Malangizo kukula strawberries "Darlelekt"

Wokhutira, wofiira, wamadzi wambiri, wokoma kwambiri - mwinamwake, monga momwe anthu ambiri angatanthauze angwiro a strawberries. Ndipo mabulosi amenewa alipo. Izi ndi zosiyana zomwe zakhala zikuwonekera pa mabedi athu - "Darlelekt", zomwe tidzakhala tikudziwana bwino.

About kuswana

M'chaka cha 1998, Darlelect, yemwe adakula mofulumira, anabadwira ku France. Chifukwa chake anasankha mitundu yosiyanasiyana "Elsanta" ndi "Parker". Mitundu yatsopanoyo inatenga kuchokera kwa "makolo" ake onse abwino, kukhala yoyenera mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya malonda.

Kufotokozera ndi makhalidwe a zosiyanasiyana

"Darlelekt" oyambirira ayamba kufalikira ndikupereka nthawi yokolola. Mkulu baka ndi lalikulu zipatso ali kucha kumayambiriro June.

Mitengo

Mbalame zosiyanasiyanazi ndi zazikulu, ndi masamba a sing'anga. Masamba ali ndi mtundu wobiriwira. Mizu yayamba kwambiri.

Zomera pa tsamba lanu zokoma monga zokoma za sitiroberi monga: "Mfumukazi Elizabeti", "Elsanta", "Marshal", "Asia", "Albion", "Malvina", "Masha", "Tsarina", "Kukula kwa Russia", " Phwando, Kimberly ndi Ambuye.

Zipatso

Zipatso ku "Darselekta" yaikulu. Kulemera kwake kwa mabulosi ndi 35 magalamu. Nthawi zina, kulemera kwake kumatha kufika 50 magalamu. Ndi chitsamba chimodzi kwa nyengoyi, mutha kusonkhanitsa pafupifupi 9 gm ya strawberries. Maonekedwe a zipatsowo ndi othandizira, pamakhala zotheka kumapeto. Mtundu wa khungu ndi njerwa zofiira. Mnofu ndi wofiira, wowometsera, wolimba, wolemera kwambiri. Kukoma ndi mabulosi okoma ndi kuwala kwa acidity. Lili ndi kukoma kwa sitiroberi.

Ndikofunikira! Pakakhala nyengo yoipa, zipatsozo zingakhale zopunduka mu chisa-ngati kapena maonekedwe a harmonic..

Frost kukana

Popeza mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nyengo imakhala yozungulira ku France, imatha kupirira kutentha kwa -16 ° C popanda chivundikiro chowonjezera. Pamunsi kutentha, ngati palibe chipale chofewa, tchire tiyenera kuphimbidwa ndi udzu kapena masamba a spruce, zinthu zomwe sizinagwiritsidwe ntchito.

Nthawi yotulutsa ndi zokolola

Mwezi wokha umadutsa pakati pa maluwa (pakati pa May) ndi kucha kwa sitiroberi. Zaka khumi zoyambirira za June, mukhoza kukolola zokolola zoyamba. Chitsamba chimamera kamodzi pa nyengo. Chaka choyamba cha strawberries chimapita ku mapangidwe ndi kulimbikitsa mizu. Dikirani kukolola kwakukulu sikuli koyenera. Mungathe ngakhale kubudula maluwa ku chitsamba pogwiritsa ntchito chuma chonse cha chitukuko, chidzapindula ndi zokolola zabwino m'zaka zikubwerazi.

Froberries akhoza kumakula kunyumba, mu wowonjezera kutentha, ndipo popanda nthaka.

Transportability

Mitengo yolekerera zipatso, pambuyo pokolola mtundu wa strawberries sikusintha, sikuthamanga.

Mukudziwa? Yaikulu kwambiri sitiroberi yakula ku Japan. Imalemera magalamu 250 ndipo yalembedwa mu Guinness Book of Records.

