Pangani mathithi ndi manja anu kuti mupereke

Maloto a eni nyumba ambiri kapena nyumba yaumwini ndi nyanja yokhala ndi mathithi. Chokongoletsera chotere chimasintha ndi kubwezeretsa malowa, amawonjezera zoumba, ndikutsitsimutsa masiku otentha a chilimwe. Maporopo okongoletsera akhoza kukhala ochepa komanso oyenera ngakhale kumalo ochepa. Zomangamanga zake zimakhala zophweka kusiyana ndi zomwe zingawonekere: kuti tipeze zomangidwe ndi manja athu, muyenera kugula zipangizo zina ndikutsatira ndondomeko zomwe tapatsidwa.

Malo a mathithi

Poyambirira, nkofunika kudziwa malo omwe alipo, popeza malo omwe adasankhidwa amawunikira moyo wautumiki komanso mosavuta kusamalira mathithi. Kuwonjezera apo, mathithi, omwe ali pamalo abwino, amavomereza dera lonselo. Malo oti asamangidwe:

  • pafupi ndi nyumba kapena nyumba zina. Kuyandikira pafupi ndi madzi kungachititse kufalikira kwa bowa pamakoma a nyumba chifukwa cha kutuluka kwa madzi;
  • mwachindunji pansi pa mitengo. M'dzinja, kusamalira mathithi kungakhale kovuta chifukwa cha kugwa kwa masamba. Komanso, dzuwa silidzagwera pa izo. Mizu ya mitengo ikhoza kuwononga kapangidwe ka pansi;
  • kumadera akutali a m'munda, m'nkhalango. Phiri limakhala lovuta kuzindikira, lidzataya mtengo wake wokongoletsa.
Gwiritsani ntchito malo otseguka, pafupi ndi gazebo, malo ochitira masewera kapena zosangalatsa. Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti gawoli likhale ndi malo otsika kuti madzi aziyenda, mwinamwake mudzayenera kubzala nokha. Ndikofunika kuti masana nthawi yopangidwa ndi penumbra. Ngati masana, kuyambira 11 mpaka 15 koloko, madzi adzakhala akuwoneka bwino, ndipo adzatentha kwambiri.
Manja amatha kupanga gabions, rockeries, ladybugs, verandas, kosungira, mipanda yamaluwa, zojambula bwino za sera, barbeque, gazebo ndi munda wothamanga.
Ngati inu mumakhala ndi dziwe ndi zomera ndi nsomba, madzi otentha adzakhala osauka kwambiri kwa oxygen kwa iwo. Zokongoletserazi ziwoneka bwino pafupi ndi tchire ndi mabedi a maluwa. Phiri limatha kukhala lopangira zokongoletsera, ndi zokongoletsera zina za m'munda. Ngati simukukayikira za malo okongoletsera, ndi bwino kuwonana ndi malo okongoletsera malo, chifukwa chojambulacho chiyenera kukhala chokondweretsa kwa zaka zambiri. Kotero, zomwe muyenera kuziganizira posankha malo:

  1. Kukhalapo kwa mtunda.
  2. Kukhalapo kwa mthunzi pa nthawi ya masana (kuchokera pa mpanda, gazebo, nyumba kapena mtengo).
  3. Kufikira kumasulidwe kwa mathithi ku mbali zitatu.
  4. Umphumphu wa chiyambi pamene mathithi akutsegulidwa.
Ndikofunikira! Zindikirani kuti mathithi ayenera kuyang'ana bwino m'gawoli poyendetsa ntchito komanso atachotsedwa.

Zida zofunika

Mukukonzekera, mukufunikira zinthu zotsatirazi:

  • Kulemba: zikhomo ndi ulusi (zingasinthidwe ndi nyemba);
  • fosholo;
  • mchenga wa mtsinje ndi miyala yabwino;
  • filimu yopanda madzi kapena mapuloteni omwe anamaliza (konkire) mawotchi;
  • miyala yamtsinje, miyala yosalala;
  • simenti, polyurethane chithovu;
  • mpweya;
  • hoses;
  • fyuluta ya pampu, njira ya chitetezo pa kuyimirira kowuma;
  • nthaka yokongoletsa ndi zomera zam'madzi.

