Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito bwino zigawo za ceramic ndi matayala

Kuyika matayala - ovuta, kotero nthawi zambiri ambuye odalirika. Koma pambali pa tile palokha, palinso pakati pa zidutswa, zomwe zimafunikanso kukonza. Ndipo panthawiyi ndizotheka kuti muzichita nokha, zomwe mungathe kuziwona nokha.

Kusankha kwa grout

Kuti chithandizo cha seams chigwiritse ntchito malemba osiyanasiyana, monga:

  • Sitimayo yakhazikitsidwa. Ndi zophweka - pokonzekera simenti ya Portland, latex kapena hardeners akuwonjezeredwa, kenaka amasakanizidwa ndi madzi. Zida zopindulitsa komanso zothandiza zomwe ngakhale oyamba kumene angagwiritse ntchito ndizo: Kusakaniza ndi pulasitiki kwambiri ndipo sikutanthauza luso lapadera lokonzekera. Zimayenda bwino, koma mu chipinda chosambira kapena zipinda zina zomwe zimakhala ndi mvula yambiri sizimagwiritsidwa ntchito. Mafuta ena okonzeka kusakaniza samenti. Mitundu yambiri imakupatsani mwayi wosankha zinthuzo pansi pa mtundu wa tile.
  • Zokwanira. Chigawo chachikulu ndi epoxy kapena furan resin. Kugula chida chotere, mudzawona kuti phalaphalayi imayanjananso ndi zovuta. Mukasakaniza, amapanga pulasitiki yomwe imagonjetsedwa ndi chinyezi ndi kutentha kwambiri, ndipo sichitha.
  • Silicone (iwonso ndi sealants). Ndipotu, ndizosakaniza za silicone ndi varnish, nthawi zambiri akrikisitiki. Musalole chinyezi, koma mwamsanga mwatsuka. Kuipa kwina - kuyenera kumafuna chidziwitso ndi luso.
Kusankha chida chomwecho, samalirani kukula kwa msoko ndi matanthwe a tile: izi ndizo zikuluzikulu zomwe ziyenera kuyendetsedwa.
Ndikofunikira! Kupita ku sitolo, gwirani tile limodzi ndi inu - izi zidzakuthandizani kusankha.
Chitsulo china: Ngati, panthawi yowonjezera, matayala aikidwa pamtunda (nthawi zina zimachitika), ndibwino kutenga chojambula chosakaniza "osati kugwira" msoko wokhawokha, komanso kuwonjezera pamphepete mwa mbale.
Phunzirani momwe mungapangire malo osayerako ndi manja anu, chotsani choyera kuchokera padenga, kuyika mabala a pamtunda mu dziko, kukonzekera munda wakutsogolo bwino, ndikupangira matayala a pa kanyumba kanyengo.
Musaiwale za mtundu wamakono, kapena ayi kusankha kwake:

  • Malo osanjikizidwa satengedwera ndi zosakaniza zowonongeka - izi ndi zosatheka.
  • Mmene kuwala kwa grout kumaonekera kumagwirizanitsa matayalawo pamagulu amodzi, pamene maonekedwe a mdima amalekanitsa iwo kukhala zidutswa.
  • Pankhani ya matalala osiyanasiyana, mtundu umasankhidwa ndi diso pansi. Mwachitsanzo, kwa kanyumba kakang'ono kamvekedwe kamene kakagwirizana ndi tayi yopepuka kwambiri - izi ziwonetseratu kuwonjezera chipinda. Nyumba zazikuluzikulu zidzakwanira chisakanizo chakuda.
  • Mthunzi wa mthunzi (mdima wofiira, beige ndi ena) amagwiritsidwa ntchito kugwira ntchito ndi matalala amitundu yosiyanasiyana omwe amawoneka ngati zithunzi.
  • Mukamagwiritsa ntchito makoma, ndizofunika kuti grout ikhale yosiyana ndi liwu la chophimba pansi (ndipo panthawi imodzimodziyo limafanana ndi mtundu wa mkatikati).
Mukudziwa? Chombo cha ceramic chomwe chinayambitsidwa kale chinali njerwa yotsekedwa ndi mpweya wakuda (mpaka 1 cm) wa glaze. Njira imeneyi inagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ku Babulo wakale.
Mutasankha kusankha chisakanizo, funsani wogulitsa ngati sangasinthe mtundu wake pophika.

