Zomwe zimapangidwa pa teknoloji yosamalira njuchi molingana ndi njira ya Tsebro

Kuweta Njuchi ndi sayansi yovuta yomwe imaphatikizapo zidziwitso komanso zofunikira kwambiri.

Anthu opirira komanso odzipatulira okha ku bizinesi imeneyi, angathe kugwiritsa ntchito njira zenizeni komanso zaka zambiri za kuyesa kumvetsetsa zomwe zilipo.

Vladimir Petrovich Tsebro ndi wofufuza asayansi. Mlimi wapadera uyu ndi mtsogoleri wa zaumulungu wapanga ndondomeko yoyenera kwambiri yoweta njuchi, yotchedwa njira ya Tsebro.

Malamulo oyambirira

Njira yake yonse, pogwiritsa ntchito njira yopitilira njuchi, kusunga njuchi kwa njuchi ndi ntchito pa nthawi ndi ndondomeko, njira yapadera yoberekera njuchi ndi kufalikira kwa njuchi popanda kugulidwa kwina kwa akazi ndi mabanja, V. Tsebro akufotokozera malemba ambiri.

Njira yake imakhala ndi kuwonjezeka kwa katatu chiwerengero cha njuchi kumakhala ndi nthawi yomwe imatenga uchi, kusinthika kwatsopano kwa njuchi mu njuchi zonse popanda kufunikira kupeza ana atsopano, omwe amapezeka chaka chilichonse, ndi kuphatikiza, kuti nyengo yachisanu, mabanja atatu akhale amodzi. ndi mphamvu.

Malinga ndi njira ya njuchi Tsebro, yaikulu kwambiri, ming'oma yamatabwa yokhala ndi nyumba zitatu iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito pa njuchi: kenako anayamba kutchedwa Hives Tsebro. Mng'oma woterewu umathandiza kuwonjezeka kwa mabanja a njuchi kumapeto kwa nyengo: Nyumba yachiwiri imakwera pamwamba pa ming'oma, masitolo sakuyenera kuikidwa, kotero banja lingagawanike ngati pali mfumukazi yaying'ono, yomwe imathandiza kuti chiwerengero cha mabanja chiwonjezere.

Mayi wa milungu iwiri ndi yeniyeni kupanga zigawo ziwiri, zomwe zingathandize kuti akhale ndi chiberekero chatsopano.

Kuchokera ku zigawo zatsopano, pangani banja losiyana lokhazikika - kwa iye ndikukhazikitsa pansi.

Zigawo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito padera panthawi ya chiphuphu. Zigawo zimagwirizanitsidwa ndi banja, zomwe zimakulolani kusintha chiberekero chakale.

Zofuna kuti mabanja omwe ali ndi makhalidwe abwino ayenera kupatsidwa chakudya chofunikira (uchi, perga), mofanana ndikugawa pakati pa mafelemu. Zonsezi zimachitika mutatha uchi ndi kupanga mabanja.

Kuti mukhale ndi moyo wokhazikika, ndizotheka kuyanjana ndi zinyumba kuchokera ku nyumba zingapo m'nyengo yozizira: mu mafelemu achiwiri ndi zitsulo, m'munsimu - mafelemu.

Ndikofunikira! Mfundo yaikulu muzinthu za njuchi ndi kulenga mpweya wokwanira m'nyumba zomwe mulibe zida.

Nthawi yotsatira muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mabanja olimba. Ngati mumatsatira kusamalira bwino ndi kusamalira ming'oma, iwo adzathetsa maonekedwe a matenda a njuchi.

Kuwomba kwa ming'oma ndi mpweya wabwino nthawi zonse kumawathandiza kuyanika, ndipo palibe tizilombo toopsya kuti njuchi zimve ngati nyengo youma. Ndi zofunika kuti maselo amvekere nthawi zonse.

Pansi pa mafelemu palibe kusowa kwowonjezera kwina, popeza pakhoza kukhala malo oti mphepo yoziziritsa ikhale. Kutalika kwakukulu kwa danga pansi pa chimango - masentimita atatu.

Kubzala njuchi kumalimbikitsidwa ku nthambi yachiwiri, popeza chiwerengero cha njuchi ndi 1.5 kulemera kwake, ndipo kukhalapo kwa chiberekero chachinyamata kumathandizanso kusankha.

Chiberekero chakale chimataya kufunikira kwake, ndipo chifukwa chachabechabecho chimachotsedwa, njuchi zina zimabwerera ku banja.

