Lawsonia sali wowawa: akukula pakhomo

Lawsonia nekolyuchaya (m'Chilatini dzina la shrub ili lolembedwa ngati Lawsonia inermis) - chomera chimene anthu adziwa ndi kuchigwiritsa ntchito zaka zoposa chikwi. Zimachokera ku masamba a Lawsonia omwe henna, otchuka padziko lonse lapansi, athandizidwa, mothandizidwa ndi amayi omwe amatsindika kukongola kwa tsitsi lawo. Tiyeni tione zomwe zodabwitsa mankhwala ndi cosmetological katundu Lawsonia ali ndi momwe kukula kunyumba.

Mbiri yakale

Kwa nthawi yoyamba henna anatchulidwa m'zilembo zaka zoposa zikwi ziwiri zapitazo. Chomera chokhala ndi zinthu zachilendo chinali kudziwika ku Igupto wakale ndi India, Pakistan, Iran, ndi Far East. Osati akazi okha omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mitundu ya henna kuti azikongoletsa khungu lawo, tsitsi lawo kapena misomali, koma mu mafuko ena amtundu ankhondo anakoka machitidwe a henna omwe anatsindika za mtundu wawo. Kale ku Igupto, henna idagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mafarao panthawi ya moyo ndi pambuyo pa imfa, zojambula za mwambo zinali zogwiritsidwa ntchito ku thupi la wofa wakufa. Kuyambira nthawi imeneyo ku India, omwe panthawiyo anali m'goli la olamulira achi Muslim, machitidwe ovuta a henna anakongoletsa nkhope ndi manja a akazi okwatira, omwe anali osiyana kwambiri ndi anamwali, omwe nthawi zambiri ankagwidwa ndi ogulitsa akapolo.

Mukudziwa? Ku India mpaka lero, henna amakongoletsa manja, miyendo ndi nkhope ya mkwatibwi pa phwando laukwati. Ndiwo mtundu wa pemphero, kupempha madalitso a milungu, kubereka m'banja, ndi kukhala ndi moyo wabwino kwa banja lachinyamata. Ku Morocco, mwamsanga mwana atabadwa, phokoso la henna limagwiritsidwa ntchito pamphuno, izi zimachitika kuti apereke mwana wakhanda ndi kukongola ndi chuma mu moyo wachikulire.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Chomeracho ndi chobiriwira nthawizonse, mwa mawonekedwe a chitsamba chokhala ndi tinthu tating'onoting'onoting'ono tomwe timapangidwira. Kutalika kwa shrub kumasiyana malinga ndi nyengo kuyambira 3 mpaka 6 mamita. Chomeracho chimamasula mu maluwa ang'onoang'ono, anasonkhanitsa lalikulu paniculate inflorescences. Nkhumba zimatha kujambulidwa ndi zoyera zofiira ndi pinki kuti zikhale zofiira. Chomeracho chili ndi fungo losangalatsa, lodziwika bwino. Pambuyo pa henna ikufalikira ndipo pamakhala phokoso, zipatso zazing'ono zomwe zimawoneka ngati mpira ndi mbewu zimapangidwira pamalo awo.

Evergreens ndi zokongola kwambiri za dacha. Ngakhale m'nyengo yozizira, spruce, greenone, cypress, boxwood, pine, yew amasangalala ndi diso la wodyerako.

Kufalikira

Mpaka tsopano, chiyambi chenicheni cha Lawsonia nekolichy sichikudziwika. Zowoneka kwambiri ndizochokera ku Iran. Chomeracho chimakonda nyengo yotentha ndi yotentha. Nthawi zambiri shrub imapezeka m'madera opanda nthaka kumpoto ndi kum'mwera kwa Africa, komanso m'madera otentha: pachilumba cha Madagascar, kum'mwera kwa Asia, Sri Lanka, Australia ndi kumwera kwa America. Zomera zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mazenera.

Mukudziwa? Kutchulidwa kwa machiritso a henna kumapezeka kawirikawiri pa zamankhwala za dokotala wamkulu wakale, Avicenna, komanso m'malemba opatulika a Korani ndi Baibulo. Korani imanena kuti Mtumiki Muhammad anadula ndevu za henna, monga anthu ena a nthawiyo, komanso ankakonda kusangalala ndi fungo la maluwa a zomera.

