Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato "Khalani"

Mwina palibe wolima munda amene safuna kuima pakati pa oyandikana nawo m'munda ndi chomera chosabala zipatso. Ndipo pamene mitundu yatsopano ya zipatso imatha kulepheretsa wina aliyense kukula kwake kwa zipatso zake ndi zipatso zokolola, zokolola zochuluka zakhala zikudziwika. Izi ndi mtundu wa phwetekere "Stick". Ngakhale kuti chomeracho chinafalikira kuposa zaka khumi zapitazo, sikuti anthu ambiri amadziwa za phwetekere ili lero.

Koma masamba awa ali ndi chinachake chodabwitsa. Poyamba, mawonekedwe apadera a chitsamba, omwe amadziwika bwino ndi mitundu yosiyana siyana, ndi odabwitsa. Kuwonjezera apo, mbali imeneyi ya chomera imapangitsa kuti phwetekere "Stick Kolonovidnaya", ikhale ndi njira yodzalidwa.

Lero tikuyenera kufotokoza zonse zomwe zimadabwitsa zamasamba, komanso kuti tipeze zomwe zikufunikira kuti phwetekere isangokulirakulira koma idakondwera ndi zipatso zambiri zonunkhira.

Kufotokozera

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imakhala yofanana ndi tomato yodabwitsa kwambiri yomwe inayamba kulengedwa ndi munthu. Ndichifukwa chake kwa zaka zoposa khumi izi zamasamba zakhala zotchuka pakati pa onse okonda zipatso zosangalatsa. Tiyeni tipitirize kulingalira mwatsatanetsatane zomwe phwetekere "Stick" liri, timapereka kufotokoza kwathunthu ndi kufotokoza za tchire ndi zipatso za zosiyanasiyana.

Mukudziwa? Oyambirira kulima tomato anali Aaztec. Ndi anthu akale kumayambiriro kwa zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chiŵiri AD (VIII) adayamba kukula kwambiri.

Mitengo

Mbali yaikulu ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi mapangidwe a chitsamba chomera, chomwe chimakhala ndi zingapo zowonongeka zowonongeka, mpaka mamita 1.6 mmwamba. Nthaŵi zambiri mu chitsamba chimodzi, chiwerengero chawo sichidutsa zidutswa zitatu.

Izi zikutanthauza kuti pamtunda mulibe mbali zina zomwe zimakhala zosavuta kumvetsetsa mchenga wokhalamo. Pachifukwa ichi, masamba samapezeka kawirikawiri pa zimayambira, yaying'ono ndi kukula.

Komanso tcherani khutu ku burashi ya zomera: ili ndi dongosolo lophweka, lalifupi ndipo liri ndi zipatso zopitirira 5-6. Makhalidwe abwino a chomera amapezeka pokhapokha pa zinthu zachilengedwe, mwachilengedwe, chilengedwe chingathe kuchepetsa kukula ndi zokolola za mbewu.

Zipatso

Zipatso za phwetekere "Khutani Kolonovidnaya" kukhala ndi nthawi yozungulira mawonekedwe, zotanuka. Mnofu ndi wolimba komanso wathanzi, ndi utoto wosiyanasiyana wa phwetekere ndi zowawa zomwe zimakhala zosiyanasiyana. Kukhwima, chipatsocho chimakhala ndi zofiira kwambiri.

Kulemera kwawo kwa mbeu kumatha kusiyana pakati pa 50 ndi 100 g.Khunguli ndi lolimba, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mwanayo asaswe, ngakhale pamene chipatsocho chili ndi perespeet. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yabwino kugwiritsa ntchito iyo yaiwisi, yaiwisi kapena mawonekedwe okonzedwa bwino.

Mukudziwa? Kuchokera kumbali ya botani, tomato ndi zipatso, komabe, ngakhale izi, tsiku ndi tsiku chipatsocho chimatengedwa ngati masamba.

Makhalidwe osiyanasiyana

Nyamayi ndi nyengo ya masamba, yomwe imapatsa tomato masiku 110-120 pambuyo pa mphukira zoyamba. Chomeracho chiri ndi mawonekedwe osakumbukira osakumbukira. Koma ngakhale izi, phwetekere zikhoza kukhala wamkulu ponseponse m'mitengo yotentha ndi yotseguka nthaka. "Utomoni wa phwetekere" uli ndi zokolola zabwino kwambiri, zomwe ziyenera kukhala zokolola zoyenera, zikhoza kukhala 1 mpaka 1.5 makilogalamu pa mbeu.

Mitunduyi inalumikizidwa ku United States mu 1958, koma mpaka lero ndi yotchuka kwambiri pakhomo ndi kuzungulira dziko lapansi pansi pa mayina: Kumanga phwetekere, phwetekere yamchere, tomato yamatchi, phwetekere.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana yotsutsana ndi matenda ambiri pakati pa Solanaceae mbewu.

Phunzirani za tomato monga Puzata Khata, Chio Chio San, Rosa Stella, Bear's Paw, Petrusha Gardener, Lazyka, Bokele, Honey, ndi Countryman , "Solerosso", "Niagara", "Rocket", "Mphesa", "Blagovest".

