Venidium: zizindikiro za maluwa a maluwa a ku Africa akukula

M'deralo, Venidium imangotchuka. Mwinamwake muzaka zingapo maluwa ovuta awa adzakhala mbali yofunika kwambiri ya maluwa a maluwa ndi masitepe a am'deralo omwe ali amaluwa olima maluwa. M'nkhani ino tidzakambirana mwatsatanetsatane za momwe venidium imalongosolera, timvetsetsa malamulo odzala ndi kusamalira zomera zokongola.

Kufotokozera

Benidium imatchedwanso mtsogoleri wa ku Africa kapena steppe mfumu. M'chilengedwe, maluwa amenewa amapezeka nthawi zambiri ku Namibia ndi South Africa. M'nyengo yotentha ya kumwera, Venidium imachitika chaka chimodzi ndi zaka ziwiri, koma m'gawo la dziko lathu, mfumu ya steppe imakhala ndi nyengo imodzi yokha, yomwe imakhala ndi nyengo yozizira m'nyengo yozizira.

Ndikofunikira! Kuti mbeu ya Venidium ifike mwamsanga, bokosi limodzi ndi mbande ziyenera kuikidwa pawindo lakumwera.

Venidium ndi ya zomera za Compositae kapena Aster banja. Mu mtundu wake, pali mitundu pafupifupi 30 ya maluwa. M'madera a dziko lathu, mitundu yochepa yokha ya chamomile ya ku Africa ndi yotchuka pamakongoletsedwe ndi maonekedwe. Chomeracho chimakhala ndi mizu ya nthambi, yomwe imakhalabe mwachisawawa ngakhale m'madzi owuma ndi otentha a ku Namibia. Zimayambira ndi masamba omwe ataphimbidwa ndi pubescence. Masambawa amajambulidwa mu utoto wobiriwira, wokonzedweratu pang'onopang'ono, ali ndi chigawo chophatikizidwa kapena chovala. Peduncles inkawoneka mu dzuwa ndi mthunzi wowala wa burgundy.

Kuwonjezera pa malowa, oimira nyumba ya Astro ndi zomera: chimanga, burdock, atitchoku, dandelion, scorzonera (wakuda karoti), letesi, chicory, mpendadzuwa, aster, dahlia, calendula, marigold ndi chamomile.
Chamomile ya ku Africa imatha kutalika kwa 70-80 masentimita, mapesi ake a maluwa ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi mapangidwe onse a chamomile kapena mpendadzuwa (inu mumaganizira kumene zomerazo zimatchedwa African chamomile). Maluwa a maluwa amakhala ndi malingaliro opangira ndi mfundo pamalangizo. Venidium ikhoza kusangalatsa diso ndi mitundu ya machungwa, yachikasu, yoyera ndi pinki. Nthawi zambiri maluwawo amakhala osiyana siyana pakati pa 10 ndi 12 masentimita. Mitundu ina imakhala yaikulu mpaka masentimita 14, pamtunda umodzi mpaka 5 cm.

Pa gawo la dziko lathu, mfumu ya steppe imakondweretsa diso ndi maluwa ake kuyambira pachiyambi cha June kufikira chisanu choyamba. Ndipo pa malo a maluwa owuma, zatsopano zimakhazikitsidwa mwamsanga (mwachibadwa, ngati chomera chiri bwino ndi panthaŵi yake chisamalidwa). Pambuyo pa nyengo ya maluwa, ndondomeko ya mapangidwe a zipatso amayamba. Zipatso zimaperekedwa ngati mabala opanda mapiko.

