Mbali za kulima Saintpaulia kunyumba

Imodzi mwa zomera zomwe zimakonda kwambiri nyumba zimakhala zotupa. Ngakhale kuti ambiri oimira maluwawa ndi amtengo wapatali ndipo amafunika kusamalidwa nthawi zonse, iwo amayamba kukondana okha poyamba, okongola ndi kukongola kwake. Mwamwayi, palinso odzichepetsa ndipo panthawi imodzimodzi osakongoletsera mitundu, mwachitsanzo, imodzi mwa zomera izi ndi zovuta kapena Saintpaulia.

Kufotokozera

Africa imaonedwa kuti ndi malo obadwira a saintpaulia, ndipo idatchulidwa dzina lake polemekeza Walter von St. Paul, yemwe anapeza izo pokhala ku Tanzania m'mapiri a Uzambarskie, ndipo adafotokoza mwatsatanetsatane. Pambuyo pawonetsero pa chiwonetsero chokongola cha maluwa, kenako ndi kusankha kosankhidwa, komwe kunapanga mitundu yambiri ndi mitundu ya zomera.

Werengani za zovuta za kukula kwa Vittrock violet, osatha, tricolor ndi usiku violet.

Saintpaulia ndi chomera chamkati chamkati. Pa tsinde lake lofupikitsidwa ndi rosette yokhala ndi miyala yambiri yaitali masambaomwe amasiyana mofanana ndi mawonekedwe malinga ndi zosiyanasiyana. Zikhoza kumakhala kuzungulira, kutsekula komanso kutsekemera pamutu wozungulira thupi.

Pamwamba pa pepalali muli chovala chodziwika bwino. Mtundu wa masamba a masambawo ndi wosiyana, masambawo akhoza kujambula muzitsamba zobiriwira ndi zobiriwira pamwamba, ndi pansi pa zobiriwira, zobiriwira ndi zofiirira. Zimayambira pa masamba kwambiri.

Mukudziwa? Zikhulupiriro zambiri ndi zizindikiro zamtunduwu zimakhudzana ndi violets. Zimakhulupirira kuti chomeracho chimakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi mlengalenga ndipo amatha kuchenjeza eni ake za kusintha kwakukulu. Zimanenedwa kuti kutuluka mwadzidzidzi kwa masamba kungakhale chizindikiro chakuti ndalama zowonongeka zikubwera, ndipo kufalikira kwakukulu kumafalikira uthenga wabwino.

Mitengo pa violet ndizochepa, koma pali zambiri. Pa nthawi ya maluwa pa imodzi saintpaulia, mpaka masamba 100 akhoza kuwonanso nthawi yomweyo. Pakali pano pali mitundu yoposa 1000 ya violets, kotero mitundu yosiyanasiyana, maonekedwe ndi maonekedwe a maluwa awo imadabwitsa kwambiri malingaliro.

Petals ndi ophweka, ophwanyika ndi mphonje, zofiira ndi zowonongeka, ndipo mitundu yawo ndi yosavuta komanso yosiyana. Pali pinki, yoyera, ya buluu, ya buluu, yofiirira komanso yosiyanasiyana ya mitundu iyi. Uambarskaya violet - osasamala kwambiri mu chisamaliro, kotero ndi otchuka kwambiri kukula kwao kunyumba.

Tikufika

Kuti violet nthawi yayitali akondweretse zokongoletsera zake osati kuti adwale, ndikofunika kwambiri kuti mubzala bwino. Chofunika kwambiri ndicho mphamvu yobzala ndi gawo lapansi. Phika limene zomera zikukula likhale laling'ono katatu kusiyana ndi maluwa.

Mtsikana woyenera mphamvu yokhala ndi mamita 5-7 masentimita. Posankha dothi, zosankha ziyenera kuperekedwa kwa magawo okonzedwa bwino kapena kuti azizipanga okha. M'munda nthaka yikani supuni ya superphosphate ndi fupa chakudya (150-200 g).

