Kodi mungadziwe bwanji za kalulu?

Kwa kalulu woyamba wa kalulu, kuti muthe kuyendetsa bwino bizinesi, muyenera kupeza zochuluka za chidziwitso ndi luso. Zoonadi, makonzedwe a kalulu, zoyenera kuunikira, kutentha, chinyezi, zakudya zabwino, kufufuza nthawi, chithandizo ndi kupewa matenda - ichi ndi sayansi yonse. Koma, kupatula izi, nkofunika kudziwa zambiri za luso lothandiza, monga mwachitsanzo, kudziwitsa kugonana kwa nyama, chifukwa akalulu amadziwika kuti ndi achiwerewere.

Kodi ndi chiyani?

Yankho la funso limeneli ndiloluntha: kuti nyama zibale, nkofunika kukhala ndi oimira onse awiriwa, koma ngati tilankhula za bizinesi yopindulitsa kwambiri, ndikofunika kuti muyambe kuwonetsa kuti chiwerengero cha amuna ndi akazi ndi chiwerengero choyenera.

Ndikofunikira! Akalulu sapanga mabanja amodzi okhawo, choncho pafupifupi ndikwanira kugula amuna awiri kwa akazi khumi.

Akatswiri amalimbikitsa kugula ziweto zazimayi ndi ziweto kuchokera kwa osiyana siyana kuti asamalowetsedwe mwakuya, kotero kuti mupeze ana abwinobwino. Koma, osakhala ndi luso lodziwitsa kugonana kwa chinyama ndikudalira zogulitsa za wogulitsa, mungathe kuchitidwa chinyengo kapena cholakwika.

Ndikofunikira kuti athe kusiyanitsa akalulu ndi kugonana, popeza amuna ndi akazi ayenera kukhala osiyana wina ndi mzake mpaka atatha msinkhu (ngati sizingakhale zosafuna zosayenera zomwe zingatheke, komanso zida zamphamvu, ndipo amuna onse akhoza kumenyera nkhondo amuna ndi akazi pakati pawo).

Ganizirani za mitundu yambiri ya akalulu: Soviet, Angora, Butterfly, zimphona (chimphona chachikulu, chimphona chachikulu, giant Belgian), California, marder, New Zealand wofiirira, wakuda kwambiri komanso Woukitsidwa.

Kodi ndi zaka zingati zomwe timatha kusiyanitsa akalulu?

Kuzindikira kuti kugonana kwa kalulu wakhanda sikungatheke. Katswiri wodziwa bwino angathe kuthetsa vutoli poyerekezera ndi makanda omwe asintha masabata awiri, koma palibe chidziwitso chodziwitsa. Kulekanitsa kwa anyamata kuchokera kwa amayi ndi kulekanitsidwa kwa abale ndi alongo kumafika ali ndi miyezi iwiri, ndipo pa nthawi ino ndikofunika kuti tisiyanitse zinyama ndi kugonana.

Mukudziwa? Kwa akalulu, kusakaniza kwa umuna kumakhala kofala, pamene akalulu obadwa ndi "abambo" osiyana amabadwira mumatoto omwewo. Komanso, pofuna kuti pakhale mwayi wokhala ndi umuna ndi kupeza ana amphamvu, zimalimbikitsanso kuti azikhala ndi mwamuna mmodzi ndi akazi awiri, kuziyika mosiyana, patapita masiku awiri.
Choyambirira "kafukufuku" wa zinyama chikhoza kuchitika kale, komabe ndibwino kuti musasokoneze ana mpaka masabata anai, makamaka kuyambira ali wamng'ono, makhalidwe achiwerewere ndi apachiwiri amatha kusokonezeka.

Mmene mungasiyanitse ndi akalulu ogonana: zoyamba za kugonana

Zoonadi, mavuto aakulu amayamba chifukwa cha kufotokoza za kugonana kwa akalulu ang'onoang'ono, zimakhala zosavuta kusiyanitsa kalulu wamkulu wa kalulu, ngakhale ndizomveka kunena kuti ngakhale izi zimafuna luso linalake. Monga mukudziwa, kusiyanitsa pakati pa makhalidwe oyambirira a chiwerewere ndi achiwiri. Choyamba, ziwalo zoberekera ndizo, chachiwiri ndi kusiyana kwina kulikonse (kukula, thupi, etc.) ndi makhalidwe.

