Drok Dye

Mu chilengedwe, zomera zambiri zoopsa zimene zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mochiritsira. Mmodzi mwa iwo ndi tsache la dye kapena gannet wodala magazi. Amakula m'madera a Small ndi Central Asia, Caucasus ndi Europe. Tidzakambirana za katundu wake m'nkhaniyi.

Kufotokozera

Ndilo mtundu wa mbewu za nyemba. Chitsamba chikhoza kukula mpaka kutalika kwa 50-150 sentimenti. Nthambi zake ndi zobiriwira, zinkamveka ndipo nthawi zambiri zimayang'ana mmwamba. Masamba ndi opapatiza komanso otalika (masentimita 4 cm, 1 masentimita m'lifupi), nthawi zambiri amatha kumapeto, mdima wobiriwira. Khalani pa petioles zofupika ndipo mukhale ndi masamu awiri ooneka ngati mawonekedwe. Kumapeto kwa phesi lirilonse (kuwombera) ngaya ya multicolor. Maluwawo ndi aakulu, ndi chikho chobiriwira ndi chowala chowala chachikasu. Zipatso (nyemba) zimayambira, zokhota pang'ono. Mbeu ndi yofiira, yofiira, yowala. Amakula makamaka m'nkhalango komanso m'nkhalango.

Mankhwala amapangidwa

Ili ndi:

  • alkaloids (methylcytizine, cytisine);
  • chosowa;
  • tannins;
  • chotsitsa;
  • zinthu zowonongeka;
  • chodabwitsa;
  • mafuta ofunika (0.02% m'masamba ndi 0.03-0.04% maluwa);
  • pigments (luteolin, genistein);
  • ascorbic asidi.

Gawo lokwezeka lili ndi zinthu zambiri zamakono ndi zazikulu:

  • calcium;
  • potaziyamu;
  • phosphorus;
  • manganese;
  • silicon;
  • barium

Ndikofunikira! Nyama ndi chomera chakupha, makamaka mbewu zake.

Kukula

Gorse ndi chomera chachikondi, sichiwopa kuwala kwa dzuwa. Mu mthunzi wamdima ukhoza kukula, koma udzaphuka kwambiri. Amakondwera ndi miyala yamchere kapena nthaka yamchenga, ndipo imayenera kukhala yotayirira ndi yotsekedwa bwino, ndipo nthaka yachonde - osati kwa iye, idzafota. Zidzakhala zabwino kumverera pamtunda kapena phiri. Chomera sichifuna chisamaliro chapadera, chidzakula chokha. Chinthu chachikulu - musamatsanulire ndipo musaike mu nthaka yowawa.

Zambiri zotsutsana ndi chilala choopsa kuposa kuchuluka kwa mphepo. Chomera sichimakonda chisanu, choncho m'nyengo yozizira ndi zofunika kuziphimba ndi nthambi zowona kapena zakuthupi. Ngati nyengo imakhala yofewa ndi matalala m'dera lanu, ndiye kuti zitsamba zochepa ziyenera kubzalidwa: zimatha kupulumuka m'nyengo yozizira popanda pogona.

Musanabzala mu dzenje lokonzekera ayenera kuthiridwa pang'ono kouma - zidzakuthandizani kuchepetsa acidity m'nthaka. Kenaka, muyenera kupanga mzere wa miyala ndi mchenga wa mtsinje kukhetsa madzi. Kukula kwa dzenje kuyenera kufanana ndi kuchuluka kwa mizu ya mbewu.

Tikukulimbikitsani kuti muwerenge za momwe mungadziwire okha kukhala acidity wa nthaka pamalowa, komanso momwe mungasokonezere nthaka.

Kubwezeretsa chomeracho kumangofunikira achinyamata, mpaka zaka zitatu. Ndipo zowonjezera - kukula kwa gorse kumakhala, kwamphamvu ndi kochepa kwambiri mizu yake, popanda kupweteka, kuziika kwake sikutheka. Ndi bwino kuchita izi kumayambiriro kwa masika kapena mu August-September.