Zida zofunika

Kuphatikiza pa kusakaniza komweku, mudzafunikira "zovuta" zosavuta zogwirira ntchito:

  • Spatula ndi bubu la mphira (kukula kwakukulu kwa tile, m'kati mwake chikhale chachikulu). Zagulitsa ndi magulu a zitsulo zaremba zamitundu yosiyanasiyana.
  • Plywood yogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi pulasitiki.
  • Chidebe chomwe chisakanizocho chidzakonzedwa.
  • Dulani ndi chosakaniza phokoso.
  • Chovala choyera ndi siponji - amachotsa mafuta ochulukirapo.
Kabukhu kakang'ono kapena ma roller angapangidwe pa mndandanda uwu (zimadalira kukula kwake kwa msoko ndi pamwamba). Chowombera chowongolera kapena mpeni kuchotsa chotsalira chakale sichidzasokoneza mwina. Ngati simenti yagulitsidwa, magalasi otetezera ndi magolovesi a mphira adzakhala othandiza.
Chotsani utoto wakale pamakoma a zipangizo zosiyanasiyana.

Kukonzekera pamwamba

Zonsezi zimayamba pokonzekera. Mpangidwe wake wa makoma akale ndi kuvekedwa kwatsopano ndi wosiyana, koma poyamba choyamba.

Makoma akale

Ngati chovalacho chakale chitatha kapena chikuphimba, koma sizinakonzedwe kusuntha tile, chitani motere:

  • Zakale zowonjezera zimachepetsedwa ndi kuthira madzi.
  • Ndiye iye akuwombedwa. Pachifukwa ichi pali chida chapadera - mapiritsi omwe amawoneka ngati wodula. Ngakhale ntchito zambiri zakale ndi msomali zomwe zimafuna kulondola.
  • Mu chipangizo chotchedwa voids chimakhala chotsutsana ndi fungal mastic. Kuti mutetezeke, njirayi imabwerezedwa, kuyembekezera kuti mpira woyamba uyambe (womwe ndi wofunikira kwambiri kumadera pafupi ndi kusambira kapena kumiza).
Ndikofunikira! Ngati msoka wakale umagwira mwamphamvu ndipo sungakhoze kuchotsedwa kwathunthu, ndikofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu yamtengo wapansi pansi pa chisakanizo chatsopano (ndithudi, chiyenera kuuma).
Khalani ndikuwonetsa kuti simenti ndi nyimbo za latex zimachotsedwa popanda khama lalikulu. Koma kuchotsa epoxy kudzafunika kutenga zosungunuka. Iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito mosamala kwambiri - yesetsani kusunga madzi kuti asagwe pansi. Pambuyo pake, imachotsa kuchotsa fumbi kumapata (chovala chowuma ndi chotsuka chotsuka chithandizo chingakuthandizeni izi).

Tile yatsopano

Kugwira ntchito ndi "kuika" mwatsopano kumayambika pasanakhalepo masiku awiri mutatha kutsamira: matayi ayenera kukhala pamwamba.

Kuti mupange kukonzanso, zimapindulitsa kudziwa momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito mapulogalamu a pakompyuta, momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito pakhomo pakhomo, mmene mungagwiritsire ntchito pakhomo, momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito mapepala a pulasitiki, momwe mungayikitsire madzi otentha, komanso momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito makoma a pulasitiki.
Kuonetsetsa kuti akugwira mwamphamvu, achite zotsatirazi:

  • Chowombera chowongolera kapena mpeni amachotsa mitanda yonse yolemba.
  • Chotsani mafuta a parafini kapena glue (ngati amagwiritsidwa ntchito).
  • Pukutani bwino matayala ndi nsalu youma.
  • Musaiwale kuti mupite kutali kwambiri kuti mapepala opanda kanthu okhala ndi chotsuka choyeretsa - kotero kuyeretsani zonyansa, zomwe sizinawathandize.
Chilichonse, n'zotheka kukonzekera yankho.

Kukonzekera kwa osakaniza

Zosakaniza zimapatsidwa ndalama zambiri, ndipo iliyonse imagulitsidwa phukusi limene pali malangizo. Pali zonse zomwe zikukonzekera zokonza: kuchuluka kwa madzi ouma kapena madzi (kapena latex), kutentha ndi kumwa mankhwala.

