Mmene mungagwirire ndi kufota kwa nkhaka mu wowonjezera kutentha

Wilting masamba ndi vuto lalikulu kwa alimi amene amalima nkhaka mu greenhouses. Kuchokera m'nkhani yathu, mudzaphunzira zifukwa zomwe zingakwaniritsire izi, komanso momwe mungagonjetsere chodabwitsa ichi ndi kupewa kwake kuti nkhaka ikhale yathanzi ndi kubala zipatso bwino.

Kufuna chifukwa cha matenda

Ngakhale nkhaka ndi odzichepetsa, chimodzi mwa zifukwa zomwe nkhaka zimawalira mu wowonjezera kutentha ndi kukhalapo kwa matenda. Timaganizira za matenda akulu omwe angayambitse masamba a nkhaka.

Kulima mu wowonjezera kutentha kumayendera bwino nkhaka mitundu "chala", "Spring", "Libella", "Ndolo za Emerald."

Fusarium

Fusarium - matenda a fungal, zomwe zizindikiro zoyamba ndizofota pamwamba pa tsinde la zomera. Mizu ya nkhaka kukhala bulauni, kusokoneza ndi kuvunda. Matendawa angakhudze nkhaka m'mtunda wambiri komanso kutentha.

Pofuna kuthana ndi fusarium, gwiritsani ntchito njira zoterezi:

  • kusamba thupi nthawi zonse;
  • kuchotsa ndi kuwonongeka kwa zomera zodwala;
  • kupeĊµa chinyezi chochuluka m'deralo, makamaka nyengo yozizira;
  • hilling nkhaka mapesi, omwe amateteza mizu ndi tsinde chifukwa cha madzi;
  • Kuteteza madzi kutentha kwa ulimi wothirira (sayenera kukhala oposa madigiri 22);
  • kutentha kwa dothi sayenera kupitirira madigiri 20-30;
  • Gwiritsani ntchito kuveketsa zakudya zochepa za feteleza.
Ndikofunikira! Mphukira ndi mazira ayenera kutenthedwa nthawi yomweyo osasiyidwa pafupi ndi zomera zathanzi.

Mizu yovunda

Kuopsa kwa muzu kuvunda mu zovuta kudziwa nthawi yoyamba. Zimayambitsa mizu ya nkhaka mu wowonjezera kutentha, kuzidula mu mtundu wofiirira, zimathandiza kuti chikasu cha masamba a m'munsi chikhale chikasu ndipo chimapangitsa kuti zitsamba zomwe zimapitilira ku shrub yonse yomwe sungakhoze kupulumutsidwa. Matendawa angabweretse:

  • kuthirira ndi madzi pansi pa madigiri 20;
  • kusintha kwadzidzidzi kutentha;
  • Ingress of condensate pa nkhaka chifukwa cha mchere wambiri mu chipinda;
  • Kulephera kutsatira malamulo a chisamaliro cha nthaka (kutenganso nthawi ndi disinfection);
  • feteleza owonjezera, makamaka nayitrogeni ndi mankhwala;
  • zojambula ozizira.
Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kupewa zojambulajambula, mu malo obiriwira mumayenera kukhala ndi mawindo apadera otulutsa mpweya wabwino kapena kupumula pazenera.
Njira yothandizira yowononga mizu yovunda ndiyo kuyambitsa peat m'nthaka ndikusungunuka kutentha kutentha kwa 18-30 madigiri.

Vuto loyera

Chizindikiro chachikulu cha matenda ndi zovunda zoyera ndi kufota kwa nsonga za mphukira ndi nyemba yoyera pa masamba ndi zimayambira. Matenda amatsogoleredwa ndi kusagwirizana ndi kutentha ndi chinyezi mu wowonjezera kutentha.

Njira zotsutsa matendawa:

  • kupewa dampness mu wowonjezera kutentha;
  • kusunga kutentha pafupifupi madigiri 18;
  • kuteteza thupi lopanda kutentha kwa nthaka.

