Mmene mungapewere mavuto pa kayendedwe ka njuchi

Kusunthira ndi njira yonyamula njuchi kuti zitsimikizire uchi wabwino nthawi yonse ya nyengoyi. Amagwiritsa ntchito nthawi zambiri m'mapiri a m'nkhalango, kumene zomera zambiri za uchi zimakula. Ndi bwino kutenga ndondomekoyi mwakuya ndikukonzekera pasadakhale, monga momwe kupambana kwa nyengo kumadalira.

Kodi ndi chiyani?

Kuweta njuchi ndi njira imodzi yowonjezera uchi ku njuchi. Njuchi zidzabweretsa timadzi tokoma kwambiri ngati mtunda wa uchi ndi wochepa. Banja la njuchi limatha kuchokera ku 180 mpaka 220 magalamu a uchi pa ndege ngati mtunda wa zomera uli pafupifupi 1 Km. Pokonzekera njuchi, muyenera kuziyika pafupi ndi zomera. Zimadalira kupambana kwa kusonkhanitsa, chifukwa njuchi zimakhala zochepa kwambiri paulendo ndi kubweretsa timadzi tokoma.

Mukudziwa? Ngakhale njuchi ikuuluka kutali ndi umboni, nthawi zonse ikhoza kupeza njira.

Momwe mungakonzekerere njuchi kuti ziziyenda

Yambani kukonzekera kusuntha njuchi pa mawilo ayenera kukhala masiku angapo musanayambe kusuntha.

Zosowa za njuchi

  • kuti muwone malo omwe ali ndi zomera za uchi;
  • Nkofunika kuti njuchi ikhale yathanzi komanso kuti miyezo yonse yaukhondo ndi yaukhondo imakwaniritsidwa;
  • Sikofunika kuyika njuchi kumalo ozungulira 3.5-4.5 km kuchokera kumalo akale, chifukwa njuchi zimatha kubwerera kumeneko;
  • ganizirani za ntchito yabwino yomwe zomera zimapatsa timadzi tokoma. Mwachitsanzo, buckwheat amachita izi m'mawa okha.

Kukonzekera kwa chisa

  • onetsetsani kuti zisa zili mpweya wokwanira paulendo;
  • Pumani mafelemu omwe ali ndi uchi. Lonjezerani zowonjezera ndi zowonjezera zina kuti njuchi zikhale ndi malo oti zinyamule m'malo awo atsopano;
  • Pofuna kuti alimiwo asatope kwambiri, chotsani mapiritsi otentha;
  • Ikani ming'oma pafupi ndi nkhalango kuti muteteze mphepo ndi dzuwa;
  • perekani madzi njuchi.

Mukudziwa? Kuti chinyezi chikhale chosasunthika mu timadzi tokoma, nambala yambiri ya njuchi imapezeka mumng'oma, yomwe imapereka mpweya.

Kuphunzitsa njuchi

Zambiri zimadalira zomwe mlimi akukumana nazo: amafunika kuti adziŵe zopanda chidziwitso za maonekedwe onse. Kuyendayenda kwa njuchi kumabweretsa mavuto ochuluka omwe amagwirizanitsidwa ndi chiopsezo. Ndikofunika kuti mlimi azikonzekera zonse molondola, atenge zonyamulira, ndi kumaliza ntchito yonse yokonzekera pasadakhale. Ndikofunika kusonkhanitsa zinthu zonse zomwe zidzafunike m'munda: mankhwala, mbale, chakudya. Ayeneranso kukhala wokhoza kuzoloŵerana ndi zochitika zatsopano, ndipo izi, ziyenera kuphunzitsidwa.

Mudzakhalanso ndi chidwi chophunzira za phindu la mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya uchi: May, Acacia, Linden, Rapeseed, Buckwheat, Kaboti, Hawthorn, Donorum, White, Espartetova, Phacelia, Coriander, Cyprian, Acicular.

Kutsegula ndi kusunthira

Pakadzulo tizilombo timabwerera kuming'oma, imatseka ndipo zitseko zimayikidwa ndi misomali. Mugalimoto, nthawi zambiri amaika m'magulu angapo ndipo amamangiriridwa mwamphamvu ndi zingwe.

Pamene mutagona mu tier 3, ndi bwino kukhala otetezeka ndi kumanga matabwa a galimotoyo ndi matabwa. Panjira, zinthu zosayembekezereka zingachitike. Pofuna kupewa zoterezi, utsi, nkhope, nyundo, dongo komanso nsalu.

Ndikofunikira! Ikani ming'oma kumbuyo kwa ulendo.
Ngolo zimagwiritsidwa bwino kwambiri popita, koma ena amagwiritsa ntchito ngolo za akavalo. Mukhoza kuyenda nthawi iliyonse ya tsiku, koma kutentha kwa mpweya sikuyenera kupitirira 18-22 ° C. Ngati kutentha masana, tengerani ming'oma m'mawa, kusanayambe kutentha, kapena madzulo, ikadzatha. Ngati mukuyendetsa galimoto yabwino, mumatha kuyenda mofulumira. Koma ngati msewu uli wovuta ndi mabowo ambiri, ndiye bwino kuti musafulumire ndi kusuntha pang'onopang'ono, kumayenda kuzungulira zonse zopanda pake.

Pamene mutengako ming†™ oma pa ngolo, ikani udzu kapena matabwa omwe ali pansi pawo kuti musawawononge iwo panthawi yachisokonezo. Ikani ming'oma mofanana ndi makina - kubwerera kutsogolo. Njira zoterezi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri usiku. Kokha ngati msewu uli wosalala, umaloledwa kusuntha pa trot, nthawi zina kayendetsedwe kamene kakuchitika pamayendedwe.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati paulendo wothandizira mothandizidwa ndi njuchi njuchi, njuchi zimayamba kutuluka mumng'oma zambirimbiri, mahatchi ayenera kuchotsedwa mwamsanga ndipo, asanatenge zoyenera, ayenera kusungidwa pamenepo.

Kuyika ming'oma m'malo atsopano

Mukangofika pamalo atsopano, muyenera kuika ming'oma mumapangidwe omwe anakonzedweratu. Pa ndege yoyamba, mutsegule njuchi mutangokhala chete. Pambuyo pake, chotsani zinthu zomwe mudagwiritsa ntchito mukasuntha. Pofuna kuchepetsa njuchi, ikani ming'oma pafupi ndi tchire ndi mitengo. Izi zikufotokozedwa ndi mfundo yakuti njuchi zimawona zizindikiro pafupi ndi ming†™ oma ndipo zimauluka mochepa kwa ena. Musapeze malo owetera njuchi kuti apume kumapeto amodzi kwa zomera za uchi. Chifukwa cha ichi, njuchi zimayenda mobwerezabwereza ndi umboni weniweni, ndipo zidzadzazidwa ndi uchi.

Kuyendayenda kwa njuchi sikophweka ndipo kumadalira pazinthu zambiri. Chofunika kwambiri pa izi ndizochitikira mlimi. Ngati akudziwa choti achite ndi kuchita zonse panthawi yake, sipadzakhala mavuto ndi kusuntha. Mutu wabwino kwa inu mu ntchito yovuta iyi!