Mankhwala amapangidwa a lawson

Kuwonjezera pa kuchuluka kwa tannins, masamba a Lawsonia ndi chiphalala chomwe chili ndi mankhwala otchedwa Lawson, omwe ali ndi 2-hydroxy-1-4-naphthoquinone. Ndi iye yemwe amapereka chomera chomera (kummawa, chinthu chotchedwa henna kapena henna). Mankhwala a malamuloonium si opusa. Amakhalanso ndi mannitol, acids (gallic, ellagic ndi organic), triterpenoids, phenolic glycosides, tannins, resin, vitamini C ndi K. .

Pharmacological katundu

Lausonia (mizu yake, masamba, makungwa ndi mbewu) imagwiritsidwanso ntchito monga mankhwala.

Machiritso a Lawsonia si opembedza (Lawsonia inermis):

  • chithunzi;
  • antimicrobial;
  • antibacterial;
  • machiritso owonda;
  • hemostatic;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • mankhwala opweteka;
  • antipyretic;
  • imasiya migraine.
Mukudziwa? Kujambula kwachiarabu kumatchedwa mehendi. Kwa iye, mwachizolowezi, utoto wopangidwa kuchokera ku masamba akukula pa tsamba la chitsamba cha lawsonia amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Mu masambawa muli daisisi yambiri. Zojambula mu njirayi, zopangidwa ndi mbuye wodziwa bwino, zimachitidwa khungu (osati labwino) kwa milungu itatu.

Kugwiritsa ntchito lawson

Kuyambira kale, mankhwalawa amachiritsidwa. Thupili siligwiritsidwanso ntchito pa mankhwala okha, komanso mu cosmetology. Mankhwala, zonunkhira, utoto wa tsitsi, khungu ndi nsalu zimapangidwa kuchokera kwa izo.

Mu mankhwala

Lavsonia wakhala atakhazikitsidwa kwa nthawi yaitali ngati chitsime chosatha cha kupanga zinthu ndi mankhwala. Manyowa otentha a henna ndi mafuta ochiritsira mafuta anapangidwa kuchokera kwa iwo. Madokotala achiarabu azindikira kuti mizu, masamba, makungwa kapena mbewu zimatha kuchiza matenda osiyanasiyana. Ndi matenda otani amene anachitidwa ndi henna:

  • khate, nkhuku ndi chikuku;
  • Kutsegula m'mimba, jaundice, matenda ena a chiwindi;
  • matenda opatsirana pogonana;
  • malungo, matenda opatsirana;
  • Kuphwanya khungu (kuyaka, frostbite ndi abrasions);
  • psoriasis, chizungu, mutu, kusowa mphamvu.

Zizindikiro za mutu zimathandiza kuchotsa linden, clover, msondodzi, periwinkle, carnation, Indian anyezi.

Powonjezeredwa kukhala ufa, mzu wa henna unagwirizanitsidwa ndi indigo ndipo unachititsa kuti chithandizo chothetsa padera chituluke.

Zithunzi pa khungu, zopangidwa ndi henna, zinali zosangalatsa zokha, komanso zinasunga thanzi la ambuye awo. Henna ali ndi mabakiteriya abwino kwambiri omwe amachititsa kuti mabakiteriya asagwiritsidwe bwino. Kalekale, pofuna kuvala tsitsi, henna inasakanizidwa ndi utomoni ndi mafuta, ndipo chifukwa chake, papezeka phala limene linalimba ndi kudyetsa tsitsi. Pambuyo pa utoto, utoto unatha, osati tsitsi lochepa chabe, lopweteka, lomwe linachiritsidwa, komanso khungu limabwereranso.

Pofuna kuthana ndi vutoli, gwiritsani ntchito maski a anyezi.

Ndifunikanso kuwonjezera izo Henna amateteza tsitsi ndi khungu kumayendedwe a ultraviolet. Kumathandizanso kuti tsitsi likhale lokonzekera komanso limapangitsa kuti misozi ikhale yosalala komanso yowala.

