Malamulo ndi nthawi yokhala pansi

Ngati mwakhala ndi mimba kuti musinthe mtundu wa malo anu ndi zomera zazitali ndi zimayambira yaitali, zomwe zingayime motsutsana ndi maziko a zolemba zochepa, yang'anani ku duwa lotchedwa snapdragon. Zomwe zili m'nkhani ino ndizofunika kubzala bwino maluwa awa ndi malamulo oyang'anira iwo.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Snapdragon - nthiti-shrub kapena zitsamba zokhala ndizowongoka, zowonjezera zowonda-zimayambira, zomwe kutalika kwake zimasiyana ndi 10 cm kufika 1 mamita. Chitsamba cha chomera ichi chiri ndi mawonekedwe ake ofanana ndi piramidi. Masamba pamwamba ali okonzedwa mu dongosolo lina, ndipo omwe aikidwa pansi ali osiyana. Maonekedwe awo ndi a lancet-ofanana kapena oblong-oval, mtundu umasiyana ndi wobiriwira kuti ukhale wobiriwira wa emerald wobiriwira ndi mikwingwirima yofiirira.

Mukudziwa? Snapdragon yapeza ntchito yambiri pamalonda. Mitsempha, napara, infusions ndi teas kuchokera mmenemo amagwiritsidwa ntchito pochizira matenda osiyanasiyana a chiwindi, m'mimba kapangidwe ndi zipumphu.
Maluwawo ali ndi fungo losangalatsa. Zimakhala zazikulu kukula ndi zosaoneka bwino, ziwiri-ziwiri, ndipo zingakhale zovuta kapena zosavuta. Inflorescence - wodwala. Mtundu wa maluwa ukhoza kukhala woyera, pinki, wachikasu, mthunzi uliwonse wofiira. Palinso magulu ang'onoang'ono omwe amatha kusonyeza mitundu ingapo panthawi imodzi. Chipatsochi chimayimilidwa ndi bokosi la mitundu yambiri, lomwe lili ndi mbeu 6,000.
Fodzizani ndi magulu a snapdragon kutalika tchire.

Mukamabzala snapdragon

Kuti mupeze zotsatira zabwino, ndi bwino kudziwa nthawi yobzala mbewu mmalo otseguka, kapena kuti mupeze nthawi yofesa mbewu, malingana ndi njira yomwe mubzala. Zambiri zokhudzana ndi zizindikiro ndi zikhalidwe za kutuluka zimapezeka mu gawo lino.

Kufesa mbewu

Kugwiritsa ntchito njirayi sikukutitsimikizira zotsatira zabwino, makamaka ngati mukukhala nyengo yozizira. Komabe, kumadera akum'mwera mungayese kufesa mbewu mwachindunji pakatikati pa mwezi wa April - kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa May. Mbewu za mkango wa mkango ndizozizira kwambiri ndipo zimatha kupulumuka ngakhale usiku wachisanu.

Ndikofunikira! Kufesa mbewu kumachitika bwino pamene kutentha kwapakati pa tsiku ndi tsiku kumadutsa + 7 ... + 10 ° С. Kugwirizana ndi lamuloli ndi pafupifupi chitsimikizo cha 100% cha kupambana kwawo kumera.

Kubzala mbande

Kubzala mbande kumapereka zotsatira zowonjezereka, chifukwa chomera, pamene mukuchiyang'anira mu nyengo yotentha, nthawi yokhala ndi mphamvu yowonjezera komanso yowonjezera mchere wambiri, yomwe ingathandizire kuti ikulimbikitseni ndikupitirizabe kukula ndikukula. Nthawi yabwino yobzala mbande pamalo otseguka amaonedwa kuti ndipakati pa May - kumayambiriro kwa June. Kutentha kwa tsiku ndi tsiku kumakhala kozungulira + 19 ... +22 ° С. Mbande zokhala ndi 4-5 woona (osati cotyledonous) masamba ndi mawonekedwe, tsinde lamphamvu amaonedwa kuti ndi yoyenera kuika pamalo otseguka. Chofunikira chokula bwino ndi kusakhala kwa zizindikiro za matenda monga kuphulika kwa tsinde kapena masamba, tsamba lopukuta masamba, mabala a dzimbiri, etc. Zidzakhalanso zothandiza musanadzalemo malo osatha kuti muwumitse mbande, kuziyika kunja kwa kanthaŵi kochepa.

Momwe mungabzalitsire snapdragon: malangizo ndi sitepe

Mwachidziwikire, palibe chachilendo ndichindunji pakukula mbande ndi kuika zidutswa zamtundu. Koma pali zizindikiro zingapo zomwe muyenera kuziganizira, chifukwa ngakhale alimi odziwa bwino nthawi zina samadziwa za iwo chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa mbewuyi m'dera lathu. Zambiri za iwo - pansipa.

Onaninso za maluwa osazolowereka monga sundew, passionflower, nepentes, orchis, hoya, camellia ndi amorphofallus.

