Zonse zofunika kwambiri pa kukula kabichi "Rinda"

White kabichi "Rinda F1" - yotchuka kwambiri masiku ano.

Kusamala, kusinthika kwa nyengo zosiyanasiyana, chitetezo cha matenda ndi tizilombo toononga, chokolola chochulukirapo cha mankhwala obiriwira amachititsa kuti kulima masamba kusangalatse osati pakhomo, komanso malonda.

Maonekedwe

Mitu ya zosiyanazi ndizozungulira, zowonongeka, zobiriwira. Masambawa ndi owonda koma okhazikika. Kuyenerera kwa yunifolomu kukula kwa mutu wakukaka wokolola kumasiyana ndi makilogalamu anayi kapena sikisi (izo zimachitika zisanu ndi zitatu). Phesi ndi lalifupi. Kabichi masamba amadziwika ndi wosakhwima yowutsa madzi. Mbali yaikulu ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi kusowa kwa ming'alu pa masamba pa nthawi yakucha, kukhalabe nthawi yaitali m'nthaka ndi kayendedwe.

Zolemba zamakono

"Rinda F1" - wokongola wazaka za pakati pazaka za azungu a Dutch. Kutseka kwa masamba kumabwera pa 95-105 tsiku mutabzala mbewu. Mitu ya kabichi imakula monga kusankha, pafupifupi mofanana mu kukula ndi kulemera, podulidwa iwo ali oyera. Zosiyanasiyana zimapangidwanso mwatsopano, kusungirako ndi kusungirako (miyezi inayi).

Onani mndandanda wa mitundu yabwino ya kabichi, komanso kuwerenga za mitundu "Megaton f1", "Mphatso", "Aggressor", "Ulemerero".

Mmene mungamere mbande paokha

Pamene mukukula mbande paokha, kulima masiku, kukonzekera njira, ndi zofesa mbewu zimayenera.

Nthawi yobzala mbewu

Mbewu ya pakati pa nyengo kabichi imayikidwa pa kuya kwa masentimita 1-1.5 mu April. Zimayesedwa kuti ndikofunika kudzala mbewu masiku 60-65 isanayambe kubzala mbewu mmunda.

Kusakaniza kwa nthaka

Nthaka yoyenera imatsimikizira kuphuka kwa mphukira zamphamvu. Nthaka imakonzedwa motere: Tengani gawo limodzi la malo a humus ndi sod, sakanizani bwino ndi kuwonjezera phulusa (supuni imodzi pa kilogalamu ya dothi), yomwe imapereka mchere komanso mankhwala abwino kwambiri, gawo lokonzekera liri lokonzeka.

Mukudziwa? Mawu akuti "kabichi" amachokera ku Aroma wakale "caputum" ("mutu"), lomwe likugogomezera mtundu woyambirira wa masamba.

Akukula

Mbande amakula mu greenhouses kapena kunyumba. Monga chidebe, mungasankhe njira iliyonse yomwe mumagwiritsa ntchito: phala kapena bokosi, mphika kapena kaseti. Palinso malo ogulitsira mini zomwe zimakhala m'nyumba.

Phunzirani zambiri za mbeu zamakono: mitundu, ubwino ndi zovuta, kusankha, kugwiritsa ntchito.

Kukonzekera Mbewu

Kukonzekera mbewu kumaphatikizapo njira izi:

  1. Lembani nyemba mu njira ya mchere wa 3% kwa mphindi zisanu ndi zisanu ndi zisanu ndi zisanu (5-8 minutes) kuti muyike (zoyipa ziziyandama, ndipo zabwinozo zidzakhala pansi).
  2. Gwirani madzi otentha (pafupifupi madigiri 50) kwa mphindi 20-30 za disinfection. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, kutentha kumayenera kuwonetseka, chifukwa kutentha kumsika osachepera 48 ° C zotsatira zowonongeka ndi zero, ndipo pamwamba pa 50 ° C, kumera kwa mbewu kumatayika.
  3. Lembani maola 12 ndi madzi kutentha kuthamangitsa mbewu kumera. Madzi amasintha maola 4 alionse.
  4. Madzimadzimadzimadzimadzi tsiku limodzi pamtambo wa firiji (1-2 ° C) kuti muumitse.
  5. Zotsatira - zouma kuti zithetsedwe ndipo zingabzalidwe.