Masiku ano mankhwala a henna adagwiritsidwa ntchito mwakhama. M'mayiko a South Asia ndi Africa, amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala ophera tizilombo pochizira matenda a khungu, makamaka a mycoses. Pokhala ndi nyenyezi zakutchire, zimathandiza kuti thukuta la miyendo ndi manja likhale lopwetekedwa, komanso limatulutsa ming'alu, epidermis ndi frostbite.

Pa maziko a henna, mafuta a maolivi ndi sulfa yophika mafuta amapangira mafuta onunkhira.

Kutentha mafuta, omwe amapangidwa kuchokera ku henna ndi madzi a coriander, amathandizanso kwambiri. Pofuna kuteteza matenda opatsirana pogwiritsa ntchito mavairasi, henna, wothira mafuta ndi uchi, amatengedwa pamlomo.

Mu cosmetology

Henna ali ndi ntchito zosiyanasiyana mmakampani okongola. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga zodzoladzola za chisamaliro ndi mtundu wa tsitsi ndi khungu. Mapulogalamu ogwiritsira ntchito njira za henna amapezeka pa salon iliyonse yokongola.

Komanso pamaziko a turmeric kupanga ndalama za tsitsi la tsitsi.

Zotchuka kwambiri ndizojambula za henna. M'mayiko a Muslim, malo osambira (hammam) amaperekedwa ndi kusamba ndi henna, kenako thupi limakhala lofiira kwambiri, limawoneka labwino komanso losangalatsa. Komanso, Henna amachepetsa khungu, kuti likhale losavuta, losangalatsa kukhudza. Nkhosa ya Henna ikhoza kugulitsidwa pa mankhwala alionse pang'onopang'ono ndikuigwiritsa ntchito kuti idye ndi kumeta tsitsi.

Ndikofunikira! Henna amadula tsitsi m'magazi osiyanasiyana ofiira (kuchokera kufiira wofiira mpaka kumdima wakuda). Mtundu umene umapezeka pamapeto pa utotowu umadalira mtundu waukulu wa tsitsi umene nkhuku yowonjezera. Mukhoza kusakaniza henna ndi basma m'magulu osiyanasiyana kuti mupeze tsitsi lakuda komanso lofotokoza bwino tsitsi.

Kuda tsitsi lanu

Henna ufa (1 thumba) imatsanulira mu ceramic kapena galasi mbale. Madzi otentha (atsopano owiritsa) amawonjezeredwa ku ufa mpaka misa imakhala yosasunthika. Kenaka imagwiritsidwa ntchito ku tsitsi, atakulungidwa mu polyethylene ndi kerchief, osasambitsidwa kwa maola 6-8. Mukhoza kuchita madzulo madzulo ndikugona. M'mawa (kapena pambuyo pake) mutu umatsukidwa ndi madzi ofunda ndi shampoo. Kwa tsitsi lalifupi, tengani 1 paketi ya henna kwa mtundu umodzi. Tsitsi lalitali, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mapepala awiri a dawuni imodzi mwa njira imodzi.

Henna imakhala ndi ubwino wonyezimira, kotero palibe ngozi yowonongeka, ngakhale mutagwiritsa ntchito utoto wachilengedwe kwa zaka zambiri. Chida ichi chimakhalanso chokongola kwa eyelashes ndi nsidze zokoma ndi zokongola. Chifukwa cha zodzoladzola zoterezi, kuwonjezera pa mausiya a mdima ndi nsidze, mukhoza kuwonjezeranso chithandizo kwa khungu ndi zosakhwima, tsitsi labwino. Mavu ndi ma eileshes kwa milungu iwiri kapena itatu sizidzasowa zowonjezerapo zowonjezera mapensulo amdima odzola.

Kumayiko akummawa, henna amagwiritsidwa ntchito popaka mapepala a misomali, komanso khungu.

Mukudziwa? Chifukwa cha nsomba zake zam'mwamba, henna ankagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zakale povina zikopa ndi nsalu. Mu mwambo wa maliro wa Aigupto akale, am'mimba a othawa anali atakulungidwa mu nsalu ya mtundu wa henna. Aarabu amagwiritsa ntchito henna pojambula mahatchi, mchira ndi manes.
Maluwa a Lonsonia ndi nekolyuchi amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mafuta ofunikira. Chinthu chofunika kwambiri chotchedwa "mafuta a ku Cyprus", chimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mafuta onunkhira atsopano mu zonunkhira (zonunkhira, madzi a toilete, mapuloteni) komanso ngati fungo lachilengedwe lopaka mankhwala.