Mitundu

Kutchuka kwa wamaluwa wamaluwa panthawiyi kunapeza mitundu yochepa yokha ya venidium. Koma kutchuka uku kukukula chaka chilichonse, ndipo padzakhala ntchito yochuluka yokwanira obereketsa. Pakalipano, pa maluwa ndi mitsinje ya dziko lathu mungapeze mitundu yotere ya African chamomile:

  1. Venidium ndi calendula. Ku Namibia ndi South Africa, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zomera imeneyi ndi yosatha. M'gawo la dziko lathu, ndizochizolowezi kuti muzipange zipinda kuti muzikongoletsera mkati kapena mkati. Benidum marigold amasangalala ndi maluwa ake kwa nthawi yaitali. Maluwa ake sali oposa mamita 4, koma amadziwika ndi mapafupi okongola, chifukwa chake ali ofanana ndi calendula kapena marigold.
  2. Chombo cha Venedium. Kukongola kwa maluwa awa kumakondweretsa ndipo samasiya mosasamala kwenikweni alimi onse ochita maluwa. Mtundu woterewu udzawoneka bwino osati mu flowerbeds, komanso mu khonde kapena pazithunzi zokongoletsera. Mabasiketi a chomerawa amatha kukula kwa masentimita 12 ndipo amakhala ndi mtundu wosiyana. Mitundu yonse ya makomile ya ku Africa yomwe ili pansipa ndi mitundu yambiri ya Venidium.
  3. "Orange Prince". Mitundu imeneyi ya Venidium imafanana kwambiri ndi kukongoletsa kwa dzuwa kotentha kwambiri. Maluwa ake ali ndi kapangidwe kakang'ono kwambiri, kamtengo kakang'ono kamakhala kotsetsereka kunja kwa pansi pa peduncle.
  4. "Prince Zulu". Chomera chokongola choyera ndi chipale chofewa chimene okonda maluwa oyera adzawakonda. Chisankho cha "Prince Zulu" ndicho chakuti maziko ake ali ndi mawonekedwe, ndipo malingaliro ena amatha kukhala okondweretsa ndi ang'onoang'ono a lilac dashes.
  5. Zachidule. Cute bushy zomera zazing'ono kutalika (mpaka 30 cm). Amasiyana ndi maluwa okongola kapena alanje, omwe maziko ake ali ndi mthunzi wa lilac. Nkhumba Zambiri Zimayenera kubzala muzitsulo kapena pazithunzi zochepa za alpine.

Mukudziwa? Masewera a blue-eyed chamomile - imodzi mwa mitundu ya Venidium. Sapezeka mu South Africa ndi Namibia okha. Amakula mumzinda wa Mexico, USA ndi Australia, kumene wakhala udzu wotchuka. M'mayikowa, anthu amawononga kwambiri mbewu zakutchire za zomera.

Tikufika

Kukula chamomile wa ku Africa ndibwino kumera mbeu. Kubzala mbewu mwachindunji kumatha kungopangika kumadera kumene nyengo zimakhala zofewa ndi zotentha, ndiko kuti, kum'mwera kwa Russia ndi ku Crimea.

Kulima pamalo otseguka kungathe kuchitika kumadera ena kumpoto, koma pakali pano, nyengo ya maluwa a Venidium idzayamba mwezi ndi theka. Mwa njira, chiopsezo cha maluwa otsirizira chiliponso kumwera kwa Russia, chifukwa nyengo ya dera lomwelo ili kutali kwambiri ndi nyengo yakumwera kwa Africa. Tidzakambirana za ndondomeko yowonjezera kukula kwa mfumu ya steppe ndi njira ya mmera, yomwe ndi yotchuka kwambiri komanso yodziwika bwino:

  1. Pofuna kukula mbande, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito chidebe chapadera, mabokosi a mbande, makapu kapena chakudya.
  2. Nthaka ya mbande ikhale yopanda ndale, yotayirira komanso yabwino.
  3. Pansi pa thanki lodzala, m'pofunika kumanga ngalande, ndikuizitsanulira mu nthaka yomwe idakonzedwa kale (chisakanizo cha peat ndi mchenga wa mtsinje).
  4. Nthanga za mbewuzo zimayikidwa 3-5 mm mu nthaka. Kusiyanitsa pakati pa mbeu ziyenera kukhala mkati mwa 3-4 masentimita, mwinamwake pali chiopsezo cha kukula kwa mbewu.
  5. Mutabzala, sungani nthaka ndikuphimba ndi filimu kapena galasi. Izi zidzakhazikitsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, zomwe zidzathandiza kuti mbeu ifike mofulumira.
  6. Kutentha kwakukulu kwa kukula kwa mbande ndi 20-24 ° C. Mphukira kawirikawiri imawonekera masiku 15-20 mutabzala. Panthawiyi, bokosi lomwe liri ndi mbande liyenera kutsegulidwa nthawi zonse (chotsani filimu kapena galasi) ndipo musayiwale za kuthirira (kokha pambuyo pa zouma).
  7. Chinthu china chofunikira ndi kukhazikika nthawi zonse kwa mbande. Ngati pali kuwala kwa dzuwa (mwachitsanzo, nyengo yozizira), ndiye kuti nkofunika kupeza zounikira zapadera. Popanda kuwala kokwanira, mphukira ikhoza kuoneka ndi kuchedwa kwakukulu.
  8. Nthawi yokwanira yopatsirana imatengedwa kumapeto kwa May (kwa gulu la pakati). Koma, kachiwiri, muyenera kuganizira za nyengo ndi nyengo ya dera. Akatswiri amanena kuti mbande ziyenera kubzalidwa pamalo otseguka pokhapokha poopsezedwa ndi chisanu usiku. Nthawi zambiri kutentha kwa mphindi kumakhala pakati pa 14-16 ° C.
  9. Kumbukirani kuti chamomile ya ku Africa imakonda malo a dzuwa, koma ndi yovuta kwambiri. Kum'mwera chakumadzulo kapena kum'mwera chakum'maŵa kumapezeka malo, omwe amatetezedwa ku mphepo zamphamvu, ndibwino kuti mubzala.
  10. Kubzala pamalo otseguka ayenera kukhala maluwa okhazikika komanso amphamvu kwambiri. Mukamabzala, m'pofunika kuchoka mu chipinda chonse chadothi pa mizu ya mmera. Zing'onoting'ono pakati pa mabowo a mbande ziyenera kukhala pa 25-30 masentimita. Pansi pa dzenje lodzala mukhoza kuika feteleza zovuta zomwe zimagulitsidwa pafupifupi pafupi ndi maluwa alionse.
  11. Mutangomaliza kubzala, maluwawo amathiridwa madzi ndipo amawombedwa kwa masiku angapo. Kusamba madzi mobwerezabwereza sikofunikira, chifukwa kumayambitsa matenda a fungal. Kuwonjezera apo, Venidium imakonda kukula mu nyengo yozizira, youma ya Namibia ndi South Africa, kumene nyengo yamvula imakhala yosawerengeka.
Kulima Venidium

Ndikofunikira! Kwa mbande za maluwa zinali zolimba, ziyenera kuumitsidwa. Pochita izi, pamene mukukula, muyenera kuchepetsa kutentha m'chipindamo, ndi masiku angapo musanayambe kutseguka pansi, mbande ziyenera kutengedwa kwa maola 2-3 pamsewu.

Ngati mukufuna kudzala chamomile ku Africa mwamsanga, osati kumera mbande, ndiye kuti muyambe kuyimirira pasanafike pakati pa April. Ndondomeko ya nthaka ndi kubzala ziyenera kuwonetsedwa chimodzimodzi monga momwe tawonetsera njira ya mmera. Pambuyo mutabzala, mbeuyo ili ndi filimu, komwe kutentha kumayenera kufanana ndi firiji. N'zotheka kutsegula filimuyi pokhapokha ngati kutentha kwa tsiku ndi tsiku kwasachepera 15 ° C kumakhazikitsidwa panja (izi zikuchitika kuti mbewu zikuwoneke kale).

