Haltonia (Cape Hyacinth): kubzala ndi kusamalira

Anthu a ku Galishia a ku Whitish (a candicans a Galtonia) - chomera chokomera cha banja la Lileins, chomwe chimakumbukiridwa mosavuta chifukwa cha zovuta zambiri zomwe zimapachika maluwa-mabelu. Pansi pa chilengedwe, pali mitundu inayi ya haltonia, koma imodzi yokha ndiyo yomwe imagwira pamabedi athu. Tiyeni tiphunzire zambiri zokhudza chomera ichi ndi momwe tingamere ndikulengeza.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Haltonia ya ku Whitish, yomwe imadziwikanso ndi Cape Hyacinth, imakhala yotalika kwambiri, ikukula mamita 0.5-1.5 ndipo imafalikira mu August ndi September. Zizindikiro zake zamakono ndi:

  • babu - kukula mpaka masentimita 7, mofanana ndi kondomu ndi maziko a concave, opangidwa ndi mamba ambiri owuma;
  • masamba - wofiira, wofiira, wamaliseche, wowometsera, wamsasa, woboola lamba, mpaka mamita 90 masentimita ndi kupitirira 8 masentimita;
  • maluwa - chipale chofewa, chitovu, chonyezimira, chokhala ndi chingwe, mpaka mamita 6 masentimita ndi mamita atatu masentimita awiri, kupyolera m'maluwa ngati mababu 20 kapena kuposa;
  • chipatso - bokosi lophatikizana la nkhope zitatu;
  • mbewu - makwinya, opundapyala, amtundu wambiri, ndi wakuda.
Mukudziwa? Maluwa aakulu kwambiri padziko lonse - Rafflesia Arnoldi - amakula m'nkhalango ya Malaysia. Kukula kwake kukufikira mita imodzi, ndi kulemera - mpaka ma selogalamu zisanu ndi ziwiri. Maluwa odabwitsa kwambiri ndi nyama, imatulutsa fungo lofanana ndi nyama yovunda, yomwe imakopa tizilombo tosiyanasiyana.

Kufalikira

South Africa ndi malo obadwira a galtonia woyera. Iwo adalandira dzina lake ndi wofufuza wa zomera zaku Afrika Englishman Francis Galton. Dzina lachiwiri la chomeracho limagwirizanitsidwa ndi malo ake omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mwachilengedwe - mapiri a Cape kum'mwera kwa Africa.

Malo ake achilengedwe, haltonia woyera amamera pamwamba pa mapiri otsetsereka otentha ndi zitsamba ndi udzu. Lero, likugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ku Ulaya, kumene idayamba kubala ndi zaka makumi asanu ndi ziwiri za XIX.

Kugwiritsa ntchito m'munda ndi kumangidwe kwa malo

Chifukwa cha kudzichepetsa kwake ndi mawonekedwe ake, galtonia akuyimiridwa mwakhama m'mapangidwe a malo. Izo zikuwoneka zabwino mu mitundu yosiyana ya kubzala maluwa - pakati pa yokongola deciduous zomera ndi perennials ukufalikira mu autumn. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati bwalo lakuda m'mabedi a maluwa kapena pakati pa zomera za pafupi ndi mabedi.

Phunzirani momwe mungapangire rabatka, bedi lamaluwa, alpine slide, mixborder.

Haltonia ndi bwino kudula ndipo nthawi zina amakula miphika. Zimakhala zogwira ntchito pobzala m'magulu ochepa phlox, gelenium, aquilegia, asters, gladioli, cannes ndi peonies.

Komanso, chomeracho chikhoza kubzalidwa ndi mbewu zam'mvula zomwe sizikufuna kukumba m'nyengo yozizira. The hayacinth ya Cape idzaphimba masamba ake ndi mazira omwe amatha kutentha komanso azidzasungiranso zokongoletsera m'nyengo yachilimwe.

Kukula pakhomo

Ngakhale kuti zachilendo za ku Africa zimachokera, galtonia woyera amamva bwino pakatikati ndipo safuna kusamalidwa bwino. Mofanana ndi maluwa ena a maluwa, amafunika kuthirira nthawi yake, kuvala ndi kumasula nthawi.