Mame a Mealy

Matendawa amadziwika mosavuta ndi kupezeka kwa mawanga ofiirira pa tchire ndi pachimake choyera. Chotupacho chimakwirira poyamba tsamba laling'ono la tsamba, pakapita nthawi kukula kwake kukukula ndi kuyambitsa kuyanika kwa masamba onse. Nkhaka zouma ndi kusiya kukula, zomwe zimayambitsa imfa ya chomera mu wowonjezera kutentha.

Powdery mildew ndi bowa omwe amasungidwa m'nthaka kwa nthawi yaitali. Ikupita patsogolo ndi zojambula ndi zosauka, zomwe zimachepetsa kukana kwa nkhaka.

Njira zotsutsa powdery mildew:

  • Zovala zapamwamba ndi feteleza, zomwe zili ndi potassium ndi phosphorous;
  • zotsalira zowonongeka;
  • kuchita madzulo kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa yankho la mullein. Mayi a mullein amafunika kudzaza madzi ozizira ndikuumirira masiku atatu. Kenaka pukutani ndi ndowa ndikupanga masamba.
Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kupewa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi matenda ambiri, ndibwino kuti trichodermin ikhale yogwiritsidwa ntchito ku nthaka masabata awiri musanafese.

Greenhouse Nkhaka Tizilombo toononga

Chifukwa china chimene chimadula nkhaka ndi tizirombo. Ganizirani mitundu yambiri ya tizirombo ndi njira zowonongeka.

Phunzirani za mitundu yosiyana ya nkhaka yomwe ikukula: mu matumba, pabwalo, windowsill, mbiya, wowonjezera kutentha, ndowa, mabotolo apulasitiki.

Aphid

Izi ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono kapena zakuda. Masamba a nkhaka ndi oyamba omwe amawombera ndi nsabwe za m'masamba, amafota. Ndiye chomeracho chimatha kusamba ndi kubala zipatso. Kuwotcha komanso kutentha kwapadera mu wowonjezera kutentha pamene kulimbana ndi nsabwe za m'masamba kungathe kuwononga tchire. Pofuna kupewa tizirombozi timafunika:

  • Chotsani nsabwe za m'masamba ndi mphamvu ya madzi;
  • spray m'munsi masamba ndi sopo la tizilombo.

Pliers

Nkhumba - nthenda yaikulu ya nkhaka zotentha. Tizilombo ting'onoting'ono timene timakhala tating'onoting'ono. Amakhala m'munsi mwa tsamba la chomera ndikumwa madzi ake, kenaka tsamba limamangiriza pa intaneti, limafa ndi kufa. Nthawi ya nkhuku ya moyo ndi masiku 30 mpaka 50. Panthawiyi, akazi amakhala ndi mazira 400, omwe amamera ndikumenyana ndi zomera. Kupulumutsidwa ku tizilombo:

  • musadwale komanso nthawi yowononga nthaka;
  • ubweya wa cotton wofiira ndi mowa mwauchidakwa ndikupukuta mapepala nawo;
  • Madzi okwanira 1, tengani mitu iwiri ya adyo, kuwaza ndikupatseni yankho lotsekedwa kwa masiku asanu. Sungunulani ndi madzi mu chiĊµerengero cha 1: 1 ndi kutsanulira tchire.
Mukudziwa? Nkhaka - imodzi mwa masamba ochepa kwambiri a kalori. Magalamu 100 ali ndi makilogalamu 15 okha ndipo mafuta odzaza ndi osowa.

Slugs wamaluwa

Kuwonjezeka chinyezi kumabweretsa kuoneka kwa slugs mu wowonjezera kutentha. Ma slugs ndi ma mollusks ataphimbidwa ndi ntchentche; akachoka, amasiya chonyowa.

