Siderata pansi pa strawberries kuonjezera zokolola

Zokoma ndi zathanzi za strawberries - zomwe zimakonda kwambiri anthu akuluakulu ndi ana, zimakula pafupifupi m'munda uliwonse. Inde, wamaluwa amatha kuonetsetsa kuti zokololazo zakhazikika, ndi zipatso - zazikulu, zokometsera ndi zonunkhira. Pofuna kupeza zotsatirazi, kubzala mbewu pamalo amodzi chaka ndi chaka, popanda chithandizo cha feteleza ndizosatheka. Ndipo apa wamaluwa akuyang'aniridwa ndi chisankho cha momwe angadyetse chomera kuti apititse patsogolo ntchito popanda kugwiritsa ntchito kemistri ndikupindulitsa phindu la zomaliza.

Zili choncho kuti zonse zimapangidwa ndi chilengedwe chokha, ndipo pali zomera zomwe zimatha kuwombola. Tiyeni tiwone zomwe zili zovuta komanso momwe tingazigwiritsire ntchito bwino mmunda.

Nchifukwa chiyani tikusowa komanso momwe zimagwirira ntchito zabwino

Zosakaniza ndi zomera zomwe zimatha kusintha feteleza. Iwo amafesedwa mmunda wamunda, ndipo amalima kunthaka. Izi zachitika kuti:

  • kulimbikitsa ubwino wa nthaka;
  • kupewa leaching ya zakudya m'nthaka m'nyengo yozizira;
  • kumasula ndi kuteteza dziko ku tizirombo, kupewa mawonekedwe a nyongolotsi;
  • kukhuta nthaka ndi nayitrogeni;
  • kupewa zochitika za namsongole pa tsamba.
Mukudziwa? Froberries si zokoma zokha, komanso zothandiza - zili ndi mavitamini ndi mchere wambiri. Pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa, mabulosiwa amakhala pafupi kwambiri ndi salicylic acid, choncho ngati mumadya ndi kupweteka mutu, komanso panthawi yoyamba yozizira, zizindikiro zonse zimatha popanda mankhwala osiyanasiyana.
Choncho, phindu la izi feteleza zokomera mbewu ndi izi:
  • Nthaka imadzaza ndi zakudya ndipo imamasulidwa.
  • Namsongole sakhala ndi mwayi wopyola mmera.
  • Mpata wa tizirombo ndi matenda umachepetsedwa kukhala zero.
  • Dziko lapansi lidzaza ndi nayitrogeni.
  • Kupatsa ndi khalidwe la zipatso limakula.

Ndi zotani zomwe zimayendera strawberries

Ubwino wa manyowa obiriwira a strawberries ndi owoneka bwino, ndipo ngati mupita mwakuya ndikuphunzira zambiri za izi feteleza, zimakhala zomveka kuti pali zambiri, ndipo ndizofunika kwambiri zomwe zimabzalidwa bwino pa mbeu.

Pakuti strawberries, abwino mizu masamba monga radishes, kaloti ndi radish. Maluwa, monga marigolds, tulips, daffodils ndi marigolds, amatha kutsogolera bwino kubzala zipatso. Pofuna kulimbikitsa nthaka, amadyera monga fennel, katsabola ndi tsinde la udzu wambiri ndi wangwiro. Zomwe zinabzalidwa pazinthu izi ndi nandolo, oats, buckwheat, canola, mpiru, vetch ndi adyo. Zomera zonsezi zimakhala ndi zothandiza zosiyanasiyana. Mwachitsanzo, nyemba zimayenera kudzaza nthaka ndi nitrojeni, oats amachotsa nyongolotsi zakuda, buckwheat zidzathera potaziyamu m'nthaka, ndipo marigolds ndi marigolds adzawononga nthaka.

Ndikofunikira! Ngakhale kuti ryegrass ndi rye amawonetsedwanso kuti ndi oyenera kudera la strawberries, akhoza kuwononga maonekedwe a nematodes, motero n'kofunika kufotokozera zonse zomwe zimakhala bwino ndi chisangalalo musanadzalemo zomera izi.

Chimene sichiyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito monga sideratov

Zina mwa zomera zothandiza zomwe zimakhudza kwambiri nthaka ndi zinthu zakuthupi, kumasula ndi kuzigwiritsa ntchito pa mankhwalawa, palinso zomwe sizili zoyenera kwa strawberries. Choncho, mukasankha kugwiritsa ntchito manyowa wobiriwira kumanga malowa, tiyenera kukumbukira kuti kutsogolo kwa munda wa strawberries simukuyenera kulima birplant, tomato, tsabola, nkhaka ndi mbatata. Nthawi zambiri zomerazi zimafalikira ndi Fusarial Wilts, matenda a fungalomu omwe amakhudza mizu ya zomera, zomwe zimawatsogolera. Choipa kwambiri n'chakuti matendawa akhoza kupitirira pansi kwa nthawi yayitali ndikupatsira zomera zatsopano zosasunthika, monga strawberries.

Phunzirani za momwe amagwiritsira ntchito lupine, rye, mpiru, oats, buckwheat, phacelia monga sideratov.

Zomwe zimayambira: nthawi ndi njira

N'zotheka kufesa manyowa omwe amawoneka pansi pa strawberries nthawi iliyonse yoyenera, panthawi ya masika ndi chilimwe, komanso m'dzinja. Zonse zimadalira zolinga zomwe zimayikidwa ndi nthawi yochuluka yomwe mwakonzekera kuti mupindule nthaka. Njira yabwino kwambiri ndiyo kudzala masamba feteleza m'chaka ndi kuonjezera kapena kusintha nthawi yonseyi, ndipo kugwa kuzibzala m'nthaka ndi kudzala strawberries.

Ndikofunikira! Pa nthawi yolima, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito mbewu zazing'ono, izi zidzathamanga kwambiri ndikukonzekera njira yowonjezera ndi kuteteza thupi.
Amaloledwanso, koma amaonedwa kuti sali bwino kwambiri kubzala zomera zothandiza nthawi yomweyo mutatha kukolola, kuti mchere wobiriwira umere chisanafike kubzala kwa sitiroberi. Njirayi iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha ngati simungathe kusankha malo atsopano oti mubzalitse zipatso, ndipo dziko lakale latha kale. Inde, mu nthawi yaying'ono sichiyenera kuyembekezera zotsatira zapadera, komabe zimakhala bwino kusiyana ndi kudyetsa strawberries m'malo ake opanda chakudya. Njira ina yogwiritsira ntchito zomerazi ndi kubzala mizere pakati pa mizere. Izi zimachitidwa kuti ateteze strawberries ku dzuwa lachindunji ndipo, motero, kupeĊµa kutentha pa masamba ndi zipatso. Pazifukwazi, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito cosme ndi phacelia: ndi omwe adzateteza chitetezo, komanso kudziteteza kutuluka namsongole pamabedi a sitiroberi.

Mukudziwa? Zipatso za strawberries, zomwe tonse tinkakonda kutcha zipatso, zimakhala zowonjezera kwambiri, ndipo zipatso zenizeni za mbewuzo ndi mbewu zochepa zofiira zomwe ziri pamwamba pa "zipatso".
Kukolola kokoma kwa sitiroberi kungapezeke ngati mutayambitsa bwino kayendedwe ka mbeu yanu. Kufika sideratov - izi ndizowona zenizeni kwa wamaluwa, chifukwa njirayi sizimafuna kugwira ntchito zambiri, ndipo siipweteka chotsirizira. Yesani njira iyi yodyetsera, ndipo zotsatira zidzakondweretsa inu.