Kulima

Lawsonia nekolyuchaya imakula bwino mumaluwa otentha (m'madera otentha), komanso mu mphika momwemo m'nyumba, nyumba ndi maofesi. Mmerawo ndi wodzichepetsa: madzi pang'ono, kuwala kochepa, kudulira mofatsa, thandizo la panthaƔi yake kuchokera kwa eni ake polimbana ndi matenda - ndipo zaka zambiri zitsamba zidzakhala zabwino.

Zomwe zimabzala mbewu

Lawsonia akhoza kufalikizidwa popanda zovuta, pogwiritsa ntchito mitengo yobiriwira yobiriwira kapena kufesa mbewu.

Kufalitsa mbewu

Chidebe chosaya (mphika wa maluwa, bokosi la mmera) imatengedwa kuti mukatsanulire nthaka. Nthaka imatsanulira mu thanki imatayidwa, pang'ono ndi yothira ndi botolo la kutsitsi, ndipo mbewu zowuma za lawson zimayambitsidwa mopanda pake. Ndikofunika kuyesa ndikugawira mbeu pamwamba pa nthaka si mulu.

Ndikofunikira! Mbeu zofesedwa zatsalira pansi zosaphimbidwa ndi dziko lapansi, kapena zimaphimbidwa ndi dothi kumadontho osapitirira 1-2 mm. Chifukwa cha ichi ndi mbewu yaing'ono kwambiri, yomwe ili pansi, sizingakulire, alibe mphamvu yakukula.

Mbewuzo zimayambitsanso kupopera ndi botolo la kutsitsila ndi zokutidwa ndi pulasitiki kapenanso galasi loyera. Chidebe chomwe chili ndi lawsonia chimayikidwa pamalo otentha, nthawi zina kumalimbikitsa ndi kuthirira ndi kuthirira bwino. Mphukira zoyamba ziyenera kuyembekezera mkati mwa masiku 30-35 mutabzala. Izi zimatha kufulumira pakufesa mbewu zokonzedweratu. Kukonzekera, muyenera kuchita izi: Mbeuyi imayikidwa pa nsalu yonyowa ya ubweya, kenaka nsaluyo imakulungidwa mu mpukutu ndikuikidwa mu thumba la pulasitiki.

Phukusili likuyimitsidwa ku batri yoyaka kwa sabata. Mu kutentha ndi chinyezi, mbeu zidzakula bwino, ziyamba kukula. Pofesedwa m'nthaka, kubzala kotereku kudzauka mkati mwa masiku atatu.

Pamene mbande ziri zazing'ono, nthaka mu tankyala iyenera kusungidwa pang'ono, nthawi zina kuwaza zomera zazing'ono ndi madzi otentha. Galasi kapena thumba la pulasitiki silidachotsedwa, malo obereketsa amakhalabe ataphimbidwa. Masamba awiri enieni akawonekeranso atsikana, amatha kulowetsedwa m'miphika kuti azikhalamo.

Kubalanso zipatso zobiriwira kapena zolimba

Dulani phesi kuti likhale ndi masamba awiri kapena limodzi. Gawolo liyenera kukhala osachepera 8-12 masentimita m'litali. Kuti mukwaniritse mawonekedwe a cuttings, mukhoza kuwatsitsa mu chidebe ndi madzi, momwe zida zowonjezereka zimaphatikizidwa (mwachitsanzo, "Kornevin") kapena kuikidwa mumtambo wouma, 1 sentimita yakuya.

Njira iliyonse yomwe imasankhidwa, kudula sikungasiyidwe popanda madzi kapena utuchi wouma. Nkofunikira, madzi ayenera kutsanulira ndi kusungunula utuchi ndi botolo la kutsitsi. Pambuyo masiku 35-40, mizu yoyera idzayamba kukula pa cuttings, pamene mizu imatha kutalika kwa masentimita 2-3 - lawsonia ingabzalidwe mu mphika wosiyana, komwe imakula nthawi zonse.