Vuto lalikulu pozindikira kugonana kwa akalulu akalulu ndikuti ziwalo zankhaninkhani sizinapangidwe kwathunthu ndipo, kuyambira ali akhanda, alibe makhalidwe apadera a amuna kapena akazi.

Kuti timvetse yemwe ali patsogolo pathu, chitani zotsatirazi:

  • ife timagunda ndi galasi lokulitsa;
  • Sambani manja anga bwinobwino;
  • Mosamala timachotsa kalulu wamng'ono kunja kwa khola ndikukhala pamwamba pazitali;
  • Ndi dzanja limodzi, tinyamule pang'onopang'ono nyamayo pofota ndipo mothandizidwa ndi dzanja lina timaiyika kumbuyo kumalo okongoletsa;
  • Pitirizani kugwira chiwetocho kuti chiziwoneka bwino, kuti musamawopsyeze kaluluyo komanso musamamupweteke, kusuntha ubweya kumalo opatsirana pogonana ndipo khungu lanu lizikhala mozungulira pang'onopang'ono.
  • Ngati ndi kotheka, funsani wothandizira kulingalira za ziwalo zobisika kudzera mu galasi lokulitsa.
Ganizirani za kugonana kwa kalulu

Ndikofunikira! Khalani okonzekera kuti simudzapeza mchitidwe wamwamuna ndi mimba mwachinyamata ndipo, chifukwa chake, ziwalo zoberekera zimagwidwa ndi msungwana: akalulu aang'ono, ziwalo zoberekera zimakhala zofanana, kotero musamangoganizira zokhazokha, komanso kutali pakati pa ziwalo zoberekera ndi anus.
Pazigawo zoyamba, mwachiwonekere, padzakhala koyenera kufufuza anthu angapo mofulumira, kuyesera kusiyanitsa pakati pa ziwalo zawo zamkati.

Kodi mnyamata wa kalulu amawoneka bwanji?

Kanthu kakang'ono ka dzenje, kamene kamapezeka pazimenezi, sizowoneka ngati chifuwa, posonyeza kuti tiri patsogolo pa mnyamata. Pa nthawi yomweyi, mtunda wa pakati pa mawere ndi abambo aamuna ndi waukulu kwambiri kuposa azimayi (kusiyana kumeneku kungangowonongeka ndi chidziwitso, kupenda anthu angapo omwe ali ndi zaka zofanana). Mnyamata wa kalulu

Atsikana akafika miyezi itatu, mbolo ya mnyamatayo imakhala yoonekera kwambiri, ndipo pakatha miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yatha kuganizira za chubu yokhotakhota ndi mazira awiri osiyana (palibe ubweya kwa iwo, kotero ndi kosavuta kuwawona).

Phunzirani zambiri za ubwino kapena zoopsa za udzu, zowawa, zowawa zam'mimba, chakudya cha kalulu ndi zomwe simungathe kupereka akalulu.

Kuwoneka kwa msungwana wa kalulu

Mu kalulu wamng'ono, ziwalo zoberekera zimakhala zosiyana kwambiri ndi zazimuna, palibe chifuwa chachikulu m'mimba, ndipo mtunda wa pakati pa chiberekero umagawidwa ndipo anus ndi wamng'ono kwambiri kuposa mwanayo, ndilo mamita awiri okha. Atakalamba pang'ono, mtsikanayo amakhala ndi mawonekedwe a mtundu wofiira. Msungwana wa kalulu

Kusiyana kwa kugonana kumakhala akalulu akulu

Pali zovuta zochepa pozindikira kugonana kwa akalulu akuluakulu, chifukwa zokhudzana ndi kugonana zimakhala zosiyana kale, ndipo palinso zizindikiro zina zomwe zimathandiza kusiyanitsa amuna kuchokera kwa akazi popanda kuyang'ana nyama yomwe ili pansi pa mchira wake.

Makhalidwe oyambirira

Monga mukudziwira, akalulu ndi zolengedwa zazikulu, motero, kutha msinkhu mwa iwo kumachitika mofulumira kwambiri. Mbewu za kukula kwapakati zimakhala zokonzeka kubereka pakatha miyezi itatu ndi theka, chifukwa mitundu yambiri ikubwera mwezi ndi theka. Choncho, pa zaka zino, chikhalidwe chogonana pachimuna ndi chachikazi chimapangidwa.

Mukudziwa? Chochititsa chidwi, gawo lonse la umuna wa mwamuna wamkulu liri ndi umuna wa 70-80 miliyoni, pamene wopera "ali" 50 miliyoni okha!

