Momwe mungapangire tomato zouma kunyumba

Tomato wouma amapezeka mndandanda wa malo ambiri odyera ku Italy. Ndizofunikira kwambiri pa zakudya za Mediterranean. Kugula katundu kuchokera ku Italy m'masitolo sikupindulitsa pazifukwa zachuma, koma nthawi zonse mumafuna kuyesera kukoma kwa zakudya zabwino za ku Italy. Choncho, muyenera kuphunzira kuphika chakudya choterocho. M'nkhani ino tidzakambirana za momwe tingamire tomato pakhomo, zomwe zimadyedwa tomato ndi malo oti tiziwonjezera.

Tomato wouma ndi dzuwa mu uvuni m'nyengo yozizira

Musanayambe kuphika, muyenera kusankha tomato yoyenera. Pamsika, perekani mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato wofiira, yomwe imakhala yambiri komanso yamkati. Akatswiri amalimbikitsa kugula mitundu "mphesa" kapena "chala cha Dona." Ndibwino kuti mukuwerenga "Cherry", yomwe ili ndi madzi osachepera.

Zida zamakono ndi ziwiya

Kuti tipange tomato wouma mu uvuni, timafunika:

  • chovala kapena nsalu;
  • Grill kapena kuphika pepala (yokutidwa ndi zikopa);
  • brush kapena silicone brush;
  • mitsuko ya magalasi.
Mukhozanso kukolola tomato, kuphika mu madzi anu, kupanikizana, mu mbiya, kuphika muzira yozizira, pangani saladi ndi tomato, pangani madzi a phwetekere.

Zosakaniza

Mmodzi mwa otchuka kwambiri maphikidwe kwa zouma tomato mu uvuni m'nyengo yozizira ndi Provencal zouma tomato. Dzina la mbale iyi linali chifukwa cha kuwonjezera kwa zitsamba za Provencal, kupereka tomato fungo lapadera ndi kukoma.

Kuphika Provencal zouma tomato, muyenera kukhala ndi izi:

  • tomato - 5 makilogalamu;
  • Zitsamba za Provencal (zouma, zidula) - thyme, marjoram, basil, rosemary;
  • pansi tsabola wakuda (makamaka kukhala akupera kuti azikhala bwino);
  • mafuta - 0,6 l (makamaka mafuta a maolivi, kusunga miyambo ya ku Italy, koma mafuta a masamba ndi oyenera nthawi yoyamba; maola 0.5 a mafuta ndi ofunika kuti asungidwe, ndi magalamu zana ochiritsira);
  • mchere - 2-3 tsp. (yonjezerani kukoma kwanu);
  • masamba atsopano;
  • adyo.
Ndikofunikira! Ndi bwino kugaya zonunkhira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwamsanga musanagwiritse ntchito. Apo ayi, iwo adzataya gawo lalikulu la kukoma kwawo.
Zitsamba za azitona zingakhoze kuphatikizidwa, kuwonjezera zina za izo. Ganizirani zokhutiritsa zokoma zanu. Ngati mumakonda zokometsera zokometsera, mukhoza kuwonjezera ufa wofiira mmalo mwa tsabola wakuda.

Chinsinsi chotsatira ndi sitepe

Ntchito yokophika mbale yowonjezera ili motere:

