Kuchokera kumakona a dziko lapansi: mitundu khumi ndi iwiri yosavuta kwambiri

Chodabwitsa pa maonekedwe awo ndi maonekedwe awo a maluwa amakhala m'madera osiyanasiyana a dziko lapansili. Zomera zina ndi zokongola kwambiri, zina zimangokhala zokhumudwitsa. Tikukulimbikitsani kuti mudziwe zambiri za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zomera ndi kudziwa mitundu yochititsa chidwi kwambiri ya dziko lapansi.

Sublime Psychotria

Pakati pa maluwa osadabwitsa ndi okongola kwambiri padziko lonse, choyamba, tiyenera kuzindikira kuti subtheme psychotheria. Chomera chokongola kwambiri chotenthachi chimakhalanso ndi maluwa okondeka kwambiri pa Dziko lapansi. Psychotria yapeza maina ambiri ochititsa chidwi: "milomo yotentha", "kumpsompsonana kwa amayi", "maluwa akuda", "Mlomo wa Mick Jagger", "maluwa apsompsona" ndi ena. Mayina oterewa amachokera ku ziwalo zofiira zamtundu wofiira, zomwe zimafanana ndi kudzikuza milomo yachikazi yotseguka. Maluwa amenewa amapezeka chifukwa cha kufunika kokopa mabulugufe ndi hummingbirds (chomera mungu).

Musanayambe kusankha nokha chomera, m'pofunika kudziwa cholinga ndi malo okula - kwazinyumba, khonde, zitsulo, malo othunzi, mapiri a alpine, mabedi a maluwa.
Mitundu yotchedwa psychotria - mtengo wamtengo wapatali (mpaka mamita 2 pamwamba). Masamba akuluakulu a mtengo amakhala ndi masentimita 10 mpaka 15, mtundu wa masamba ndi wobiriwira kwambiri. Fomu yamapangidwe imapangidwira mu sitepe yoyamba ya udzu kukula ndipo imawoneka ngati mapaundi amtengo wapatali a mtundu wofiira. Maluwa ang'onoang'ono a mtundu woyera amaumbidwa m'mapiko, kenako amapanga zipatso zobiriwira. Kumtchire, maluwa amapezeka m'nkhalango zam'mlengalenga zaku South ndi Central America.

Ndikofunikira! Mwatsoka, sublime psychotria ikuphatikizidwa mu gulu la maluwa omwe sapezeka. Chifukwa cha mitengo yowonongeka kwa mitengo lero, woimira wapaderawa wa zomera ali pangozi yotha. Simungapeze psychotriya yamtundu wogulitsa. Zitha kugula m'masitolo apadera pa intaneti.

Odwala Drakaea Orchid glyptodon

Mbalame Yamakono (Drakaea glyptodon) ndi mitundu yosiyana kwambiri ya orchid. Spikelets wa orchid iyi amafanana ndi thupi la udzu wa mitundu ina. Komanso, nyemba zamaluwa zimatulutsa mankhwala omwe amachokera kunja (pheromones) monga chiwombankhanga chachikazi. Ndiwowona kuti duwa limayamba pachimake pa nthawi ya kusamba. Amunawo amakoloka kumalo otchedwa orchid. Amachotsa mungu kuchokera ku udzu umodzi mpaka mzake. Pansi pa chilengedwe, maluwa okongola amapezeka kokha ku continent ya Australia.

African gidnor

African gidnor - Ameneyu ndiye mtsogoleri wina wa zomera zosadabwitsa kwambiri za dziko lapansili. Mu maonekedwe, gidnor ali ngati bowa kuposa chomera. Chifukwa cha kufanana kwake ndi bowa la hydnor, ilo linapeza dzina lotero. "Gidnora" kuchokera ku Greek amatanthauza "bowa". Kutalika, udzu umafika 15-20 masentimita, ndi mungu wochokera ku maluwa. Nkhuku zimakhala zowopsya ndi zinyama; Mtundu uli wowala lalanje. Hydra ndi maluwa a parasitic ndi okongola. Pokhala atadziphatika okha ku rhizomes ya mitengo yotentha, gidnor nthawi zambiri ndi pansi pa nthaka. Zimabwera pamwamba pokha pokhapokha kuchuluka kwa mpweya kumachitika. Duwa limatsegula pang'onopang'ono. Zimamveka zosasangalatsa (zowola), zomwe zimakopa tizilombo zambiri. Gidnora amakhala kummaŵa kwa Africa ndi pachilumba cha Madagascar. Ngakhale kuoneka kodabwitsa, duwa limatchuka pakati pa zinyama zakutchire. Mbewu ndi mchere wambiri zimakonda kudya anthu ammudzi. Maluwa ndi mizu ya udzu amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ochiritsa odwala matenda a mtima.

