Ficus ndi lyroid kunyumba

Ficus ndi imodzi mwa zomera zotchuka kwambiri zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonza malo. Tsopano mmodzi wa oimira a mtundu uwu, ficus ndi lyrotic chifukwa cha masamba ake (mawonekedwe ake apadera amachititsa maluwa kukhala okondweretsa kwambiri) amasangalala kwambiri ndi kutchuka mu nyumba ya floriculture.

Kufotokozera

Ficus lyre amatchulidwa kwambiri chifukwa cha mawonekedwe a masamba, omwe amafanana ndi lyre kapena violin, kotero anthu amachitcha izo - ficus treble. Mbali imeneyi ya chomera inachititsa kuti ikhale yotchuka chifukwa chokula pakhomo, m'maofesi komanso m'madera osiyanasiyana.

Zili za banja la mabulosi ndipo zimakula ku Africa. Kumudzi kwawo kumakhala kutalika mamita 30. Zizindikiro za ficus lyre:

  • chomera chobiriwira chiri chonse chikukula m'nyumba zoposa mamita 2.5;
  • thunthu lolunjika, lopweteka, loyera, lakuda nthambi;
  • Masamba ndi aakulu, kufika kutalika kwa masentimita 45, chikopa chokongoletsa chimawala ndi kuwala, m'mphepete mwake ndi pang'ono. Pakatikati, tsambali limagwedezeka pamodzi ndipo lili ndi mitsinje yowala, yomwe ili ngati chida choimbira ndi zingwe;
  • masamba amakula pa petioles ang'onoang'ono komanso pamtima pa tsinde;
  • kuthengo, zomera zimakula zipatso zozungulira, zochepa, zobiriwira;
  • Chomeracho chimakonda kuwala kwambiri ndi chinyezi, chimayendetsedwa ndi kusintha kwa kutentha.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya ficus lyre:

  • "Columnaris" - wamtali wamaluwa maluwa, ogwiritsidwa ntchito m'madera onse ndi m'minda yachisanu;
    Mukudziwa? Ficus ndi chomera chakale kwambiri. Sarcophagi amene anapezeka m'manda a ku Iguputo wakale anapangidwa ndi ficus.
  • "Chidutswa Chaching'ono" - chomera chokhala chakuya, chotchuka m'maofesi;
    Phunzirani zambiri za kukula kwa ficus mikrokarpa, Benjamini ndi ficus yofuula.
  • "Bambino" - Maluwa ochepa okhala ndi korona yaing'ono ndi masamba ang'onoang'ono, omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga nyumba.

Mavuto akukula

Luso la ficus ndilofunika ku munda wamaluwa chifukwa cha masamba ake osazolowereka. Koma iye ndi wopanda nzeru: Kuchokera ku zinthu zosayenerera kwa izo, ficus imabala masamba ndipo chifukwa cha ichi mphamvu yake yokongoletsera imatayika.

Choncho, duwa likusowa bwino, pafupi ndi chirengedwe, zinthu zokula, zomwe zimadalira:

  • kutentha koyenera kwa zomwe zili;
  • chinyezi cham'chipinda;
  • kuunikira;
  • nthaka.
Mukudziwa? M'mabuku, mungapeze mfundo zomwe zikudyetsa zomera ndi mkaka. Ficus kutalika kwa masentimita 20 m'chaka chakumapeto kwa kukula kwachangu mkati mwa mweziwo kunatsanulidwa kawiri ndi mkaka wakuda. Chakudyacho chinali makilogalamu 100 panthawi ndipo kugwa adalandira maluwa okwera mamita.
Lingalirani chinthu chilichonse mosiyana.

Kutentha

Popeza duwa ndi malo otentha, kutentha kwa kulima kwake kuyenera kukhala kosiyana:

  • m'chilimwe - kuyambira madigiri 20 mpaka 25;
  • m'nyengo yozizira - kuchokera madigiri 15 mpaka 20.