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kukula bwino kwa violet, m'pofunikira kupanga madzi abwino, kutsegulira mwapadera kuti mutuluke mchere wambiri ndipo muonetsetse kuti mukuwongolera.
Chophimba chokonzekera chiyenera kudzazidwa pakati ndi gawo lapansi ndikuyika madzi osakaniza, ndikutsanulira nthaka yosakaniza kuti mtunda wa pakati pa dothi ndi canister uli ndi masentimita awiri.

Kuswana

Ndi kubereka kwa maluwa amkatiwa sikukhala ndi mavuto. Ngakhalenso wolima kafukufuku akhoza kuchita izi, chinthu chofunika kwambiri ndicho kudziwa mfundo zoyendetsera njirayi ndikuonetsetsa kuti mukusamalira zomera zazing'ono.

Makhalidwe a Leaf

Kufalikira kwa mabulosi violet ikuchitika ndi kudula. Mukhoza kuchita chaka chonse, koma alimi odziwa bwino amalangiza kuti azichita masika kapena chilimwe, chifukwa ndi nthawi yomwe zomerazo zidzakhazikika bwino.

Nthawi zambiri ziphuphu zimabzalidwa m'mabedi a maluwa kuti apange malo okongoletsera. Ndipo zamoyo monga tricolor ndi usiku violet zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa mankhwala amtundu.
Ndikofunika kudula masamba abwino, kulimbikitsa masamba kuti utali wake ukhale 1.5-2 masentimita, umayikidwa m'madzi, mchenga kapena peat osakaniza musanayambe mizu, yomwe idzawoneka masiku 20-30. Pambuyo pa violets, mizuyo imayenera kuikidwa m'magawo ochepa.

Kwa zomera zazing'ono, muyenera kukonzekera dothi lapadera, lomwe ndilo, kusakaniza sod, pepala ndi peat nthaka ndi humus ndi mchenga. Malo okonzeka okonzeka kugula angagulidwe pa masitolo apadera a maluwa. Pambuyo pa masiku 40-45, Saintpaulia amakaikidwa mu mphika waukulu, umene umakula. Pakuwombera, munthu sayenera kuiwala kuti ngalande yabwino ndi yofunikira kwambiri pa violets.

Pasynkami

Mitundu yambiri ya violets ili ndi njira zam'tsogolo kapena, monga iwo amatchedwanso, ana opeza. Amadulidwa mosamala, kenako amazika mizu mofanana ndi cuttings. Ngati palibe njira zowonongeka pa violet, ziwonekere ngati muzitsatira kukula. Oyenera kubwereka ndi ana opeza, omwe kutalika kwake ndi 2.5-3 masentimita.

Chisamaliro

Pakubereka Saintpaulia, ndikofunikira kupereka chomeracho ndi zinthu zabwino komanso kusamalira bwino, zomwe zikutsatira malamulo osavuta komanso osatenga nthawi yambiri ndikugwira ntchito, koma ndithudi zimakhala zothandiza pa umoyo ndi kukongoletsa kwa mbewu.

Zinthu (kutentha, kuunikira, chinyezi)

Kutentha mu chipinda chomwe violets zimakula ziyenera kusiyana pakati pa 20 ... +25 madigiri. Kutsika kwapansi kapena kutentha kumatengedwa kuti sikuli bwino kwa mbewu ndipo kungayambitse kusowa kwa maluwa.

Ndikofunikira! Chinthu chofunika kwambiri ndi kupezeka kwazithunzi mu chipinda chomwe Saintpaulia amakula.
Maluwa awa kukonda kwambiri kuwala, koma palibe njira yeniyeni ya dzuwa. Njira yabwino yoyendamo ndiyo mawindo akumadzulo ndi kummawa. Ngati simungathe kupereka kuwala kwachibadwa, nyali za fluorescent zingagwiritsidwe ntchito, chinthu chofunika kwambiri ndicho kuti maluwawo azikhala owala kwa maola 10-12 pa tsiku. Kuti ma violets akule mofanana, amayenera kutembenuzidwa ndi mbali zosiyana ndi kuwala tsiku lililonse masiku 2-3.

Saintpaulias amakonda mphepo yamtendere, izi zingatheke poika madzi ndiwindo pawindo kapena kutsekemera mpweya wozungulira iwo kangapo patsiku ndi mfuti.