Ndikofunikira! Yang'anani nthawi zonse zokolola zosungidwa, kusiyanitsa zowonongeka ndi kupatsa manganese owonongeka ndi potaziyamu permanganate. Ngati babu sakhala pachimake chaka choyamba mutabzala, nkotheka kuti yafooka komanso yosamalidwa bwino idzakupatsani mtundu mu chaka chotsatira.

Kusankha malo okhala

Haltonia yamtunduwu imakonda kumera dzuwa kapena mthunzi, mbali ya kumwera kwa munda imakhala yoyenera, makamaka ngati ili pamtunda. Kumalo otseguka, mivi ikuluikulu imayenera kumangidwa kuti ipewe malo ogona. Kumapeto kwa maluwa, mapesi a maluwa amachotsedwa bwino, kuti asatenge babu.

Chomeracho chimakhala chosasinthasintha, chimazoloƔera zachilengedwe - yotentha chilimwe ndi kuzizizira nyengo yozizira. Komabe, pakati pa msewu ndi bwino kubisala. Pachifukwachi mungagwiritse ntchito peat kapena utuchi pogwiritsa ntchito masentimita 20 ndikuphimba ndi masamba a spruce kapena masamba owuma.

Pezani zomwe mukufunikira: zosamalidwe zamapiri, hyacinths, maluwa, masikono, candiks, gladioli, chionodoxes, mitsinje yam'madzi, pushkins, levkokorin, makoswe, sparaxys, mabala a autumn, azimayi a hazel, aang'ono, tigridia, ixia, crocuses.

M'malo ozizira kwambiri, mababuwa amakumba kumapeto kwa mwezi wa Oktoba ndipo amasungidwa kutentha kwa madigiri 6-12. Dulani chomeracho mosamala kwambiri kuti asawononge mizu. Sitiyenera kukhala mofulumira kwambiri, galtonia woyera amachotsa ntchentche zabwino kwambiri, choncho ndi bwino kupereka nthawi ya anyezi yokwanira yokhala ndi zakudya zokwanira kwa nthawi yayitali. Ngati pali mababu ambiri, mukhoza kuyesa ndi kukumba zina mwazo, ndikuzisiya kuti zikhale zowonjezera pansi.

Dulani zomera ndi masamba kwa masiku asanu ndi awiri otsalira bwino m'malo opuma mpweya wouma. Kenaka masamba amadulidwa 1-2 masentimita kuchokera mu khosi la bulbous, ndipo mizu yatsala. Masabata ena 1-1.5 amauma pa firiji, ndikusungidwa mumchenga kapena peat m'chipinda chouma pamtunda wa madigiri 10-15. Alimi ena amasungira ma bulbu mu chipinda chosungiramo masamba a firiji, koma muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti sizitsamba.

Nthaka ndi feteleza

Halton ya ku Australia iyenera kubzalidwa mu nthaka yambiri ya acidic ndi Kuwonjezera kwa humus. Amakonda malo osungunuka ndi kupeza bwino kwa oxygen ku mizu. Choncho, dzikolo liyenera kulima kwambiri, ndipo musanadzalemo, likhale lopangidwa bwino.

Phunzirani momwe mungadziwire acidity ya dothi, momwe mungapangire deoxidize, momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito peat ndi zina feteleza.
Pa nyengo yokula, zomera ziyenera kudyetsedwa 1-2 nthawi ndi zovuta za mchere feteleza kwa mbewu zakubala.

Kuthirira ndi chinyezi

Haltonia ya kumtunda imakhala ikumwa madzi ambiri nthawi ya kukula, nthawi yonseyo imakhala yokwanira kumwa madzi moyenera. Onetsetsani kuti muzisamala kuti muteteze madzi ochulukirapo ndi kuvunda kwa mizu. Tsiku lotsatira pambuyo kuthirira ndikofunika kumasula nthaka bwino, panthawi yofanana yokolola namsongole omwe adawoneka.