  • Tomato amasamba bwinobwino ndikupukuta. Pambuyo pake, pewani pang'onopang'ono ndikuchotsa mkati (mbewu ndi madzi). Ngati izi sizinayambe, pangakhale kupatulidwa kwa mpweya wambiri, kuyanika kumatha kuchedwa kwa maola angapo.
  • Ikani tomato pakati pa gulu lokonzekera kapena pepala lophika. Sakanizani masamba ndi tsabola ndi mchere kuti mulawe, kenako muwawaza ndi tomato. Pangani chotsatira chotsatira ndi mafuta pogwiritsa ntchito burashi kapena utsi.
  • Pa nthawiyi, chophika chophika ndi tomato chikhoza kukankhidwa mu uvuni. Kuyanika kungatenge maola 4-6 (malingana ndi kukula ndi juiciness wa ndiwo zamasamba).
    Phunzirani momwe mungayamire maapulo, maluwa othamanga, maula, masamba, currants, thyme, mapeyala, bowa, mkaka, boletus, apricots, cilantro.
    Kuyanika kuyenera kuchitika pa kutentha kwa 80 ° C. Zikatero, tomato adzauma, osati kuphika. Koma m'pofunika kukumbukira kuti pakupukuta mpweya wochuluka udzatulutsidwa, kotero mumasowa ng'anjo yokhala ndi makina othamanga. Ngati muli ndi uvuni wokhazikika, ndiye pafupi ola limodzi mutayamba kuphika ndikofunikira kuti mutsegule chitseko ndipo musamatseke mpaka kumapeto kwa kuyanika.
  • Pa kuyanika, tomato amataya pafupifupi 60-70% payekha. Kuchokera pa makilogalamu 5 a tomato atsopano adzamasulidwa pafupi 1-1.2 makilogalamu a zouma. Mukatha kuyanika, muyenera kukonzekera kusungira zakudya zopanda chakudya m'nyengo yozizira. Kuti muchite izi, konzekerani mitsuko, yambani masamba osambira pansi pa madzi ndikuchotsa pelic kuchokera ku adyo.
  • Tsopano tomato zouma zasungidwa mu mabanki mu zigawo. Pakati pa aliyense wosanjikiza ayenera kuika basil pang'ono ndi adyo.
Mukudziwa? Umboni wamabwinja umasonyeza kuti Aaztec wakale ndi Inca anayamba kugwiritsa ntchito tomato kuti aziphikira. Ndipo ku Ulaya, masamba amenewa anadza m'zaka za m'ma XYI.
  • Pamene mtsuko uli wodzaza, muyenera kuwonjezera mafuta. Mosiyana, ndikufuna kunena za mankhwala otentha a mafuta. Apa chirichonse chidzadalira nthawi yochuluka yomwe muti muzisungira chotukuka chouma. Ngati imayima mufiriji kwa miyezi 6-8, ndiye kuti mafuta sakuyenera kutenthedwa. Kwa moyo wautali wambiri, mafuta ayenera kuwerengedwa.
  • Pamene mafuta akudzaza mtsuko zonsezo, zitsekani ndi malo pamalo ozizira kuti musunge.

Tomato wouma ndi dzuwa mumayendedwe a magetsi

Ophika ambiri amakhulupirira kuti ndibwino kuphika tomato zouma mu chowuma cha magetsi. Izi ndi chifukwa cha zinthu zambiri: kusunga ndalama pa kuyanika, kusamala komanso kupuma pang'ono (palibe chifukwa choti mukhale ndi uvuni ndi convection, nthawi zonse mutsegule chitseko), kutanthauza kutentha kwenikweni.

Ngati tikulankhula za kukoma kwa mbale yotsatira, ndiye kuti sipadzakhala kusiyana kwakukulu kuchokera kuphika mu uvuni.

Zida zamakono ndi ziwiya

Kukonzekera phwando la phwetekere motere muyenera kutero:

  • Wowonjezera magetsi (mphamvu, kutalika ndi chiwerengero cha pallets zilibe kanthu, koma chowumitsa chodula kwambiri chidzagwira ntchito bwino panthawi yopulumutsa);
  • supuni ya tiyi ndi mbale (kuchotsa mbewu ndi madzi owonjezera kuchokera ku tomato);
  • chophimba cha khitchini ndi mpeni (chifukwa chodula ndiwo zamasamba);
  • pepala lamapepala.

Zosakaniza

Musanayambe kuphika, onetsetsani kuti mwagula zofunikira zonse:

  • kukula kwake kwapakati.
  • mchere (makamaka nyanja) - 1.5 tsp;
  • adyo - mitu yaing'ono iwiri;
  • Zakudya zonunkhira kuti azilawa (zimalimbikitsa kugula "zitsamba za Italy") - 2 tsp;
  • mafuta a maolivi - 1/4 lita.
Kuthandizira kake ka Italy ku tomato wouma, kugula lalikulu nyanja yamchere.
Ndikofunikira! Mukamayanika tomato mumagetsi otsekemera, ndikofunika kuti muyambe kuyambanso chipangizochi. Izi ndizofunika kuti madzi akumwa kuchokera ku tomato mwamsanga amatha kusinthasintha komanso sawononga injini.
Mafuta amatha kusonkhanitsa bwino, choyikacho chiyenera kukhala ndi basil, zouma adyo, savory, oregano.

Mafuta ayenera kukhala azitona, koma musagule chogulitsa choyamba chozizira.

