Timasankha screwdriver: zosankha zosankha

Kufunika kochita ntchito zazing'ono zapakhomo kumachitika kawirikawiri, komanso zipangizo zamagetsi zamagetsi, zomwe nthawi zonse zimayendera, zimayambitsa njirayi. Chimodzi mwa zida izi, m'malo mwa phiri la zozizwitsa zopanda pake, ndiwotchetcha. Amatha kuthandizira mwamsanga komanso mopanda khama kuti agwire ntchito mkati, ndipo ndondomeko zathu zowonongeka ndi zoyenera za "wothandizira" woteroyo zimathandiza kusankha bwino pamene mukugula.

Zotsatila ndi magawo osankhidwa kuti asankhe screwdriver

Zojambulajambula - zipangizo zamagetsi zogwiritsidwa ntchito zogwiritsidwa ntchito popanga ntchito ndi kukulitsa, ntchito zawo zikufanana ndi kubowola. Kuzindikira mitundu yonse ya mankhwala ndi zovuta, chifukwa Kusankha kwa wogula kumakhudzidwa ndi zinthu zambiri.

Kwa ena, maluso a mankhwalawa ndi ofunikira, wina amadalira ndemanga za chizindikiro chodziŵika bwino, koma pafupifupi aliyense ali ndi chidwi ndi zizindikiro zina ndi kupezeka kwa chitsimikizo cha utumiki. Pofuna kugula "mphaka mu thumba" ndikofunika kudziwa zomwe muyenera kulipira makamaka pamene mukugula.

Mukudziwa? Kuwonjezera pa cholinga chake, chowombera chingagwiritsidwe ntchito pa zosowa zina zapakhomo: mwachitsanzo, ngati chipangizo choyeretsera malo ovuta kufika ndi oipitsidwa kwambiri. Kuti muchite izi, yanikizani mwamphamvu phokoso lirilonse palimodzi.

Mtundu ndi ndemanga

Oyambitsa opangira zipangizo zamagetsi ndi zipangizo zamagetsi mosamala amayang'ana mbiri yawo, motero, kubweretsa mankhwala kwa wogula, amatsatira miyezo yapamwamba ya mankhwala awo.

Ndemanga zowona mtima za malonda odziwika apanga malingaliro abwino zokhudzana ndi zida zotere:

  • "AEG" - Chizindikiro cha Chinese chomwe chimapanga zida zamagetsi Tecnotronic Industries. Mtundu wapamwamba wa katundu unakhudza mtengo wamtengo wapatali, koma nthawi yothandizira, ndalama zonse zomwe zimagwilitsidwa ntchito zandalama zili zolondola.
    Tikukulimbikitsani kuti muwerenge chifukwa chake makinawa samayambira, momwe angayikitsire ndikuwongolera unyolo wa chainsaws, komanso momwe mungasankhire makina abwino kuti muziwongolera.

  • "DeWALT" - Wopanga America wakugwiritsira ntchito zipangizo zamagetsi, zamtengo wapatali ndi zogwira ntchito. Mtengo uli wamtali, koma wolondola mu chiŵerengero cha mtengo / khalidwe.
  • "Bosch" - Wopanga Germany wakupanga nyumba ndi zomangamanga, akufunidwa kwambiri mu malonda. Zimaperekedwa ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zosiyana, zimasiyana ndi khalidwe lapamwamba ndi kuvala kukana kwa zipangizo zonse. Mtengo wabwino kwambiri umakhala wotchuka komanso "wogula" pamlingo woyenerera.

Ndikofunikira! Musanagule screwdriver, mufunseni wogulitsa za kupezeka kwa zipangizo zopangira ndi zipangizo za chida ndi kupezeka kwawo.
  • "Makita" - Wopanga Chijapani wa zida zamagetsi. Kampaniyo imapangitsanso mitundu yambirimbiri ndipo ili ndi mtengo wapakati. Pamodzi ndi "Bosch" ndi mtsogoleri wa chiwerengerocho.
    Mukudziwa? Chowombera, ngakhale sichikhala ndi battery champhamvu kwambiri, chidzagwira ntchito yochulukirapo nthawi imodzi kusiyana ndi maola 230V.
  • "Intertool" - Wopanga zinyumba za zipangizo zamagetsi zomanga ndi katundu wambiri. Mtengo wamtengo wapatali ndi zinthu zamtengo wapatali zimapanga zofunikira kwambiri.
  • "Hyundai" - Wopanga Korea wakupanga zipangizo zamakono zomangamanga, magetsi ndi magalimoto. Zimapanga mitundu yambiri yamagulu osiyanasiyana. Kukhalitsa, chitonthozo ndi khalidwe lazinthu zakhala zikuyamikiridwa ndi ogula ambiri.
    Zidzakhalanso zothandiza kuti mudziwe bwinobwino njira yoyenera yosankhira galasi lamagetsi, komanso magetsi ndi mafuta opangira malo.