Kuzama ndi mawonekedwe a mbale ya mathithi

Kumanga mathithi n'kofunika kulingalira momwe mungakonzekere mbale. Pali njira zitatu zomwe mungathe kuchita:

  1. Mzere wa miyala ya konkire uli ndi madzi okwanira. Njira imeneyi imalingaliridwa kuti ndi yothandizira kwambiri, yovuta kuigwiritsa ntchito ndi yanthawi yake. Anagwiritsidwa ntchito musanayambe kupanga njira zina zokonzera ziwembu zopangira.
  2. Kusungunuka kosavuta. Amapereka kugwiritsa ntchito filimu yokhazikika popanga dzenje.
  3. Kusindikiza kovuta. Zimatanthauza kugwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe omaliza a pulasitiki kapena pulasitiki.
Ndikofunikira! Kutsika kwa mbale kumadalira zofuna zanu ndi zolinga zanu: ngati mukufuna kupanga tangi ndi nsomba, kuti mugwetse pansi pazitsamba, mbaleyo iyenera kukhala yosachepera 120 masentimita. Ngati cholinga cha nyumbayi ndi kukongoletsera kokha, chingakhale chokhazikika ku mbale yosaya mpaka masentimita 80.
Ganizirani mwatsatanetsatane njira yachiwiri ndi yachitatu. Ndi zomangamanga zazikulu (zoposa 10 sq. M.), Mukhoza kusankha kujambula filimu, ndipo, m'katikati mwa gombelo, mphamvuyo ndi yowonjezera filimuyi iyenera kukhala.
Phunzirani momwe mungasankhire mcheza wachitsulo, malo osungira madzi, chipinda chouma, mafuta oyendetsa mafuta ndi tekitala.
Kuchuluka kwa filimuyi kumadalira kukula kwake:

  • mpaka mamita 1 - 0.8 mm;
  • mpaka mamita 1.5 - 1.2 mm;
  • chozama kuposa 1.5 mamita - 1.5 mm ndi zina.
Musapulumutse pa filimuyi, chifukwa imayenera kugwira bwino chigawo cha madzi ndikupereka madzi abwino. Zinthuzi zingapangidwe ndi PVC (njira yotsika mtengo, koma zinthuzo ndizosauka) kapena mphira wachitsulo (imadula zambiri, koma moyo wautumiki umakhala wotalika kangapo). Pogwiritsa ntchito njira yachitatu, mukhoza kugula mapangidwe opangidwa moyenera. Ngati mutasankha mphamvu yaikulu, chonde onani kuti kuika kwake kudzawononga ndalama zambiri. Koma chombo chaching'ono chikhoza kukhazikitsidwa payekha. Miphika amapangidwa ndi pulasitiki kuphatikizapo fiberglass. Kusankha mbale, yang'anani pa iwo omwe ali ndi zipilala ndi masitepe a zomera. Kumbukirani kuti pamakina osaya (mpaka 80-100 masentimita) mumvula yozizira kwambiri madzi amatha kufota kwathunthu, choncho, pamaso pa zomera, iwo ayenera kuchotsedwa m'nyengo yozizira. Maonekedwe a dziwe amadalira kotheratu zokonda zanu. Kuti chilengedwe chikhale chokwanira komanso chiyanjano, chingakhale ndi mawonekedwe osasintha, ndi zopotoka ndi convolutions. Koma ndi mawonekedwe ovuta kwambiri, mapangidwe angakhale ovuta kusunga.

Timakonza maziko a dzenje

Mutasankha malo, mawonekedwe ndi kukula kwa kapangidwe kameneko, mungathe kupita ku dzenje. Choyamba muyenera kuchotsa gawolo, kuchotsa masamba, nthambi, miyala. Kenaka mukufunikira ndi chithandizo cha zingwe ndi chingwe kapena nyemba kuti mufotokoze za chiwonongeko cha dziwe lamtsogolo. Tsopano mungathe kuchita mwatsatanetsatane kukumba dzenje.

Sankhani maluwa osapitirira chaka ndi osatha, ndi zitsamba zokongola kuti mupereke.
Pogwiritsa ntchito ndondomekoyi, mudzazindikira kuti makoma a mapulogalamuwa akugwa pang'ono ndipo dziko lapansi likuphwanyika, zomwe ndi zachilendo. Pofuna kulimbikitsa makoma, ayenera kuthirira nthawi ndi nthawi ndi kumenyedwa ndi mgwalangwa, ngati kupondaponda. Pochita kukumba, kufika pamtunda woyenera, nkoyenera kupanga chizindikiro ndi kukumba 10-15 masentimita a pansi pano. Pansi pansi mumakhala mchenga wambiri ndipo mumakhala mchenga wa mtsinje, womwe umakhala ngati mtsamiro.
Mukudziwa? Mwachilengedwe, phokoso la mathithi limakhala ndi gawo lalikulu: ndilo chitsogozo cha mbalame zosamuka. Phokoso limakhudza munthu, limathandiza kuthetsa nkhawa ndi nkhawa. Mphamvu ya phokoso la mathithi akulu ndi lochititsa chidwi: patsiku lomwe limatambasula kuposa 2 km, ndipo usiku mozungulira 7 km!