Rosyanka

Sundew - yaitali-kale udzu udzu. Dzina la udzu ndi chifukwa cha madontho a madzi omwe amapezeka pamasamba ake. Chifukwa cha madonthowa a ntchentche, udzu umagwira tizilombo timene timadya. Zidontho zimakhala ndi chinthu "nyama ya akavalo", kuwononga tizilombo togwidwa. Kuwonetsa wogwidwa kumatenga masiku angapo. Mitengo imeneyi imakhala zaka 2 mpaka 10. Amakhala m'mphepete mwa mitsinje, mchenga ndi mapiri. Mtunduwu uli ndi mitundu pafupifupi 160. Kutalika kwa pepala la pepala kumasiyanasiyana ndi 5 mm mpaka 60 cm.

Tiyeneranso kuzindikira kukongola kodabwitsa kwa zomera izi. Mbewu za udzu zimayikidwa muzitsamba zakuda. Maluwa aang'ono (pafupifupi 1 cm), pinki kapena zoyera.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mukukula mu nyumba, kumbukirani kuti kudyetsa maluwawa ndi mankhwala (nyama, soseji, etc.) silovomerezeka. Ngati maluwawo satha kugwira tizilombo tokha (ndiko kuti, kumakula m'nyumba momwe muli maukonde pa mawindo), mumayenera kugwira tizilombo ndikudyetsa rosian kangapo pamwezi.

Passionflower (Chilakolako cha Maluwa)

Chisangalalo cha maluwa (kapena chilakolako cha maluwa), mosakayikira, chingatchedwe maluwa okongola kwambiri padziko lapansi. Mtengo wa zomerawu umakhala ku Latin America, kawirikawiri ku Asia ndi Australia. Masamba a shrub, osavuta, nthawi zina amagawidwa m'magulu. Maluwawo ndi onunkhira, makamaka aakulu, okhala ndi masentimita 10. Mtundu wa maluwa ndi woyera, wofiira kapena wofiirira. Pali zilonda zam'madzi zomwe zimakhala zovuta kwambiri kuti zikope nyerere. The passionflower limamasula kwa nthawi yaitali ndi zochuluka (kuyambira May mpaka September). Maluwa amakhala ndi machiritso ambiri ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mankhwala.

Nepentes Attenborough

Nepentes Attenborough - chakudya chodyera. Kumtchire kumakhala kuzilumba za Philippines. Chomeracho chimakula mpaka 1.5 mamita. Masamba ndi ofewa, pafupifupi sessile. Maluwawo ali ofanana ndi mawonekedwe a jug volumetric. Nepentes amadyetsa tizirombo zomwe zimagwera mumsampha wake. Kutalika kwa "jug" - 25 cm m'litali ndi 12 cm m'lifupi. Mitundu yayikulu kwambiri mwa "jugs" yomwe inkapezeka inali ndi 1.5 lita.

Mukudziwa? Maluwa okongola a kukula kwakukulu adapezeka koyamba mu 2000 pachilumba cha Aalavan. Choyamba chodziwitsa chomera chinaperekedwa kwa amishonale omwe anali atapita kale pachilumbachi. Kodi Nepentes Attenborough anatha bwanji kukhalapo mpaka nthawi zathu - mpaka lero ndi chinsinsi.

Orchi monkey

Mankhwala a Orchis - herbaceous tuberous osatha, akukula mumapiri okongola kwambiri. Chitsanzochi chikufalitsidwa kwambiri ku Ulaya, North Africa, ndi Caucasus. Kutalika kwa shrub ndi 20-45 masentimita 3-5 masamba amayamba pa tsinde. The inflorescence ndi wandiweyani, ambiri-flowered, ovate, yochepa. Zipatso ndi monkey wamaluwa mu June. Zimafalitsidwa ndi mbewu. Shrub siimapanga mapiri. Pamene udzu wamaluwa umakondwera ndi fungo la lalanje. Udzu wamaluwawa ndi mitundu yovuta kwambiri, ambiri mwa anthu ake akuwonongedwa.