Mukudziwa? Mu mzinda wa Germany wa Metlach, pakadalibe ntchito yapaderayi yopanga timilinda tating'ono ting'onoting'ono tambirimbiri. Fakitaleyi inayamba ntchito mu 1748!
Kuti muwone bwino, ganizirani njira iyi pa chitsanzo cha maonekedwe a madzi a Ceresit CE 40 Aquastatic:

  • Kwa 2 kg ya billet wouma, tengani 0,6 l madzi pa 15+ + 20 ° С.
  • Kusakaniza kumathiridwa m'madzi pang'onopang'ono, mwinamwake kudzatenga mtanda.
  • Pogwiritsa ntchito chosakaniza, misa yomwe imayambitsa imasakanikirana mpaka ikhale yofanana (pamene ikuzungulira maola 400-800 rpm).
  • Powona kuti chisakanizocho ndi "chomwecho", chimatsalira kwa mphindi zisanu ndi zisanu ndi zisanu ndi zisanu ndi zitatu, kenako chimatsitsimutsa.
  • Pambuyo podikira nthawi yomweyi, grout imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa void pakati pa matayala.
Monga mukuonera, palibe chovuta. Inde, mlingo ndi kuchuluka kwake, komanso nthawi ya kusakaniza zosiyana siyana zidzakhala zosiyana (pakuti ndizo malangizo), koma tili ndi malingaliro onse.

Njira zamakono

Chiwerengero cha ntchitoyi chili ndi mphamvu za aliyense. Ndipo popanda kusiyana, kapangidwe kakale kamasintha kapena chatsopano chaikidwa. Izi zimawoneka powerenga ndondomekoyi.

Pezani zomwe zomera zamkati zimalimbikitsidwa kuti ziike mu maudindo, zipinda zam'chipinda, ndi zipinda.

Sinthani zigawo zakale

Pokonzekera chisakanizo, yambani kugwiritsa ntchito:

  • Kujambula kabulu kakang'ono pa spatula, gawolo laikidwa, kukankhira mozama. Pa nthawi yomweyo yesetsani kusunga spatula pamtunda (pafupifupi 30 ° ku tile).
  • Choyamba, yankho likugwiritsidwa ntchito pamtunda, ndipo pokhapokha-palimodzi. Yambani ndi ngodya zoonekera kwambiri, kuzidutsa kuyambira pamwamba mpaka pansi, kuti zisasokoneze msoko watha kale.
  • Zosakanizika pa tile zimachotsedwa nthawi yomweyo ndi spatula, ndiyeno ndi siponji yonyowa. Iwo amaumitsa mofulumira, kotero pitani.
  • Pa mthunzi womalizidwa mosamala mutenge katatu (kapena siponji, atakulungidwa mu nsalu youma).
  • Pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi, dikirani mpaka atenge pang'ono. Iyi ndiyo nthawi yabwino kwambiri yojambulira: chidutswa cha chingwe chidzakwanira, chomwe chimangowonjezeredwa muzitsulo chatsopano ndikuchitidwa kutalika konse. Gawo la grout lidzatuluka kapena kupita ku tile - lichotseni.
  • Ndiye zimakhalabe kuyembekezera tsiku kapena awiri. Icho ndi nthawi yayitali bwanji kuti chingwecho chikhale cholimba ndipo chingathe kutsukidwa ndi pepala yabwino ya emery, kuyesera kuti silingakonde tilelo.
Ndikofunikira! Musayambe kutsukitsa siponji mochulukira - choncho sizosadabwitsa ndikutsuka gawo la gululo.

Video: ndondomeko zomangira matayala

Kawirikawiri, ntchitoyi ndi yotheka. Zoona, ndi makoma akale nthawi ndi nthawi pali mavuto - m'madera ena nthawi zina amachita ngati "hump". Mukamagwiritsa ntchito malo oterowo muike yankho laling'ono (lomwe m'tsogolomu lidzasunga nthawi yopera).

Zowonongeka za matayala atsopano

Njira yatsopano yogwiritsira ntchito maselo atsopano ndi ofanana ndi ntchito ndi zakale zowoneka - zochitika zazikulu ndizofanana. Koma pali nthawi zomwe ziyenera kukumbukira:

  • Ma voids amawotchedwa ndi mapulosi (ngati n'kotheka, kuchepetsanso kutuluka), ndipo atangomaliza, amatha kuwopsya msoko.
  • Malangizo a m'mphepete mwa nyanjayi amakhalanso akusintha - kulowa mkati kumalo oyenera kutsogolo.
  • Zosakaniza zimapanganso pang'ono, ngati pali mini-voids pansi pamakona a tile (owonjezera adzatsuka panjira).
  • Ndibwino kuti tigwire ntchito ndi madera ang'onoang'ono: kusinthidwa "malo" - kuyamba china.
Zotsatira zonsezo zimabwereza ndondomeko yowonjezeretsa maulendo.
Konzani mafelemu a mawindo m'nyengo yozizira.
Video: momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito zojambula za tile

