Bowa la Reishi: mankhwala ndi kukula kunyumba

M'miyambo yosiyanasiyana, amatchedwa "mphatso ya kumwamba", "chomera cha Mulungu", "bowa la mphamvu yauzimu", "bowa losakhoza kufa", ngakhale kuti dzina lake lenileni ndilo losavuta - Reishi kapena tinder lacquered. Ndizovuta kwambiri kupeza kuthengo, kotero kuti izi zisanayambe kuganiziridwa kuti ndizochokera kwa olemekezeka ndi mafumu okha. Zomwe bowa ili linali lofunika kwambiri m'masiku akale komanso zomwe ali nazo zozizwitsa - tiyeni tiyankhule za izo mwatsatanetsatane.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Ganoderma kapena tinder lacquered imakula pa stumps ndi mitengo yofooka ya mitengo yokalamba kapena yokalamba. Kawirikawiri, koma mukhoza kupeza fungasi pa nthaka kapena mizu ya zomera.

Chinthu choyambirira "chokhala ndi lacquered" adalandira kuyamika kwa kapu yake, yomwe imasiyanitsidwa ndi malo ozizira bwino ndi mphete zowonjezera. Mtundu wake umakhala wosiyana ndi wofiira-bulauni mpaka wofiira.

Mukudziwa? Ku Japan, bowa ichi amatchedwa mannentak - "bowa losapsa", ndi ku China - lingzhi (zikwi khumi) - bowa wazaka zikwi khumi.

Mafelemu a Reishi kawirikawiri saposa 25 masentimita awiri ndi 3 cm mu msinkhu, akukula ndi mawonekedwe odabwitsa. Ngakhale bowa ali wamng'ono, thupi lake lili ngati siponji yoyera, yomwe imakhala yovuta pakapita nthawi, ndipo mtundu wake umakhala wofiira.

Werengani malongosoledwe ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ochiritsira a nkhungu za maliro.

Kukula kwa nthaka ndi kufalitsa

Poyamba, Reishi anakula kokha ku China ndi Japan, koma zamakono zamakono zathandiza kuti zifalikire padziko lonse lapansi. Lero tcheru imapezeka pa minda ya bowa m'mayiko osiyanasiyana. Ngakhale kuti eni eni eniake a Reishi akadali Japan, China ndi Vietnam.

Mankhwala amapangidwa

Kafukufuku wosiyanasiyana wa sayansi ndi sayansi wakhala atakhazikitsa kale kuti chochepetsetsa chimakhala ndi mapangidwe othandiza komanso osiyana.

Mkati mwake ndi:

  • amino acid amene amatsuka thupi la poizoni ndi slags;
  • organic ndi polyunsaturated mafuta acids, omwe amalepheretsa maonekedwe a zotupa;
  • polysaccharides zomwe zimalimbitsa chitetezo cha mthupi;
  • chithandizo;
  • coumarins;
  • saponin;
  • chodabwitsa;
  • mavitamini a magulu b, c ndi d;
  • chosowa;
  • chithandizo;
  • macro- ndi microelements (calcium, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, manganese, selenium, zinki, mkuwa).

Ndikofunikira! Monga momwe kafukufuku wapadziko lonse wasonyezera, zitsanzo za bowa zomwe zimasonkhana m'madera osiyanasiyana zimasiyanasiyana ndi momwe zimakhudzira thanzi laumunthu.

Mankhwala ndi opindulitsa katundu wa bowa

Chifukwa cha zigawozi, Reishi alimbikitsa thupi, komanso ali ndi antibacterial, antitumor ndi antitiviral effect. Zomwe amagwiritsa ntchito Germanium zimapangitsa kuti azitengako mpweya wabwino kupita ku zinyama, kuchepetsa ngozi ya hypoxia.

Reishi triterpenoids amalimbikitsa kuthetsa poizoni ndi kuchita ngati masoka a radioprotectors (ma molecule omwe amateteza motsutsana ndi ma radiation). Polysaccharides imathandizanso kuchepetsa shuga wa magazi ndi ma cholesterol, komanso kuchepa kwa magazi.

Kudya dzungu, biringanya, plums, kumquat, nyemba, beets, radishes, sikwashi, kaloti, mapeyala, Slyti, yucca, zukini, lagenaria imathandizanso kuchepetsa mlingo wa cholesterol mu thupi.