Chisamaliro

Ngati mukufuna Venidium kukukondweretseni ndi maluwa okongola kwa nthawi yayitali, muyenera kusamalira chisamaliro chake, chomwe chili ndi ntchito zotsatirazi:

  1. Kuthirira Ocheperapo, osaposa kamodzi pa sabata. Pa nthawi youma yotentha madzi amatha kukhala 3-4 nthawi iliyonse masabata awiri. Kuthira madzi okwanira kwambiri kumabweretsa chitukuko cha matenda a fungal muzu wa mbewu.
  2. Kupaka pamwamba. Amagwira kawiri pa nyengo yonse yolima. Yoyamba - isanayambe maluwa (makamaka mu Meyi), yachiwiri - mu nyengo yogwira (July-August). Mukhoza kudyetsa maluwa achilendo ndi zovuta mchere kapena feteleza.
  3. Kutsegula. Pamaso pa nthawi yaulere iyenera kuchitidwa nthawi zonse. Kutsegula kumalimbikitsa bwino aeration.
  4. Kuyeretsa peduncles. Maluwawo atangoyamba, ayenera kuchotsedwa. Kumalo ake, 2 achinyamata amawunikira nthawi yomweyo. Choncho chitsamba chidzakhala chokongola komanso chokongola kwambiri.
  5. Masamba odulira okalamba. Gwiritsani ntchito nthawi zonse kuti muyambe kuyambira. Mafuta owonjezera amachotsa madzi onse, omwe amakhala osakwanira.
  6. Garter. Amachitira oimira apamwamba a Venidium. Kukhulupirira kumalola kuti chomeracho chilimbane ndi mphepo yamphamvu ya mphepo.
  7. Kupalira Ziyenera kukhazikika nthawi zonse, monga udzu waung'ono umatenga zinthu zonse zothandiza m'nthaka ndipo zimatulutsa madzi ambiri.
Kuonjezera nthaka ndikudyetsanso zomera, gwiritsani ntchito feteleza: udzu, zitowe za nkhunda, Florex granulated ntchentche nkhuku, ufa wa fupa, chakudya cha nsomba, whey, pepala ya mbatata, kompositi, chimanga cha eggse, nthore ya nthochi ndi fumbi la fodya.

Kumapeto kwa nyengo yotentha ya chaka, mbewu zimasonkhanitsidwa kuchokera ku zipatso za Venidium, zomwe zidzakhala zoyenera kubzala masika. Mbewu imasungidwa mu ma envulopu kapena pamatumba. Ayenera kusungidwa pamalo otentha pamtunda wa 20-25 ° C.

Mukudziwa? Dzina lina la venidium ndi arctotis (Arctotis). Amatanthauziridwa kuchokera ku Chigriki, amatanthauza "khutu la khutu".

Sikofunikira kukonzekera maluwa m'nyengo yozizira, monga nyengo yathu ya nyengo, malowa amakula ngati chaka chomera. Mnyumba waku Africa sangathe kulimbana ndi chisanu cha m'nyengo yozizira (pokhapokha ngati akugwiritsa ntchito ngati pulasitala). Kumapeto kwa autumn, kufota kwazitsamba kumakumbidwa ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito, ndipo kumapeto kwa njira yobzala imabwerezedwa.

Dzizindikiritseni ndi ubwino wogwiritsa ntchito kuthirira mowa, komanso phunzirani momwe mungakhalire dongosolo la ulimi wothirira ku dacha.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Pafupifupi, tizirombo sitimasokoneza Venidium nthawi zambiri kukula. Nthawi zina ma African chamomile amatha kugwidwa ndi aphid, omwe amawonongeka ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Dziwani nsabwe zakuda zakuda maluwa angakhale pazifukwa zina:

  1. Pa mphukira zazing'ono, masamba ndi pansi pa masamba ndi maso, mukhoza kuona gulu la tizilombo toyambitsa matenda obiriwira kapena ofiira.
  2. Maso "oyera" pakati pa anthu ambirimbiri omwe amafalitsa tizilombo tikutanthauza kuti aponyedwa mu ntchito ya moyo.
  3. Malo okhudzidwa a chomerawa ali ndi madzi okonzeka, omwe amapanga nsabwe za m'masamba.
  4. Okhudzidwa masamba akupiringa ndi owuma patapita kanthawi. Chomeracho chimataya zokongoletsera zake, maluwa ndi mphukira zazing'ono zimayambira.
Kuwonjezera pa venidium, aphid ndi imodzi mwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda omwe timakonda: apulo, kabichi, nkhaka, katsabola, viburnum, maula, dieffenbachia, currants, calico, hydrangea, mpendadzuwa ndi azalea.