Kusankha Mbewu

Kusankha mbewu zabwino ndi chinthu chofunika kwambiri chomwe chipambano chonse cha malonda chimadalira kwambiri. Posankha mbewu, samalani ndi homogeneity ya mawonekedwe awo: sayenera kukhala otayirira kapena owuma inclusions; ayenera kukhala ngati poppy mbewu mu chosasinthasintha.

Ndikofunikira! Mbeu za mkango wa mkango zikhoza kukhala zothandiza kwa zaka 1-2 zokha zitatha kukolola, kotero pamene mugula mbewu, samalani pa rafulo moyo.
Ndikofunika kuti tipewe mbewu zakufa komanso zopanda kanthu, chifukwa zimathandiza kuti mbeu zisawonongeke kuti zisamakhale zowonongeka komanso zikhoza kuyambitsa matendawa. Kuti muchite izi, tengani kapu ya madzi ofunda pang'ono ndikuyika mbeu mmenemo: Zomwe zimakhala pansi zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kubzala, ndipo zomwe zikubwera ziyenera kutayidwa.

Kufesa snapdragon

  1. Konzani mabokosi ndi nthaka musanafese, ndibwino kuti dothi likhale lowala ndi lotayirira mitundu. Zokwanira zosowa zanu nthaka, monga peat substrate, ingagulidwe ku shopu lirilonse la maluwa. Kutalika kwa nthaka yosanjikiza ayenera kukhala pafupi 10-15 masentimita.
  2. Kenaka pansi ndi pensulo kukoka groove ndi akuya 1.5-2 masentimita, momwe ndi ofunika kwambiri mulu wa mbewu. Kunena zoona ndikofunika kuti chitukuko chikhale bwino. Mtunda pakati pa grooves ayenera kukhala osachepera 7-10 masentimita.
  3. Kenaka, bweretsani pamwamba pa nthaka ndi kuthira madzi kuti muzitha kutentha pamwamba pa 2/3 pa nthaka yosanjikiza.

Kusamalira mmera

Zomera, mpaka mphukira zoyamba, ziyenera kuikidwa ndi galasi lochepa kapena pulasitiki. Mbande ziyenera kutenthedwa, kutentha kwabwino kwa kukula kwake ndi chitukuko ndi 22 ... + 24 ° С. Ndikofunika kuti mabokosi omwe ali naye akakhale ndi dzuwa kwambiri. Monga njira yowunikira, mungagwiritse ntchito nyali za ultraviolet.

Kuthirira mbande zazing'ono ziyenera kuchitidwa ngati dothi lakuda 2-3 masentimita. Onetsetsani kuti nthaka yayuma mokwanira, mungathe, ngati mutakhala mu bokosi ndi chala kapena pensulo. Pamene mapepala oyambirira akupezeka pa chomera, mbande zingabzalidwe miphika yosiyana. Ndikofunika kwambiri kuchita izi ngati mbande zimabwera mwamphamvu ndipo zomera sizikhala ndi malo okwanira kuti zitheke bwino. Pambuyo pa kukula kwa masamba 4-5 woona, mphukira yapakati ya mbeu iliyonse iyenera kuikidwanso. Zomwezo ziyenera kuchitidwa ndi mbali, ngati mukuona kuti zikukula kwambiri. Kuyambira kuyambira masiku oyambirira a mwezi wa May, zingakhale zothandiza kukweza mbande pang'ono, kuziika pa khonde kapena kutsegula mphindi 10-15.

Kusindikiza pamalo otseguka

Malo omwe akukula nthawi zonse amatha kukhala mthunzi kapena kuikidwa dzuwa. Ndikofunikira kuyang'anitsitsa mosamala kuti palibe madzi owonjezera, chifukwa snapdragon ali ndi chizoloŵezi chokhazikitsa matenda osiyanasiyana a fungal. Sikoyenera kudzala chomera pa malo otseguka kwambiri, monga momwe zimakhudzidwa ndi mphepo ndi kukonzanso maluwa ake adzagwa msanga.

Dothi lokongola la snapdragon lidzakhala chisakanizo cha peat, mchenga ndi kompositi mu chiŵerengero cha 1: 1: 1. Zomera zimayenera kukhala motere: amtali akuluakulu - pamtunda wa osachepera 0,5 mamita pakati pa wina ndi mnzake, mitundu ikuluikulu - masentimita 30, mitundu yochepa - ndi masentimita 20, osachepera masentimita 15. Kuwombera bwino kumachitidwa bwino ndi mtanda wa dziko pazu. Chombo cha kuikidwa sikuyenera kukhala osachepera 20 × 20 cm mu kukula. Zomera siziyenera kuikidwa pansi, kumene snapdragon yakula kwa zaka zisanu zapitazo, chifukwa cha kutopa kwa nthaka, komanso mazira omwe angakhalepo. ndi bowa zomwe ziri choyimira cha chomera ichi.