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Monga mbewu zina zaulimi, izi zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi ubwino ndi zowonongeka, zomwe zimasiyanitsa kwambiri ndi tomato zambiri zotsutsana. Tiyeni tiyang'ane pa aliyense mwa iwo mwatsatanetsatane.

Ubwino waukulu wa phwetekere "Khutani" ndi:

  • nyengo yochepa yokula;
  • kusakhala kwa mbali kumbali, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti tipewe tomato pa mtunda wa masentimita 20 kuchokera kwa mzake;
  • chokolola chochuluka, chomwe chimatha kufika makilogalamu 30 pa mita imodzi m;
  • zosiyana sizimafuna kukanikiza, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta;
  • kukula kwakukulu kwa chipatso ndi makhalidwe abwino a kukoma kumapangitsa kugwiritsa ntchito chipatso cha mitundu zosiyanasiyana zophikira.
Chosowa chofunikira kwambiri ndi tsinde lofooka, chotero, pamene mbewu ikuphuka, chitsamba chiyenera kumangirizidwa, mwinamwake tsinde lingaswe pansi pa kulemera kwa chipatsocho.

Mukudziwa? Kudya tomato kumapangitsa munthu kukhala wosangalala, chifukwa chakuti ali ndi chinthu chotchedwa serotonin, chomwe chimatchedwa "hormone yachisangalalo".

Zizindikiro za kukula

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana "yokhazikika", ngakhale kuti imayambira, pakulima kuli kosiyana ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato. Kufesa mbande kuti mbande zichitike masiku makumi asanu ndi limodzi isanafike tsiku lomaliza la kubzala pamalo osatha mogwirizana ndi miyambo.

Pa izi, mbewu zimabzalidwa mu chidebe chomwe chimapatsa 1 kudzala malo osachepera 10x12 masentimita. Pa nthawi yomweyo, chiwerengero cha zomera za masiku 60 pa mita imodzi imodzi Ma mita apakati sayenera kupitirira ma PC 40. Poyamera, mungagwiritse ntchito mbeu yapadera ya mbande.

Musanadzalemo tomato aang'ono pamalo osasuntha m'nthaka, akuyenera kuthirira nthaka. Kuti muchite izi, pamtanda umodzi. M kupanga pafupifupi 4 kg ya peat-manyowa osakaniza, 50 g wa potaziyamu ndi phosphorous. Mbande zimabzalidwa patalika masentimita 20 kuchokera pamzake ndi 40 cm mzere mzere.

Kusamalira tomato kumaphatikizapo kupalira mmimba, kutulutsa nthaka, kukwera ndi kuthirira madzi okwanira osachepera 1 masiku awiri. Kuwonjezera apo, tomato amafunika kudyetsa zina ndi mchere feteleza. Kuti muchite izi, pamtanda umodzi. M kupanga 4 g ya potaziyamu, sodium ndi phosphorous. Mu nthawi ya maluwa kwenikweni amafunika garter.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene chodzala phwetekere mbande "Onetsani", munthu sayenera kuchita mantha ndi kuwonjezeka kwedi kwa bedi, popeza kusakhala kwa mphukira kumbali kumathandiza kuti zomera zisawonongeke.
Kubzala mbande mu wowonjezera kutentha ntchito yapadera, nthaka yokonzedwa. Kwa zolinga izi, kusakaniza kopambana kwa sod ndi humus mu chiŵerengero cha 1: 1. Musanadzale phwetekere pa 1 lalikulu. M wa wowonjezera kutentha gawo lapansi amapereka 8 g wa ammonium nitrate, 50 g wa superphosphate, 30 potaziyamu kloride.

Kuwonjezera pamenepo, osachepera 2 pa nyengo yokula, zomera zimafuna kudyetsa kwina.

Pachifukwachi, nthaka isanayambe fruiting iyenera kumera ndi mchere wothira mchere. Kukonzekera mu 10 malita a madzi amasungunuka: 10 g wa ammonium nitrate, 25 g wa superphosphate, 15 g wa potaziyamu kloride. Pakati pa fruiting, njira yothetsera mchere wothira mchere ndi madzi okwanira 10 l, ammonium nitrate 15 g, superphosphate 20 g, potaziyamu makilogalamu 20 g. Kupititsa patsogolo ntchito zamagetsi ndi kusamalira kumachitika malinga ndi mfundo zoyenera kutsegula.

Ndikofunikira! Ndi bwino kubzala mbande usiku, pomwepo mbeu yaying'ono idzagwirizanitsa ndikukula mofulumira.
Ngakhale zili zovuta, phwetekere "Stick" limatanthawuza tomato zonse, zomwe zingamere pawekha payekha.

Pa mitundu yonse ya tomato, zosiyanasiyanazi, mwinamwake mmodzi mwa anthu ochepa chabe, akhoza kukukondweretsani osati ndi mbewu zabwino zokha, komanso kukudabwa ndi lingaliro limodzi lachitsambacho. Kotero, ngati mukufuna kukula chinachake chophweka kuposa phwetekere wamba, kusankha kwanu kuyenera kugwera pa phwetekere ya "Stick" zosiyanasiyana.