Kufesa mbewu

Kufesa bwino kumachitidwa nthawi yomweyo miphika yapadera, makapu 5x5 cm kukula. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, mizu idzapeza ndalama zambiri komanso sizidzavulazidwa panthawi yopatsa. Ngati atabzalidwa mu thireyi, bokosi la matabwa, ndiye kuti pambuyo pofika mphukira, amathyoledwa, kusiya mbeu iliyonse ya 2x2 masentimita. kusankha, ndiko kuti, zikumera zimapachikidwa kumalo osatetezedwa malinga ndi malingaliro a 3x3 cm. Pambuyo theka la mwezi, amapitanso m'magawo osiyana kuti apangitse kukhala ndi moyo wabwino. Musanayambe kusamba, mbande zimamwetsedwa mowolowa manja.

Pezani chifukwa chake kuli kofunikira kuti musankhe komanso ngati n'zotheka kukula kabichi popanda.

Zitsulozi zimatengedwa ndi ofooka njira ya mkuwa sulphate. Kusankha

Zinthu ndi kusamalira mbewu

Kabichi amakonda kuwala, malo komanso madzi okwanira nthawi yake. Sikokwanira kusankha malo ounikira kwambiri mu wowonjezera kutentha - ndikofunikira kuti uwonetsetse kwina ndi nyali ya fulorosenti maola 12 pa tsiku, onani zizindikiro za kutentha: + 18 ... + 20 ° C usiku wonse usanamere. Kenako - kuyambira 15 mpaka +17 ° С masana, ndipo usiku - 8 ... 10 ° С pamwamba pazero. Madontho otere amalimbikitsa mbande ndikuletsa kutambasula.

Kuthirira ndikofunika koyenera, osaloletsa kuwonjezera pa nthaka ndi madzi ake. Pakadutsa mlingo wa chinyezi kumathandiza kumasula nthaka.

Ndikofunikira! Onetsetsani kuti mumwa madziwo musanayambe kuvala, kuti musatenthe mizu ya achinyamata mbande.

Nthawi choyamba kudya amabwera sabata pambuyo pa kusamba (madzi okwanira lita imodzi, magalamu awiri a fetereza fetereza ndi ammonium nitrate, magalamu anayi a superphosphate). A lita imodzi yopangidwa ndizokwanira 50-60 mbande.

Yachiwiri - amabwera masabata awiri kenako. Dyetsani zofananazo, kuphatikizapo kuchuluka kwa lita imodzi.

Kuvala katatu anagwira masiku awiri asanafike pansi: lita imodzi ya madzi yosakaniza ndi magalamu atatu a ammonium nitrate, 5 magalamu a superphosphate, 8 magalamu a potashi feteleza. Mlingo wa potashi umatuluka kuti zikhale bwino. Ndibwino kuti mutenge mawonekedwe a zovala ndi zovuta feteleza.

Mbeu zovuta

Kupweteka kwa mbande kumapangitsa kuti pakhale chitukuko ndikuthandizira kupulumuka kwa mbeu kumalo atsopano. Kwa Masiku khumi asanafike pansi pitirizani kuumitsa. Masiku awiri oyambirira amatsegula mpweya watsopano kwa maola 3-4. Masiku angapo otsatira, mbande zazing'ono zomwe zimawonekera kuti dzuwa liwatsogolere kwa maola awiri, malo oyenera a ichi adzakhala veranda, loggia. Onetsetsani kuti dzuwa lakumapeto siliwotcha masamba aang'ono. Pa tsiku lachisanu ndi chimodzi, tumizani zomera ku khonde lotseguka kapena piritsi lofanana ndikuchepetseni kawirikawiri kuthirira, ndipo musanabzala amamwa madzi ochulukirapo.