Ndikofunikira! Ndikofunika kuti nthawi zonse muyende ndikuyang'ana njuchi: zomwe zomera zimakonda "kudya". Poyang'ana njira yotereyi, nthawi zonse munthu akhoza kukonza njira yoyendetsera ming†™ oma kuchokera kumalo amodzi omwe akukhala ndi uchi, podziwa nthawi ya zomera zomwe zimabweretsa uchi.

Mu ming'oma iwiriyi, payenera kukhala pali kabati kotero kuti chiberekero sichilowa m'chipinda chapamwamba, ndipo njuchi zonse zitatha izo sizingabwere.

Njuchi zamtendere zimasintha chaka chilichonse. Queens amaulandiridwa bwino kuchokera kwa mabanja omwe ali ndi malo olimba ndi thanzi.

Chiberekero, chokhoza kubereka, chimakhala ndi mimba yaikulu, yomwe imakonda kukoka, komanso kulemera kwambiri. Chiberekero, chomwe sichikhoza kupatsa ana, chiri ndi mimba yowala ndi kukwera kwake.

Kuti mupeze mazira, m'pofunikira kusankha kuchokera ku insulator okha azisamba zapamwamba zisa popanda zoperewera ndi drones. Mafelemu pofuna cholinga cha katemera amatsimikiziridwa m'mabanja opanda maimuna, kumene kulera kumachitika ndi ana omwe ali ndi zaka zosiyana.

Dzidziwitse nokha ndi njira zowonongeka njuchi.
Izi zimakuthandizani kuti muwerengere njuchi njuchi ndi mafuta odzola, omwe mtengo wake ndi wovuta kwambiri kuti ufike msinkhu wa chiberekero cha mtsogolo.

Kwa uchi, uchi zimayikidwa tsiku pamalo otentha ndi kutentha kwa 27 ° C.

Ndikofunikira! Njira yabwino kwambiri yowonjezera uchi ndi magetsi makumi atatu ndi awiri mafelemu, omwe mungathe kupopera nkhuni ziwiri za uchi panthawi imodzi. Ndiye iyenera kusankhidwa ndi sieve ndi gauze mu zigawo zingapo. Njirayi imathandiza kuti kuyeretsa uchi ku mungu ndi sera.

Njuchi zakufa ziyenera kuperekedwa pambuyo pa nyengo yozizira yofufuza pofuna kutsimikizira kuti chifukwa cha imfa si matenda.

Mu chisamaliro cha njuchi, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tigwire mwakhama kuntchito, molingana ndi kalendala.

Tsebro anaika mabanja makumi awiri ndi asanu pamalo amodzi, amawafananitsa ndi kupezeka kwa ana - anachita panthawi iliyonse yoyendera.

Rasplod analandira kuchokera kwa mabanja m'misewu 9, khumi ndi anayi. Kwa mng'oma uliwonse, amatsimikizira chofunika - kulemekeza chiŵerengero cha mphamvu ndi mphamvu zomwe banja liri nazo. Poyang'anira njuchi, Tsebro anagwiritsa ntchito njira ya gulu. Anagwiritsira ntchito mwaluso pochita maonekedwe a njuchi pazigawo zisanu ndi chimodzi za moyo wa banja chaka chonse.

Makhalidwe

Malinga ndi njira ya Tsebro, njuchi ziyenera kukhala ndi njuchi kuchokera ku makoma okhala ndi kawiri kawiri popanda kusanjikiza pakati pa zigawo zake kuyambira mafelemu makumi anayi ndi anayi oyeza 435 ndi 300 millimeters.

Pazitsulo zokhala ndi mafelemu khumi ndi anayi, mukhoza kuwonjezera zina mwa mafelemu khumi ndi awiri. Kapangidwe ka pansi pa denga, kamapangidwa ndi matabwa aang'ono, akupitiriza makoma a mng'omawo, kutalika kwake komwe kumapangidwira nyumba ziwiri.

Kuti zikhale zosavuta kwambiri, mbali ya kumanzere ya makonzedwe ameneŵa ndi yokhala ndi mapiko ndipo ikhoza kuponyedwa pansi. Denga limatsegulanso zitsulo zake, zikukwera m'mwamba.