Kuyeretsa matayala

N'zotheka kuyeretsa mapepala ndi matayala pokhapokha atatha kuyanika, ndipo mumatha masabata 1.5-2. Kukonza koyamba kwa kusakaniza kumachitidwa ndi njira youma - phulusa kapena soft brashi passes kudutsa pamwamba pamwamba wosanjikiza. Izi zimachotsa dothi ndi fumbi zomwe zalowa mu njira yothetsera. Kupanikizika kwakukulu sikofunika, kopanda apo pali ngozi yochotsa mbali ya chisakanizo cha chisanu.

Mukudziwa? Pakati pa ambuye, mbali ya tileyo imatchedwa "biscuit".
Pa nthawiyi, chingwe chatsopano chimachiritsidwa ndi kulimbikitsa nyimbo: ma polima, madzi otsekemera kapena osindikiza. Amatsitsimula chinyezi, ndipo madontho omwe amagwera pa olowawo amatsika pansi, ndipo salowa mkati. Pambuyo podikira kuti chitetezo chiume, mukhoza kuyambitsa kuyeretsa bwino kwa matayala ndi sponges ndi zikwapu zoviikidwa m'madzi kapena chida chapadera.

Video: momwe mungatsukire tile

Oyenera izi:

  • Mankhwala osamala ndi tile.
  • Sopo yothetsera sopo kapena shampoo yamadzi.
  • Zosakaniza zowola.
  • Amoniya. Amapukuta malo ovuta kwambiri, omwe anali odzaza soda wamba.
  • Masamba oyera otsala atatha kutsukidwa konyowa amachotsedwa atatha kuyanika (ndi nsalu youma kapena yonyowa).
Mafinya pazinthu zotere sagwiritsidwa ntchito - makristu amawoneka bwino.
Timagwirizanitsa tsamba lathu, ndikumanga chipinda chapansi pa nyumba, velanda ndi phokoso.

Mmene mungasamalire matani

Kuti tileti zisangalatse diso ndi kuyang'ana kwake kosavuta, zimakhala zosavuta, koma kusamalira nthawi zonse: kamodzi pamwezi zimalimbikitsanso kusamba lonse ndi zitsamba zofunikira.

Ndikofunikira! Kusamba manyowa, opangidwa ndi silicone, musamachite khama - nkhaniyi ndi yophweka.
Apo ayi, malamulo okhudza matayala amachepetsedwa kuti:

  • Kuchotsa pang'onopang'ono za splashes kuchokera pamwamba (sipangakhale phokoso).
  • Nthawi zonse pukutani ndi nsalu yofewa yothira mu njira ya viniga, yomwe imapanga kuwala.
  • Chimodzimodzinso ndi mowa kapena vodka (ngakhale izo zidzatenga nthawi nyengo).
  • Kusamalira mosamala matepi. Ndibwino kuti musadalire pazitsulo zakuthwa kapena zolemetsa ndi zinthu zina zomwe zingayambitse kusamba.
  • Ngati n'kotheka, peŵani kuika matanki pafupi ndi alkalis - mumtunda wotere umayambitsa ngozi.
Tinaphunzira momwe tingagwiritsire ntchito mapepala pakati pa matayala. Tikuyembekeza kuti owerenga athu adzadziwa njirayi, ndipo zotsatira zake sizidzatha kuchitidwa ndi katswiri. Ndipo mayesero onse apambane!

Mayankho ochokera kwa ogwiritsa ntchito intaneti

Panali lingaliro lopukuta matayala mu tepi ndi tepi yothandizira, pogwiritsira ntchito silicone - kumangiriza matalala onse pamodzi ndi seams ndi tepi yowonekera, kenako kudula seams ndi mpeni, gwiritsani ntchito grout ndipo, mutatha, chotsani tepiyo yomatira.
serega99
//www.mastergrad.com/forums/t197698-zatirka-shvov-v-plitke/?p=4161657#post4161657

Ndikuwaza monga chonchi: Ndimagwiritsa ntchito grout ndi nsalu ya mphira ya 4-5 mamita lalikulu. (pambuyo poyambira maminiti 30-40 apita.), ndipo pokhapokha ndiye ndi siponji yonyowa yonyowa ndimayambira. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, grout yauma kale (imachotsa choipa kwambiri kuchokera mu tile palokha), koma imachoka pamadzi.
DDeNN
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