Kuti mudziwe za kugonana kwa munthu wamkulu, zofanana ndi zomwe zimafotokozedwa kuti nyama zinyama zikuchitika, koma ngati muli ndi luso linalake, simungakhoze kuika nyamayo pamtunda, koma ingoyimitsa, yokhala ndi dzanja limodzi, ndikugwiranso pansi pansi. kumbuyo.

Kwa amuna

Mkhalidwe wosiyanitsa wamwamuna ndi kupezeka kwa mayeso. Monga lamulo, iwo amatha kusiyanitsa ngakhale pofufuza mwachidule, pambuyo pake, funso la kudziwitsa za amuna lingathetsedwe. Mapuloteni akukwawa amakhala ozungulira ndipo ali pafupifupi mamita 15 mm ndipo 25-35 mm kutalika. Imalemera 2-3 g iliyonse. Amuna akafika msinkhu wa miyezi itatu, khungu limapangidwira, ndipo mitsempha mkati mwake imawoneka ngati ziphuphu ziwiri, mwa njira, nthawi zina amatha kulakwitsa chifukwa cha zotupa. kawirikawiri panthawi yoyesa kuyesa kumuyesa mkati. Kufalitsa zala zanu pakati pa miyendo yamphongo ndi kumangirira khungu kokha, mukhoza kuona bwino mbolo yofiira. Komabe, muyenera kukhala okonzekera kuti nyama nthawi zambiri poyesa muyeso amayesa kumukoka mkati.

Ambiri obereka kalulu amayamikira ubwino wosunga ziweto. Phunzirani zomwe mwasankha ndi momwe mungadzipangire nokha.

Kwa akazi

Ngati tilankhula za khalidwe loyamba la kugonana, kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa kalulu wamkulu ndi kusowa kwa mitsempha. Chiberekero cha atsikana chimawombera, koma ngati pali pinki yofiira pamnyamata, ndiye kuti ikafika kukula, imakhala yakuda. Komabe, monga chosiyana ndi chachikazi, pali mtunda wochepa pakati pa ziwalo zoberekera ndi anus, koma mwa munthu wamkuluyo mbaliyi sichikhalanso yovuta: kusiyana pakati pa kugonana pa nthawi ino kumakhala kosavuta.

Sekondale

Kugonana kwa mkuku kungathenso kudziwika ndi khalidwe lachiwerewere lachiwerewere, koma njira iyi akadali wothandizira.

Ndikofunikira! Kuphunzira za ziwalo zoberekera za nyama ndizofunikira kuti zogonana zitheke, kusiyana kwa kukula, msinkhu ndi khalidwe pakati pa amuna ndi akazi, koma siziyenera kudalira.
Ngati munthu wosaphunzitsidwa amaikidwa patsogolo pa zipilala ziwiri, imodzi yomwe ili ndi chikwapu, ndi inayo ndi kalulu, ndipo fufuzani kuti mudziwe yemwe ali ndi mwayi waukulu kuti muwone yankho lolondola la intuitively. Koma kusiyanitsa mwamuna wamwamuna ndi mkazi mu mbuzi yosakaniza sikophweka monga momwe kungawonekere.

Kwa amuna

Poyerekeza zinyama zofanana, zikhoza kuzindikila kuti amuna ali ndi mutu waukulu ndi wolemera kwambiri, mafupa ali ochulukirapo, ndipo kayendedwe kakang'ono kakang'ono.

Kwa akazi

Akalulu, motero, amawoneka okongola, okoma mtima komanso ofanana, koma nthawi zambiri amakhala aakulu kuposa amuna awo. Mutu wa mkaziyo ndi waung'ono komanso wautali. Mwazimayi, mukhoza kuyang'ana mavupusi omwe ali m'mizere iwiri, pamene amuna sangathe kudziwika (ngakhale kuti alipo).

Ndikofunika, komabe, kukumbukira kuti izi zokhudzana ndi kugonana sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito kwa akalulu aang'ono (nyama zazing'ono sizisiyana kwambiri ndi malamulo ndi kukula), komanso, zolakwitsa sizingapeweke tikayerekezera nyama za mibadwo yosiyanasiyana.

Kuchita ntchito ya kubala kumatsimikizira ngati kalulu ali ndi chiguduli chokwanira, ngakhale chotalika ndi minofu yabwino kwambiri, komabe, kugunda kwa saggy ndi zopapatiza sizimasonyeza kuti ndinu wamwamuna. Nthawi zambiri thupi limakhala ndi vuto la kalulu, ndipo izi zimaonedwa kuti ndi zoperewera kwambiri, chifukwa zimawopsya kubadwa kwa akufa kapena ana osowa.