Ndikofunikira! Kuwonekera kwa 6-8 timapepala mu kabichi mbande kumasonyeza mwayi ndi kufunika kwa kuziika mutseguka pansi.

Kuwaza mbande pamalo otseguka

Pa masiku 30-45 patatha mpangidwe wa mphukira kudzala pamalo osatha. The kachulukidwe kabichi mitu ayenera kugwirizana ndi chikhalidwe cha 3-4 zomera pa lalikulu lalikulu mita. Tikufika chomera kabichi mbande yokonzekera kugwa. Amakumba nthaka ndipo amaipitsa (0.5 kg ya ufa wamagazi pa mita imodzi). Bweretsani organic pa mlingo wa chidebe chimodzi pa khonde lililonse. m

Mukamabzala mbande, dera lanu ndi lofiira komanso lochiritsidwa ndi herbicide kuteteza kukula kwa namsongole.

Awerengenso za mitundu ya herbicides kuteteza zomera namsongole.

Mitetezi yabwino ya mitundu yambiri ya kabichi (kuphatikizapo Rinda F1) ndi nkhaka, zukini, sikwashi, dzungu, mbatata zoyambirira, nyemba, kaloti ndi turnips. Sikovomerezeka kubwerera pambuyo pa beetroot ndi maulendo awiri mzere pamalo omwewo.

Malangizo Othandizira

Pezani zokolola zabwino zomwe zingathandize kuthirira pa nthawi yake, kuyesa kuthirira, kutulutsa ndi kuyendetsa mbande zazing'ono. Chonde dziwani kuti Rinda F1 makamaka amafuna kuunikira bwino. Mthunzi wochuluka wa mitengo idzakhala ndi zotsatira zoipa pa mapangidwe a mutu.

Mukudziwa? M'mayiko a East Prussia, kuti mitu ya kabichi ikhale yowonjezereka, ikanipunthitsa nthaka itatha, ndikusiya mwala waukulu pafupi.

Kuthirira

Pakati pa nyengo kabichi zosiyanasiyana "Rinda F1" amakonda mvula yambiri yamadzi yamvula. Kuthirira kumachitika nthawi zonse masiku 3-4 pa mlingo wa 8-10 malita a madzi pa mita iliyonse. m. Pang'onopang'ono m'pofunika kuwonjezera voliyumu mpaka 12-14 malita pa mita imodzi. m, koma madzi osachepera, masiku 7 mpaka 7.

Onani malingaliro osankha okonkha madzi okwanira m'munda.

Kusamalira dothi

Kutsegula nthaka mozama 8-10 masentimita ikuchitika pambuyo pa ulimi wothirira. Hilling yachitidwa kawiri pa nthawi ya kukula. Yoyamba imatha masiku khumi ndi awiri (15) mutatha kumera pansi kuti mutetezedwe komanso kuthandizidwa kwa mbewu yofooka. Yachiwiri imatulutsidwa pambuyo pa masiku 35-40 kuti ikule mwamphamvu komanso kupanga bwino mutu wa kabichi. Spud iyenera kukhala pa tsiku lopanda mvula, nthawi yomweyo itachoka namsongole.

Kupaka pamwamba

Kudyetsa koyamba kumapangidwira kukula kwa zomera ndipo kumachitika masabata awiri pambuyo pake kubzala pansi. Zokonda zimaperekedwa kwa feteleza zamchere (monga chitsanzo, 30 magalamu a urea akuyendetsedwa ndi chidebe cha madzi). Chomera chilichonse chikufuna 0,5 malita a feteleza.

