Kodi kuvulaza ndi kupindula kwa chilombo cha radish ndi chiyani?

M'madera ndi minda ya dziko lathu nthawi zambiri pali radish zakutchire - udzu wobiriwira wamtunda wa chaka chimodzi. Amadzaza malo onse omasuka, mosasamala kanthu za momwe nthaka ikuyendera ndi nyengo. Nyama ya radish ndi chomera chakupha, komanso imathandizanso mankhwala.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Chomera radish ndi chomera chamtengo wapatali chaka ndi chaka, dzina lake lachilatini ndi Raphanus raphanistrum. Chomeracho chimaonedwa kuti n'chochuluka ndipo chikufala m'dziko lonse lathu, makamaka m'madera akum'mwera ndi kummawa.

Udzu umakula m'madera osiyidwa, m'mphepete mwa msewu, m'madera a mbewu zaulimi, malo odyetserako ziweto, m'mphepete mwa matupi a madzi, mapulasitiki ndi nkhalango zowonongeka m'madera otentha, otentha, amchere, komanso madera ena ozizira.

Mizu, masamba ndi maluwa

Zachaka zitsamba zokhala ndi vertically kukula herbaceous tsinde nthawi zambiri kufika 40-60 masentimita mu msinkhu. Mzuwu ndi nthambi yopanda kanthu komanso yofooka. Ma radish wa msipu amapanga masamba ozama, masamba ozama kwambiri kumayambiriro kwa kukula. Masamba ake aang'ono ndi opapatiza apamwamba amakhala osakanikirana pa tsinde ndipo ali ndi masamba ocheperapo kusiyana ndi masamba apansi a chomera.

Chaka chilichonse chikhoza kukhala choyera, chikasu, lilac, pinki, kapena kawirikawiri maluwa ofiira (18-40 mm m'mimba mwake) omwe ali ndi zinayi zinayi. Maluwa amakonzedwa m'magulu osasunthika pamapangidwe a nthambi zakuda. Pachaka pachimake pachiyambi cha chilimwe.

Mbalame yotchedwa radish zimayambira ndi kuzungulira kapena pang'ono lanceolate, ikhoza kukhala ndi mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira. Zimayambira sizingasinthe kapena kupanga nthambi zingapo zazitali pafupi ndi mbeu.

Phunzirani momwe mankhwala amsongole amagwiritsidwira ntchito: nyemba zoyera, ku Ulaya, ntchentche kumunda, ragweed, amaranth upturned, spurge, dandelions, nthula.

Masambawo ndi ofiira kapena obiriwira, okongoletsedwa ndi ubwino, tsitsi lolimba komanso okhwima pang'ono. Masamba otsika (a rosette) a chomera ndi aakulu (kuyambira 15-30 masentimita m'litali ndi 5-10 masentimita m'lifupi), omwe ali apamwamba pambali pa tsinde, ndi yopapatiza ndi yokhotakhota m'mphepete mwake. Zokwera pamwamba pa chomera, zing'onozing'ono ndi zazing'ono masamba. Kuswana

  • Kumapeto kwa maluwa, nyemba zowonjezera mbeu zimapangidwa pa chomera (3-9 cm kutalika ndi 3-6 mm kupingasa). Mitengo ya mbeu imalumikizidwa ku zakuthengo radish zimayambira 1-3 masentimita yaitali ndipo zimathera ndi tapering "mulomo" (1-3 cm long). Mzerewu wagawidwa m'magulu angapo. Mitengo imafanana ndi nyemba, momwe amapezera nyemba za nyemba. Mbeu yambewu imakhala ndi mtundu wobiriwira kapena wofiira ikadali wamng'ono, ndipo imabala bulauni kapena imvi ngati imakula.
  • Pamene nyemba zam'mimba zimabereka, zimagawanika kukhala magawo 3-10 (3-7 mm kutalika ndi 2-5 mm m'lifupi). Komanso, gawo lirilonse liri ndi mbewu imodzi. Mbeuyi imakhala yozungulira, ndiyitali ya 1.5 mpaka 4 mm, yofiira kapena yobiriwira. Pakati pa nyengo, mbeu za 150 mpaka 300 ziphulika pachaka. Mbeu zakugwa pansi zimamera kamodzi kokha pambuyo pake, pambuyo poti nyengo yachisanu imatha kumangidwe.
  • Mbalame yakutchire imafalitsidwa kokha ndi mbewu zomwe zimafikira kutali ndi mayi chifukwa cha mphepo, madzi, nyama ndi anthu. Zimakhulupirira kuti kufalikira kwa mbewu za udzu umenewu pamtunda wautali ndi chifukwa cha tirigu wochuluka (tirigu, oats, rye).
Mbalame yam'madzi (Raphanus raphanistrum) makamaka ndi namsongole omwe amakhala pa nthaka yaulimi komanso pafupi ndi anthu. Chaka chiri chonse chimatchedwa chomera chabwino cha uchi; pali timadzi timene timakhala mumapu a mapesi ndi tizilombo timene timayaka timaluwa timakopeka ndi fungo lokoma, lakutali kwambiri. Mu ulimi, m'minda yolima, nthawi zonse amamenyana namsongolewu, monga mbewu za ndiwo zamasamba zikukula motalika kuposa mbeu za radish zakutchire. Ngati nthawi sichichitapo kanthu ndipo sichiwononga anthu osafunafuna kuthengo, namsongole adzakula ndipo sadzalola mkate kapena mbatata kukula. M'minda yoweta, wamaluwa amawononga msipu wamtundu ndi manja. M'madera akuluakulu, kubereka kwawo kumawongolera mothandizidwa ndi mankhwala ophera tizilombo.