Moyo wokhutira mu slugs umachitika usiku, maonekedwe a tsiku lawo amayamba ndi kuchuluka kwa dampness mu wowonjezera kutentha. Amawononga zipatso, masamba a nkhaka ndikusiya ntchentche ndi zitosi pazomera. Mukamawona ngakhale munthu mmodzi pa nkhaka, muyenera kuyankha mwachangu mwa njira izi:

  • kukumba nthaka ndi kuipitsa iyo ndi mandimu;
  • Kutaya nthawi yowonongeka kwa zomera;
  • kutsekera misampha madzulo (zidutswa za makatoni, zigoba, etc.). Slugs adzawomba kumeneko m'mawa, pambuyo pake ayenera kusonkhanitsidwa ndikuwonongedwa;
  • kutulutsa metaldehyde pansi.

Zolakwika zosamalira

Kufotokozeranso kwina chifukwa chake masamba a nkhaka akufota, zingakhale zolakwika zomwe zimapangidwira pochoka.

Kuwala kolakwika

Nkhuka imafuna kuwala kwa maola 12 patsiku, motero m'pofunika kuwonjezera kugwiritsira ntchito kuyatsa pamene mukukula zomera. Popeza kuti nkhaka zimafuna mdima kuti zikhale bwino ndi kukula, kuwala kumatha maola 6. Pogwiritsa ntchito kuunikira kwapangidwe, kutentha kumayenera kukhala kofanana ndi masana, kuthamanga kwakukulu kwa madigiri 8 kumaloledwa. Ndiponso, simungathe kupumula pakati pa kuyatsa kwachilengedwe ndi kupanga.

Pamene mukukula nkhaka, amagwiritsidwa ntchito, ndipo nthawi ya maluwa ndi mapangidwe a mazira ofiira.

Kusamba madzi

Nkhaka zimafunika madzi okwanira. Musagwedeze nthaka, koma musalole kutentha kwambiri, chifukwa imayambitsa kuvunda kwa mizu.

Pamaso maluwa, nkhaka amafunika 5-6 malita a madzi pa 1 lalikulu mita. m, mutatha maluwa - 9-12 malita. M'pofunika kuthirira nkhaka ndi madzi ofunda kudzera m'zipinda zapadera.

Mkhalidwe wa chikhalidwe

Kutentha kwambiri, makamaka kutentha, kuwononga nkhaka. Choncho, muyenera kumangoyamba kutentha. Koma panthawi yomweyi n'zosatheka kulola zikhomo ndi kutentha kwakukulu kusinthasintha.

Kutentha kwakukulu kumafooketsa zomera, ndipo kutentha kwakukulu kumalepheretsa kukula kwake. Masana mu wowonjezera kutentha umayenera kusunga madigiri 22-28, ndipo usiku - 17-19, ndi kusiyana pakati pawo osati madigiri 5-7.

Mukudziwa? Nkhuka, zomwe zimadziwika bwino kwa ife, ndizobiriwira, komabe pamapezeka zipatso zoyera, zachikasu ndi zofiira padziko lapansi. Chinthu chosazolowereka kwambiri ndi nkhaka ya ng'ona, yomwe imafanana ndi mawonekedwe ake a chikasu chachikasu-lalanje ndi lilime lofiira.

Kupanda kapena kupitirira feteleza

Nkhaka zimafuna kuti nthaka ikhale yozungulira. Pamene mukukula, m'pofunika kugwiritsa ntchito organic ndi feteleza feteleza zomwe zimadyetsa dothi ndikupanga mchere woipa m'nthaka. Koma muyenera kuyang'anitsitsa kuchuluka kwa feteleza: kuchepa kapena kusowa kumakhudza kukula kwa zomera, masamba ndi zokolola.

Kudyetsa nkhaka zimachitika masiku khumi ndi awiri. 10 malita a madzi amafunikira pa mita imodzi ya dothi, momwe supuni imodzi ya feteleza yovuta imayenera kusungunuka.

Njira yokula nkhaka mu greenhouses ndi yophweka. Ndipo podziwa malamulo onse ndi zowoneka bwino za kusamalira iwo, mutha kuthetsa vuto la tsamba lokhalitsa masamba ndikupanga zomera kukhala zathanzi, ndipo zokololazo zatha.