Ndikofunikira! Mutabzala, ndi zofunika kuti mulch muzu woyandikana ndi chithandizo cha humus kapena peat.

Chisamaliro

Tanena kale kuti mbewuyo ndi yopanda ulemu, imayenera kuthirira kokha ndi kutalika kwa mphepo. Namsongole samamuopa, koma nthawi ndi nthawi amafunika kudyetsa. Pochita izi, gwiritsani ntchito feteleza phosphate feteleza kapena phulusa la nkhuni.

Manyowa a nayitrojeni sayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito, popeza gorse yokha imatha kusunga kuchuluka kwa zinthu izi m'nthaka. Kuti apange korona wokongola, achinyamata ayenera kukonzedwa m'chaka. Mitengo yambiri imapatsidwa mawonekedwe, koma opanda tsitsi la gorse amawoneka bwino.

Chotsani kwathunthu, ndithudi, n'zosatheka. Ndikofunika kutchera zakale (kukula kuposa zaka 3-4), odwala, zouma nthambi. Chitani njirayi kumapeto. M'dzinja iwo amadula inflorescences ndi kudulira mphukira, kotero kuti kumapeto kwa nyengo padzakhala mvula yowonjezereka. Moyo wachitsamba ndi waufupi. Patatha zaka khumi, nthambi zake zimatengeka kwambiri ndipo zimakhala zosaoneka bwino, zosavuta komanso zowonongeka.

Kuswana

Mwangwiro zimafalitsidwa ndi cuttings ndi mbewu.

Cuttings

Iwo amakololedwa mu June mwa kudula gawo lapamwamba la tsinde ndi kutalika kwa masentimita 12-15. Musanayambe kukonza petiole musanadzale sikofunikira, imayikidwa m'manda mumtambo wouma mchenga, kuchotsa masamba osachepera.

Kuti mbeuyo ikhale mizu mofulumira, zinthu zotentha zimapangidwa mozungulira. Kuti muchite izi, zimaphatikizidwa ndi mtsuko wa galasi (botolo la pulasitiki) kapena kubzalidwa mu wowonjezera kutentha. Kuthirira kumakhala koyenera nthawi zonse, kuthamanga n'kofunikanso. Zimalangizidwa kukonzekera kwambiri cuttings, monga 30-40% mizu.

Mbewu

Kusonkhanitsa Mbewu kumapangidwa mu August. Pa kucha kwa chipatso chimati mtundu wake wofiira, ndipo nyemba imayamba kutseguka. Ndibwino kuti musankhe kutseguka.

Mbeu zowonongeka zouma ndipo zimabzalidwa mu kasupe pamtunda wotseguka, zimapita pansi kwambiri ndi masentimita 2.5-3. Amafuna nthawi zonse kuthirira. Maluwa otere amayamba ali ndi zaka ziwiri.

Kukolola ndi kusungirako

Kotero kuti chomeracho chingagwiritsidwe ntchito pa mankhwala, gawo lake la pansi ndi gawo la pansi pa nthawi ya maluwa limakololedwa. Inflorescences ayenera kusonkhanitsidwa mosiyana. Tsinde lamadulidwa pafupifupi masentimita 15 m'litali, ndipo mizu ikukumba kunja.

Zokolola zowalidwa pa nsalu imodzi yokha ndi zouma mumthunzi kapena pansi pa denga, koma nthawi zonse ndi mpweya wabwino. Zingaume zouma pa 45-50 madigiri. Zomera zouma zimaphatikizidwa mumabokosi kapena matumba a nsalu ndi kusungidwa m'chipinda chowotcha mpweya. Simungathe kusunga kuposa chaka.

Ntchito

Chomeracho chimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwakhama ku matenda a m'mimba ndi mankhwala achikhalidwe.

Mu mankhwala

Mankhwala a gorse:

  • hemostatic;
  • choleretic;
    Centaury, chowawa, wofiira currant, plectrantus, kaloti woyera, dandelion ndi chamomile ali ndi choleretic kwenikweni.
  • chowoneka;
  • vesidilator;
  • antibacterial.