Mukudziwa? Aigupto akale ankaona radish kukhala chakudya cha anthu osauka. Kwenikweni, kudyetsa antchito amene adamanga mapiramidi m'chigwa cha mafumu.

Kodi choopsa n'chiyani?

Zilombo zakutchire komanso zotukuka zimakhala zofanana kwambiri, koma zachilengedwe zakutchire ndizoopsa. Pamene zilombo za radish zimamasula, zimakhala zoopsa kwambiri. Pambuyo pa zimayambira komanso masamba atayidwa bwino amatha kutaya makhalidwe awo owopsa.

Ngakhale zili ndi makhalidwe owopsa, mankhwala ochiritsira matenda amatha kugwiritsa ntchito diso la khwangwala, yew mabulosi, wolfberry, hogweed, mabala wamba, udzu, udzu wa udzu, belladonna.

Mbewu ikamasungunuka, mafuta a mpiru amalembedwa pamtunda wake (zimayambira, masamba ndi maluwa), zomwe zimayambitsa zowopsa. Ngati panthawi yamaluwa kapena mpiru za mpiru zimayikidwa ku zakudya zophikira, ndiye kuti ogula akhoza kutenga poizoni.

Muzu wa wild radish sungadye mosasamala za zomera, ndizoopsa kwambiri.

Zizindikiro za poizoni:

  • thupi limaledzera kwambiri;
  • Mtundu wa mkodzo umasintha kukhala wachikasu kapena lalanje;
  • munthu amayamba kunyoza ndi kusanza;
  • kupweteka kwa mtima;
  • chizungulire;
  • kusintha kosasinthika kumachitika mu impso.

Zimene mungachite mukakhala poizoni

  1. Kupweteka m'mimba - mupatseni zakumwa zambiri kwa wodwalayo (madontho 4 a ammonia amawonjezeredwa pa lita imodzi ya madzi) ndikuyesa kusanza.
  2. Sambani tsamba la m'mimba - kutentha kwa nyengo ndi madzi ofunda ndi kuwonjezera kwa ma manganese (madzi otumbululuka a pinki).
  3. Ngati mtima ukupweteka kapena arrhythmia kumveka bwino, perekani mapangidwe a mtima kwa wozunzidwa (validol, nitroglycerin).
  4. Zidzakhala zabwino ngati wodwala akumwa madzi okwana 1-2 malita a mavitamini obiriwira (akuwombera m'mimba ndipo amachepetsa kutupa).
  5. Mvula yozizira (osati yozizira) imayikidwa pamimba ya wodwalayo.
  6. Zitatha izi, muthamangitse ambulansi.
Anthu a ku Britain amakonda kugwiritsa ntchito zobiriwira za mbeu imeneyi pokonza saladi, nyengo ndi maphunziro oyambirira. Zoona, amachichita panthawi imene chomeracho chimamasula. Amadya msipu wamtchire watsopano, chifukwa atatha kuchizidwa ndi chinyezi, zomera zimakhala ndi kulawa kowawa. Mbali yapadera ya chilombo radish ndi yowuma zophika kuphika nyengo zophikira.

Pamene nyemba zambewu zimapanga ndipo mbeu zimabzala, udzu uno umakhala woopsa kwa mbuzi (ng'ombe, ng'ombe, akalulu ndi nutria). Ngati molakwika mudyetsa nyama ndi udzu uwu, ndiye mafuta a mpiru omwe ali mmenemo adzatsogolera zilonda za m'mimba komanso imfa ya ziweto.

Ndikofunikira! Oweta zinyama akhoza kusocheretsedwa ndi kufanana kwakunja kwa msipu wa radish ndi mpiru wamunda. Iyenera kumvetsera kwambiri.

Zothandiza

Chifukwa chachikulu cha kusintha kwa thanzi pa nthawiyi ndi kusowa kochepa kwa mavitamini. Kulephera kumeneku kungabweretsedwe mothandizidwa ndi ma pharmacy vitamini complexes kapena kupeza mchere wamchere kuchokera ku udzu wolima udzu.

