Tomato "Semko-Sinbad"

Pakalipano pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato, ndipo obereketsa amapitiriza kugwira ntchito zambiri.

F1 mtundu wa hybrids ndi tomato omwe anapezeka powoloka mitundu iwiri ndi ubwino wosiyana pakati pa achibale awo. Ndipo izi ndizo makhalidwe omwe abereketsedwe amayesera kupititsa patsogolo kwa wosakanizidwa.

Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, kawirikawiri kuyeretsa mitundu ya phwetekere kumakhala kosamvetsetseka, komabe hybrids ndi zotsutsana ndi matenda ndi kuwononga tizirombo. Imodzi mwa ma hybrids ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato "Semko-Sinbad", yomwe idzafotokozedwa pambuyo pake.

Malingaliro osiyanasiyana

The ankaganizira masamba chikhalidwe akulimbikitsidwa ndi obereketsa kwa kulima mu mikhalidwe ya filimu wowonjezera kutentha. Zomera zimakhala ndi tsinde lakuthwa, nthambi yofooka ndi masamba. Kutalika kwa chitsamba chimodzi kungathe kufika pafupifupi 50 cm, odzidzimutsa okha ndi ochepa.

Mukudziwa? Pali nthano monga momwe Louis, mfumu ya France, analamulira kuti Marquis, yemwe anaweruzidwa kuti aphedwe, amadyetsedwa ndi tomato. Mfumuyo idali ndi chidaliro pa zowononga za masambawa ndipo inkafuna kupha mkaidiyo. Patatha mwezi umodzi, Marquis sanangopulumuka, koma thanzi lake linakula bwino. Amati Louis anali odabwitsidwa kwambiri ndi zotsatira za zochitikazo ndipo anakhululukira mkaidiyo.

Mitengo

Mitengo ya tomato mitundu "Semko-Sinbad" kukula kwake ndi mdima wobiriwira. Zili zofiira komanso zofooka. The inflorescence yoyamba imapangidwa pamwamba pa tsamba lachisanu ndi chimodzi, ndipo ena onse pambuyo pa masamba awiri kapena awiri. Pa tsinde lalikulu, katatu kapena anayi amadzipangidwira nthawi zambiri, kenako kukula kwa tsinde kumasiya.

Phunzirani zambiri za tomato ngati "Flash", "Countryman", "Auria", "Alsou", "Caspar", "Persimmon", "Batyan", "Casanova".

Zipatso

Mu inflorescence imodzi za zipatso 6-8 zaikidwa. Tomato ndi ozungulira, osasangalatsa komanso osasangalatsa. Nyamayi yosapsa imakhala ndi mtundu wobiriwira, ndipo imodzi yofiira imakhala yofiira.

Kulemera kwa masamba imodzi nthawi zambiri 80-90 g, ndi zipatso zoyamba zambiri za kukula kwake. Zosangalatsa za mmwamba momwemo monga maonekedwe a tomato. Zipatso za mtundu wosakanizidwawu ndizogwiritsidwa ntchito ponseponse, popeza ziri zoyenera kukonzekera mavitamini saladi zokoma, ndi kumalongeza.

Makhalidwe osiyanasiyana

Mtundu wosakanizidwa wa phwetekere, womwe unalumikizidwa ndi makampani a zaulimi a Gavrish, malinga ndi zoyenera, unatchulidwa kuti ndi imodzi mwa mitundu yoyamba kwambiri yopsa. Zimalimbikitsidwa kuti kulima mu malo otentha, popeza pano palibe zofanana.

Fruiting mu zosiyanasiyana zimayambira pafupi masiku 85 mpaka 90 mutatha mphukira zakuyamba. Nthawi imeneyi imatha milungu iwiri.

Mmera umatulutsidwa palimodzi, pambuyo pake wosakanizidwa amathera nyengo yokula. Chomera chimodzi chikhoza kupanga pafupifupi 2.3-3.0 makilogalamu a zipatso. Kawirikawiri, kuchokera pa 1 lalikulu. Minda yabwino ya mitundu ya phwetekere "Semko-Sinbad" mukhoza kupeza zipatso zokoma 9-10.

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Ubwino wa wosakanizidwa wochuluka kwambiri. Makamaka, muyenera kumvetsera msinkhu wa kutsutsa kwa chikhalidwe kwa matenda ndi mavairasi. Komanso sikutheka kuti tisakumbukire kukula kwake msinkhu. Zokolola zimaperekedwa palimodzi, ndipo zipatso zimakhala ndi kukoma kokoma.

Ndikofunikira! Zosiyanasiyana "Semko-Sinbad" zimakhala zosiyana ndi kugonjetsa kachilombo ka Fusarium ndi fodya.
Zokhudzana ndi zofooka, apa mukukumbukira kuti mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yochepa poyerekeza ndi zowonjezera kuti "Semko-99", koma izi "zotsalira" zimatsekedwa ndi mfundo yakuti n'zotheka kupeza kapangidwe koyambirira.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Kukonza mbeu kumbewu kumakonzedwa, malinga ndi nthawi yobzala mbewu kunthaka. Ngati mbeu yobzala idakonzedwa kumapeto kwa mwezi wa May kapena kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa June, mbeu yomwe ili pansi iyenera kuyika zaka khumi zapitazi.

Zosankhidwa ziyenera kupangidwa pakupanga tsamba loyamba loona. Kufika kumachitika molingana ndi dongosolo 40x50 cm.

Zophatikiza "Semko-Sinbad" zimayankha bwino kuwonjezeka kwa mlingo wa mchere wambiri. Chofunika kwambiri ndi kubzala nthaka pa siteji ya mapangidwe pa zipatso zoyamba. Ngati panthawi imeneyi mbewu za masamba sizidzasowa zakudya zonse, kukula kwa tomato ndi mapangidwe a inflorescences angakhale osowa. Ndipo izi, monga tikudziwira, zidzakhudza kwambiri msinkhu wa zokolola zonse.

Kawirikawiri, kulima ndiwo zamasamba pamalowa sikovuta. Zokwanira kutsatira ndondomeko yoyenera yobzala ndi kusamalira tomato ndipo iwo adzathokoza zakudya zathanzi, zowonjezera, zokoma komanso zokolola.