Ficus sichikutanthauza kusintha kwa kutentha kwachangu - bulawuni lofiira kwambiri limawoneka pa masamba. Nthaka mu mphika iyenso sayenera kukhala yochuluka.

M'nyengo yozizira, ngati duwa liri pawindo lazenera, muyenera kuika pansi pa mphika, ndi kukulunga poto ndi chinachake. Mukakwera m'chipinda muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti ficus sinalembedwe.

Timagawana zinsinsi za kulima bwino kwa zomera monga ruellium, mtengo wa sitiroberi, achimenez, aspidistra, calla, crocuses, lithops ndi kohleria
Ndikofunikira! Zimazizira sayenera kukhala pansi + madigiri 12. Ngati chipinda chimakhala chozizira, madzi okwanira ayenera kusungidwa. Mu nthaka youma, maluwawo amatha kupirira kutentha kwa madigiri 10, koma kwa kanthaŵi kochepa chabe.

Kutentha kwa mpweya

Violin Ficus imafuna chinyezi chowonjezeka m'chipinda, ndipo mukhoza kuchipanga pogwiritsa ntchito:

  • chidziwitso;
  • Kupukuta ndi masamba osungunuka a siponji;
  • kupopera mbewu nthawi zonse;
  • mvula yam'tsogolo, makamaka m'chilimwe;
  • kuikidwa pafupi ndi mphika wa zitsulo zamadzi.

Miphika ndi zomera ziyenera kuikidwa patsogolo kuchokera kutentha kwapakati.

Kuunikira

Maluwa ochokera kumadera otentha ndi ofunikira kwambiri, choncho chipinda chomwe ficus chimakula chiyenera kuunikira bwino popanda kuwala kwa dzuwa komwe kumagwa pammera. Chipinda choyenera chokhala ndi mawindo akuyang'ana kumadzulo kapena kummawa. Kumbali ya kumpoto, zomera zidzavutika chifukwa cha kusowa kwauni, ndipo kum'mwera, dzuwa limayaka masamba. M'nyengo yozizira, usana ukhoza kupitilira pogwiritsa ntchito chomera.

Nthaka

Ficus amakonda dziko lachonde ndi malo osalowerera ndale. Dothi lokonzeka la chomera lingathe kugula kapena kukonzekera nokha.

Nthaka iyenera kukhala ndi:

  • dziko la sod - gawo limodzi;
  • nthaka yamera - gawo limodzi;
  • Mchenga wa Mtsinje kapena perlite - 0,5 mbali ndi Kuwonjezera kwa makala.

Asanagwiritse ntchito, nthaka yokonzedwa iyenera kuyamwa kuti iwononge tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Ndikofunikira! Mkaka wa mkaka (mkaka), womwe umatulutsidwa pa mdulidwe wa zimayambira, kukhudzana ndi khungu kumayambitsa kukwiya kwake.

Chisamaliro

Ficus lyre amamva bwino kunyumba, ngati ntchito zonse zothandizira zikuwonetsedwa ndikuchitidwa bwino. Izi zikuphatikizapo:

  • kuthirira;
  • chovala;
  • kupatsa;
  • kudulira.

Taganizirani izi muzigawo.

Kuthirira

Maluwa amafa ndi madzi osayenera. Chiwerengero cha waterings chimadalira chikhalidwe cha nthaka mumaluwa, nyengo yozizira ndi chinyezi cha chipinda chimene maluŵa amakula.

Dziko lapansi liyenera kukhala ndi nthawi yowuma pamaso pa ulimi wothirira. Kutentha, njirayi iyenera kuchitika kangapo pa sabata, kupereka madzi abwino kwambiri pansi. M'nyengo yozizira, kuchuluka kwa ulimi wothirira kwacheperapo kamodzi masiku asanu ndi awiri.

Madzi ayenera kukhala otentha kapena kutentha. Mafuta owonjezera kuchokera ku poto ayenera kuchotsedwa ndikupukuta pansi pa mphika ndi poto ndi chigamba.

