Tomat De Barao wakuda - wapadera zosiyanasiyana ndi mkulu transportability!

Matimati "De Barao Black" ndi wofunika kwambiri pakati pa alimi a ndiwo zamasamba chifukwa cha mtundu wake woyambirira ndi kukoma kwake. Mu nkhani yathu tidzakambirana za makhalidwe ndi kukula kwa izi zosiyanasiyana, kufotokozera ndi momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito zipatso za phwetekere.

Kuwoneka ndi kufotokoza kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana

"De Barao Black" inayambika ku Brazil. Ili ndilo pakati pa tomato zosiyanasiyana, kuyambira nthawi yobzala mbande kuonekera kwa zipatso zoyamba, masiku 120-130 apita. Mitundu yosiyanasiyanayi imatha, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti zomera sizileka kukula panthawi yonse yomwe ikukula. Kutalika chitsamba chikhoza kufika mamita atatu.

Mitundu ya phwetekere yosakayikira imaphatikizaponso: "Agogo a Chinsinsi", "Bearded," "Black Prince", "Rapunzel", "Cosmonaut Volkov", "Orange", "Olesya", "Babushkino", "Eagle Beak", "Korneevsky pinki, "Niagara", "Eagle mtima".

Source: //agronomu.com/bok/5135-pomidor-ili-apelsin.html © Agronomu.com,

Mu chithunzi mungathe kuona zomwe "De Barao Black" zikuwoneka.

Zotsatira za Zipatso

The brushes ya zosiyanasiyana ndi yophweka, 8-10 zipatso zipse pa aliyense wa iwo. Mitedza ya tomato imatuluka ndi mawonekedwe ovunda kapena ovoid, chiwerengero cha zipinda ndi 2-3. Mtundu wa chipatso uli pafupi ndi wakuda, moyenera - ndi wofiira-bulauni. Kulemera kwake kwa tomato kumakhala pakati pa 40 ndi 80 g. Mmodzi wa shrub akhoza kupanga makilogalamu 5 a mbewu. Mnofu wa tomato ndi wandiweyani, ndi kukoma kokoma. Amalekerera kayendetsedwe ka katundu komanso kusungirako nthawi yaitali.

Mukudziwa? Mu 1997, phwetekere "De barao wakuda" adalandira mndandanda wa maiko osiyanasiyana monga wowonjezera kutentha.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa zosiyanasiyana

Ubwino wa tomato "De Barao Black" umaphatikizapo mtundu wokongola wa zipatso, zipatso zabwino, kuthekera kwa nthawi yaitali yosungirako. Zimakhala zosagonjetsedwa ndi kutentha kwapakati ndipo zimakhala ndi chitetezo champhamvu cha matenda ambiri.

Komabe, tomato angakhudzidwe ndi matenda ena omwe angafunike kuthandizidwa:

  • Black Bacterial Spot. Amadziwonetsera ngati madontho wakuda pamasamba, zimayambira ndi zipatso. Zikhoza kuyambitsa kuchepetsedwa kwakukulu mu zokolola ndi kuwonjezereka kuwonetsedwa kwa chipatso. Kuchotsa matendawa kumathandiza chithandizo cha zomera za Bordeaux madzi.
  • Vertex zowola zipatso. Chizindikiro choyamba cha matendawa ndi mdima wandiweyani wonyezimira pampatso ya chipatso. Patapita nthaĆ”i, mawangawo amadetsedwa, ndipo tomato amawonongeka. Ndi kugonjetsedwa kwa vertex zowola zipatso zokhudzana ndi masamba ndipo masamba achotsedwa ku chitsamba ndikudya kuchokera 7-10 g ya calcium nitrate mu 10 malita a madzi.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kupewa matenda, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito phwetekere "De barao" dothi likulumikiza ndipo osabzala tomato pamalo omwewo chaka chilichonse.

Mwa tizirombo ta sukuluyi ndi owopsya:

  • Chipatala cha Colorado. Izi ziyenera kusonkhanitsidwa pamanja, kenako zitsamba zitsamba ndi mankhwala apadera.
  • Slugs Ayenera kumenyedwa ndi chithandizo cha mankhwala owerengeka. Njira yothandizira kuthana ndi slugs - tincture wa mpiru. Pa 10 malita a madzi omwe mumafunikira 5-6 Art. l mpiru wa mpiru. Sakanizani bwino ndikutsanulira pakati pa mizere.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato "De Barao Black" imakula ndi mbande, makamaka m'minda ya greenhouses, koma imatha kukula kumunda. Mu thanki kwa mbande ayenera kuthira mchenga kapena kuwonjezera dongo, kenako mudzaze nawo pamwamba ndi nthaka. Mukhoza kugula nthaka yokonzekera kapena kupanga chisakanizo cha peat ndi sod land.

Ndikofunikira! Kugulidwa mu mawonekedwe ophimbidwa ndi mbewu sikumasowa kukonza zina. Ndipo akagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mbewu kuchokera ku mabedi, ayenera kuthiridwa mu njira yothetsera potassium permanganate.