Hoya

Hoya - maluwa ena otentha, omwe amawoneka ngati ofunda kapena zitsamba. Mazira a hoya amakhalabe obiriwira chaka chonse. Liana imadumphira pamapiri otsetsereka, ndipo m'nkhalango imakhala pamitengo ya mitengo. Kutalika kwa mpesa wamkulu kumatha kufika mamita 10. Masamba ndi ovunda, amanenera pamapeto. Pamwamba pa masamba aang'ono akuwala, kenako iwo amakhala matte. Maluwawo ndi amuna kapena akazi okhaokha, omwe amafanana ndi nyenyezi, omwe amasonkhanitsidwa m'mapulisi oboola ngati maambulera. Inflorescences amakhalabe mphukira kwa masabata awiri kapena atatu. Maluwa amatsuka kwambiri. Pa inflorescences mungathe kusamalira timadzi tokoma ta viscous translucent.

Vermilion yoyenera

Snapdragon - Ichi ndi chosatha herbaceous shrub ndi lalikulu wobiriwira mphukira. Kutalika kwa mphukira kumaphatikizapo 15 mpaka 100 masentimita. Nthambi zoongoka zimapanga tchire chofanana ndi kansalu. Maluwawo ndi aakulu, ali ndi mawonekedwe osasangalatsa, opandabiate, omwe amasonkhanitsidwa muzitsulo za inflorescence. Mtundu wa makutu ndi woyera, wa pinki, wachikasu kapena wawiri. Dzina la duwa chifukwa chakuti inflorescences ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi mkamwa mkango. Chiwonetsero chakunja cha mkamwa wa mkango wobowola kale chikuwoneka chowopsya ndipo chikugwirizana ndi chigaza.

Udzu umaphulika kuyambira June mpaka chisanu. Kumtchire, udzu umapezeka kwambiri kumpoto kwa dziko lapansi (North America).

Camellia waku Japan

Camellia waku Japan amapezeka mwa mtundu wa mtengo wawung'ono kapena shrub wamtali. Chomera chimakula mpaka kufika mamita 1.5 mpaka 11. M'chilengedwe chake, zosiyanasiyana za camellia ndizofala m'nkhalango zowirira za dziko la dzuwa. Mphukira ya mbewuyi ndi yopyapyala, yofooka yokhala ndi masamba, pangani korona wosayera. Leaf plate leathery, glossy, kukula mosiyana. Mbali ya kumtunda kwa tsamba ndi tsamba lakuda, pansi ndikopa. M'kati mwa maluwa, omwe amatha kuyambira mu December mpaka April, mtengo uwu umakula kwambiri ndi maluwa aakulu. Maluwa a Camellia ndi ofanana kwambiri mu kukula ndi mawonekedwe a maluwa, koma alibe chofufumitsa.

Rafflesia

Rafflesia - Woimira wina wa mitundu yodabwitsa kwambiri ya dziko lapansi. Chomeracho sichikhala ndi mphukira, masamba komanso ngakhale mizu. Koma mu mbale yaikulu ya rafflesia ikhoza kugwiritsira ntchito malita 5 mpaka 7 a madzi. Iyi ndi "maluwa okongola" enieni. Nthawi zambiri amatchulidwa kuti "mtembo wakuda". Komabe, rafflesia ndiye mutu wa maluwa aakulu kwambiri padziko lapansi. Pali udzu pazilumba za Kalimantan, Java, Sumatra, Philippines. Chomera ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Pambuyo kusasitsa, mphukira imatsegula, kumasula fungo losasangalatsa la nyama yovunda, motero kumakoka ntchentche za m'nkhalango. Kukula kwa maluwa ndi kwakukulu, mitundu ina imatha kukula m'mimba mwake kufika mita imodzi, pamene kulemera kwake ndi 8 kg. Berry zipatso zili zovuta kwambiri.

Mukudziwa? Ndizomveka kuti ngakhale rafflesia amawonekera ngati maluwa, koma mapuloteni sakugwiritsa ntchito kuti akhalepo. Mosiyana ndi maluwa wamba, chomerachi sichikhala ndi ziwalo zojambula.