Kupaka pamwamba

Chomera chimakula mofulumira, chotero, kuti chikhale chowoneka bwino, chikusowa zakudya zowonjezera zomwe zimapezekapo:

  • nayitrogeni - chifukwa chokula bwino ndi mtundu wobiriwira wa masamba. Chomera chotchuka kwambiri ndi urea, chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kamodzi kanthawi m'nyengo yamasika;
  • phosphorous - kuti chitukuko cha mbewu zitsamba. Superphosphate imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri;
  • Potaziyamu ndizofunika kuti madzi asamadziwike komanso chitetezo chitetezo. Ambiri feteleza ndi nkhuni phulusa. Anasungunuka m'madzi otentha ndipo anadutsa masiku 7. 0,5 malita a madzi otentha amafunika supuni ya phulusa.

Manyowa a feteleza omwe angathe kukonzekera kunyumba:

  • ammonium nitrate - 5 magalamu;
  • superphosphate - 0,5 magalamu;
  • potaziyamu mchere - 0,1 magalamu.
Onse zigawo zimasungunuka mu lita imodzi ya madzi. Kupaka kwapamwamba kumachitika panthawi ya kuthirira nthawi yogwira ntchito 2 nthawi pa mwezi.

Ndi bwino kugwiritsira ntchito zovuta zowonjezera mchere, zomwe zingagulidwe m'masitolo apadera, onse omwe ali ndi madzi ndi granulated (ochita kawirikawiri), monga "Rainbow", "Bona Forte", biohumus.

Kudulira

Chifukwa cha kukula kwake mofulumira, ficus ayenera kudula kuti apange chitsamba chokongola ndi chokongola. Mphukira imadulidwa ku masentimita 1 pamwamba pa masamba, zomwe zimathandiza kuti kumera kwa mphukira zatsopano, motero, kupanga korona wokongola.

Kuwaza

Ficus, chifukwa cha kukula kwake kwakukulu, imayenera kuikidwa nthawi zonse m'mitsuko yochulukirapo. Zaka zingapo zoyambirira, njirayi iyenera kuchitika pachaka pachaka. Pambuyo pa zaka 4, mutha kubzala pambuyo pa zaka zingapo, ndipo mutha kuzindikira kuti kufunika kwa izi ndi mizu yomwe imayamba kukwawa mumabowo pansi pa mphika, zomwe zimatulutsa chinyezi. Poto yatsopano iyenera kukhala yayikulu kuposa yakaleyo ndi zala zingapo m'lifupi ndi kutalika.

Kuwotchera kumachitidwa mosamalitsa popanda kuwononga dothi ladothi, chifukwa ichi chomera chiyenera kuthiriridwa. Mizere imadzaza ndi nthaka yatsopano.

Pansi pa mphika mutabzala, m'pofunika kuyika wosanjikiza pa 1/3 mwavotolo, ndipo mudzaze nthaka pamwamba ndi mchenga wa mchenga.

Mukudziwa? Kuti masamba aziwala bwino ndi kukhala ndi mtundu wolemera, amafunika kupukutidwa ndi madzi ndi kuwonjezera kwa mayonesi ambiri. Gawo la kapu ya madzi - supuni ya tiyi ya mankhwala.

Kuswana

Ficus lyre ikhoza kufalikira m'njira zingapo:

  • mbewu. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kawirikawiri, chifukwa ndi kofunika kutentha kutentha kwa madigiri 25, ndipo mbande zimatha miyezi 2-3;
  • cuttings. M'chaka cha maluwa wathanzi, cuttings amadulidwa kutalika kwa masentimita 15 ndi awiri awiri a masamba. Madzi otulutsidwa ku tsinde, osambitsidwa bwino ndi owuma kwa maola angapo.