Chinsinsi chotsatira ndi sitepe

Kuti mukhale ndi chidwi choyang'ana ku Italy, tsatirani malangizo awa:

  • Poyamba, dulani tomato mzidutswa ziwiri ndikuchotsani chilichonse.
  • Kenaka pulumutsani ndi supuni ya supuni ya juisi ndi mbeu kuchokera ku zamasamba. Idzakupulumutsani maola 3-4 mu kuyanika.
  • Kenako mukufuna kuchotsa chinyezi chotsalira kuchokera ku tomato. Kuti muchite izi, ikani magawo a tomato pampukutu wa pepala, kudula (kwa mphindi 20-30).
  • Timatenthetsa chowometsa cha magetsi kwa mphindi 5-10. Sikuyenera kukhala pallets mkati.
  • Kenaka timayika tomato pa pallets ndi kudula mbali (ngati titachita zosiyana, ndiye kuti pali mwayi wa chinyezi pa injini).
  • Sakanizani mchere ndi zitsamba zouma, mofanana mugawire zonunkhira mkati mwa ndiwo zamasamba.
  • Tsopano mapaleti ndi tomato ayenera kuikidwa mu dryer. Kuyanika kutentha kumafunika kukhala 70-75 ° C. Ngati chowometsa chanu cha magetsi chiri ndi timer yokhazikika, ikani maola 8 mpaka 9.
  • Mphindi iliyonse 60-90, sintha mapaleti. Chowonadi ndichoti sitayi ya pansi nthawi zonse imatentha kwambiri chifukwa cha pafupi ndi firimu.
  • Pamene tomato ali okonzeka (pafupifupi maola 9), tulutseni kunja kwa zowuma ndipo muyambe kukonzekera mitsuko.
  • Dulani adyo mzidutswa tating'ono ting'ono komanso tizilombo toyambitsa mafuta (koma musabweretse ku chithupsa).
  • Tsopano ife timachita zonse mofanana ndi momwe zinalili kale. Ikani tomato wouma ndi adyo pamwamba pa mtsuko, kenaka yikani maolivi ndi ndowe zonse.
Mukudziwa? Botanists ali ndi mitundu pafupifupi 10,000 ya tomato.
  • Zindikirani kuti n'zotheka kugwiritsa ntchito tomato zouma malinga ndi zomwe zatchulidwa pamwambazi kwa zaka zingapo, monga momwe mafuta adagwirira ntchito. Koma ndi bwino kusunga kusungira kutentha (pafupi +5 ° C).

Tomato wouma mu microwave

Tomato wouma ndi dzuwa mu microwave - mwinamwake njira yosavuta komanso yofulumira kwambiri kuphika mbale iyi ya Mediterranean. Kuphika sikukutengerani nthawi yochuluka, ndipo kukoma kwa chakudya chotsirizidwa kumasiyana pang'ono ndi kuphika mu uvuni kapena magetsi.

Zida zamakono ndi ziwiya

Pofuna kukonza tomato zouma, tikusowa:

  • microwave;
  • pepala;
  • mbale ndi supuni ya supuni;
  • mabungwe oteteza.
Ngati njira yowonjezereka, mungafunikire burashi ya silicone kuti mugwiritse ntchito tomato ndi mafuta. Nthawi zambiri, mungagwiritse ntchito njira yakale ndikuikamo tomato wothira mafuta ndi gauze.

Zosakaniza

Pofuna kukonza chakudya chokoma cha Italy, muyenera kugula zinthu zotsatirazi:

  • 1-1.5 makilogalamu a sing'anga-kakulidwe tomato;
  • mafuta a maolivi (pafupifupi 50 g kuti mafuta azichiritsidwa, mafuta odzaza zitini amafunika kuchokera 150 mpaka 250 ml);
  • mchere wa nyanja kuti ulawe;
  • tsabola watsopano wakuda - 1 / 4-1 / 3 tsp. (ngati mukufuna zokometsera zokometsera, mukhoza kuwonjezera tsabola wambiri, motsogoleredwa ndi zokonda zanu);
  • wouma wosweka - 1/2 tsp;
  • Masamba a Provence kapena a "Italy zonunkhira" - 1/2 tsp;
  • adyo - 4-5 cloves apakati.
Ndikofunikira! Tomato wouma mu mafuta ali ndi 233 kcal pa 100 magalamu a mankhwala.
Ngati mukufuna, mukhoza kulota ndi kusonkhanitsa kwambiri kusakaniza kwa zitsamba zosiyanasiyana zouma. Anthu okonda zakudya zamakono akulangizidwa kuti awonjezere tsabola wofiira (wotentha) wotsekemera.