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito mwachangu pa:

  • chithunzithunzi;
  • kusokonezeka kwa mantha;
  • jade;
  • mavuto a chiwindi;
  • gout;
  • kukonda diathesis;
  • ziphuphu m'magazi;
  • mavuto a chithokomiro;
  • matenda opuma;
  • magazi;
  • migraines;
  • chithunzi;
  • mliri;
  • malaria;
  • kudzimbidwa;
  • mphutsi;
  • chithandizo;
  • fractures.
Pofuna chithandizo cha cystitis kuchipatala, amagwiritsanso ntchito orchid, lungwort, lupus bifolia, cranberries, juniper, physalis, calendula, ndi miyala yofewa.

Zambiri zoterezi zimaperekedwa ndi alkaloids, zofunika mafuta, glycosides, tannins, flavonoids, organic zidulo. Amapatsa gorse ndi mankhwala ochiritsidwa.

Mu uchembere

Mankhwalawa amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pogwiritsa ntchito mowa wambiri komanso mowa. Iwo ali ndi zotsatira zotsutsana ndi mabakiteriya zomwe zimakupatsani inu kugonjetsa msangamsanga bowa, furunculosis, versicolor, scrofula. Komanso amagwiritsidwa ntchito mwakhama kuwonetseredwa kwa dermatitis, pyoderma, mbolo. Kwa matenda ena (lichen, scrofula), kuphatikizapo kusakaniza, ndikofunikira kusamba ku gorse.

Kuchokera ku inflorescence mungathe kupanga zokolola za chimanga ndi zida zolimba:

  1. Zosakaniza za chimanga ndi zida. 50 magalamu a inflorescence owuma ndi nyemba zofanana za nyemba zatsopano zimatsanulira 500 ml ya vodika ndipo zimalowetsedwa mu chidebe chotsekedwa bwino masiku asanu ndi awiri. Ndikofunika kugwedeza tincture nthawi ndi nthawi. Patangotha ​​sabata imodzi, muzimitsa madziwo ndikupanga malo ovuta pafupipafupi kangapo patsiku. Kutalika kwa mankhwala ndi masiku khumi.
    Polimbana ndi nkhondo, amagwiritsanso ntchito chard, apulo ya Adam, agave, jade, rocambol, spawn, echinacea ndi Phrygian cornflower.

  2. Chinsinsi chochotsa lichen ndi scrofula: Mufunikira 4 tbsp. l Maluwa ophwanyika ndi masamba a masamba. Thirani ndi lita imodzi ya madzi otentha ndikuyima kwa ola limodzi. Wodula ndi kutsanulira mu kusambira ndi kutentha kwa madzi a madigiri 35-37. M'chipinda chogona ndikugona maminiti makumi awiri. Nthawi zambiri njirayi imakhala kawiri pasanathe masiku asanu ndi awiri. Njirayi iyenera kuphatikizidwa ndi njira zina zothana ndi matenda.

Mukudziwa? Mu 1899, mankhwalawa anali ochokera ku gorse. Mwachiyero chake, ndi antioxidant ndi osakhulupirira. Icho chilinso ndi zotsatira zotero za estrogen.

M'madera ena

M'madera onse a chomeracho muli ndi utoto wachikasu - scoparin, kotero masamba, maluwa ndi mphukira zazing'ono zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga utoto wofiirira ndi wobiriwira. Amavala ubweya, silika. Lacquer yachikasu imapangidwanso kuchokera ku inflorescences.

Ndiwe chomera chabwino cha uchi: njuchi zimakonda kusonkhanitsa timadzi tokoma ndi mungu. Chikondi cha gorse kudya mbuzi ndi nkhosa. Ngati ng ombe zilibe chakudya chabwino, amakhalanso okondwa kudya zomera, koma mkaka wawo ndi mankhwala ake (tchizi, batala) zidzakhala ndi zowawa pambuyo pake.

Nkhalangoyi imakhala yokongoletsera, yomwe ingagwiritsidwe ntchito popanga malo ndi zokongoletsera ndi nthaka yamchere. Fomu yokongoletsera ili ndi nthawi yaitali maluwa. Komanso mumatha kulimbikitsa mapiri a mapiri.