Phunzirani za zomwe zimapindulitsa pogwiritsa ntchito mng'oma wa Dadan, phokoso, phokoso, ming'oma ya multicase ndi njuchi.
M'mbali mwa denga la denga pali mawindo otsekedwa ndi omdima a mpweya wabwino, poyeza masentimita awiri ndi theka. Mng†™ oma uli ndi tray yomwe ingathetsedwe. Njuchi zonse za Tsebro nthawi zonse zimakhala m'malo osatha komanso nyengo yozizira yodziwika bwino. Pakubwera kasupe, zisa m'misewu khumi kapena kuposerapo, momwe mabanja enieni analipo, anafutukula mpaka mafelemu khumi ndi anai.

Mu zisa za mabanja a makolo, uchi unayikidwa pakati, ndi cholinga chopeza drones oyambirira. Zisambazo zinali zophimbidwa ndi zojambulajambula kapena zitsulo, zitsulo zam'madzi, zodyera pamwamba ndi madzi zinasiyidwa kwa njuchi.

Mukudziwa? Mng'oma ukhoza kukhala ndi njuchi zikwi makumi asanu ndi limodzi kudza makumi awiri mphambu makumi awiri.

Zomwe zimatulutsa chiberekero

Njira ya Tsebro imayamikiridwa makamaka poyamikira kubereka kwa amayi omwe ali ndi masiku awiri okha. Mfundo yaikulu ya njirayi ndi kupatulidwa kwa banja kupyolera mwa zilembo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati banja likayamba kupitirira mafelemu asanu ndi anayi.

Kuchokera kwa abambo monga mwa njira ya Tsebro kudzachitika pansi. Kumapeto kwa April, pamene muli mafelemu pafupifupi asanu ndi atatu mphambu zisanu ndi anai ndi ana m'banja, nyumba yomaliza ya mafelemu khumi akhoza kuikidwa pamwamba.

Amachotsedwa kuchokera kumunsi wapansi ndi njuchi pamapiri awiri omwe ali ndi chakudya, anayi ndi ana ndi sushi anayi okufesa, omwe amasakanizidwa.

Pansi pa chithunzicho muli zigawo khumi zomwe zinayikidwa motere: chimango chokhala ndi chakudya, chimanga ndi zitsamba, ziwiri ndi ana, imodzi ndi sera, ziwiri ndi ana, nyumba imodzi, chimango ndi chakudya.

Panthawi imeneyi, galasi lolekana silifunika. Chiberekero chochokera pansi, chosakhala ndi ntchito kumeneko, chinasamukira kumtunda wapamwamba.

Patapita masiku khumi, njuchi zochokera kumapangidwe pamwamba zinagwedezeka pamodzi ndi chiberekero cha pansi, kumene njuchi zinakhazikika pansi pafupi ndi gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu. Pambuyo pake, galasi linaikidwa kuti lilekanitse pansi.

Ndikofunikira! Zochita zonse ziyenera kuchitidwa, malinga ndi njira ya Cebro, mwa dongosolo linalake popanda chilichonse, mwinamwake mkangano umene wabwera mumng'oma ukhoza kuyambitsa imfa yake.

Komanso, pafupifupi nthawi imodzimodziyo, m'mabanja, ambuye amadziwika ndikuphatikizidwa ndi insulators, omwe ali pa chisa ndipo amaikidwa pakati pa mafelemu ndi ana. Masiku angapo, zigawo ndi chiberekero cha mafuko zimapangidwa.

Mafelemu anayi ndi njuchi zochokera kumtunda wapamwamba amakaikidwa muzitsulo zamatake pamodzi ndi mzimayi wa njuchi kuchokera ku insulator. Chilichonse chimatseka. Kuchokera m'munsimu pansi mafelemu opanda njuchi mofanana, amalowetsedwa ndi uchi ndi mazira a insulator.

Pakati pazitali pakati pa mafelemu ndi ana ndizofunikira kupanga zitsime zitatu za mafelemu ophatikiza. Banja la makolo likusandulika kukhala aphunzitsi.

Zowonjezeranso mafelemu okhala ndi mazira a masiku awiri ayenera kuchoka ndi kuika mu bokosi, mwachitsanzo, mu galimoto, pamene zisa zimasiyanitsidwa ndi mpeni wotentha mu selo limodzi mzere.

Mazira amafunika kuchepetsedwa, kusiya mmodzi pambuyo pa awiri, kuyika zolemba pazitsulo za katemera, zomwe ziyenera kuikidwa m'madzi okongoletsedwa, komanso pamalo omwe mazira a masiku awiri amaikidwa. Gawo laling'ono ndi mabanja, aphunzitsi ayenera kutenthedwa. Pambuyo pake, chiberekero cha mafukochi chili pamalo ena ndipo chimayikidwa mumng'oma, chokhala ndi mafelemu khumi, omwe adzakhala oyenera kulera mabanja.