Kumene mungabzalidwe pa webusaitiyi

Kufika kumakhala koyenera komanso kuyatsa bwino. Sikoyenera kudzala strawberries pamtunda, kotero kuti zina za tchire sizingagwe pansi pa madzi akugwa. Kuti bwino fruiting "Darlelekta" ayenera kusankha nthaka yoyenera. Zokwanira mwangwiro: loam, chernozem, nthaka yamdima ndi mchenga loam. Mosamala ganizirani madzi apansi. Sitiyenera kuyandikana kwambiri kuposa masentimita makumi asanu ndi limodzi kufika pamwamba pomwe pamalowa. Si onse omwe amatsogola kale amachoka kudziko loyenera kubala zipatso.

Bzalani strawberries mu autumn ndi masika.
Chabwino, ngati isanafike strawberries pa nthaka ikukula:
  • anyezi;
  • adyo;
  • rosemary ndi zitsamba zina zokometsera;
  • tirigu;
  • rye;
  • chimanga.
"Darlelekt" zipatso pafupifupi zaka zinayi. Kuchuluka kwa zokolola kumasonkhanitsidwa zaka zitatu zoyambirira, ndiye kuli kuchepa. Kubwezeretsa zokolola za chitsamba kuziika ku malo atsopano. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kukumba, kutsinja mizu ndi kuviika m'madzi kuchokera ku manyowa (magawo atatu a manyowa, 1.5 mbali ya dothi ndi magawo 4 a madzi). Pambuyo pa zochitika zonse, tzalani chitsamba m'malo atsopano, madzi madzi ambiri ndi kugaya.

Malamulo obwera

Mukhoza kubzala strawberries mu kugwa (kuyambira kumapeto kwa August) ndi kumapeto. Zitsime zikukonzekera pasadakhale. Ngati chodzala chikukonzekera kumapeto, ndiye kuti m'dzinja fossa iyenera kumera ndi chisakanizo cha humus ndi superphosphate. Pamene zitsime zikukonzekera nthawi yomweyo musanadzalemo, m'pofunika kutsanulira humus ndi phulusa pamtunda. Mutabzala, nkofunika kuthirira nthaka bwino ndikupera pamzu.

Mukudziwa? Mbeu za Strawberry ziri kunja, ndipo sizibisala mkati - izi ndi zosiyana ndi zipatso zina zonse.
Chifukwa cha mizu yomwe inakhazikika, chitsamba chilichonse chikusowa malo kuti chitukuko. Choncho, iyenera kubzalidwa osati zoposa zinayi pa mita iliyonse. ENgati dera ili laling'ono, ndiye kuti mtunda wochepa pakati pa tchire uyenera kukhala osachepera 35 cm. Ngati chodzala chikagwiritsidwa ntchito m'mizera, mtunda wa pakati pawo uyenera kukhala 90 cm.Pansikati mwa dzenje amapangidwa pafupifupi masentimita 15, koma m'pofunika kuyang'ana pazitsamba za chitsamba china.

Zofunikira za chisamaliro cha nyengo

Ntchito zofunikira pa chisamaliro cha "Darselect" ndi kuthirira, kudyetsa, kupalira ndi kusakaniza.

Kuthirira

Darlelect ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya chinyezi. Kuti zipatso zimenezi zipse, kuthirira kumakhala koyenera. Kuyendetsa ndibwino kwambiri, kotero chitsamba chidzapatsidwa chinyezi nthawi zonse. Mpaka nthawi yamanga maluwa, n'zotheka kuthirira pogwiritsa ntchito "kukonkha" njira ndipo ndibwino kuti muzichita tsiku lililonse. Mutamangiriza zingwe, madzi okha pansi pazu ndi kuchepetsa kangapo pa sabata. Nthawi yabwino yothirira ndi pamene palibe dzuwa lotentha, m'mawa kapena madzulo.

Ndikofunikira! Kusakwanira kuthirira phesi ndi kovuta kuchotsa zipatsozo, kuzivulaza.