Chomeracho chimatha kusunga nayitrogeni m'nthaka, kotero imagwiritsidwa ntchito mwakhama kudzaza nthaka ndi chigawo ichi. Pazinthu zopindulitsa, zokolola zili bwino. Anthu okhala kummawa kwa Transcaucasia amadya mphukira ndi masamba. Amatulutsidwa ndi madzi otentha kapena nthunzi, ndipo atatha kusankhidwa.

Maphikidwe a mankhwala

Popeza chomeracho ndi chakupha, ndiye pamene mukuphika kuchokera kumalo osungunuka ndi tinctures ayenera kusamala kwambiri. Komanso, musadzipange mankhwala. Muyenera kukaonana ndi dokotala.

Kulowetsedwa gorse

  1. Pofuna kukonzekera kulowetsedwa, mukufunikira supuni ya inflorescence kutsanulira madzi mamililita 500 a madzi otentha ndikuchoka. Tengani supuni katatu patsiku.
  2. Mowa tincture wapangidwa kuchokera 50 magalamu a zipatso ndi inflorescences. Amatsanulira 0,5 malita a vodka ndikuumiriza sabata. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga lotion. Kulowetsedwa kumakonzedwa kokha malo opweteka.
  3. Kulowetsedwa ndi magazi a uterine: 3 tbsp. l zouma, zambiri za gorse zodzala ndi kapu ya madzi owiritsa. Tetezani mkati mwa ola limodzi. Finyani. Tengani kukhala supuni katatu patsiku.
  4. Kulowetsedwa kwa chitetezo cha chithokomiro: Sakanizani gawo limodzi la zouma zouma ndi magawo awiri a tirigu udzu mizu. Thirani madzi otentha mu chiŵerengero cha 1:20 (chiwerengero cha madzi ndi chachikulu). Tengani 1 tbsp. l katatu patsiku.

Msuzi gorse

  1. Kwa phwando la mkati limakonzedwa kuchokera ku magalamu 15 a pamwambapa, mbali ya gorse, yodzala ndi theka la lita imodzi ya madzi otentha. Kusakaniza kumaikidwa pang'onopang'ono moto ndi kuphika mpaka theka la madzi yatha. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa kuchuluka kwa supuni ziwiri maola awiri mpaka mutha kukwaniritsa zotsatira zoyenera (laxative, diuretic, choleretic). Kuchuluka kwa mankhwala: kamodzi pa masiku awiri.
  2. Decoction ya Bath: 4 tbsp. l Dothi losweka la gorse (kumtunda kwa chomera) limayeretsedwa mu lita imodzi ya madzi ndikuphika pa moto wochepa kwa mphindi zisanu ndi ziwiri. Wowonongeka, wowonongeka ndi kutsanulira mu kusamba. Sambani maminiti 20 katatu masiku asanu ndi awiri.
  3. Kusamalidwa kwa chithandizo cha rheumatism ndi nyamakazi: Zakuniketi zinayi za m'mlengalenga za mmera zimadzaza ndi malita a madzi a madzi ndipo zophikidwa pa moto wochepa mu chidebe chosindikizidwa kwa theka la ora. Tetezani ora, decant. Kuchokera ku tinthu tating'onoting'ono, kamene kamapindikizidwa kudzera mu cheesecloth, kutengeka kumapangidwira pa malo ovuta kwa ola limodzi. Pa tsiku, osaposa katatu. Msuzi ukhoza kusungunuka ndi kusuntha kwa minofu zilonda zopweteka komanso zosaposa katatu patsiku.

Monga mukuonera, Droke Drock amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa matenda ambiri. Koma ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti zimatsutsana chifukwa chokhala ndi pakati komanso anthu omwe ali ndi ischemia, omwe ali ndi vuto lakuthamanga kwa magazi komanso mavuto aakulu a impso. Muzochitika zonse, kuti mupewe poizoni, mlingowo uyenera kutsatiridwa mosamalitsa.