    Ndiye zidutswazo zimamizidwa mu chidebe cha madzi. Kufulumizitsa kutuluka kwa mizu m'madzi kuwonjezera mizu, ndipo mapepala pa chogwirira amadulidwa pakati. Chomera chodzala chimaphimbidwa ndi thumba la pulasitiki kuti apange wowonjezera kutentha ndipo patatha masiku 30 mizu yoyamba ikuwonekera.

    Komanso tizidulidwe tingabzalidwe mu gawo lokonzekera. Nthaka iyenera kukhala yowonongeka, yotayirira komanso bwino kuyamwa chinyezi. Mukhoza kugula mapulogalamu okonzedweratu, ndipo mukhoza kukonzekera kusakaniza kopangidwa ndi mchenga ndi perlite mofanana (chikhotiti chips chidzachitira perlite). Zimapanga wowonjezera kutentha ndi kutentha kwa madigiri 25. Ndikofunika kufufuza chinyezi cha mchere wa dziko lapansi, kuti usalole kuti uume, komanso kuti usafalikire, komanso kuchotseratu filimuyo poyimba;

  • mawonekedwe a mpweya. Sankhani mphukira yazing'ono popanda makungwa, nthawi zonse ndi pamwamba pa kukula ndi mapepala awiri. Pansi pa masamba achotsedwa kutalika, pafupifupi ofanana ndi masentimita 10. Pakati pa malowa ndi mpeni wosalala, mankhwalawa amapangidwa pa tsinde kuti mkaka uwonekere.

    Amatsukidwa bwino ndi madzi owiritsa, ndipo incision imafalikira ndi mizu yonse kukula stimulant. Kenaka malowa atsekedwa moss osakanizidwa komanso pamwamba pake ndi pulasitiki. Pamene mizu ikukula mokwanira kudyetsa chomera chamtsogolo, mphukira imamasulidwa ku polyethylene ndi moss, kudula pansi pa mizu ndikubzala mu mphika wokonzeka.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kumera mchere, m'pofunika kuwonjezera makala amadzi, omwe amawaphera mavitamini komanso osalola kudula.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Matenda a ficus amachokera ku chisamaliro chosayenera:

  • masamba amatembenukira chikasu ndi kugwera pansi - kutsika kwachinyezi mu chipinda. Pukutani masamba kapena kupukuta ndi nsalu yonyowa, onetsetsani chopukutira chakuda pa radiator;
  • masamba amakhala ochepa ndi ochepa - kusowa zakudya. Dyetsani feteleza pansi pazu ndi pa pepala, komanso fufuzani kukula kwa mphika - mizu ingakhale yopanda malo okwanira.

Ficus tizirombo ndi:

  • kangaude Polimbana nalo, mungagwiritse ntchito decoction ya cyclamen mizu. Kuti muwononge malo okhudzidwa maulendo angapo masiku asanu, mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito mapulani okonzekera, monga "Vertimek", "Mavrik" ndi ena;
  • aphid lalanje Amafera bwino kuchokera ku fodya ndi kuwonjezera kwa sopo. Ndondomeko imachitika sabata iliyonse mpaka nsabwe za m'masamba zikufa;
  • mealybug Masamba, kumene tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa amawonekera, ayenera kupukutidwa ndi thonje za thonje zotayidwa mowa, ndiyeno azipanga maluwa kusamba ndikupukuta masamba bwino;
  • schitovka. Tizilombo ting'onoting'ono timachotsedwa pokhapokha, ndipo mphutsi zingathe kuwonongedwa ndi kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa.
Mbewu zowonongeka ndi tizirombo zimayenera kukhala patali kuti matendawo asapite ku maluwa ena.

Ngati mwasankha kuyambitsa chozizwitsa ichi chakumudzi, kutsatira malamulo onse a chisamaliro chake kungakhale wamkulu wokongola wokongola. Ndi kofunika kukumbukira kuti ficus ndi lyroid - duwa ndilokhalera, maluwa ndi maluwa ena amamupweteka.