Mbali zosamalira rodermahera

Pakati pa zomera zapakhomo, malo olemekezeka ali m'busa wobiriwira (Radermachera). Mtengo uwu kapena shrub ukuchokera ku Taiwan, kuchokera ku chilengedwe cha chilengedwechi. Kwa nthawi yoyamba zomera zimatchulidwa mu ntchito ya botanist wa ku Denmark dzina lake Jacob Radermacher (wa XVIII), ndipo dzina limaperekedwa mwaulemu. Pa maiko a ku Ulaya, maonekedwe a wolemba zidalembedwa ndi zaka za makumi awiri zokha. Tiyeni tiphunzire momwe tingasamalire bwino ndi kufalitsa mbewu izi zosatheka zomwe zingagonjetse aliyense.

Kufotokozera

Zosiyana za Rydermaher: zokongoletsera zokongola, zosawerengeka maluwa m'nyumba. Kutalika mu chilengedwe - kufika mamita 30, ndi m'katikati mwa thunthu - mita imodzi. Masamba a mtengowo ndi ophwanyika kawiri, 20-70 masentimita m'litali, ndi 15-25 masentimita m'lifupi, wobiriwira wobiriwira, kamodzi kawirikawiri, wothamanga pamapeto. Maluwa ali achikasu kapena imvi-chikasu, mwa mawonekedwe a mabelu, kukula kwake kumafikira masentimita 7.

Mukudziwa? Maluwa amangooneka usiku ndipo amakhala ndi fungo la clove.
Rydermahera ndi wa banja Begnonievyh ndipo ali ndi mitundu pafupifupi 16 - oimira mtundu wina. M'maboma ndi m'nyumba, wofalitsa wachi China yekha (Latin Radermachera chinensis) amatha kukula. Kunyumba, kutalika kwa chitsamba ndi 1.5 mamita. Chitsamba chobiriwira chokhala ndi masamba angapo omwe ali ndi matalala ambiri ali ndi thunthu lolunjika. Large masamba (mpaka 40 masentimita), ochepa, lakuthwa pamapeto ndi ndi malonda lonse kutalika, glossy, saturated mtundu wobiriwira. Lilipo kotero kuti limakumbutsa zala. Nthawi zina pamakhala mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira (zosiyanasiyana "Caprima").
Ndiponso kwa banja la bignonium ndi monga zomera monga: incarvillea, catalpa.
Maluwa a nyumba ya Chinese-beddermader, monga lamulo, simudzadikira. Pokhapokha mutagwira ntchito kuti mumusamalire zaka pafupifupi 15. Komabe, posamalira zochitika zapakhomo, maluwa a Rydermaher amawonekera mobwerezabwereza ngati chomeracho chili m'chilengedwe chake.

Mukudziwa? Anthu adapereka kwa Rydermacher ngakhale dzina limodzi: "Chidole chachi China", "phulusa lamkati", "njoka", "emerald" - chifukwa cha masamba obiriwira obiriwira.

Mavuto akukula

Chomeracho n'chosavuta ngati chitonthozo chimasokonezeka. Ngakhale amakhulupirira kuti a Chinese radermahera amanyalanyaza ku zikhalidwe, ndipo kumusamalira ndi kophweka.

Ndikofunika kuphunzira malamulo ena ochepa ndikuwatsatira kuti mukwaniritse zotsatira. Chinthu chofunika kwambiri ndi kuunikira kolondola.

Kutentha

Kutentha kwa kukula kwa wowerenga kungakhale ndi kusiyana, koma mwa malire oyenera. Mlengalenga sayenera kutentha - mpaka 20 ... +25 ° C, ndi m'nyengo yozizira - 10 ... 14 ° C kutenthedwa, osati poyerekeza ndi + 11 ° C. Kutentha kumasamutsidwa bwino, ngati chinyezi chiri chapamwamba. Ndipo kuzizira kumatengedwa kuti ndi kofunika m'nyengo yozizira: kumakhala kovuta komanso kumapereka matenda, kupirira. Zojambula zimakhudza kwambiri radermahera, choncho ndizosafunikira kuyika pafupi ndi ma air conditioners kapena mpweya. Air imafuna mwatsopano.

Dzidziwitse ndi khumi ndi awiri a zomera zomwe zimathandiza kuti munthu akhale ndi thanzi labwino: chlorophytum, aloe, geranium, laurel, ficus, kalanchoe, chrysanthemum, cactus, pelargonium, sansevieria.

