Kusamalira Houttuynia Mtima woboola

Ngati munayamba mwawona toptyunia, mudzafuna kuti mubzale pawebusaiti yanu, chifukwa n'zovuta kukana kukongola kwake ndi kuyambira kwake. Koma pakakula mukukumana ndi mavuto ena. Kuti muwapewe, dziwitseni ndi malamulo ofunikira kukula ndi kusamalira mbewu.

Kufotokozera

Huttuynia (guttuinia, Houttuynia) ndi mankhwala osatha omwe ali a banja la Auruta. Ikhoza kufika kutalika kwa masentimita 30. Maluwawo amatchulidwa kulemekeza wasayansi wochokera ku Holland dzina lake Houttein, yemwe anaphunzira za mtunduwo. Mpaka posachedwa, harukunia (Houttuynia cordata) yooneka ngati mtima, ndi yomwe idadziwika, koma mu 2001 ku China, iwo anapeza mitundu yapamwamba ya emeiensis (Houttunyia emeiensis), yomwe siinaphunzirepo. Mizu ya mbewuyi ndi yopyapyala, yokhala ndi nthiti yomwe imamera molunjika kapena yosaphika pang'ono. Masambawa amawonekedwe a mtima, oblong, osakanikirana mwachitsulo. Mtundu wa masamba ndi wobiriwira ndi chikasu, chofiira, beige, choyera, ndi pinki. Pamwamba pa mphukira kumawonekera mu theka lachiwiri la May.

Onaninso za maluwa osazolowereka monga sundew, passionflower, nepentes, orchis, hoya, camellia ndi amorphofallus.
Chomeracho chimamera kumapeto kwa dzinja ndi maluwa amodzi, omwe ali ofanana ndi timing'ono ting'onoting'ono ta chimanga, pafupifupi mamita atatu masentimita. Zitsulo zinayi zoyera zimayikidwa limodzi kapena mizera ingapo m'mbuyo. Zipatso zili ndi zofewa zofewa popanda zamkati mkati, pali mbewu zambiri zolimba. Chilengedwe cha chomera ndi Asia. M'mayiko omwe mpunga wakula, sagonjetsedwa, monga ndi udzu wovuta, kuchoka mpunga. Vuto lomweli liripo m'minda ya tiyi ya ku Transcaucasia.

Mitundu

Hightyyniya yofanana ndi mtima ikuphatikizapo mitundu iyi:

  1. Chameleon ali ndi masamba osiyana ndi a chikasu ndi ofiira pamtunda wobiriwira ndi maluwa okhala ndi mzere mumzere umodzi.
  2. Kutengeka. Mphuno pamaluwawo imakonzedwa mitsinje ingapo, masamba ndi obiriwira.
  3. Variegata Imakula masamba obiriwira, achikasu, ofiira, a pinki, ndi maluwa ochepa.
  4. Tricolor (Pied Piper). Mtundu waukulu wa masamba a chomera - mndandanda wobiriwira, wobiriwira - ngati mitsempha.

Kusamalira Zomera

Ngakhale kuti chomeracho chimabwera kuchokera kumphepete mwachitsime, m'mbali mwathu sikofunikira kwambiri kuti tisamalire.

Kuunikira

Ngakhale duwa silikutha mumthunzi, malo abwino kwambiri ndi mbali ya dzuwa. Kuti ukhale wokongola, chomerachi chimafunika kuona dzuwa pafupifupi maola asanu pa tsiku.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mubzala suptuynia pamalo osungunuka, masamba ake adzataya mtundu wobiriwira ndikukhala wobiriwira.

Kutentha

Kutentha kwa chilimwe sikuli koopsa kwa chomera, ngati mukuonetsetsa kuti madzi amatha nthawi yake. Zosangalatsa ndi chipale chofewa kwambiri ndi zofunika kwambiri, monga momwe ziriri, kuti suptunia ikhoza kuzizira pa -25 ° C. M'nyengo yozizira yopanda chipale chofewa, kutentha kwakukulu komwe kumatha kukhala ndi -18 ° C. Pomwe kutentha kuli zero, masamba amafa pammera.

Nthaka

Houttuynyu anabzala mu gawo lokonzekera, kusakaniza loam ndi peat nthaka mu chiƔerengero cha 1 mpaka 1. Komabe, amatha kukula mu nthaka yam'madzi, m'madzi a m'mphepete mwa nyanja, pa phiri lamapiri.