Chinsinsi chotsatira ndi sitepe

Kuphika tomato wouma mu microwave ndi motere:

  1. Tomato wanga ndikuwume.
  2. Dulani ndiwo zamasamba ndikuchotsani mkati mwa mbeu. Kenaka sungani tomato pamapepala kuti muchotse madzi otsala.
  3. Tomato okonzeka amawaza ndi kusakaniza kwa zonunkhira, mchere ndi tsabola. Kenako, perekani mafuta pang'ono a azitona pa iwo.
  4. Tsopano mukhoza kuika tomato mu microwave kwa mphindi zisanu. Pambuyo pa nthawiyi, sitimachotsa zamasamba kuchokera ku uvuni, asiye kuyima kwa mphindi 3-4 ndikuyambitsanso ma microwave kwa mphindi zisanu.
  5. Panthawiyi, tomato amafunika kuchotsedwa mu uvuni ndikukamwa madzi omwe amamasulidwa panthawi yowanika (koma osatiponyera, tikufunikirabe).
  6. Ikani tomato kwa mphindi zisanu mu microwave. Pambuyo pa nthawi yeniyeni, yonjezerani maminiti asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi awiri mphindi zisanu pa nthawi yake.
  7. Timatulutsa mbale yomaliza ndikukonzekera mitsuko. Timayika tomato mmenemo, kuwaza adyo onse ndi zonunkhira, kenaka kenaka mzere wachiwiri ndikubwezeretsanso ndondomekoyi.
  8. Pambuyo pakumanga tomato ayenera kubisika m'malo amdima kwa tsiku, kenaka amasamutsidwa ku firiji kapena m'chipinda chapansi pa malo osungira nthawi yaitali.

Kodi kusunga tomato zouma

Mafuta a zonunkhira tomato malingana ndi njira ya ku Italy, ambiri amakhalabe m'firiji. Ndipo ngati mulibe chipinda chapansi pa nyumba, simungaganizirenso njira ina.

Tomato yokhala ndi mafuta oumitsa amatha kusungidwa kwa zaka 2-3, ngati mafuta sakuumitsidwa, ndiye kuti kusungirako kumayenera kusungidwa kwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi ndi umodzi.

Mukudziwa? Kuchokera kumbali ya zomera, phwetekere ndi chipatso, kapena kani, mabulosi. Koma anthu akumutcha kuti masamba, osati m'dziko lathu lokha.
Ngati muli ndi cellar, ndiye kuti mavuto osungirako sadzawuka. M'chipinda chotere mungathe kukhala ndi mitsuko yambiri ndi tomato, ndipo kutentha kuli koyenera kwa nthawi yaitali.

Chochita ndi tomato zouma

Ndi tomato wouma mukhoza kuphika mbale zosiyanasiyana. Ndipo sikudzakhudza kukoma kwawo, koma mosiyana ndizo, zidzabweretsa zakudya zosiyanasiyana.

Ophunzira oyang'anira amatha kunena kuti zouma tomato zidzakhala zabwino Kuwonjezera pa mbale zotsatirazi:

  • masamba, nyama ndi nsomba za saladi;
  • kwa supu zosiyanasiyana ndi supu ya kabichi;
  • mpunga wa mpunga ndi Italiya zakudya zopanda pake;
  • mbatata yokazinga;
  • cutlets ndi nkhuku ma rolls.
Tomato wouma sagwiritsidwa ntchito limodzi ndi mbale zina, angagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati chotupitsa. Tomato wouma umagwiritsidwa ntchito pa crispy croutons ndi masamba a basil ndi chidutswa cha batala amawoneka ogwirizana ndi ozunguza. Tsopano mumatha kuphika tomato zouma panyumba m'njira zosiyanasiyana. Kuti muchite izi, simukusowa ziwiya zowakhwima zomwe simukuzidziwa komanso kudziwa bwino malonda a ku Italy. Koma potsirizira pake udzakhala ndi tomato onunkhira chifukwa cha zakudya zopanda chakudya tsiku lililonse.