Kutentha kwa mpweya

Koma chinyezi sichiri kanthu, mpweya wouma ndizotheka. Koma komabe mvula yonyowa - movutikira kwambiri. Chifukwa chaichi komanso chifukwa cha ukhondo, mtengo wa Chitsamba umatsuka pansi pamadzi otentha, otentha m'chilimwe, komanso amaikidwa pamtunda wa dothi, miyala, komanso moss. Koma panthawiyi, pansi pa mphika sayenera kukhala m'madzi. Ngati tikukamba za moyo, ndiye kuti panthawi yomwe ili ndi malo odyetserako mpweya, ndikofunika kuifikitsa kuti chinyezi chisasokoneze chomeracho. Ndipo ngati "muzisamba" m'nyengo yozizira, mutatha, ndondomeko ya radermaher iyenera kuikidwa mpaka kutentha mpaka masambawo aziuma.

Kuunikira

Kunyumba, Rydermahera amakonda malo abwino, ndipo ntchito ya dzuwa iyenera kukhala yolimba: mthunzi wochokera ku nsalu yotchinga kapena filimu ya matte ndi yolandiridwa. Kuwala kunagwera pa korona kuchokera kumbali zingapo, mukhoza kutenga chomera pa khonde lamoto kapena loggia. Mwachidziwikire, pali mbali ziwiri zomasuka - kummawa ndi kumadzulo. Kum'mwera adzayesa kuti masamba asatenthe dzuŵa. Mtundu uwu wa kuwonongeka ukudzaza ndi imfa ya mtengo wa Chitchaina.

Koma m'nyengo yozizira, chifukwa cha kusowa kwa dzuwa, chomeracho chikhoza kutaya kukongoletsa kwake: internodes adzatulutsidwa, chifukwa nthambi zidzakhala ngati liana. Kuti mutenge kuwala kwa dzuwa kapena kuzidzaza ndi tsiku, gwiritsani ntchito ma fitolamps apadera kapena nyali za fulorosenti. Ndipo kuti chomera chikhale chofanana, chiyenera kutembenuzidwa mosiyana ndi kuwala, makamaka m'chaka choyamba cha chitukuko.

Ndikofunikira! Chifukwa cha kuwala kochepa, masamba amasanduka chikasu ndikugwa. Mphukira imakula mochepa, radermahera ikhoza kutulutsa, ndipo masamba adzakhala ang'onoting'ono ndi otha. Powala, nsonga za masamba zimakhala zouma.

Nthaka

Nthaka imakonda kukhala yachonde, yolema komanso yopuma. Chabwino, ngati ndi chisakanizo cha nkhuni ndi masamba ndi peat ndi humus. Chilichonse chimatengedwa mu magawo ofanana, kupatula masamba, gawo lake laphatikizidwa. Mutha kuwonjezera mchenga waukulu wa mtsinje, komanso makungwa a pine. Ndi malo okongola okha okongoletsera maluwa ndi zomera: maluwa, mitengo ya kanjedza, zipatso zamchere.

Kuswana

Radermakhera akhoza kuchulukana m'njira zingapo: mbewu, cuttings, layering. Taganizirani aliyense payekha.

Cuttings

Kubereketsa kwa njirayi kumakhala kofunikira pachiyambi cha nyengo ya chilimwe (kuyambira May mpaka June). Pamwamba pa mphukira, tsamba lokhala ndi tsinde limodzi ndi tsinde, lodulidwa ndi masentimita 8-10, lozikika mu chidebe chokhala ndi polyethylene ndi peat ndi mchenga wothira pakati pa chiŵerengero cha 1: 1. Pansi pa filimuyo, mu thumba kapena pansi pa mtsuko wa galasi, cuttings amathiridwa ndi madzi ngati kuli kotheka, kusunga kutentha pamtunda wa 22% + 25 ° C ndipo nthawi zonse amawomba. Malo ayenera kuyatsa bwino.

Maphwando

Njirayi ndi yoyenera kwa zitsamba zakulira ndipo zimaphatikizapo tsinde (1-2 masentimita), kukulumbiranso ndi moss wothira ndi cellophane, ndi kupopera madzi nthawi ndi nthawi. Zipangizozo zimathamanga ndi kuthirira kuti moss asaume. Pamene mizu ikuwonekera ndikudzaza malo onse mu filimuyi, zigawozo zikhoza kupatulidwa ndikubzala pamalo osatha - mu mphika wokhala ndi masentimita 14 mpaka 16. Chomeracho chidzayamba bwino pamene mizu idzawonjezeka mpaka kufika pamtunda waukulu. Chifukwa chake ndikofunikira ndiye kuchotsa zigawozo.

Mukudziwa? Radermahera Chinese siyiizoni komanso yopanda phindu, kotero imatha kukhala wamkulu m'nyumba iliyonse, ngakhale ndi ana aang'ono. Kusamalidwa bwino kumapereka mpweya wabwino komanso malo abwino kwambiri m'banja.