Kugwiritsa ntchito Reishi mu mankhwala

Ambiri mwa bowa la Reishi ali ndi chidwi ndi asayansi ogwira ntchito m'maganizo a matenda opatsirana. Masiku ano, France, Japan, Canada, ndi China akufufuza kafukufuku, zomwe ndizofunika kudziwa ngati nkhunguzi zingathe kukhala ngati njira yothetsera matenda kapena khansa. Koma pamene ntchito ya Reishi padziko lonse lapansi ili pokhapokha pa chitukuko, m'madera ena a chithandizo chamankhwala, kubisala zotsatira zochititsa chidwi:

  1. Zimaperekedwa kuti zikhale ndi matenda a mtima, kuti zikhazikike komanso zikhazikike pambuyo pa mtima.
  2. Reishi ndi gawo la mankhwala osokoneza bongo omwe cholinga chake ndi kuteteza ndi kuchiza matenda a shuga.
  3. Bowa ili limathandiza kuti kubwezeretsedwa kwa dongosolo lamanjenje, kuthetsa kusokonezeka kwakukulu komanso kusokonezeka maganizo, pamene sichikuchititsa kuti anthu asamvetse kapena kugona.
  4. Monga anti-inflammatory agent, tinder amagwiritsidwa ntchito pochizira matenda opatsirana ndi m'mimba. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito bwino mu mankhwala ovuta a mphumu, bronchitis, ndi chifuwa chachikulu.
    Pochizira bronchitis amagwiritsanso ntchito mtengo wa alowe, bergamot, blueblue, fennel, Icelandic moss, propolis tincture, adyo ndi mtsinje.
  5. Chigawo chofanana cha mankhwala ochepetsa kulemera chimachotsa chiwombankhanga ndipo chimateteza kupewa kunenepa kwambiri.
  6. Chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake apadera, Reishi amachititsa kupanga ma antibodies mu thupi laumunthu, kotero bowa uwu wakhala nthawi yayitali mbali ya mankhwala osokoneza bongo.
Reishi triterpenoids amachitanso chimodzimodzi ndi hormonal steroid, kuwalola kuti abwere msanga komanso kuwonjezera mphamvu zawo zogwira ntchito. Koma, mosiyana ndi steroids, bowa sizimakhudza chiwindi ndi impso. Chifukwa cha katundu wotere, polypore nthawi yomweyo anayamba kutchuka pakati pa othamanga, ngakhale kuti mphamvu zake zowonongeka kwa thupi sizinatsimikizidwe zasayansi. Ndipo ngakhale asayansi a kumadzulo akuyamba kuphunzira zovuta kuti athe kuthana ndi mankhwala a chilengedwe, madokotala a ku China akupanga njira zowonjezereka za mankhwala ozikidwa pa izo.

Zopindulitsa za lingzhi (dzina lachi China la bowa) pochiza maulendo a oncology akuwonetseredwa mu mbali zingapo:

  1. Zimalepheretsa kuchitika kwa zotupa ndi metastasis, komanso kuchepetsa kukula kwawo.
  2. Amalimbitsa chitetezo cha mthupi, kupatsa thupi mphamvu zowonjezera.
  3. Amathetsa vutoli. Njira yothandizira mankhwala nthawi zambiri imabweretsa kudwala kwatsopano kwa odwala, zomwe zingapangitse thupi kukhala lofooka. Choncho, pakadali pano, katundu wa Reishi ndi ofunika kwambiri.
  4. Linchzhi imalepheretsa kusintha kwa maselo a khansa, zomwe zimawapangitsa kukhala ovuta kwambiri kuchipatala, komanso amachotsa poizoni m'thupi, kuteteza matendawa.

Ndikofunikira! Zina mwa ziwalozi ndizolimbana ndi matendawa. The polyporium imamuthandiza kuti ayambe kuthamanga komanso kumalimbikitsa ntchito yake.

Kuvulaza ndi kutsutsana

Mavuto omwe angakhale nawo pogwiritsira ntchito bowa sagwirizana ndi momwe akugwiritsire ntchito, koma kwawomwe akuchokera. Chowonadi ndi chakuti Reishi weniweni ndimasangalalo okwera mtengo omwe aliyense sangakwanitse.

Komabe, chiwerengero cha anthu omwe akufuna kukulitsa thanzi lawo mwa bowa mozizwitsa chinapangitsa kuti zipangidwe zonse zachinyengo ziwoneke, zomwe zimakhala zowawa kwambiri (nthawi zambiri) zomwe zimaperekedwa kuti zikhale zotsalira. Kuzindikira kusakanizidwa koteroko popanda kusanthula kachulukidwe ka chikhalidwe cha novice sikutheka.

Koma kugula Reishi weniweni si chitsimikizo cha thanzi. Nkhungu zambiri zimatengera zomera kuchokera ku chilengedwe chawo, choncho chilengedwe cha m'deralo chimakula.

Kawirikawiri wopanga kapena wothandizira aliyense amatha kupereka kalata ya khalidwe, ndipo ngakhale atatero, ndiye wogula wamba sangathe kutsimikizira kuti ndiwotheka. Zinthu zomvetsa chisoni ngati Reishi zinapereka chitsimikizo chakuti ambiri anayamba kukula bowawa pakhomo pawokha.