Kusintha

Malo osungira m'munda angakhale ndi mathithi komanso mathithi. Ngati simukudziwa njira yomwe mungasankhe, ganizirani ubwino ndi kuipa kwa njira zonse zomangidwe.

  • Phiri limapangidwa ndi kusiyana kwakukulu kwa msinkhu, pamene madzi akuyenda pansi ndi mtsinje wamphamvu, molunjika ndi phokoso, phokoso pamwala, kupanga mphuno ndi thovu. Zikuwoneka zochititsa chidwi, koma pansi pa chisonkhezero cholimba cha miyala yamadzi ikhoza kugwa mofulumira. Kupanga mitsinje yosiyana ya madzi ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito mwala osagwirizana. mmbali yammbali.
  • Mbalameyi imapangidwa mothandizidwa ndi zigawo zingapo zosiyana siyana, momwe madzi amatha kukhalira pansi mwakachetechete. Kuganizirana kwa mafunde kumadzaza bata, kumatonthoza, panthawiyi sikuti amapanga mphukira ndi thovu. Kuti mufooketse kuthamanga kwa mitsempha, mungathe kugwiritsa ntchito miyala ndi pulasitiki - madzi amadziunjikira m'matangi awa ndikuyenda bwino.
Pankhani ya mathithi, madzi amatha kutuluka mu dzenje pakati pa ziboda ziwiri, kuchokera ku jug. Pogwiritsa ntchito mapulaneti, ndibwino kusankha mchenga - mwala uwu umawoneka mwachibadwa, wosavuta kuyeretsa. Pofuna kusunga nthawi ndi mphamvu pomanga mathithi kapena kumangidwe kosakanikirana, mukhoza kugula fomu yomaliza. Ngati mumadzipangitsa kuti muyambe kudzipangira nokha, yesetsani kuti muyambe kuyenda bwino.
Ndikofunikira! Kutalika kwa mathithi kapena kuphulika kumatsimikiziridwa ndi mphamvu ya mpope wanu. Kukonzekera kwabwino kwa mathithi mpaka 1.5 mamita, pompano, pampu idzakhala yopambana komanso yosavuta kugwira ntchito yopopera madzi.
Kenaka mungapereke kwaulere malingaliro ndi kumanga zovuta zachilendo kwambiri. Pofuna kugwiritsira ntchito nsalu zamtengo wapatali, gwiritsani ntchito thovu kapena simenti. Kotero kuti wopalamula samagwira diso pamalumiki, kuwaza mwamsanga mutangomaliza kugubuduza ndi mchenga kapena miyala yabwino - izi zidzakupatsani chilengedwe ndikubisa maonekedwe a anthu.

Kukonzekera kwa mbale

Mu kapangidwe ka mbale, mungagwiritse ntchito zomera, miyala, seyala ndi miyala yamoyo. Posankha zomera, ganizirani izi:

  • Kulumikizana kwa zomera ndi zomwe zimachitika m'munda ndi mkati mwa nyumba;
  • zofunikira ndi nyengo ya zomera;
  • nyengo yamaluwa.
Mukasankha maluwa ndi nthawi yosiyana, maluwawo adzawoneka okongola kwa miyezi yambiri. Kawirikawiri zokongoletsa amasankha mitengo yochepa ndi zitsamba, udzu, maluwa ochepa. Zomalizirazo zimawoneka ngati zapamwamba, zikabzalidwa pakati pa zisumbu za greenery, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta. Kuwonjezera pa zomera za m'mphepete mwa nyanja, dziwe limayenera kukongoletsedwa ndi madzi. Iwo amachita osati kukongoletsa kokha, komanso amayang'anira chiwerengero cha mabakiteriya, opindulitsa madzi ndi mpweya ndipo nthawi zambiri amasintha maonekedwe ake. Mungathe kusankha izi kuchokera m'madzi osambira pansi pa madzi:

  • chitha;
  • komino;
  • duckweed;
  • mabala ndi maluwa;
  • maluwa a madzi.
Ndikofunikira! Ndikofunika kuti nthawi zonse muzitha kulamulira anthu komanso nthawi ndi nthawi kuti muzitsuka zomera, chifukwa siziyenera kuwonjezera pa theka la dziwe.