Zomwe zimakhudzana ndi kugonana ndi chikhalidwe cha nyama

Zovuta kwambiri, ngakhale kuyang'ana masewera olimbitsa thupi a akalulu, owonerera osadziŵa nthawi zambiri amapanga zolakwika pozindikira kugonana kwa nyama.

Mukudziwa? Zindikirani kuti panthawi yomwe chikondi chimayambira, akalulu ambiri amayesa kumenyana ndi mwamuna ndikukwera kumbuyo kwake komanso kuyamba kuyambitsa kayendedwe ka kayendedwe kake. Mwina mwanjira imeneyi, mkaziyo amayesera kuwonetsa kufunika kwake, kapena ndi gawo chabe la mwambo, komabe lamulo "yemwe ali pamwamba - munthuyo" satsatira lamulo la akalulu.
Zomwe zanenedwa, komabe, sizikutanthauza kuti akalulu onse alibe kusiyana pakati pa kugonana pakati pa khalidwe, iwo akungodziwa kuti kusiyana kumeneku ndi kotani.

Mchitidwe wamwamuna

Mbali khalidwe la khalidwe la amuna:

  • Ng'ombeyo imadula chitsulo chake podyetsa kapena pakhoma. Zilonda zomwe akalulu amavomereza gawoli zili pafupi ndi chibonga pa rodent, kotero khalidwe ili limasonyeza bwino cholinga chokonzekera fungo lake, motero, chiyero chake;
  • Njira yina yosonyezera gawoli ndi kusiya mkodzo wanu, ndikuwotcha madzi osokoneza, kutalika kwake, kumene nyamayo imachepetsa. Ntchitoyi imapangidwanso amuna.

Onaninso kuti akazi nthawi zina amawonetsa gawoli, kungofunika kuti ogonana ofooka asatchulidwe.

Makhalidwe achikazi

Zizindikiro za khalidwe lachikazi:

  • kalulu akuyesera kubisala pamalo amodzi;
  • nyama imakumba mu zinyalala, ngati kuyesera kukonza chisa kapena kukumba dzenje;
  • ngati phokoso limodzi limakhala lopanda phokoso komanso lopuma, limakhala laling'ono;
  • kusowa chakudya chosayembekezereka popanda zizindikiro za matenda;
  • Azimayi amatha kutsika m'mimba mwawo pamtima.
Zidzakhala zothandiza kwa obereketsa akalulu kuti apeze ngati kalulu angaloledwe kutsatiridwa, ali ndi zaka zingati akalulu akalulu komanso momwe angawasamalire, ndiji komanso momwe angadyetse akalulu popanda kalulu komanso momwe angagwire kalulu kunyumba.

Zomwe zimayambitsa kugonana kwa mitundu ya akalulu kukongoletsera

Kuzindikira kugonana kwa akalulu okongoletsera, kawirikawiri, sikusiyana ndi malamulo omwe atchulidwa pamwambapa. Kusiyana kokha ndiko kuti mitundu ina ndi yaing'ono, motero, njira yophunzirira ziwalo zingakhale zovuta kwambiri.

Kuwonjezera apo, ngati nyama za nyama kapena ubweya, monga lamulo, zimapezeka pa minda yapadera, tikhoza kupita ku sitolo yoyandikana nayo, kumene tikhoza kukumana ndi wothandizira malonda omwe, popanda kukhala ndi ziyeneretso zokwanira ndi chidziwitso chogonana kalulu amayesa kukutsutsani inu mosiyana. Ndipo, podziwa kuti kusunga pakhomo ndibwino kupeza chinyama, chomwe chikhalidwe choyambirira cha kugonana chiri pafupi kusamvetsetseka, ngozi ya cholakwika imakula nthawi zambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Kugula kalulu wokongoletsera, osatsatiridwa ndi "chigamulo" cha wogulitsa. Yang'anani ziwalo za mbuzi zanu zamtsogolo pokha, koma m'malo mwake mubweretseni katswiri wodziwa bwino ntchito yanu.