  • "Katswiri wazinthu" - wogwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamagetsi. Ndi wotchuka chifukwa chapamwamba kwambiri komanso mtengo wotsika mtengo.

Batani kapena intaneti: ergonomics

Kusankha kwa chidachi kumakhudza zomwe zilipo. Zopangapanga zojambula bwino za ergonomic ziyenera kupereka malo abwino mu dzanja. Mbali imeneyi imakhudzidwa ndi kuika kwapadera kwa mphira pa chida. Kulumikizana moyenerera n'kofunikanso chifukwa kumamuthandiza kukhalabe malo osasintha pamene akugwira ntchito.

Chikhalidwe chofunika ndi mtundu wa chida cha mphamvu - bateri kapena intaneti. Mtundu wamagetsi wa screwdriver umachepetsa malo omwe amagwiritsa ntchito ndi chingwe kutalika ndipo amadalira mwachindunji kukhalapo ndi malo a zitsulo m'nyumba.

Chida choterocho chili ndi mtengo wotsika mtengo, koma malonda si nthawi zambiri ngati batri. Chotupitsa chopanda kanthu ndi chosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito, koma khalidwe lake limakhudza mtengo wapamwamba wa zida. Komanso, musayiwale kuti nthawi yamtengo wapatali yogulitsidwa (yosinthika) betri imakulolani kuti muchite ntchito ya mkati popanda kusokoneza kuti mugwiritsenso ntchito chida.

Mtundu wa Battery ndi Mphamvu

Popeza mwasankha mtundu wa magetsi ndipo mwaimitsa kusankha kwanu pazitsulo zopanda kanthu, muyenera kumvetsa kuti mtundu wa batri (mabatire) ndi mphamvu zake zimakhudza mwachindunji mphamvu ya chida. Zizindikiro monga kuyendetsa liwiro ndi nthawi ya ntchito yoti ichitike iyenso zimadalira mtundu wa batri.

Mabatire a NiCd (Ni-Cd)

Mlingo wa zitsulo zopanda zingwe ndi mabatire a cadmium. Ngakhale kuti mtundu uwu uli ndi zitsulo zoopsa zowopsa - akadali njira yowonjezera yowonjezera zakudya.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene malipirowo sanagwiritse ntchito bateri ya cadelum yachitsulo amachepetsa mphamvu yake komanso nthawi yamtsogolo.

Ubwino wa betri ya Ni-Cd ndi:

  • mtengo wovomerezeka;
  • chitetezo cha mphamvu pa ntchito yoyenera;
  • ntchito yanthaŵi yaitali (kupitirira 1000 ndalama / kutaya);
  • mkulu wamakono.
Cons Ni-Cd:
  • kusagwira bwino kutentha;
  • kuwonongeka kwa ndalama pa nthawi yosungirako nthawi yaitali;
  • kubwezeretsedwa kwa mphamvu pambuyo pa kusungirako pokhapokha patatha miyendo 6;
  • kufunika kokwanira kwambiri kutulutsa batri;
  • zovuta kubwezeretsanso.

Mabomba a NiMH (Ni-MH)

Mosiyana ndi mtundu wa Ni-Cd, mabatire a nickel-metal hydride ndi okonda zachilengedwe kuti agwiritse ntchito. Zilibe zitsulo zolemera, choncho sizikufuna kuti zitsatidwe ndi zofunikira zawo. Koma, ngakhale kuti ali ndi makhalidwe abwino, amakhalabe ndi zovuta zina.

Ubwino wa batiri mtundu wa Ni-MH ndi:

  • kupezeka kwa ntchito pa kutentha;
  • lalikulu;
  • kuchepa kwa mphamvu pa nthawi yosungirako;
  • chiyanjano cha chilengedwe.
Zojambulajambula - chida chomwe chidzakupulumutsani nthawi ndi kuchepetsa robot. Ndicho, mungathe kupanga velanda, trellis, pergola, bench, gazebo, kusambira m'munda.

Cons Ni-MH:

  • mtengo wamtengo wapatali;
  • chodabwitsa;
  • kulipira kwakukulu kwa nthawi yaitali yosungirako;
  • kuchepetsa mphamvu pambuyo pa ndalama 300 / kutaya kwapakati;
  • moyo wosagwira ntchito.

Ndikofunikira! Muyenera kulipira mabatire a Ni-Cd ndi Ni-MH pokhapokha atachotsedwa.