Kusankha kapu ndi kuika

Pampu ndi chinthu chachikulu chomwe chidzadzaza dziwe lanu ndi moyo ndikuonetsetsa kuti madzi akuyenda bwino. Choncho, kusankha kwa mpope kuyenera kuyandikira moyenera.

Mitundu yayikulu ya mapampu:

  • submersible - yomwe ili pansi pa madzi, yotetezeka, yotsika mtengo. Iyi ndi njira yowonjezereka kwambiri;
  • kunja - komwe kumakhala pamtunda, kumafuna masking mu chiyambi cha gombe, kumapanga phokoso mu njirayi.
Ngati mtsinje wa madzi ukuyenda kuchokera kutalika kwa 1.5 mamita kapena pang'ono, mpope wa 70 Watt udzakwanira. Kwa mathithi apamwamba ndi mathithi, muyenera kusankha mapampu amphamvu, ndizofunika kuchita izi mutatha kukambirana ndi katswiri mu sitolo, ndani angathe kuwerengera mphamvu yofunikira. Mwapadera, ngati mpope idzakhala ndi jet power regulator. Maso amagwirizanitsidwa ndi mpope. Wina amachoka panja, kuchoka pomwepo ndikugunda jet. Pulogalamuyi iyenera kubisika pakati pa miyala ndi zomera. Paraipi yachiwiri imayamwa m'madzi ndipo ili pansi pa thanki. Mukamagula mpope, funsani ngati mukufuna fyuluta, popeza zipangizo zambiri zimatha kupopera madzi oyera.
Mangani kasupe m'dzikoli ndi manja awo.
Onetsetsani kutetezedwa kuntchito youma - pamene zipangizo zofukula sizikupopera madzi mu boma. Kuchokera pampu kupita kunja kudzatenganso chingwe kuti ugwirizane ndi otsika-voltage transformer, yomwe iyenera kubisika mu chipinda. Chingwe chiyenera kutetezedwa ku chinyezi. Iyenera kukonzedweratu kuti ikhale yosasamala diso lonse.

Khwerero ndi Gawo Malangizo

Tiyeni tifotokoze mwachidule magawo akulu a kulenga mathithi okongoletsa ndi manja anu:

  1. Sankhani mawonekedwe, kukula ndi malo a madzi. Pa nthawiyi, muyenera kudziwa ngati nsombazo zidzakhala kumeneko.
  2. Kuyeretsa gawolo, kupanga kukhazikitsa.
  3. Timakumba dzenje, timapanga madzi kuchokera mchenga ndi miyala, ramming.
  4. Timayika tangi yomalizidwa padziwe (kapena kupita ku chinthu china, ngati mumadzisunga nokha).
  5. Timaphimba fumbi la maziko ndi filimu yopanda madzi.
  6. Timasonkhanitsa madzi kuti tipeze kutuluka.
  7. Ikani malo otsetsereka kapena mathithi.
  8. Ikani pompani, yikani.
  9. Timakongoletsa nkhokwe ndi zomera, miyala, miyala, timayambitsa nsomba zazing'ono.
Mukudziwa? Ngati mukuganiza kuti mathithi - chodabwitsa ndicho dziko lapansi, mukulakwitsa! Asayansi apeza kuti mathithi amatha kukhalanso chifukwa cha kupumula kovuta kwa pansi, madontho otentha ndi mchere wa madzi. Mwachitsanzo, Danish Bay ndi yaikulu kwambiri pansi pa madzi: kutalika kwake ndi 4 km, ndi kutalika kwake kuposa makilomita 200!
Kuti lingaliro lochititsa chidwi kwambiri la dziwe likhoza kukongoletsedwa ndi nyali. Usiku, adzalenga masewero ndi mafunde, amapereka mpweya, chitonthozo ndi zokongola zonse. Njira yothetsera vutoli ndiyo kukhazikitsa benchi, kusambira kapena hammock pafupi ndi madzi, kumene mungathe kumasuka, kumasuka, kulota. Monga mukuonera, kumanga mathithi ndi manja anu ndi ntchito yokwanira komanso yodalirika kwa ambiri zomwe zingatheke pamapeto a sabata ndi zinthu zonse ndi zikhumbo. Dziwe lokongoletsera lidzasandutsa munda wako kukhala paradaiso weniweni pomwe iwe udzafuna nthawi yochulukirapo ndi abwenzi ndi abwenzi!