Zonse zokhudza kukula kwa amaryllis belladonna

Ngati simungathe kusankha maluwa abwino kunyumba kapena munda, samverani Amaryllis. Amadziwika kuti amakula pakhomo komanso m'mphika pawindo. Chomera chofunika kwambiri ndi cha anthu omwe ali ndi mawindo akuyang'ana kumwera. Kuti belladonna ikondwere ndi kukongola kwake, muyenera kudziƔa zina mwa zinthu zoti mumusamalire.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Amaryllis belladonna ndi maluwa omwe ali a zomera zosakanikirana. Mbali ya babuyi imachokera ku masentimita 5 mpaka 10. Amapepala a Amaryllis ali obiriwira. Kutalika kwake ndi 50 cm, ndi m'lifupi - 3 masentimita. Iwo amawoneka mu September kapena March mu nyengo yozizira, amakhala mpaka kumapeto kwa May.

Kuwonjezera pa Amaryllis belladonna, banja la kalasi la Monocotyledons limaphatikizansopo zomera ndi zokongola monga: gladioli, daffodils, irises, tradescantia ndi aloe.

Mu August, mababu amabala mapesi opanda maluwa pafupifupi 60 masentimita m'litali. Inflorescence ili ndi miyala khumi ndi iwiri yoyera, pinki kapena yofiira.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Ngakhale amaryllis amaonedwa kuti ndi maluwa a nyumba, amamereranso nthaka yotseguka, malinga ndi malamulo odzala ndi kusamalira.

Kumalo otseguka

Belladonna akhoza kukula kokha pamalo otentha m'nthaka yotentha pamalo otentha. Mababu a zomera amafunika pakati pa chilimwe. Kuzama kwa maenje ayenera kukhala masentimita 15. Ndikofunika kuyang'ana kusiyana pakati pa zomera za masentimita 30. Mapesi a maluwa amafunika kuthandizidwa kuti asatenge mphepo mtsogolo.

Pofuna kuswana, ndibwino kutenga mababu aang'ono ndikubzala mu mphika kuti amaryllis akule. Kwa nyengo yozizira, mababu amafukula ndikupita ku chipinda chozizira chakuda chosungirako.

Ndikofunikira! Ndi bwino kubzala mababu atsopano, chifukwa belladonna sichikhala ndi moyo bwino pambuyo pa kusamalidwa.

Kunyumba

Malo abwino kwambiri okhwima kukula kwa belladonna ndizovuta panyumba. Mphika wa Amarillis uyenera kusungidwa kumbali ya dzuwa pawindo. Onetsetsani kuti mbeu yothirira nthawi zonse, manyowa nthaka. Koma ndondomeko yotsiriza ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati bulbu yakula ndi kumasula masamba. Zowonjezereka, maluwa ambiri amakula.

Pali njira yowonjezera yokondweretsa pachiwiri. Kuti muchite izi, dulani maluwa owuma. Posakhalitsa thunthu lidzayamba kugwa pansi. Panthawiyi, muyenera kudula pamtunda pamwamba pa babu.

Kusamalira bwino zomera zapanyumba ndikofunika kwa kukongola ndi thanzi la maluwa. Phunzirani momwe mungasamalire begonia elatior, beloperone, dizigoteka, rapis, solanum, liviston rotundifolia, fittonia mix, peresikoy, coral begonia, spatiphillum ya "Chopin" ndi malo a Wallis.

Zinthu za amaryllis belladonna

Belladonna ndi chikhalidwe chapakhomo, ndipo zimakhala zovuta kuti munthu apindule bwino maluwa, koma wamaluwa amatha kuyamikira maluwa okongola m'munda.

Kuunikira

Ndi bwino kuika duwa kumwera chakumadzulo kapena kumwera chakum'mawa kwa nyumbayo. Amaryllis amafunikira kuwala kwa dzuwa nthawi yomwe kukula kwachangu kwa mbeu kumapezeka. Iyenera kukhala m'malo osiyana a maluwa ku dzuwa, ndiye masamba amakula mofanana. Koma pamene mababu amakhala ndi mpumulo, kuwala sikofunikira. Ngati masamba a amaryllis agwedezeka ndi kugwa, ayenera kutengedwera kumdima wouma kapena mdima wandiweyani. Kutentha kwa mpweya kuyenera kusungidwa osati kocheperachepera + 10 ° C.