Kuwonjezera pa kugwiritsa ntchito tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, nsabwe za m'masamba zimatha kutsogolo: kutsanulira madzi pa zomera kuchokera pansi pa payipi. Koma njirayi siipweteka kwambiri, chifukwa kuchuluka kwa madzi kungawononge mizu ya malo. Pafupi ndi mfumu ya steppe, mukhoza kulima dalmatian daisy, yomwe imayimitsa aphid wakuda.

Ndikofunikira! Mtundu wokhawo umene umayambitsa matendawa ndi mitundu yovunda yowonongeka ndi bowa. Pofuna kulimbana nawo, mungagwiritse ntchito fungicides.

Gwiritsani ntchito kukongoletsa ndi kukongola kwa malo

Venidium ndiyomweyi ndi maluwa okongola kwambiri omwe angakhale mlendo wapaderadera komanso khalidwe lalikulu la maluwa okongoletsera omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamabedi, mitsinje, ndi malo okongola. Adzakhalanso wokongola kuti aziganiza ngati matepi. African daisy sizimawotha kwa nthawi yayitali, choncho ndibwino kuti tigwiritse ntchito mu luso la ikebana.

Werengani za zomera zapachaka monga udzu (sicenus), chipululu cha Turkestan (alissum), bidens, echinocystis, iberis brachikoma, lobularia, nigella damask, Drummond phlox, argiranthemum ndi pentas.

Tsopano mukudziwa momwe mungamerere chomera chokongola cha ku South Africa nokha. Perekani bwino Venidium, ndipo chomeracho chidzakusangalatsani ndi maluwa ake m'nyengo yozizira komanso mbali za autumn.

Ndemanga kuchokera kwa ogwiritsa ntchito pa intaneti ya Venidium

Pali maluwa ambiri, omwe amatchedwa "daisies", ndipo Venidium mosakayikira ndi imodzi mwa iwo. zitsulo zamkati, zomwe zimasintha mtundu wake ndi mapangidwe ake, chifukwa pakati si kanthu koma maluwa a tubular, monga "daisies". amalima kudzifesa. Zimakhala zazikulu komanso zamphamvu, zoyenera kudula. Mphepo ndi mvula sizingasokoneze maonekedwe a maluwa, mbewu zomwe zimakhala nyengo yathu zimapangitsa kuti zipse.
Vera Severe
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Chaka chilichonse herbaceous chomera 70 cm wamtali, wophimba ndi cobwebby, tsitsi loyera. Mitengo ndi yambiri, nthambi. Masamba ndi ang'onoang'ono, osakhala equipolate, otsika-poyimba, otsika - mzere kwa lanceolate, ssile kapena stalky. Inflorescences mpaka 10 masentimita awiri pa yaitali peduncles. Ligulate maluwa mokongola kwambiri lalanje, wofiira-bulauni kumunsi; tubulare - yaying'ono, yofiirira-yofiirira ngati mawonekedwe aing'ono diski. Amamera kwambiri komanso mochuluka kuyambira kumapeto kwa June mpaka October. Mbewu imakhala yotheka kwa zaka 2-3. Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamitundu yosiyanasiyana komanso kutalika kwake. Malo: Venidiums ndi thermophilic, amafuna malo otetezedwa, madzuwa, madzi osaloleza.

Dothi: sungani kuwala, kosavuta, dothi lokhala ndi umuna

Kubalana: kubzala mbewu mabokosi a mbande mu March-April, mu greenhouses kapena greenhouses. Anabzala kutseguka nthaka itatha kumapeto kwa kasupe chisanu, kusunga mtunda wa 25-30 masentimita.

Gwiritsani ntchito: mabedi a maluwa, magulu, mapeyala, mapiri ndi miyala.

Feona May
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Video: Venidium