Ngakhale kuti simudzabala makoswe ozokongoletsera ndikudziŵa kukhala munthu mmodzi monga chiweto, podziwa kuti kugonana kwa nyama n'kofunika kwambiri. Osati kokha kuti asakhululuke ndi dzina. Chowonadi ndi chakuti akalulu osakwatira amalimbikitsidwa kuti azidzola. Ndipo onse awiri amuna ndi akazi. Ngati izi sizichitika, chiweto chingayambe kukhala ndi mavuto ndi thanzi ndi malingaliro: anyamata amakhala achiwawa, akazi amachulukitsa chiopsezo chokhala ndi khansa. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, nyama yosawilitsidwayo imakhala nthawi yayitali, yomwe ndi bokosi lofunika kwambiri la nyama.

Ngakhalenso ndibwino kuti asunge akalulu ndi kuwadyetsa, akhoza kudwala. Onetsetsani zilonda zazikulu m'matenda a kalulu, myxomatosis, pasteurellosis, kupweteka kwa dzuwa ndi kutentha kwa akalulu.
Kuphunzira kudziwa kalulu wa kalulu si ntchito yovuta. Kuzindikira sayansi imeneyi kumafuna chidwi kwambiri ndi chidziwitso. Pamene zinyama zikuluzikulu zowonjezereka, zimakhala zoonekeratu kuti kusiyana pakati pa kugonana kumakhalabe, ngakhale kuti thupi ndi khalidwe la makoswe aamuna ndi aakazi ali ndi mbali zina, komabe pakufunika kosafufuza mosamalitsa zenizeni pankhaniyi.

Video: momwe angadziwire za kugonana kwa akalulu

Maphunziro ochokera pa intaneti pa momwe angadziwire za kugonana kwa kalulu

Afunseni wogulitsa kuti akuwonetseni ziwalo zogonana zogulitsa. Kuti muchite izi, tengani chinyama mmanja mwake, mutembenuzire kumbuyo kwake, ndikukankhira ubweya kumalo osungira. Anyamata ali ndi mbolo. Akalulu amakhala ndi zovuta kupeza pansi. Ngati ali osachepera masabata atatu, ndiye kuti n'kosatheka kudziŵa kuti ndi chiani.
Igorr
//www.lynix.biz/forum/kak-otlichit-krolika-ot-krolchikhi
Kusiyanitsa, ndithudi, ndi chikhalidwe. Ngati kuli kovuta kudziwa kugonana ngakhale kwa akalulu aang'ono, ndi kotheka kwa amayi ndi abambo, malo amtunduwu ndi osiyana kwambiri. Mayiyo ali pafupi ndi mchira, ndipo wamwamuna, motero, patali, ndiko kuti, pafupi ndi mimba.
chisanu
//www.lynix.biz/forum/kak-otlichit-krolika-ot-krolchikhi
Moni, ang'onoang'ono mpaka miyezi itatu sangathe kusiyanitsa, ngakhale abambo odziwa bwino angathe kuyang'ana (mawonekedwe a nkhope ndi thupi) ndi zina pambuyo pa miyezi itatu, yang'anani njira yakale. mwa mawonekedwe a msungwana ameneyo. Nthawi yoyamba yomwe simungapangidwe, muyenera kuwonetsedwa ndi munthu wokhala ndi moyo wabwino. Simudzapeza aliyense wokushkas.
panfil
//www.lynix.biz/forum/kak-otlichit-krolika-ot-krolchikhi
Yura))), ndikufotokozera mwachiwonetsero. Komanso, chiwerengero cha amai chikhoza kudziwika kuyambira ali aang'ono. Kawirikawiri ndimayang'ana pamene ndikuyesa katemera woyamba - pa masiku 30 (koma mukhoza kuchiwona kale)

Fotokozani zomwe muyenera kuyang'anitsitsa zomwe mungathe, koma zosavuta kupanga chithunzi kapena kanema. Kamodzi kuti muwone nthawizonse kumveka bwino. Ndipo nthawizonse ndimawonetsa ogula anga atsopano poyerekezera momwe kugonana kwachangu kumatsimikiziridwa

Tatyana_ya
//agroforum.by/topic/323-kak-opredelit-pol-krolika/
Monga izo kapena ayi, azimayi ali ndi dzenje pafupi ndi anus (dzenje lakuya).

Amuna amatha kukhala chinyengo ndi miyezi 3.5-4, koma izi zikhoza kuwonedwa ...

Cholakwika changa ndi chakuti palibe wina woyerekeza, amakhalapo, pali akazi okha.

Chikopa cha uchi
//agroforum.by/topic/323-kak-opredelit-pol-krolika/