Kulima Masamba a Reishi

Kukula tinder ku kanyumba kapena m'nyumba yapafupi ndi kophweka. Ndipo popeza fruiting ndi zotheka mkati mwa zaka 4-5 kuchokera pakufesa, zimapindulitsa. Pali njira ziwiri zowonjezera bowa la reishi: pa stumps mtengo ndi mankhwala ochiritsira.

Tikukulimbikitsani kuti mudziwe zambiri za mitu, ma chanterelles, mazira a poplar, bowa, bowa la aspen, mapuloteni a aspen, white podgruzdkah, truffles zakuda, boletus, boletus, mapanga, uchi wa agarics, bowa, mafunde.

Kukula pa stumps

Kuti mugwiritse ntchito njirayi, mudzafunikira stumps okha, bowa mycelium ndi gawo lapansi, komanso dera la kubzala mtsogolo. Iyenera kukhala malo kutali ndi kuwala kwa dzuwa; abwino ngati pali kuchuluka kwa chinyezi.

Kukonzekera kukonzekera

Ndizabwino ngati pali mitengo yamtengo wapatali kuchokera ku mitengo yosalala kapena ya zipatso (coniferous trees sizingagwire ntchito). Apo ayi, konzekerani, kuyambira m'dzinja kufikira masika, maziko ofanana a mtsogolo. Panthawiyi, makungwa pa stumps ndi amphamvu kwambiri, ndipo mlingo wa mavitamini mmenemo umakwera kwambiri mvula isanayambe.

Kukonzekera kwa dothi

Dulani bowa ayenera kuikidwa m'nthaka yoyenera, popeza kukula kwa saprophytes kudzafuna mavitamini ochuluka ndi zowonongeka zothandizira chitukuko. Osati nthaka iliyonse ili yoyenera kuchita izi: kuti muwatsimikizire za ubwino wa nthaka, ndi bwino kupanga gawolo.

Kuti muchite izi, tengani magawo asanu a peat, 1 gawo la miyala yamchere ndi 4. Komanso, sikupweteka kuwonjezera nthaka ndi manyowa kapena udzu wa zakudya. Sakanizani zowonjezeramo kuti zikhale zofanana ndipo muzitsuka mosamala pang'onopang'ono, ndipo mutabzala - zophimba ndi gawo lapansi kuzungulira mzere.

Kufesa (kufalitsa) mycelium

Popeza sizingatheke kufalitsa bowa kunyumba kuyambira pachiyambi, oyendetsa bowa amagula mycelium - mycelium yomwe yayamba kale kukula. Kufesa kumayamba ndi kudula mabowo ang'onoang'ono (masentimita 7 ndi 1.2 masentimita), kumene nsalu zimakhala ndi mycelium zimalowetsedwa.

Pambuyo pake timaphimba glade ndi filimu. Kuti bowa zikhale bwino, mukufunikira kutentha kwa 20-26 ° C, kotero mutha kusamutsa pang'onopang'ono chipindacho kupita kuchipinda. Ngati izi sizingatheke, ndiye mutseke mabowo ndi parafini mycelium ndi chitsime chabwino pansi. Chiwerengero cha mycelium chimamatira pa "munda" chimadalira msanga wa kumera kwawo: zambiri za iwo, posachedwa nkhungu zoyamba ziwonekera.

Kukula pa utuchi

Njira yakukula pa utuchi amakulolani kuti mupeze mofulumira mokolola kusiyana ndi vuto la hemp, osankha ambiri a bowa amazisankha, ngakhale kuti matepi ake amafunika kuwamvetsera kwambiri.

Mukudziwa? Bowa amasonyeza kuti ndiwamphamvu kwambiri. Zoona zimadziwika pamene mazira awo amakula pambuyo pa zaka 10 za hibernation, ndipo m'chaka cha 2002 chimapezeka cha bowa chinafukulidwa chomwe chinakula mkati mwa atomic reactor.

Kukonzekera kwa utuchi gawo lapansi

Choyamba ndi kukonzekera gawo lapansi. Zimapangidwa malinga ndi chiwerengero cha 80% ya utuchi wa 20% wa zakudya zina zowonjezera. Zotsatirazi zimaphatikizapo oatmeal, mapeyala a balere, komanso amchere oyenera (gypsum, choko), koma osaposa 2% ya misala yonse. Pambuyo kusakaniza bwino, sungani pang'ono gawo la gawo ndikuitumiza kuti liwume. Kuti muchite izi, perekani madziwa kwa maola asanu kutentha kwa pafupifupi 90 ° C. Kwa ntchito yaikulu ya workpiece, njirayi ndi yabwino kubwereza.