Ndikofunikira! Kuthirira belladonna kumangoyamba kokha pamene muvi ukufika kutalika kwa maluwa a masentimita 10. Ngati muyamba kuyamwa madzi, masamba okha amakula, padzakhala maluwa ochepa.

Zofuna kutentha

Kutentha kwabwino kwa kukula kwa zomera ndi kusiyana kwa madigiri 20 mpaka 25 pamwamba pa zero. Kwa nthawi yozizira, anyezi amaikidwa mu mphika ndikupita m'chipindamo, kutentha kumasungidwa pa + 10 digrii.

Kukula nthaka

Nthaka imene belladonna ikukula iyenera kukhala yonyowa koma osati yonyowa. Pa nthawi ya maluwa simungathe kulola dothi lonse. Mbendera imayenera kukhala yothira nthawi zonse. Kuyanika kumaloledwa kokha pamwamba pa nthaka.

Ndikofunikira! Samalani ndi mababu a maluwa, chifukwa ali owopsa.

Mmene mungamere amaryllis belladonna

Pali njira ziwiri zobzala belladonna: bulbous ndi mbewu. Wotchuka kwambiri ndi woyamba, koma taganizirani mwatsatanetsatane njira ziwiri.

Mababu

Pofuna kubzala, gulani anyezi (osati osindikizidwa) anyezi ndi kubzala aliyense mu mphika waukulu (chifukwa chomera chimakula mwamsanga). Anyezi ayenera kusankha yosalala, popanda kuwonongeka, bowa ndi kuvunda. Ziyenera kuoneka ngati wandiweyani wouma anyezi, womwe umakhala wolemera masentimita 12. Amaryllis Belladonna Bulb

Bzalani babu kuti gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a iwo likhale pamwamba pa nthaka, ndipo magawo awiri mwa atatu a iwo - pansi pake. Ngati mutabzala babu yonse, iyo idzavunda kapena ikani kukula.

Pofuna kukonza mikhalidwe yokongoletsera ya belladonna, mukhoza kuika mu kapu imodzi 3 kapena 4 anyezi.

Kukula kuchokera ku mbewu

Mbewu imatsanuliridwa mu nthaka yonyowa pokonza, kuikidwa pamalo otentha othunzi. Mphukira yoyamba idzawoneka masabata anayi mutabzala, ngati akutsitsimutsa madzi. Pamene chomera chimakula ndikukhala cholimba, mbande imasiyanitsidwa miphika yambiri. Amaryllis Belladonna Mbewu

Chosiyana ndi kukula kwa amaryllis kwa mbewu mochedwa maluwa. Izi zikhoza kuchitika patapita zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri zokha.

Zomwe zimasamalira zomera

Ngakhale amaryllis sakusowa chisamaliro chovuta, malamulo ena ayenera kutsatira. Zimaphatikizapo nthawi yothirira, kuthirira, kudyetsa, kupalesanso, kuchiza matenda.

Momwe mungadzamwe madzi

Ngati belladonna ikupumula, ikufunika kuthirira pang'ono. Koma chinyezi cha nthaka chiyenera kufufuzidwa nthawi zonse, osalola kuti chiume mwamphamvu, kuti mizu isaphe. M'chilimwe mungathe kuwonjezera kuchuluka kwa kuthirira. Samalani kuti iye akhale wocheperapo. Ponena za kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa, sikuvomerezeka kuti izipangidwe.

Dzizindikiritseni ndi ubwino wogwiritsa ntchito kuthirira mowa, komanso phunzirani momwe mungakhalire dongosolo la ulimi wothirira ku dacha.

Kodi ndi momwe mungadye

Mababu a feteleza omwe alibe masamba, amatsutsana. Iwo akhoza kufa chifukwa chodyetsa.

M'chaka kapena m'chilimwe, nthawi zingapo mu masabata awiri mungathe kudyetsa belladonna ndi feteleza omwe ali ndi mchere ndi zofunikira.