Nthawi ya chakudya chotsatira imabwera masiku 14. Sankhani feteleza abwino kwambiri a phosphate-potash (mutu ukuchitika). Zowonjezera zikhoza kukhala motere: theka la lita imodzi ya mullein yokhala ndi ndowa ya madzi, amaumirira masiku awiri. Chomera chilichonse kudyetsa lita imodzi yothetsera vutoli. Zojambulazo zimasiyana malinga ndi nzeru zanu komanso ndondomeko za mlimi. Ndondomekozi ziyenera kuchitika tsiku lamtambo kapena madzulo atatha kuthirira.

Nthawi yokolola imabwera mu August-September, mutha kuyembekezera pafupifupi 8-10 kilogalamu pa mita imodzi imodzi.

Phunzirani zambiri zokhudza kusamalira kabichi mutabzala mutseguka.

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Kudziwa ubwino ndi kuipa kwa mbewu iliyonse, mungagwiritse ntchito chidziwitso kuti mupeze zokolola zapamwamba, kuchepetsa mavuto a kulima, kuteteza matenda, kupititsa patsogolo kuwonetsera kwa mankhwala opangira mankhwala. Ubwino wa zosiyanasiyana "Rinda F1" ndi:

  • chokolola chachikulu;
  • kusowa kwa nthaka ndi nyengo;
  • Kukaniza matenda ndi tizirombo;
  • kusowa kwa ming'alu pamitu, zabwino kwambiri kukoma;
  • mkulu wa transportability.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za ubwino woyera wa kabichi.

Kwa zovuta zomwe tifotokozera:

  • kulekerera kwa chilala;
  • kuwonjezereka kwa dzuwa.

Video: Ndemanga yosiyanasiyana ya kabichi

Openda wamaluwa za kabichi "Rinda"

Kwa zaka zingapo, kuwonjezera pa mitundu yatsopano, ndinabzalitsa salting Rindu, komanso chakudya, amayi apongozi apakati. Rinda samapereka mutu waukulu wa kabichi, koma ndi okoma ndi mabodza pansi mpaka May; masamba ndi ofewa, oyenera kabichi ma rolls.
Tikhonovna
//www.forumhouse.ru/threads/12329/page-7

Chaka chatha iwo adabzala mitundu iwiri ya kabichi "Rinda" ndi "Zakudya Zakudya". "Rindu" sichidzadzala zambiri, pamene idzaphwanyidwa, ndipo zakudya zake zidzatha.
Oussov
//forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?p=414951&sid=dd41b661bae953041ddde571a5f46284#p414951

Ndinayesa mitundu yosiyana ya kabichi woyera: SB-3, Megaton, apongozi ake, Rinda F1, ndi ena. Ambiri ankakonda Rinda F1 (Dutch series) ndi kuyambira kumayambiriro a Nozomi F1 (mndandanda waku Japan). Ndi bwino kuti tisatengere mbewu zathu zapakhomo, sizinatuluke kwa ine (mbewu za Altai, Eurosemen). Ndimakula mbande m'bokosi: zipika ziwiri pansi ndi nkhuni bokosi ndi nthaka nthaka. Pakati pa mabotolo asanu ndi asanu ndi limodzi mphambu zisanu ndi imodzi (6-6) zamadzi a mphotho. Asanayambe mphukira, ngati kuli kozizira, bokosilo latsekedwa pamwamba ndi galasi. Usiku, ndimatseketsa kawiri kawiri agrylo (spunboard).
krv
//dacha.wcb.ru/index.php?s=6d1bc1b3185e2fa763acf22c25c085ef&showtopic=49975&view=findpost&p=1002612

Ubwino wa kabichi zosiyanasiyana ndi zazikulu kwambiri kuposa zovuta, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zotchuka komanso zofunikira. Podziwa zomwe zili pamwambapa za mbande zomwe zikukula, kukonzekera nthaka yofesa, kudyetsa ndi kuthirira mbewu, mukhoza kukwaniritsa zokolola zamtengo wapatali.