Zisamba zobereketsa zimaphatikizidwa ndi uchi mpaka asanu ndi atatu. Patadutsa masiku makumi awiri kuchokera pamene ming'oma yoyamba yakhazikitsidwa, mapangidwe ayenera kukhazikitsidwa. Panthawiyi, maselo a mfumukazi okhwima bwino atha kale.

Ndikofunika kupereka mafelemu angapo a chakudya ku thupi limodzi kuchokera ku banja lalikulu la njuchi, ana omwewo ndi sushi imodzi ndi madzi, ndiyeno njuchi zimagwedeze pa mafelemu ndikugwera kumunsi wapansi, kumene mfumukazi inali kale.

Muyenera kukhala ndi chidwi chophunzira za kuswana kwa njuchi mwa kuika.
Nyerere yomwe imasiya njuchi zazing'ono zimachoka ndi msana wa nthata yotsatira. Pambuyo pa masiku atatu, zigawo zachiwiri zimalengedwa ndikuikidwa pa theka la thupi kutsogolo kwa woyamba: zonsezi zimawonjezera maselo a mfumukazi.

Kenaka, magawo onse a magawo anayi mu masiku khumi akutsatiridwa ayenera kulimbikitsidwa chithunzi chosindikizidwa ana. Pachiyambi cha mndandanda waukulu wa uchi, zigawo zatsopano zikugwira ntchito ndipo zingabweretse uchi weniweni, monga mamembala a banja lalikulu.

Ngakhale molingana ndi kufotokozera, njira ya Tsebro ingawoneke ngati yovuta, koma kwenikweni zonse zimapezeka mosavuta komanso zosavuta, chinthu chachikulu ndicho kutsatira malangizo enieni. Pokumbukira njirayi, njuchi iliyonse imatha kubweretsa makilogalamu mazana awiri a uchi.

Tikukulimbikitsani kuti muwerenge za mtundu wa uchi monga maple wakuda, hawthorn, esparcetovy, linden, facelle, coriander, mthethe, mabokosi, buckwheat, rapseed, sweet clover, cypress.

Njuchi yozizira

Chofunika kwambiri chotsatira njira ya Tsebro ndi nyengo yabwino yozizira ya njuchi.

Kuweta Njuchi kumamvetsetsa bwino udindo wa kulenga nyengo yabwino yozizira kwa njuchi zawo. Njira yeniyeni yonse ya njira ya Tsebro pankhaniyi imakhala mu mapangidwe a mng'omawo.

Mipanga imamangidwa kuchokera ku nyumba zingapo ndipo imakhala ndi makoma awiri popanda kusungunula. Zonsezi zimawapangitsa kuti aziwoneka ngati nyumba yomwe nyumba imayenera kukhala yotentha pang'ono kusiyana ndi nyumba yapadera yomwe ili ndi malo omwewo. Zogulitsa m'nyengo yozizira zikhoza kuikidwa mumng'oma, ngati ndizofunikira kwambiri. Ndi ming'oma musanayambe nyengo yozizira simukufunika kuthamanga, imakhalabe m'malo.

Kukonzekera njuchi m'nyengo yozizira, muyenera kuchotsa othandizira ndi madokotala, kuchotsa zipangizo zonse zowonongeka kuchokera kumapamwamba kuti cholinga chanu chizizira, kuti njuchi zikhale pansi, kugwirizanitsa ndi kupanga mabungwe okonzekera nyengo yozizira.

Ngakhale m'nyengo yozizira, mpweya wabwino umapezeka mumng'oma chifukwa cha masenje otsekedwa ndi masentimita masentimita otseguka, omwe ali pakati pa mipiringidzo ya mpweya, yomwe inkapangidwira nyengo yozizira.

Muyeneranso kusaiwala kuchoka, makamaka kwa mabanja amphamvu, chakudya monga uchi ndi perga. Mafakitale ndi mfundo za njira ya Tsebro zimapereka njuchi kuti zikhale ndi moyo wabwino.

Mukudziwa? Njuchi sizigona m'nyengo yozizira, choncho amafunikira chakudya chokwanira m'nyengo yozizira.