Sungani mtundu wa betriwu kukhala pamalo ouma ndi ozizira. Pa kutentha kwapamwamba kosungirako, mphamvu yake imachepa.

Mabatire a lithiamu-ion (Li-Ion)

Kulephereka kwa zizindikiro za Ni-Cd ndi Ni-MH zimayikidwa m'ma batri a mtundu wa Li-Ion. Mabatire a lithiamu-ion ndi osiyana kwambiri ndi omwe analipo kale ndipo amakhala ndi ubwino wotere:

  • Sitikufuna kutaya / kukhuta kwathunthu, malipiro amaloledwa ngati akufunikira;
  • palibe malipiro atakhala osungirako nthawi yaitali;
  • ndalama;
  • mphamvu yaikulu;
  • kuchepetsa

Mwa chizoloŵezi cha mtundu wa Li-Ion akuphatikizapo:

  • mtengo wapatali;
  • moyo waufupi pa kutentha;
  • moyo wosagwira ntchito.

Mphamvu

Mphamvu yamagetsi - chizindikiro cha nthawi yogwiritsiridwa ntchito ndi kubwerera kwa mphamvu panthawi yogwira ntchito. Kuthamanga kwa batiri mphamvu, kumapamwamba mphamvu ya screwdriver, ndipo motero, nthawi yogwira ntchito ndi ntchito.

Kuchokera ku mphamvu yowonjezera ya batiri kumadalira mphamvu ya mkali komanso kumatha kugwira ntchito zina ndi screwdriver. Mphamvu yonse imayesedwa mu volt-amperes (V · A). Pogulitsa mungapeze zitsanzo za zowonongeka ndi mphamvu ya batri ya 9.6; 12; 14.4; 18 ndi 20 V.

Ndikofunikira! Mu ma batri a mtundu wa Li-Ion, moyo wautumiki umakhala wofanana molingana ndi kayendedwe ka ntchito / kutaya, zomwe zikutanthawuza: nthawi zambiri mabetri amalembedwa ndi kupasuka, osachepera moyo wake.

Zizindikiro 18 ndi 20 ndizoyenera kwambiri zogwiritsira ntchito. Zizindikiro 9.6 ndi 12 ndizochepa ndipo sizili zoyenera ngakhale kuti nthawi zonse ntchito zapakhomo zimagwiritsidwe ntchito. Chizindikiro chokongola chogwiritsa ntchito kunyumba - 14.4 V. "Golidi" amatanthawuza bwino kwambiri mu mphamvu yake komanso nthawi yogwira ntchito.

Mtengo wamtundu

Mphamvu yamagetsi imakhudza mphamvu ndi chiwerengero cha zowonongeka pamene screwdriver ikugwira ntchito, ndipo zizindikirozi zimayikidwa mumtundu wa torque. Ngati mwachindunji, kukula kwake kwa mkali kumasonyeza momwe imakhalira mofulumira komanso ndi mphamvu yowonongeka.

Chiwerengero cha ziwonetsero chimasonyeza ntchito yomwe chidachi chimatha kuchita:

  • Pali zochepa zomwe zimawombera (800 rpm);
  • Kuwombera kwakukulu kumapangidwira kubowola (1500-2000 rpm).

Mphamvu yomwe fosholoyo imawotchera imasonyeza khalidwe la opopera. Kutalika kwa mphamvuyi kumasonyeza kuti n'zotheka kupunthira mu malo ovuta ndipo pamwamba pamtundu uwu, choyenera kwambiri chimaonedwa kuti ndi chowombera chowombera pamwamba pa zovuta zosiyana.

Kutalika kwa mkombero kumapangitsanso kuti mutha kuwombera zowonjezera zowonjezera, kuzigudubuza, ndi zokopa, zomwe zimafuna kugwira ntchito yaikulu. Kukula kwa mphamvu kumayesedwa ku Newton mamita (N · m) ndipo ndibwino kwambiri kugwiritsira ntchito pakhomo pa 10-30 N · m. Kwa zipangizo zamaluso, mtengo umenewu ukhoza kufika pa 100 mpaka 600 N · m.

Zoonjezerapo

Opanga zida zothandizira, kuwunikira ntchito ndi kukulitsa chiwerengero, kuwapangira ntchito zina zowonjezera. Zowonongeka, motere, kukhalapo kwa pulsed mode, kukakamiza kubwezeretsa ndi kugwira ntchito zimaperekedwa.

Kuwonjezera apo, chidachi chikuwonjezeredwa ndi kuunikira kwa LED, kusinthira kusuntha, kudyetsa kokha zojambula zokha, komanso chizindikiro cha chilolezo cha batri.