Kuonjezera nthaka ndikudyetsanso zomera, gwiritsani ntchito feteleza: udzu, zitowe za nkhunda, Florex granulated ntchentche nkhuku, ufa wa fupa, chakudya cha nsomba, whey, pepala ya mbatata, kompositi, chimanga cha eggse, nthore ya nthochi ndi fumbi la fodya.
M'nyengo yozizira ndi yophukira, palibe chifukwa chofuna kuthirira nthaka.

Kodi ndikufunika kudulira?

Mu kugwa, Belladonna akuyika timapepala. Pofika mwezi wa November, onse amafa ndi kugwa. Sikoyenera kudula masamba a chikasu, chifukwa atatha kufa, amasamutsa zinthu zothandiza ku babu. Izi ndi zofunika kuonetsetsa kuti chigumula chotsatira chinapambana. Ngati mapepala angapo sakugwera, amatha kupindika kuti asatenge malo panthawi yosungirako.

Za kuika maluwa

Belladonna ndi kumuika ndi kutsanulira nthaka yatsopano mu miphika iliyonse yomwe imakhala mwezi umodzi pambuyo pa maluwa oyambirira. Mzuwo sayenera kuonongeka kapena kugwedezeka. Odwala okha kapena mizu youma akhoza kuchotsedwa. Njirayi iyenera kutsatidwa ndi kukonkha mizu youma ndi makala.

Mukudziwa? Amaryllis ankagwiritsa ntchito mivi yoopsa. Tsopano ndalama zogwiritsiridwa ntchito izo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito motsutsana ndi kuthamanga ndi kupuma.
Ngati mlimi akuwona ana anyezi, ayenera kuwamasula miphika yosiyana.

Matenda ndi chithandizo cha tizilombo

Ngati mwawona mabala a bulauni kapena imvi pa masamba a belladonna, amatanthauza kuti duwa imatenga matenda opatsirana chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa chinyezi pansi pa mphika. Ndikofunika kuchiza ndi wothandizidwa ndi antifungal wothandizira ndikuwonetsetsa ulimi wothirira.

Pakati pa zomera zowonongeka palinso zomera zomwe zimalima. Izi ndi anyezi, adyo, chinanazi ndi palm palm.
Mapepala a chikasu kapena deformation awo akhoza kulankhula za nsabwe za m'masamba kapena zam'mimba. Ndikofunika kusamba masamba ndi sopo yankho kapena karbofosny emulsion. Utsi uyenera kukhala mwamsanga mwamsanga pamene kachilombo kanapezeka.

Kuchotsa maluwa umayambira wa mawanga ofiira ndi mikwingwirima, m'pofunika kuchepetsa kuthirira, ntchito Bordeaux osakaniza kapena "Fundazol".

Pankhani ya kupezeka kwa mawanga ofiira ndi mitsinje pa mababu, kudula ndi kuwotcha ndi zobiriwira m'madera okhudzidwa.

Mukudziwa? "Amaryllis" kuchokera ku Chigriki amatanthawuza "kuphulika." Dzina limeneli linachokera ku dzina la abusa, yemwe anali chikhalidwe cha ndakatulo ya Virgil.

Zovuta zowonjezereka zikukula: bwanji chimalasa amaryllis

Chifukwa chosowa mtundu wa amaryllis chingakhale:

  • kusowa kwa kuwala. Ngati maluwawo alibe kuwala kokwanira, muyenera kuyika kumbali ya kumwera kwa nyumbayo, koma ndikofunika kuonetsetsa kuti chomeracho sichiwotchedwa ndi dzuwa;
  • kusowa kofunika kofunikira. Ndikoyenera kudyetsa amaryllis ndi mullein kapena ndi Emerald organo-mineral complex, kutsatira malangizo;
  • Kuphwanya malamulo a kusungira duwa pogona. Kwa nyengo yachisanu ndi bwino kupita nayo kumtunda wouma kapena malo osungira;
  • "ana" angapo pamphika umodzi. Pomwe pali ana ambiri, ndibwino kuti aliyense azikhala mu chidebe chosiyana;
  • kubzala mababu kwathunthu pansi. Ngati izi zikuchitika, yonyani bwino babu kuti gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a mbeu likhale pamwamba pa nthaka;
  • kuwonongeka kwa mizu. Kuzungulira kungabwere kuchokera ku kuthirira kwakukulu. Choncho, kuchepetsa kapena kutaya kwathunthu chinyezi;
  • malo olakwika a duwa. Maluwawo sangakhale omasuka, chifukwa otentha kwambiri. Choncho, sungani maluwa ku chipinda chomwe kutentha kwa mpweya sikufika madigiri 18 Celsius;
  • anyezi aang'ono kwambiri. Pankhaniyi, simusowa chilichonse. Amaryllis amangokula.