Dothi limapuma komanso limabzala. Nthawi yabwino yofesa ndi March-April. Kuti mbeu ifike mofulumira, zidazo ziyenera kujambulidwa ndi filimuyo. Pachifukwa ichi, zomera zowonongeka zidzachitika, zomwe zidzakulitsa kukula kwa mbewu. Pofuna kupewa kutsekemera, filimuyi iyenera kukwezedwa nthawi zonse kuti ipange mpweya wabwino. Mbeu itatha kumera, filimu ikhoza kuchotsedwa. Mbande ziyenera kuthiriridwa mochepa kuti madzi asapitirire.

Musanadzale mbande muzitsimikiziranso kuumitsa. Kuti izi zitheke, mbande zimaperekedwa kwa kanthawi pamsewu kapena kuikidwa m'chipinda chozizira. Mbande obzalidwa mu May mu nthaka yokhala ndi humus ndi nkhuni phulusa. Pazithunzi 1. M amalimbikitsidwa kuti afese 3-4 zomera. Kufika n'kofunika madzulo kapena tsiku lamtambo.

Phunzirani za zomwe zimapezeka pa phwetekere "De Barao".

"De Barao" ndi mitundu yayitali, choncho ndi bwino kukhazikitsa chithandizo kwa nthawi yomweyo, kuti tipewe kuwononga mizu m'tsogolomu. Ndikofunikira kukumba pamwamba pa chitsamba, komwe tsinde lidzakonzedweratu mtsogolomu. Tsamba limapangidwa mu 1 kapena 2 zimayambira ndipo limafuna kuchotsedwa kwa stepsons.

Mukudziwa? Ku Ukraine, mumzinda wa Kamenka-Dneprovskaya (Zaporizhzhya dera), pali chipilala chotchedwa "Ulemerero kwa phwetekere".
Tomato ayenera kuthiriridwa ndi madzi ochuluka, mwinamwake zokolola zawo zachepa kwambiri. Kuthirira kumachitika pazu wa masiku 4 aliwonse. Pamtunda umodzi 2-3 zidebe zamadzi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pazikhala fruiting

Poonjezera zokolola za phwetekere "De Barao Black", muyenera kutsatira malamulo ena osamalira:

  • Hilling N'kofunika kulimbitsa mizu. Iyenera kuchitidwa ndi nthaka yonyowa.
  • Masking - kuchotsedwa kwa mphukira zochuluka. Izi ziyenera kuchitidwa kotero kuti chomeracho sichidyetsanso masamba owonjezera ndi kubweretsa zokolola zabwino.
  • Kuchotsa pansi masambazomwe zikhoza kukhala magwero a matenda osiyanasiyana. Kuwonjezera apo, kuchotsedwa kwa masamba apansi kumathandiza kutsimikizira kuti chomera chimapereka mphamvu zake zonse ku zipatso ndi mtundu.
Ndiponso Zowonjezera ndi zofunika pa zokolola zochuluka:
  • Pa nthawi ya maluwa, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito yankho la boric acid kuti mupopera mbewu. Mafuta 10 a madzi agwiritsire ntchito 1 g ya boric acid.
  • Pa nthawi ya kucha zipatso, feteleza kuchokera kumadzi amadzi a mullein kapena manyowa amathandiza. Manyowa kapena zinyalala ziyenera kuchepetsedwa kuti zikhale ndi madzi amodzi ndikulimbikitsanso masiku atatu. Kenaka phulitsani tincture ndi madzi (manyowa pa chiwerengero cha 1:10, zinyalala - 1:20). Pakati pa nyengo, pangani zovala zitatu ndi nthawi ya masiku 10-12.

Kukolola

Sungani tomato kuyambira tsiku la 120-130. Fruiting imatenga miyezi itatu. Kukolola kumachitika kuyambira July mpaka September. Zipatso zotsiriza sizikhoza kuphuka kufikira mapeto. Pachifukwa ichi, nkofunikira kuwang'amba iwo ku tchire kusanayambe chisanu, ndipo adzakubala kunja kwa chitsamba. Mitundu imeneyi imayamikiridwa ndi wamaluwa kuti azikolola bwino. Chitsamba chimodzi chikhoza kubala 5 makilogalamu a tomato. Komabe, ngati mumayang'anitsitsa tomatozi ndikuchita zonsezi panthawi yake kuti mukhale ndi ubwino ndi kuchuluka kwa mankhwalawa, mukhoza kusonkhanitsa mpaka 8 kg ya tomato zokoma kuchokera ku chitsamba.

Zipatso ntchito

Tomato "De Barao Black" amagwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera. Amadyedwa mwatsopano, amakonza saladi wathanzi komanso okoma. Mitengo yaing'ono ndi yandiweyani ya phwetekereyi ndi yabwino yosungirako.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato sichimangoyenda bwino ndipo imayenda bwino, chifukwa imanyamula ulendo wautali popanda kuperewera. Matimati "De Barao Black" amadziwika ndi kusamalidwa kwake kosavuta komanso kukana matenda osiyanasiyana. Kusamala ndi kusamala kwa phwetekereyi kukupatsani zokolola zambiri.