Amaluwa amalima maluwa monga Surfinia, Begonia, Pelargonium, Calibrachoa, Marigolds, Dahlia, Hortensia, Zinnia, Lobelia, Chrysanthemum, Geranium, Peony, Lily ndi Tulip.

Kuthirira

Maluwa awa amakonda chinyezi, choncho amafunika kuthirira kawirikawiri (yotentha chilimwe - osachepera tsiku lililonse). Komabe, ngati mumusunga pafupi ndi madzi, izi zikusoweka.

Chinyezi

Maluwa amakonda nthaka yowuma, ingabzalidwe m'mphepete mwa dziwe kapena m'madzi osaya, mpaka masentimita asanu, komabe, mu madera ozizira, njira yotsirizayi si yabwino, monga chomeracho chimatha. Mpweya wonyezimira wozungulirawu ukhoza kupereka manyowa osungunuka mozungulira.

Kupaka pamwamba

Muyenera kudyetsa suptyunia ndi feteleza monga nsomba, fupa, phosphorite kapena ufa wa nyanga, umene sungasungunuke m'madzi, koma umayenda mozungulira, pang'onopang'ono umalowa m'nthaka ndikudyetsa zomera. Njira ina ndi feteleza monga mawonekedwe a zitsamba zamoto. Iwo amwazikana mozungulira kumapeto kwa nyengo, ndipo m'nyengo ya chilimwe amapindula pang'onopang'ono m'nthaka.

Ndikofunikira! Musagwiritsire ntchito feteleza ndi nayitrogeni wochulukira kumtunda kuzungulira hauttuynia, izi zimakhudza nyengo yovunda ndi yoipa.

Kudulira

Dulani chomera m'chaka - kudula mizu yambiri, kudula mbali za mizu ya kuika, komanso akuluakulu kudula cuttings. Kudula masamba sikuli koyenera, chophimba chopaka masamba chidzawoneka chokongola kwambiri, ngakhale simungathe kuziyika pamalo abwino.

Zima

Kuwathandiza suptyyny mosavuta kusamutsa frosty yozizira, ikhoza kuwaza ndi kompositi, masamba owuma, utuchi, spruce kapena nthambi za pine, kapena zophimbidwa ndi zinthu zapadera zomwe zimagulitsidwa m'masitolo ndi katundu wakulima. Dzuwa litagwa, mukhoza kuwawaza ngati chowonjezera.

Njira inanso ndiyo kudzala chomeracho mu chidebe chachikulu ndi kubweretsa chipinda chapansi kapena garaji m'nyengo yozizira. Ngati zikuwoneka kuti suptyuniya yanu siidapulumuka m'nyengo yozizira, musathamangire kukumba, imapereka mphukira mwamsanga, kotero ndikukondweretseni ndi kukongola kwa masamba.

Kuletsedwa kwa kukula kwa rhizomes

Huttuynia yayamba mizu yomwe imakula mosiyana. Ngati simukutsatira kukula kwake, ikhoza kufalikira pa tsamba lonselo. Pofuna kuteteza izi, pulasitiki, zitsulo kapena mipanda ya rabara ziyenera kuikidwa m'manda kuti ziphimbe masentimita 30. Komanso, duwa likhoza kubzalidwa mumphika waukulu, m'madzi, chidebe chakale chakutha. Ganizirani kuti mizu yake imatha kufalikira pamwamba.

Mukudziwa? Zomera zimakhalapo pakati pa zamoyo zonse padziko lapansi, chiwerengero cha mitundu yawo - kuposa 375,000.

Kuswana

Zosindikizidwa hightyuniyu magawano a rhizome kapena cuttings.

Rhizome divisions

Ndi bwino kufalitsa hauttyuniya mwanjira imeneyi kumayambiriro a masika, kenako chisanakhale chisanu amatha kupeza mphamvu. Panthawi imeneyi, zomera sizingakhale ndi nthawi "yodzuka" itatha.

Tikukupatsani malangizo omveka bwino:

  1. Chotsani mosamala pamwamba pa nthaka (asanayambe mizu).
  2. Pezani mfundo pamzu ndi kudula nsonga ya muzuwo (mungathe kufosera).
  3. Dulani fosholo pansi pazu ndi kulichotsa pansi. Dulani
  4. Ngati muzu uli waukulu kwambiri, dulani, koma thumba liyenera kukhala.
  5. Nthaka imakhala ndi dongo ndi mchenga wambiri, kusakaniza peat ndikutsanulira mu mphika waukulu kapena chidebe china.
  6. Mu dzenje lakuya 10 cm, tchepetsani muzu ndikuwaza nthaka. Thirani zina.
  7. Masamba akawoneka, tanila maluwa pamalo omwe wapatsidwa ndi mphika kuti musunge malo amodzi.