Mukudziwa? Zachilendo, koma ngakhale kulawa kowawa, nyama zimakonda kudya masamba ndi nthambi zalamulo za Lawsonia kwambiri. Pambuyo pa "chakudya chosafunika" chimenechi, nyama zimayenda kwa milungu ingapo ndi milomo yofiira kapena yofukiza. Pambuyo podikira kuyamba kwa mvula, ngakhale kudya kwambiri, tchire la Lawsonia mwamsanga limamanga nthambi zazing'ono ndi masamba.

Kuunikira ndi malo okhala

Lovesonia sakonda malo abwino, amatsitsimutsa ndi dzuwa. Njira yothetsera vutoli ndiyo kukhazikitsa mphika ndi kukula kwa henna pawindo lakumwera. M'miyezi ya chilimwe, chomeracho chikhoza kuikidwa pa khonde kapena m'bedi la maluwa bwino. Kutentha kwa kunja kapena m'chipinda chomwe udzu wa lawnonia ulipo uyenera kupitirira + 11 ° C - ichi ndicho chikhalidwe chachikulu cha kukula kwachitsamba chozizira. The chilimwe kutentha shrub bwino kulekerera.

Nthaka, gawo ndi pH Level

Dothi lodzala osayeruzika liyenera kukhala lopanda (pH 8-8.5), choncho muyenera kuligula mumsitolo wapadera wamaluwa kapena kusonkhanitsa kumunda komwe farasi ikukula mochuluka. Dothi la nthaka liyenera kusakanizidwa ndi mchenga mu magawo ofanana. Kukhalapo kwa horsetail nthawizonse kumasonyeza nthaka acidic.

Pezani chifukwa chake nkofunika kulingalira za acid acid kwa zomera; momwe ndichitire kuti deoxidize nthaka m'munda.

Kuthirira

Lawsonia amakonda nthaka yambiri, koma salola kuti dothi lithe. Kumtchire, zomera zimatha kupulumuka kwa nthawi yayitali pamtambo wosauka wa madzi popanda kuwonongeka. Choncho, Lawsonia wakukula kunyumba sangathe kuchititsidwa manyazi.

Mukhoza kuthirira chitsamba pokhapokha dothi lopanda mphika mumphika limauma pang'ono. Poyenda kwa nthawi yaitali popanda madzi, chomeracho sichitha, koma chimangoyamba masamba. Izi ndizimene zimachitika pachikhalidwe choopsa, momwemonso momwemo zidzakhudzire ndi kuwukira kwa tizirombo kapena matenda.

Kudulira

Lawsonia sagwira ntchito mwakhama, ndi chomera cholimba kwambiri, choncho chivundikiro cha masamba chikagwa - chitsamba chimadulidwa, kutsanulira ndi madzi ndi mchere wambiri, ndikuyika pazenera zowonjezera bwino (makamaka pawindo lakumwera). Chomerachi chidzakula msanga nthambi ndi masamba

Mukudziwa? Mwambo wopenta ndi henna thupi limabwerera zaka 5,000 zapitazo, kotero wolamulira wotchuka wa Egypt adakongoletsa yekha - Nefertiti. Ngati khofi yachilengedwe imayikidwa ku yanna yankho, ndiye kuti thupi lidzapangidwa ndi matani a chokoleti, ndipo ngati vinyo wofiira amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga chowonjezera, ndiye mu claret.

Kukolola

Masamba a zomera za henna alibe mtundu ndi mankhwala. Kukolola kwa masamba ndi makungwa amangokolola kumapeto koyamba zitsamba zikafika zaka zitatu. Masamba atachotsedwa mmunda, mphukira zazing'ono zimadulidwa, kutalika kwake kufika 20-25 masentimita. Mphukira zouma ndipo zimakhala pansi pa ufa wouma. Kukula kwa mafakitale kuchokera ku hekita imodzi ya zaka zitatu zolima mpaka matani awiri a zipangizo zamakono zimakololedwa.

Mukhoza kukula mosavuta chitsamba chokongola cha henna panyumba mumphika ndipo mutha kukatha masamba anu ochiritsa. Kuwona malamulo ophweka olima kulima, n'zotheka kukwaniritsa maluwa onunkhira komanso achiwawa a lawsonia m'malo osungirako malo okhala pansi pa malo.