Kuthirira

Chisamaliro cha senpolia kunyumba chimasonyeza kuthirira nthawi yake nthawi zonse. Chofunika kwambiri ndi mtundu wa madzi ogwiritsidwa ntchito, uyenera kukhala wofewa. Choncho, musanayambe kukonzekera kuti muteteze kapena kuwiritsa, mungathe kufanso ndi kuthira madzi.

Njira yabwino imayesedwa kukhala kuthirira mu poto, kutsanulirani madzi, ndipo pakatha mphindi 20-30 zotsalirazo zatsanulidwa. Mukhoza kuthirira mbewu ndi pamwamba, pamutu uwu, muyenera kutsanulira madzi mosamala pansi pazu, kuteteza kuphuka kwa madontho pamasamba ndi kumayambira. Muzipanga madzi 2-3 pa sabata pamene dothi luma.

Kupaka pamwamba

Manyowa maluwa mu nyengo yogwira nyengo, ndiko kuti, masika ndi chilimwe, kamodzi kamodzi masabata 2-3. Pazinthu izi, mungagwiritse ntchito madzi ovuta mchere wothirira mankhwala. Ngati ma violets ali ndi magetsi opangira, ndiye kuti ndibwino kuti muzisamba chaka chonse.

Kuwaza

Mitengo akuluakulu amalimbikitsa kubzala osati kamodzi pachaka. Pezani miphika yaying'ono, monga kuchuluka kwa malo opanda ufulu angapangitse kuti mizu iyamba kuvunda. Mitsuko imayikidwa pansi pa thanki, kenako imadzazidwa ndi gawo lapansi ndipo violet imayikidwa kuti phokoso likukula ndi nthaka ndipo masamba ali apamwamba kuposa nthaka.

Ndikofunikira! Kukula kwakukulu kapena kozama kungachititse maluwa kuti asiye kukula kapena kuyamba kuvunda, motero onetsetsani kuti mukumvetsera pamene mukuwotchera.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Ngati kutentha sikusamaliridwa komanso kusamalidwa bwino, vidiyo yotsekemera imataya mphamvu zake, zomwe zingayambitse matenda osiyanasiyana. Zikhoza kuwonetsedwa ndi kuwonjezereka kapena kusowa kwa kuwala, kumwa madzi okwanira, kuzizira kapena kutentha, komanso mpweya wozizira.

Kuti chomera chisawonongeke chingathe kudziƔika ndi kuchepetsa kukula ndikusintha mtundu wa masamba. Tizilombo monga cyclamen mite, whitefly ndi aphid zingawoneke ngati mlendo wosavomerezeka pa violet.

Saintpaulias amayamba kudwala matenda monga imvi yovunda ndi powdery mildew, ndipo ngati atapezeka, m'pofunikira kuthana ndi mankhwala apadera.

Bloom achinyamata saintpaulia

Violets amasamba miyezi 6 mutabzala, ndipo maluwa amapitirira kwa miyezi 8. Kuti iwo aziphuka kwambiri komanso motalika, kuwala kwakukulu n'kofunika kwambiri.

Maluwa akale saintpaulia

A Saintpaulias wamkulu amakula pachimake ngati achinyamata. Inde, iwo amasiyanitsidwa ndi kuchuluka kwa masamba: pa chomera akhoza kukhala ndi zidutswa 80 mpaka 100.

Mukudziwa? Kutchulidwa koyamba kwa violets kumabwerera ku 500 g. er Kale ku Greece, amakhulupirira kuti amaimira chikondi ndi kubala. Ma petals anapangidwira kuchokera kumbali ya zomera, ndipo adawonjezeredwa ku zakumwa ndi zakudya monga zokometsera.

Maluwa okongola, okongoletsa amatha kukongoletsa ndikuthandizira mkati mwawo ndi kukondweretsa iwo omwe ali pafupi ndi maluwa awo osangalatsa. Nthawi zambiri kubzala kwa violet imodzi kumabweretsa maonekedwe a mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana, ndipo izi zimakhala chifukwa chakuti ali osasamala komanso akusangalala kwambiri.