Cuttings

Cuttings amadulidwa pamene hightyunia inamera kutalika kokwanira (pafupifupi kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe). Ngati, pamtundu uliwonse, kusonkhanitsa kwachitika patapita nthawi, chomeracho chiyenera kukhala chophimbidwa mu chipinda, mwinamwake chikhoza kuundana. Mukhoza kudula phesi ndi tsamba limodzi kapena kudula pakati pa masamba. Kutalika kuyenera kukhala pakati pa 2.5 ndi 4 masentimita.

Kenaka, muyenera kuchita motere:

  1. Mbaliyi imayikidwa mu galasi yaying'ono ndikutsanulira madzi kuti mlingo usapitirire 1/3 ya chomeracho. Pamene madzi akumwa madzi ayenera kutsanulidwa.
  2. Ngati kudula kudula ndi pepala, ikani galasi kuwala, ngati mulibe pepala - pamalo amdima.
  3. Pamene mizu ikukula, tsanulirani nthaka muzakonzedwa bwino ndipo imbani kuti ikhale yakuya masentimita 10. Madzi.
  4. Bzalani chomeracho ndi mphamvu zake pamalo okonzeka.
Ndikofunikira! Ndi njira iliyonse yobalera musabzale zoposa 16 zomera pa 1 lalikulu. m

Ntchito

Houttuynyu ankagwiritsa ntchito kuphika, pofuna kulembetsa dacha, pofuna kuchiza matenda osiyanasiyana monga chida chosagwirizana. M'munda wamakono, hauttuyny amagwiritsidwa ntchito motere:

  • kuwunikira malo opanda kanthu pamphepete mwa dziwe;
  • Kulembetsa mapiri a miyala;
  • Kulembetsa malo pafupi ndi mpanda, njira yopita kunyumba;
  • mu miphika kuti azikongoletsa mpanda kapena zenera.
Monga mankhwala a mankhwala, maluwa amagwiritsidwa ntchito:

  • monga mphamvu yobwezeretsa tiyi;
  • ndi kutupa;
  • monga diuretic;
  • Kuchokera ku zilonda ndi kuphulika pamutu;
  • kuti azimwaza mankhwala otukuta mumtunda;
  • polandira mafuta ofunikira;
  • ndi prostatitis;
  • kulimbikitsa chitetezo cha mthupi;
  • ndi zotupa.
Ku Vietnam ndi ku China, chomerachi chimatchedwa "nsomba" chifukwa cha fungo losasangalatsa la masamba osweka, koma amakonda kudya monga saladi.
Mitengo yotere monga astilba, delphinium, lupine, stevia, tricyrtis, phloxes, orebeckia, echinacea, iris ndi yarrow ingakhalenso ndi zomera zosatha.

Mavuto akukula

Houttuynia safuna chisamaliro chapadera, koma ikadzakula, pangakhale mavuto ena:

  1. Pokonzekera malo a zomera zosiyanasiyana pamapangidwe a malowa, mutatha nyengo yozizira mungapeze suptuynia kwinakwake. Pofuna kupewa izi, kubzala duwa, kukumba mu malire a rhizome, kapena kubzala mu chidebe chilichonse.
  2. Masamba obiriwira a chomeracho amatembenuka wobiriwira. Izi zikutanthauza kuti duwa silokwanira. Ayenera kuikidwa kapena kuchotsedwa zomwe zimamupangitsa mthunzi.
  3. Mawanga oyerawo anawonekera pa masamba, mtundu unatha. Mwinamwake kuwala kwake kunamuwotcha iye. Ngati sikutheka kutulutsa dzuwa, madzi ndi kutsanulira masamba nthawi zambiri.
  4. Mu kasupe, zomera zonse mu flowerbed zamasamba, ndipo mmalo mwa hauttyynii - zopanda pake. Izi zimachitika chifukwa mphukira zake zimawoneka kumapeto kwa nyengo ndi kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe. Mpaka pano, kuti muwononge chosowacho, mukhoza kubzala chisanu.
  5. Maluwawo anayamba kukula mwamphamvu. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mumapitirira ndi feteleza. Kuyika kumathandiza, kuthirira ndi yankho la mandimu, kuwonjezera utuchi kapena mchenga, kuthirira madzi ambiri.
  6. Zitatha nyengo yozizira, mbewuyo inamwalira. Izi zikhoza kuchitika ngati feteleza pa mbeuyo inali ndi nayitrogeni yochuluka, kapena malo omwe idakwera, idatha. Sungani feteleza mosamala, Manga maluwa kapena kubweretsa chipinda chozizira.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Monga zomera zina zam'madzi, suptyuniya, omwe anabzala m'mphepete mwa gombe, akhoza kukhala ndi tizirombo:

  1. Bloodworm - nyongolotsi zazing'ono zofiira, musayambe kuwonongeka kwakukulu, koma zikhoza kuwononga mizu. Njira zothana nazo ndi nsomba.
  2. Krikotopu ya udzudzu - mphutsi zake zazing'ono zimadya masamba. Mukhoza kuchepetsa masamba otsala ndi kuwotcha.
  3. Moto wa moto - beige mu mdima wa mbozi kutalika 2.5 masentimita, idyani masamba. Amatha kuponyedwa m'madzi kuti azidyetsa nsombazo.
  4. Mbalamezi ndi mphutsi zake monga mabala a chikasu, omwe amapanga mabowo m'mamasamba ndi maluwa. Asonkhanitseni ndikuponya nsombazo.
  5. Prudovik wamba - lalikulu lamtundu wa nkhonozi akhoza kudya masamba. Kawirikawiri amasonkhanitsa pamanja.
  6. Aphid - 6 mm kuwala kobiriwira kapena tizilombo tofiira zomwe zimafooketsa zomera. Polimbana nawo, ndi bwino kupeza tizilombo zomwe zimawaononga - kuwongolera, okwera pamahatchi.
  7. Midges, mphutsi zawo, zimakhala zovuta kusiyanitsa ndi diso lakuda, koma zizindikiro za ntchito yawo yofunikira monga masamba a holey ndi owopsa. Masamba amenewo ayenera kusonkhanitsidwa ndi kuwotchedwa.
Mukudziwa? Nsabwe za m'masamba zimamasula mame okongola omwe nyerere zimakonda, kotero kuti nthawi zambiri zimakhala ndi nsabwe za m'masamba m'matumbo awo ndi kuzidyetsa ndi masamba.

Zomera za m'madzi zimatengera izi:

  1. Mizu yovunda - Mizu yomwe imakhudzidwa imayamba kuvunda, kenako maluwa amafa. Njira yothetsera vutoli ingakhale kufufuza bwino kwa mizu ya hightyunia musanadzalemo ndikusiya yodetsedwa ndi yofewa, mwinamwake muyenera kuthira madzi ndikuyeretsa zomera zonse.
  2. Malo a Leaf - bulauni zoyamba kuonekera, ndiye masamba afa. Njira yothetsera nkhondo ndiyodula masamba omwe ali ndi kachilombo ka nthawi yake.
Musagwiritse ntchito mankhwala kuti athetse tizirombo ndi matenda mu dziwe, izi zingathe kupha tizilombo tokha komanso nsomba. Choncho, hauttyuniya - chomera chokongola kwambiri chomwe chingakongoletse malo onse. Ngati mutabzala duwa m'nyumba mwanu, mudzadabwa kuti ndinu odzichepetsa komanso okongola nthawi imodzi, kusakhala namsongole m'deralo kudzakondweretsa inu. Komabe, muyenera kusamala kuti chomeracho sichimayendetsa anthu oyandikana naye ndipo sichikulirakulira.

Mayankho ochokera kwa ogwiritsa ntchito intaneti

Amakonda dzuwa, ngati sikokwanira, masambawo adzakhala obiriwira. Koma n'zotheka kukula pamadzi a dziwe, kapena m'madzi osaya.
Nimfea
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Tsopano ndili ndi hightyunya, chameleon zosiyanasiyana :). Panalinso mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya variegata, koma mizu sinkaikonda. Izi kawirikawiri ndizosiyana, palibe mizu, koma zidutswa za mkwapula pansi pa nthaka, ngati schion birch. Ndinagula mtambo umodzi ndi mphukira ndi masamba, ndinabzala mu galasi, mwinamwake ndikuwopa kuti sangakhalepo mpaka masika. Mu sitolo ina, zomangamanga zinawona kalasi 3, zinyama zowonongeka ndi zowonjezereka koma mizu yowuma zinyama. Ndipotu, ndimaganiza kuti inali yokongoletsa maluwa. Tifunika kuyika gudumu mu dziwe.
alex I
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