulu ndi +25 ° C, ndipo pa +35 ° C kumatsimikiziridwa ndipo mwamsanga ndithu kudzakhala kupweteka kwa kutentha. Poyamba zizindikiro, chinyamacho chiyenera kusunthira kumalo osungunuka, chimbudzi chozizira chimachokera pamutu ndi paws, chomwe chiyenera kusakanizidwa ndi madzi pafupifupi + 15 ... +18 ° M mphindi zisanu iliyonse.

Pofuna kupewa kutenthetsa kwambiri, m'pofunika kuika maselo ali ndi mphutsi mumdima wambiri, koma pewani zojambula - zingayambitse chibayo.

Nyama zimapereka madzi abwino ozizira omwe amasinthidwa nthawi zonse. Nthawi zina mabotolo amadzi ozizira atakulungidwa mu nsalu amaikidwa m'maselo.

Otitis (kutupa)

Matendawa amayamba chifukwa cha mabakiteriya osiyanasiyana, monga Pasteurella multocida kapena Staphylococcus aureus. Koma nthawi zina zimayambitsa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya bowa ndi yisiti. Gwero la matenda liri pamsana pa eardrum.

Chifukwa cha kutukusira njira, madzimadzi ndi mafinya amaunjikira pamenepo, eardrum ingathe kuwonongedwa.

Ndikofunikira! Matendawa amatha kufalikira kumtunda ndi kunja kwa khutu ndipo pamapeto pake amatsogolera ku imfa ya chinyama.
Otitis sizabwino chifukwa m'zaka zoyambirira zimakhala zovuta kuziwona. M'tsogolomu, kalulu amayamba kukhala ngati psoroptes: akugwedeza makutu, amawakwapula ndi ma paws. Pamene eardrum ikuphwanyidwa, mukhoza kuona kutuluka kwa khutu.

Ngati kachilomboka kakufalikira kumutu wamkati, chinyama chimayamba kugunthwa pa zinthu, kuthamanga m'malo, kugwa. Panthawi yomweyi mutu wake umasokonezeka, ndipo maso ake amasinthasintha kapena kupitiliza kusuntha.

Otitis amapezeka ndi fluoroscopy. Njira zothandizila zimathandiza kudziwa mitundu ya mabakiteriya, bowa kapena yisiti. Zikuwoneka kuti izi zikhoza kuchitika kokha kuchipatala chowona zanyama.

Tikukulangizani kuti mudziwe mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya akalulu: chimphona choyera, chimphona chachikulu, California, Angora, wakuda-bulauni, butterfly, mchere, flandr, Soviet chinchilla.
Chithandizo cha otitis cholembedwa ndi veterinarian. Amadziwika kuti ndi mankhwala ati omwe angagwiritsidwe ntchito pa nkhaniyi. Ikani madontho a antibacterial kapena antibiotic. Ngati palibe kusintha pakapita masabata awiri, mankhwalawa amasintha.

Kupititsa patsogolo katemera kumadalira mtundu wonse wa chitetezo cha m'thupi. Nyama zathanzi zimanyamula mabakiteriya osadwala. Choncho, makutu a kalulu angakhudzidwe ndi matenda omwe amachititsa kuti nyama izi zife. Sikuti nthawi zonse matendawa amatha kuchiritsidwa, koma njira zothandizira komanso zoyenera nthawi zonse, komanso kusamalira, zimathandiza kuchepetsa matenda.