Tsebro Njuchi (kalendala ya njuchi)

Njuchi ndi zolengedwa zachikondi, zomwe zimagwira ntchito zimachitika molingana ndi zinthu zina zakuthupi. Sakonda kukonda ndi kusautsika.

Tizilombo timene timayesetsa kwambiri kusintha kwa nyengo, kutentha ndi kuunika, chinyezi ndi zina zambiri. Kalendala, yochokera ndi Tsebro, imaganizira maunthu onsewa, komanso ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pa mfundo zazikulu za ntchito ya wolembayo.

Malingana ndi kalendala ya Tsebro, mu Januwale, kuyang'anira ndi kumvetsera momwe njuchi zimamvera m'nyengo yozizira zimachitika, kugonjera kumachotsedwanso, zisa zatsopano zimapangidwa, njuchi imatenthedwa, kutsekedwa kwazitsulo kumayang'aniridwa.

Mu February, m'pofunika kufufuza njuchi zomwe sizidalipo mu labotale kuti musaphonye matenda monga Nozematoz, Varroatosis ndi Ascosferosis. Kufufuza koyambirira kwa mabanja omwe atsala pang'ono kutha m'nyengo yozizira, komanso chikhalidwe chawo. Ngati ndi kotheka, tengani zoyenera.

Mu March, ntchito yokonzekera kuthawa, kudyetsa, ngati kuli kofunikira chithandizo, Candi. Muyenera kulemba mabanja kuti akhale ndi thanzi lawo. Mu April, m'pofunika kuchotsa mwamsanga njuchi zakufa. Muyeneranso kuyendera ming†™ oma ndi mabanja onse, kukonzekera mafelemu ndi ana komanso payekha pa mng'oma wa nkhoswe.

Panthawiyi, ngati pakufunika kufunika, muyenera kugwirizanitsa mabanja ndikupeza zotere popanda chiberekero. Mu April, amakhalanso alimi ayenera kutenga chithandizo cha ascospherosis.

Mu May, chiberekero chachotsedwa, zigawo zimapangidwira, ndipo chiberekero chimakhala pansi. Mu June, mafelemu amasinthana ndi ana, zigawo zimagwirizanitsidwa ndi banja popanda chiberekero. Kuyambira mwezi wa July mpaka December, machitidwe amachitika, omwe amadziwika ndi ochita mlimi.

Mukudziwa? Njuchi ili ndi maso asanu: atatu ali pamwamba pamutu, ndipo awiri ali kutsogolo.

Koma, malinga ndi njira ya Tsebro, m'pofunika kumvetsetsa kuti pakugwa kwa njuchi kumakhala ndi mafelemu angapo, choncho amafunika kuphatikizidwa nthawi ya pakati pa August: chifukwa cha mgwirizano wotere wachilengedwe, ndipo mfumukaziyo wamng'ono Pambuyo pa mgwirizano, mabanjawa ayenera kuchotsedwa, ming'oma iyenera kutsukidwa ndi kubwezeretsedwa (kumtunda - mafelemu asanu ndi anayi, chakudya china, mu mafelemu asanu okha).

Kenaka muyenera kuika odyetserako ming'oma ndikuyendetsa pogwiritsa ntchito mapilo. Ndi kofunikanso kuyika mabala a acaricidal zinthu pakati pa ana mafelemu kuti awononge varroatosis. Pambuyo pa masiku asanu ndi limodzi, mutha kuyamba kuyambitsa njuchi ndi madzi a shuga, ndi kuwonjezera kwa chitsamba chowawa, potaziyamu permanganate, nozemat, ndi njira zina. Njira ya Tsebro pakuweta njuchi imalemekezedwa kwambiri ndipo imatchuka, imatsimikizira malamulo ofunika a njuchi.

Mukudziwa? Ndondomeko ya chitukuko cha njuchi ya mfumukazi kuchokera pa dzira mpaka munthu wamkulu akuchitika masiku khumi ndi asanu ndi awiri, njuchi yomwe ikugwira ntchito makumi awiri ndi imodzi, drone masiku makumi awiri ndi anai.
Izi siziri malamulo okha omwe ali ndi mawonekedwe owuma: mfundo zonse zoyenera zimathandizidwa ndi kufotokozera, kufotokozera mwatsatanetsatane, zojambula zosiyana ndi zooneka bwino (makalendala, mapati). Njira iyi sizothandiza kokha kwa alimi oyamba kumene, komanso kwa ambuye odziwa bwino ntchitoyi.