Kudya gawo lapansi

Nthaka yokonzedweratu yayikidwa mu chidebe, komwe bowa mtsogolo idzakula. Kufesa kumachitidwa kutentha kwa 30 ° C mwa kumiza mycelium pansi. Kuchokera mmwamba ndi zofunika kuti muzitsuka pang'ono ndi dothi, ndipo mutatha - musiye masiku 15-20 kuti mubere.

Panthawi imeneyi, kutentha kwa firimu sikuyenera kukhala pansi pa 18 ° C ndipo osati pamwamba pa 26 ° C. Chinthu china chofunika kwa bowa ndi chinyezi: mlingo wake wabwino ndi 75%. Choncho, nthawi ndi nthawi fufuzani gawo lapansi: sayenera kukhala yonyowa kwambiri kapena yowuma kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Zipangizo zoterozo zidzalola mpweya zambiri zimalowa mkati mwa gawo lapansi, ndipo zitatha kuwonekera bowa.

Nthaka ikaphimbidwa ndi mycelium, mukhoza kupita ku sitepe yotsatira.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Maonekedwe a mycelium akusonyeza kuti posachedwapa idzakhala nthawi yokolola, koma muyenera kuwathandiza kuwonekera. Pochita izi, kuperewera kumachitika - mabala amapangidwa ndi akasinja ndi bowa.

Kusamalira chingwe chophatikizidwa ndi gawo lapansi

Kuti reishi asangalale osati ndi zokolola zokwanira, zokwanira kuti zikhale ndi zinthu zabwino:

  1. Malo Kumbukirani kuti amakonda penumbra, choncho mycelium iyenera kutengedwa kuchokera ku dzuwa.
  2. Kutentha Pa nthawi ya kukula ndi kusasitsa, kupambana kwake ndi 23-25 ​​° C, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira - osachepera 18 ° C.
  3. Chinyezi Kuti musunge mlingo woyenera wa 75%, pafupi ndi mycelium, ikani poto lalikulu ndi yonyowa wothira dongo ndi kutsanulira bowa kamodzi pamlungu ndi madzi ofunda.
  4. Kuthirira Koma kuthirira kwathunthu kumapangidwira pokhapokha ngati pakufunika. Tsiku lililonse, yang'anani gawo lapansi, ndipo ngati lapezeka kuti laliwuma, liditsanulirani ndi madzi owiritsa kapena amvula.
  5. Kupaka pamwamba. Ndi gawo lokonzekera bwino Reishi sakusowa.
  6. Vuto lotheka. Zitha kuumba ndi kuvunda ngati dothi liri lonyowa kwambiri, komanso slugs, spiders ndi nthata ngati chipindacho sichinaziziritsidwe ndipo pali mpweya wabwino.
Tikukulimbikitsani kuti mudziwe zambiri za bowa zomwe zimadya komanso zoopsa zomwe zikukula pamitengo.

Kukolola ndi kusungirako zipangizo

Nthawi yabwino yopanga tinder ndi nthawi kuyambira July mpaka November. Ngati adagula bowa, nthawi zambiri amagulitsidwa mu mawonekedwe okonzeka-osungirako - ngati zowuma zakuda.

Koma ngati mututala mbeu yanu, muyenera kuyamba kuyimitsa:

  1. Poyamba, yambani bowa zouma ndi mapepala amapepala, kuyeretsa nthaka ndi zinyalala zosiyanasiyana. Kutsuka zipangizo sikuletsedwa.
  2. Bowa wothira mafutawa amagawidwa kwambiri, kutsanulira mofanana pa zikopazo ndi kutumidwa padzuwa kapena mu uvuni (pa 45 ° C). Pamene zidutswazo zikumangirila ku zikopazo, titsani kutentha kwa 70 ° C. Ndi bwino kuyanika bowa mu zidule zochepa, popanda kutsegula uvuni kwathunthu.
  3. Timatumiza mabanki a Reishi kumabanki, tiwatseka mwamphamvu ndi zids, ndikuyika m'malo ozizira kumene kutentha sikukwera pamwamba pa 25 ° C ndipo chinyezi chimakhala chosungidwa. Muzochitika zoterozo, kubwezera sikudzataya machiritso ake kwa zaka ziwiri.

Madzi otchuka a Reishi akuyamba kufotokoza zinsinsi zawo kudziko. Iwo alidi ndi zinthu zodabwitsa ndipo amatha kupereka chithandizo chachikulu kwa munthu pa nthawi zovuta.

Mukudziwa? Mitengo ya zipatso ya bowa ndi 90% madzi.
Ndikofunika kugwiritsa ntchito bowa okha omwe adakula m'malo abwino, kopanda apo pali mwayi wopeza mavuto ena m'malo mwa chithandizo. Komanso, musanagwiritse ntchito mankhwala achilengedwe okhwima, ndi bwino kuyamba kufunsira kwa katswiri.