Velvichia

Velvichia - "Mwana weniweni wa m'chipululu". Miyeso ya udzu wapadera umenewu ndi zodabwitsa, komanso moyo wake wautali. Velvichia yafala m'zipululu za Angola ndi Namibia. Rhizome ikhoza kukula kufika mamita 3. Thunthu la pyramidal, mosiyana, ndi lalifupi kwambiri ndipo silikula pamwamba pa 25-30 cm. Kutalika kwa thunthu ndi 1 mamita. Motero, zambiri mwa izo zimabisika pansi. Velvichia imadziŵika kuti ndi yapadera kwambiri kufalikira masamba mpaka mamita 4 m'litali. Masamba amakula msanga - kuchokera masentimita 8 mpaka 15 pachaka. Mapeto a masamba pang'onopang'ono amafa ndipo amasiyanitsidwa ndi mphepo muzing'onozing'ono. Velvichiya amaonedwa ngati chiwindi chenicheni. Nthawi yeniyeni ya moyo wa duwa sichiikidwa. Komabe, zaka za mitundu ina zinkatsimikiziridwa ndi njira ya radiocarbon - ili pafupi zaka 2000.

Amamphophollus

Amamphophollus ndi maluwa okongola komanso okongola omwe amakhala m'madera otentha ndi madera ozungulira. Maluwa amachokera ku tubers pansi. Maluwawo amapezeka mu kukula kwakukulu - kuyambira wamng'ono mpaka wamkulu. Katsamba kamodzi kakula kuchokera pamwamba pa tuber, nthawi zambiri kufika mamita angapo m'lifupi. Chaka chilichonse pepalalo limatulutsidwa pamwamba ndipo limangowamba. Pambuyo pa kufalikira kwa tsamba, tsamba limodzi lokha lalikulu, lopindika kwambiri limapangidwira, amene scape imadutsa pansi. The scape ikufanana ndi thunthu la mtengo wamtengo wapatali wa kanjedza, ndipo tsamba la tsamba likufanana ndi korona wa mgwalangwa.

Ndikofunikira! Musayese kulima amorphophallus mu chipinda. Malo okhalamo, zomera sizingathe kupanga mbewu. Izi ndi chifukwa chakuti autogamy (kudzipiritsa) imapezeka kawirikawiri ndi woimirira wa zomera. Pogwiritsa ntchito mungu, maluwa awiri ayenera pachimake pafupifupi synchronously (ndi kusiyana kwa masiku 2-3).

Wolfia

Wolfia ndi zitsamba zosakanikirana ndi hydrophilic Ichi ndi chomera chochepa kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Wolffia ndi tsamba lobiriwira kapena lobiriwira. Kukula kwa mbale imodzi yamapulaneti kuchokera ku 0.5 mpaka 0,8 mm. Mabala achiwisiwa amakhala pamadzi. Wolfia nthawi zambiri imagwiritsidwa ntchito mu aquarism. Amaloledwa kudyetsa nsomba, ndipo imagwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati nsomba zozizwitsa zachilengedwe. Udzu uli ndi mapuloteni ambiri monga soya. Izi zimalola kugwiritsa ntchito anthu wolfia pofuna kudya.

Tacca Chantrier

Tacca Chantrier - udzu wobiriwira wambiri. Izi zosatha zimakula mpaka masentimita 10 m'litali, zakhala ndi zowonongeka mizu. Ma tsamba a masamba obiriwira amapezeka nthawi zambiri kapena ozungulira. Tacca Chantrieux ndi chomera cha rosette, masamba ake akuyikidwa mu rosette. Maluwa ambili mpaka 25 ali mu 1-2 maambulera opangidwa ndi mawonekedwe a panicles, pavivi mpaka 63 cm. Mu spikelet, kuyambira 6 mpaka 26 yaitali, filiform bracts akhoza kuwonedwa. Mtundu wa bracts ndi wobiriwira kapena wobiriwira. Mu udzu wamkulu, maluwa amakhala ndi mtundu wofiirira. Kumtchire, maluwa amatha kuchokera pachiyambi cha kasupe mpaka kumapeto kwa nyengo ya chilimwe. Takka Chantrie ku Southeast Asia. Ndiwo maluwa osasangalatsa, omwe ali ndi mayina, zithunzi ndi mafotokozedwe omwe tikufuna kukudziwani. Ngati muli ndi mwayi wokwanira kukumana ndi maluwa okongola komanso okongola, mukhoza kuwazindikira mosavuta.