Zinthu zopindulitsa zomwe zimapezeka mu chomera ichi ndi izi:

  • mchere;
  • mafuta ofunikira;
  • mavitamini;
  • potaziyamu;
  • phosphorus;
  • iodini;
  • chitsulo;
  • calcium;
  • sodium mchere.
Vitamini C ili ndi mbali zake zam'mlengalenga (zimayambira ndi masamba), ndipo mbewu zakupsa ndizochokera ku mafuta a masamba, zomwe zimakhala mu mbeu zapakati za radish zimafika 32%.

Zothandiza:

  • antimicrobial;
  • chotsitsa;
  • chithandizo;
  • kusokoneza;
  • chotsutsana;
  • antibacterial.
Chomera ndi mankhwala achilengedwe, kulandiridwa kwawo mu mlingo woyenera sikungayambitse zotsatira ndi zotsutsana, kuposa kukonzekera kwa mankhwala ambiri kuchimwa.

Mukudziwa? Agiriki akale ankakhulupirira radish mfumu-ndiwo zamasamba ndipo ankaiponyera golidi kukula kwakenthu. Imeneyi inali nsembe kwa mulungu Apollo pa zikondwerero za Delphic pachaka.
Chomera chimapereka:
  • mitsempha yofulumira (kagayidwe kake);
  • amachititsa thupi kupanga phula ndi madzi ammimba;
  • amagwira ntchito ngati diuretic, motero amachotsa kudzikuza;
  • kumatulutsa tsamba la m'mimba;
  • amachotsa poizoni m'thupi, kuwaletsa kuti asalowe m'chiwindi.
Mankhwala a anthu

Kudziwa nokha ndi zopindulitsa katundu wakuda, wobiriwira, woyera radish.

Kutalika kuchokera pamene udzu uwu umagwiritsidwa ntchito mu mankhwala achikhalidwe. Chifukwa chake, mankhwala osokoneza bongo amakonzedwa, mothandizidwa ndi omwe amachotsa mavuto ambiri azaumoyo.

Kodi matenda amachiritsidwa mu wowerengeka mankhwala zakutchire radish:

  • kusawona bwino;
  • chifuwa;
  • magazi;
  • matenda a nthenda;
  • ululu mu minofu ndi ziwalo;
  • nyamakazi kapena sciatica;
  • malaria;
  • ziphuphu ndi magazi;
  • kusowa kwa ukalamba;
  • Kuchiritsa (zilonda zamoto, zopweteka);
  • mtima;
  • kupewa matenda a atherosclerosis;
  • kuchepa kwa lactation panthawi yopuma.

Ndikofunikira! Kudziletsa ndi zitsamba zoopsa sikuvomerezeka! Ndikofunika kuti mupemphe malangizo ochokera kwa anthu apamtima.
Amene sayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito:

  • gastritis wodwala;
  • anthu omwe ali ndi matenda: chifuwa kapena zilonda zam'mimba.
Wild Radish Saladi Chinsinsi

Zosakaniza za saladi:

  • masamba zakutchire radish - 200 g;
  • Nthenga za anyezi wobiriwira - 150 g;
  • masamba a parsley - gulu limodzi;
  • fennel wobiriwira - gulu limodzi.
Zosakaniza za msuzi:
  • mazira - ma PC 2;
  • kirimu wowawasa - 0,5 chikho;
  • shuga - 1 tbsp. supuni;
  • mchere - 0,5 tsp;
  • Mafuta a mpendadzuwa - 1 tbsp. supuni;
  • viniga - 1 tbsp. supuni.
Kuphika saladi: Mitedza yonse imatsukidwa pansi pa madzi ndipo imaikidwa pa nsalu kapena thaulo kuti ziume. Kenaka, masambawa amadulidwa bwino, amaikidwa m'kati mwa saladi ndi osakaniza bwino, kenako zomwe zili mu saladi zimatsanulidwa ndi kukwapulidwa msuzi.

Kuphika msuzi: yaiwisi yolks ya mazira awiri amasakanizidwa ndi kirimu wowawasa, shuga, mafuta a mpendadzuwa, vinyo wosasa ndi mchere amawonjezeredwa pamalo omwewo.

Mukudziwa? Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya radish ya ku Asia: Chinese radish (lobo), kukoma kwake kumakhala kofananako ndi kukoma kwa radishes wamba, ndi Japanese radish (daikon) - ichi chimasiyana ndi mitundu yonse ndi kutalika kwa mizere yakuda. Chida cha Japan chimalemera makilogalamu atatu.
Udzu uwu ndi chomera chabwino kwambiri cha uchi - gwero la timadzi tokoma ndi mungu chifukwa cha kugwira ntchito kwa njuchi. Alimi akuyesera kutenga njuchi kumsasa wa chilimwe pafupi ndi malo kumene radish zakutchire zimakula zambiri. Ena okonda ngakhale amabalalitsa mwadala mbewu za zomera izi zomwe zimasonkhanitsidwa kumalo okolola uchi.

Chidebe cham'madzi - nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zamchere ndi mavitamini, ikhoza kudyetsedwa. Koma muyenera kukumbukira nthawi zonse za ngozi yomwe ilipo poizoni chomera ichi cha anthu ndi zinyama.