N'zachidziwikiratu kuti belladonna amafunika kuyang'anitsitsa nthawi zonse: kuthirira nthawi, kuvala, kusintha nthawi ndi nthawi, kuyatsa bwino, kutentha. Koma kawirikawiri, pokhala ndi malamulo osavuta a chisamaliro cha mbeu, mungathe kukonza zomwe muyenera kuchita, ndiyeno simudzakhala mavuto.

Mayankho a ogwiritsa ntchito a Amaryllis

Ndinapeza mfundo zotsatirazi. Chimene chimamasula nafe (Ukraine, kum'mwera) pakati pa chilimwe. Limamasula popanda masamba !!!! Ndiye masamba amawonekera. Iye sakonda kusindikizidwa, koma amafunika kubweretsedwa m'nyumba kuti asafume, ndiye kuti masamba ayamba kutembenuka, atakhala m'malo ozizira ndi ozizira (madigiri 5-10). I osakumba kuti achite ndi zonsezi. Kumayambiriro kwa kasupe: o kubwereranso pamodzi ndi ana onse (iye amakonda kuchepa kwambiri) ndi malo a dzuwa. Chabwino, dikirani pachimake. Sindikudziwa pamene masamba adzasanduka chikasu mu kukongola kwanga. Ndipo, komanso, mababu amavunditsa pa kutentha kwakukulu (madigiri 20-25). Ndikuganiza kuti akhoza kukula m'thupi mwa mabatire, ndikugona?
kuzya
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Kufikira posachedwa, ndinaganiza kuti ndikukula pawindo langa lawindo. Mpaka nditagwira maluwa ofanana kwambiri ndi anga, chifukwa chake ndinamuitana Amaryllis.ndipo ndinaganiza kuti ndidziwe chomwe chimakula pa ine windowsill kwenikweni? Izi zimakhala kuti maluwa awiriwa ndi ofanana kwambiri, ndipo munthu wosadziƔa zambiri sangathe kusiyanitsa ndi mawonekedwe ake koma kusiyana kwake kumakhalabe komweko nthawi zambiri kumasokonezeka chifukwa onse awiri ali ndi mababu akuluakulu omwe amatulutsa maluwa oboola ngati maluwa. Amaryllis ndi osowa kwambiri; ndipo chomera chomwe timagula pansi pa dzina lakuti "amaryllis" kwenikweni ndi gippeastrum. Kusiyana kwakukulu ndi koyamba, ndi nthawi ya maluwa. Mafinya amamasula kwinakwake kuchokera kumapeto kwa nyengo yozizira kufikira masika, ndi amaryllis, kumapeto kwa dzinja ndi autumn. Kachiwiri, mosiyana ndi amaryllis, maluwa owala a hippeastrum ndi osalimba ndipo, chifukwa chake, sangathe kulimbana ndi maluwa ambiri, kotero maluwawa sakhala nawo oposa anayi kapena asanu, maluwa a Amaryllis ali ndi mitsempha yambiri ndipo pangakhale maluwa ambiri. Chachitatu, amaryllis maluwa ali ndi fungo lokoma, ndipo gippeastrum ndi odorless. Chachinayi, matenda osokoneza bongo, mosiyana ndi amalilis, sagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi mwana wa anyezi.Koma gippeastrum imakhala yowonjezereka m'dziko lathu, mosiyana ndi mapasa a abale ake. , ngati mukufuna, mukhoza kudziwa. Choncho, kugula amaryllis, osati mababu a hippeastrum bwino kugula m'masitolo apadera.
marta01
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Video: Amaryllis Belladonna