Mbewu

Mbewu zimakhala pafupifupi zosatheka, chifukwa mtengo sungamasuke kwambiri. Choncho, njirayi siinatchulidwenso, ndikuganiziranso kuti sikuvuta kupanga shrub yatsopano kuchokera ku mbewu. Pakubereka mwanjirayi, zimamera pa tsiku la 10 mutabzala mu nthaka yothira bwino ndi feteleza komanso pansi pa filimu (galasi mtsuko). Pambuyo pa masabata 2-3, kubzala kumatha kuziika.

Chisamaliro

Tsopano ganizirani mayankho ofunika pa funso la momwe mungasamalire radermahera, kotero kuti chomeracho chikhale chokongola ndi chokongola. Ndipo koposa zonse, ndikofunikira kufotokoza apa chifukwa cha kukula kwachangu kwa wofalitsa wachi China ndikofunikira kuti azidula ndi kutsitsa nthawi zonse. Pomwepokha padzakhalanso chitsamba chosangalatsa chomwe aliyense amakonda.

Kuthirira

Chomera pa nthawi yozizira miyezi yambiri imathirira nthaka ndi yofunika, ndipo madzi ayenera kukhala otentha ndi kutentha. Nthaka itangoyamba kuuma, nthawi yomweyo mumasowa pang'ono, koma madzi. M'dzinja, sikofunika kuthirira Rydermahera muzinthu zambiri: nyengo yozizira, nthaka mumphika nthawi zonse imakhala yonyowa, koma moyenera. Pambuyo kuyanika, dothi losanjikizidwa limatha madzi pambuyo pa masiku awiri.

Ndikofunikira!Chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa masamba, masamba amasiya kukhala olimba, ndipo kuchokera kuwonjezera, kuphatikizapo zowona, amayamba kukhala otsika komanso otumbululuka. Ndipo kuchokera kumwa madzi okwanira, ndipo masamba osakwanira akhoza kugwa.

Kupaka pamwamba

Mwamsanga mutatha kuthirira, fetereza imagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti zitsitsike mizu ku moto. Kuyambira pachiyambi kapena pakati pa kasupe mpaka kumayambiriro kwa autumn, ndondomeko imabwerezedwa theka lililonse mwezi. Zowonjezera feteleza zowonjezera zokongoletsera maluwa leafy mu chiŵerengero cha 1-2 madontho pa madzi okwanira 1 litre. Kuchuluka kwa feteleza kungapangitse kutulutsa mphukira, kutayira ndi kusamba kwa masamba.

Kuwaza

Nthawi yokwanira yopatsira mwana wamng'ono wotchedwa rodermacher ndi masika. Ngakhale kwa zomera zakale, chidziwitso chomwecho ndichabe kusowa kwa malo a mizu mu thanki. Nthawi zambiri zimakhala kamodzi pa zaka 2-3. Chizindikiro pazochitika chotero ndi kutaya kwa mbewu ndi mtundu wodabwitsa wa masamba. Amaluwa amalangiza kuti poyamba asankhe miphika, yotalika kuposa masentimita awiri kuchokera m'mbuyo mwake, ndi madzi okwanira 3 masentimita. Mizu imachepetsedwa panthawi yomwe imafalikira, ndipo pamwamba pa mphukira imatha kupindika.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Radermahera silingathe kudwala, koma ikhoza kuthandizidwa ndi aphid, mealybug ndi kangaude.

Kulimbana nawo kumagwiritsa ntchito tizilombo "Aktellik" kapena "Aktar", kubwereza ndondomeko mu sabata. Tizilombo tisanayambe kupopera mankhwala tingathe kutsukidwa ndi siponji yowonjezera. Ena wamaluwa amawononga mphukira ndi masamba omwe atembenukira chikasu kuchokera ku nsabwe za m'masamba ndi nthata. Zomwezo zimayembekezeranso masambawo ndi maluwa otentha kuchokera ku mbozi ya mealy. Malo owonongeka mowa kwambiri ndi oyenera.

Zina mwa tizirombo zomwe zimayambitsa chomera ndicho chishango. Kuwombera ndi iyo kumakhala wachikasu, ndiyeno nkufa.

Ndikofunikira!Pofuna kubwezeretsanso mizu yovunda ndikuletsa masamba kuti agwe pansi chifukwa cha nthaka yosafunika kapena chinyezi, muyenera kukoka chomeracho mumphika, kuchotsa mphukira zomwe zowonongeka, chitani zomwezo ndi mizu yowonongeka, kuwawaza ndi makala oyaka. Gawo lotsatira lidzakhala chithandizo cha fungicide ndi kuziika ku nthaka yatsopano. Pambuyo pake, muyenera kuthirira kamodzi pa sabata.
Radermahera Chinese ndi wokondedwa kwambiri kwa iwo omwe amakonda kusamalira zomera kunyumba kapena kuntchito. Chifukwa cha chisamaliro chomwe amadziwa kuyamikira komanso kupereka ulemu wapadera wa korona.