Pulse mode

Okonzeka ndi mawonekedwe a pulsed amathandizira kupukusa ziphuphuzo ngakhale m'malo ovuta. Izi zikutanthawuza kuti kupopera kumakhala pakati, ie. kavalidwe kawirikawiri.

Kuthamangitsidwa kwachangu

Kuwongolera ndi kukakamiza kukakamizidwa kumakulolani kuimitsa chida popanda kuchiyendetsa, i.e. kusakaniza nthawi yake ndi yolondola mutatulutsa batani. Ntchitoyi ndi yofunika makamaka pamene kuli kofunika kuimitsa zikopa "osati kwathunthu."

Kick

Kuwongolera mawonekedwe owopsya kumathandiza kugwira ntchito ndi malo okonzeka kwambiri. Zotsutsana zimachitika mwachindunji, monga mu pulsed mode. Pogwira ntchito ndi chida, mawonekedwe a mantha amagwirizanitsa ndi kuwonjezeka kwa kukana, kutanthauza kuti pamunsi ponyamula zowonongeka zimagwira ntchito mofulumira komanso mopanda mphamvu.

Ndikofunikira! Ndi mphamvu yogwira ntchito, liwiro la kubowola limachepetsedwa.

Posankha, ndibwino kuti mupange zokonda zojambulajambula ndi machitidwe osinthasintha "osokonezeka / osagwedezeka", zomwe zingakuthandizeni kusunga batire. Mndandanda wabwino kwambiri wa zotsatira zogwirira ntchito zapakhomo ndi zokwana 3200 pamphindi.

Kukonzekera kusankhidwa

Chiwerengero cha chida chogwiritsira ntchito nthawi zambiri chimaphatikizapo:

  • chikwama (case);
  • chowombera;
  • batri (1 kapena 2);
  • chojambulira;
  • Lambo lopangira chida (osati nthawi zonse);
  • wothandizira bulu ndi ziphuphu pa zokopa;
  • malangizo;
  • utumiki wa khadi wa kalata.
Malingana ndi wopanga kampaniyo, makitiwa angakhale osiyana kwambiri pakati pawo, kotero pamene kugula, ndi bwino kufotokoza pasadakhale zomwe zikuphatikizidwa kuwonjezera pa chida chomwecho.

Mtundu wa cartridge

Mitundu ya makaputi a kukonza zojambulidwa ndi mitundu iwiri:

  • Keyless - khalani ndi nkhope zitatu ndikukulolani kuti mutenge m'malo mwa mphuno. Malingaliro ake, mtundu uwu wa cartridge ukhoza kukhala umodzi kapena wowiri-kuphatikiza, zomwe zikutanthauza kukonzekera cartridge kwa chidutswa chimodzi kapena kumangiriza cartridge ndi kachipangizo kogwiritsira ntchito chida chogwirizanitsa ziwiri.
    Ndikofunikira! Pogwiritsa ntchito screwdriver amagwiritsa ntchito "mbadwa" zokhazokha pokhapokha ngati mukupangidwira.
  • Mphindi - onetsetsani kukhalapo kwachinsinsi chapaderadera chosintha ndi kulandira maluzi.

Chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa ntchito, nthawi zambiri chisankho chawo chimayimitsidwa pa screwdriver ndi mtundu wopanda chuck, koma ndibwino kuganizira kuti mtengo wa chida choterocho ndi wapamwamba kuposa chida chokhala ndi mtundu wofunika.

Konzani utumiki ndi ndondomeko

Kawirikawiri, makampani opanga opereka amapereka chithandizo chotsata malonda. Chowombera chimakhala ndi moyo wautali wautumiki, koma pamene kugula ndifunikanso kufunsa za kupezeka kwa chitsimikizo ndi nthawi yake yolondola. Nthawi yachidziwitso nthawi ndi zaka 1-2.

Pofuna kukopa ogula, wogulitsa-ogulitsawo angaperekenso ntchito yowonjezera yowonjezera ya chida, chomwe mungathe kupempha wogulitsa pamene akugula. Zojambulajambula - chida chofunikira cha kukonzanso kwazing'ono ndi zazikulu kunyumba.

Kusankhidwa kwa chitsanzo kumakhudzidwa ndi zifukwa zambiri, popeza kuti mwawawerengera kale, simungathe kugula ndi kugula. Kuziyika ndi zina zowonjezera kudzakuthandizira kukonzanso zam'tsogolo, komanso kukhala ndi utumiki wodalirika komanso wothandizira kudzathandiza kupeŵa ndalama zosafunika m'tsogolomu.