Mukudziwa? Mtengo wa tsambatata Tseratoniya nthawi zonse umapereka mbewu zofanana ndi masekeli 0,2 Kalekale, amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi zilembo zamtengo wapatali, ndipo tsopano kulemera kwake kumatchedwa "carat".

Kuswana

Haltonia yamtunduwu imabereka m'njira ziwiri:

  • mababu;
  • mbewu.

Kufesa mbewu poyera

Kufesa m'nthaka yotseguka kumachitika ndi mbewu zatsopano. Zimafesedwa kumapeto kwa mwezi wa April, ndipo zitatha kutuluka mphukira mu mwezi wa May, zimadulidwa kapena zimakhala pamtunda wa 10-15 masentimita. Mukamabzala mbewu, zomera zimayamba kuphulika mu zaka 2-3.

Mbande m'malo modzichepetsa, koma pang'onopang'ono akukula ndikusowa madzi okwanira. Monga lamulo, njira yoperekera izi siigwiritsidwe ntchito nthawi zambiri.

Kusiyana kwa chitsamba

M'chaka pamaso kubzala, bulbous zisa anagawidwa 2-3 mbali kapena disassembled mu odziimira anyezi mababu ndi anabzala. Ndikofunika kuchita izi bwinobwino kuti asawononge mizu. Ayenera kubzalidwa kuyambira kumapeto kwa March mpaka May, ndipo pakapita nthawi padzafika, kenako mtundu udzaonekera.

Mukakulira m'nthaka yotseguka, mababuwo amabzalidwa mozama masentimita 15-18 masentimita ndi masentimita 30. Kwa madzi abwino, mchenga wambiri umatsanulira pansi pa dzenje, ndipo peat kapena humus imaphatikizidwanso. Kudyetsa anyezi amafunika kuthirira bwino, koma musalole madzi ochulukirapo. Kuwombera kumawoneka masabata 2-4 mutabzala.

Ndikofunikira! Haltonia imakula bwino m'dera limodzi la zaka 4-5, kupanga mapulaneti wandiweyani. Komabe, sakonda kuti abwereke nthawi zambiri. NthaƔi zina, makamaka m'madera akum'mwera, chomeracho chimachulukira mwa kudzidalira.

Kusonkhanitsa Mbewu

Mbewu iyenera kusonkhanitsidwa mu kugwa kwa maluwa panthawi yomweyo ndi kuchotsa peduncles. Mbewu ziyenera kutengedwa kuchokera ku zomera zathanzi komanso zamphamvu, popanda zizindikiro za matenda aliwonse. Mbeu zosonkhanitsa ziyenera kuuma. Kuti muchite izi, ziike pamtambo umodzi pamwamba pake ndi pepala lakuda kwambiri ndikuyika malo otentha ndi mpweya wabwino. Mbeu zowuma bwino zidzakhalabe bwino kufikira masika. Komabe, ayenera "kupuma" bwino, choncho ndi bwino kusunga izi mu pulasitiki kapena polyethylene, koma mu ma envelopes a pepala.

Tizilombo, matenda ndi kupewa

Maluwawo sagonjetsedwa ndi matenda ndi tizirombo. Madzi abwino a nthaka amapereka chitetezo chodalirika ku matenda opatsirana a mizu.

Komabe, mu nyengo yamvula, Cape Hyacinth ikhoza kuyambitsa nkhono ndi slugs. Pofuna kupewa izi, malowa ayenera kuchitidwa ndi phulusa pamalinga a prophylaxis. Ndipo kumawonekera gastropods kuti asonkhanitse manja.

Haltonia yamtunduwu amatanthauza zomera zomwe sizikuvutitsa kwambiri ndipo zimakhala zokongola kwambiri m'munda wamaluwa. Ndipo kumayambiriro kwa nthawi ya autumn, pamene mitengo yayikulu yayamba kale kusungunuka ndipo ikukonzekera kupumula, galtonia yonyezimira yamtunduwu imabweretsanso kumverera kwa kasupe ndikupereka chisangalalo chabwino.

Video: momwe mungakulire halton