Kupalira ndi kumasula pakati pa mizere

Ngati namsongole ali pafupi ndi strawberries panthawi ya inflorescences, amatha kutenga michira yambiri ndi zinthu zam'madzi zomwe zimakhudza mtundu wa zipatso. Namsongole ayenera kuchotsedwa mosamala kuchokera pansi. Ngati "sasiya", ndiye kuti muwadule ndi peyala yamaluwa pafupi ndi mizu. Kutsegula pakati pa mizere iyenera kuchitika pakagwa mvula yambiri ndi kupalira. Kwa hoeing, hoe, yomwe imathamangitsidwa pansi mpaka pafupifupi masentimita khumi, ndi yabwino kwambiri. Pakati pa tchire ayenera kumasulidwa ndi khasu yopapatiza ndipo osayendetsa mozama kuposa masentimita anayi. Pambuyo poyeretsa ndizothandiza kuika chingwe cha mulch pakati pa mizere.

Kupaka pamwamba

Ngati cholinga chake ndikututa zokolola zambiri, ndiye simungachite popanda kuvala. Pali nthawi zitatu zazikulu, khodi la sitiroberi limafuna kudyetsa kwina:

  • kumayambiriro kwa kasupe, nitroammofosk (supuni imodzi pa 10 malita a madzi) kapena mullein kulowetsedwa ndi abwino. Komanso mankhwala abwino feteleza ndi potaziyamu;
  • Pa nthawi ya masamba, kupopera mbewu ndi mankhwala a boric asidi kumachitika;
  • mu kugwa, pokonzekera bwino nyengo yozizira, sizidzakupweteka kutsanulira urea pa zomera (30 g pa 10 l madzi) pansi pazu. Pambuyo feteleza ayenera kutsanulidwa mochuluka ndi madzi.

Mulching

Mitengo ya sitiroberi yamatabwa panthawi yobzala idzathandiza kusintha fruiting, idzakhala chitetezo choonjezera ku chisanu ndikuthandizani kusunga chinyezi pamzu. Kuwombera udzu wouma, udzu, utuchi, singano. Mukhozanso kuphimba tchire ndi filimu yamdima.

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Ngati mwafotokozera mwachidule zonsezi, mutha kuzindikira momwe zimakhalira ndi zovuta zazomwezi.

Ubwino ndi:

  • kukoma koyambirira;
  • kukula kwakukulu kwa zipatso;
  • yowutsa mudyo ndi zokoma;
  • zokolola zochuluka kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi;
  • Kuyenda bwino pamtunda wautali.
Zoipa za m'kalasiyi zikuphatikizapo:

  • kufunika kwa kuthirira kawirikawiri;
  • kusowa kwa malo ena okhala pogona ngati chisanu.
Ngati mumasankha strawberries osiyanasiyana kunyumba kapena bizinesi, mverani Darselect. Mukamamukonda, mumapeza nthawi yokolola yamitundu yambiri yowutsa mudyo. Khama lomwe limagwiritsidwa ntchito pa kuthirira ndi kusamalira lidzapindula ndi kukolola kolemera. "Darlelekt" ikhoza kutchedwa kuti yabwino kwambiri yogulitsa sitiroberi zosiyanasiyana.

Video: kuyang'ana zosiyanasiyana zosiyanasiyana za Darselect

Mayankho ochokera kwa ogwiritsa ntchito intaneti

Mu ulemerero wake wonse, ndimakonda kwambiri izi. Mabulosiwa ndi aakulu, osakanikirana, amawonekedwe a mtima, thupi ndi lakuda, kukoma ndibwino kwambiri, ndipo zokolola ndi zabwino.
zovuta
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Darselekt ndi chaka chachiwiri Chaka chatha tinagula tchire 4. Chaka chino tinkakhala ndi kabedi kakang'ono ka mtengo wa mfumukazi. Ndinkakonda kukoma - mabulosi okoma kwambiri. Ngakhale pa tchire mumthunzi, zomwe zimakhalabe mu rasipiberi kupanikizana ndi zokoma kwambiri. Mtundu umandisokoneza pang'ono, ndiwopepuka kwambiri, amawoneka wosapsa, koma mukayesa, mumadabwa kwambiri.
Alena21
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