Malamulo oyang'anira maluwa

Pakamwa pa mkango ndi wodzichepetsa mu chisamaliro chake, ndipo kawirikawiri, sichinthu chosiyana kwambiri ndi kuumirira kuchokera kwa ena ambiri oimira mtunduwo. Komabe, pali zovuta zina zomwe simungapweteke kudziwa ngati mukukonzekera mwakuya kwake.

Kusamalira dothi

Nthaka, yomwe nyamayi imakula, imafunika kumasula nthawi zonse ndi kuchotsa namsongole. Maluwa amenewa amatsutsana kwambiri ndi namsongole, choncho muyenera kuchotsa malo ozungulira 0,5 mamita pafupi ndi zomera zosayenera.

Mukudziwa? Mtundu uliwonse ukuwona mu chomera ichi chinachake chokha. Mwachitsanzo, a British amalitcha "snapdragon", chifukwa iwo amawoneka ngati chinjoka chikutsegula pakamwa pake.
Kutsegula bwino kumapangidwa tsiku lotsatira pambuyo kuthirira ndi kuchotsa namsongole. Pochita izi, sizingakhale zodabwitsa kutulutsa mizu yonse ya namsongole kuti athetse kuberekanso. Musamasule nthaka kwambiri, chifukwa izi zingawononge mizu ya maluwa. Zidzatha kumasula 3-5 masentimita.

Kuthirira

Ndikofunika kuthirira maluwawa panthawi yozizira kwambiri, ndipo ngakhale apo, ngati mvula isanavulare milungu iwiri. Kugwiritsa ntchito madzi mochepa - ndi malita 3-5 okha pansi pa chitsamba chilichonse. Chinthu chokhacho kuthirira ndi chakuti sichikhoza kuchitidwa usiku, chifukwa bowa omwe ali pamwamba pa nthaka akhoza kukhala otanganidwa kwambiri usiku pa nthaka yonyowa ndipo amachititsa kuti matendawa apitirire mmunda.

Phunzirani momwe mungagwirire ndi dzimbiri, ndipo musamangomenyana ndi chishango chonyenga.

Kulimbana ndi matenda ndi tizirombo

Pakati pa matendawa, snapdragon imayamba kutengeka ndi dzimbiri, septoria, blackleg, ndi imvi kapena mizu zowola. Chithandizo chokha chokwanira cha matendawa chidzakhala chiwonongeko mwamsanga cha mbali zonse zomwe zakhudzidwa ndi mbeu (ngati kuli kofunikira, zitha kuwononga ngakhale zitsamba zonse) ndikutsatiridwa kwa maluwa otsalawo ndi yankho la fungicide.

Ndikofunikira! Mukamagwiritsa ntchito mankhwala, samalani mosamala ndi tsatirani mosamala malangizo oti mugwire nawo ntchito.
Mwa tizilombo, zomera nthawi zambiri zimaukira tizilombo, mbozi, ntchentche mphutsi ndi ntchentche zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimayika mazira maluwa. Pofuna kupeŵa maonekedwe a alendo oterewa, muzitsata njira zothandizira njira zothetsera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kapena zowononga, zomwe zilipo pamsika pamtundu waukulu.

Momwe mungadzisankhire mbeu za snapdragon

Mbewu za maluwa awa ziyenera kukololedwa mu gawo la kusapera kosakwanira, kuti muwaike iwo mu zinthu zabwino zomwe angathe kuphuka. Kwa ichi muyenera kutenga thumba lalitali kuchokera pansi pa baguette. Yambani kusonkhanitsa mbewu pa kucha kwa chipatso cha pamunsi wa peduncle. Mbali yapamwamba ya peduncle iyenera kuchotsedwa, chifukwa zipatso zomwe zimayikidwa pamenepo zimakhala zobiriwira, ndipo paketi imayikidwa pamunsi pake ndipo imayikidwa pa tsinde ndi ulusi.

Sungani mbewu za cactus, beet beet, celosia, buzulnik, lithops, hamedoreia, stockroses, thuja, zinnia ndi alstroemeria.
Kenaka zomera ndi mapaketi pazinthu ziyenera kudulidwa ndi kupachikidwa pambali pa mpweya wabwino, wouma, komanso ofunda kuti mbeu yakuthwa ikhale m'thumba. Mbewu zonse zitatsanulidwa, ziyenera kutumizidwa mabokosi kapena matumba a mapepala ndi kumanzere kusungidwa pamalo ouma omwe amapezeka kwa ana ndi nyama, kutentha kosachepera kuposa 5 ... + 7 ° С. Choncho, tikuyembekeza kuti nkhaniyi ikuthandizani kuphunzira zambiri za kubzala ndi kusamalira mbewu ngati snapdragon. Musachite mantha kuyesa zojambula zakutchire, kuyang'ana mitundu yatsopano ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndikupanga mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zomera ndikukhala mosiyana - izi zidzakuthandizira kukula kwa kukongola kwanu, ndipo munda wanu sudzasangalatsa banja lanu, komanso iwo omwe akuzungulirani.