Mmene mungamere ndikubzala chomera cha Japanese pantchito

Chitsamba chokongola, chisangalalo chachidziwitso ndi kudzichepetsa mu chisamaliro chopangidwa ndi Japanese spirea chomwe chimakonda pakati pa okonza mapulani ndi olima wamaluwa wamba. N'zosavuta kugwira nawo ntchito ngakhale oyambitsa, zomwe nthaka ndi chinyezi zimakhala zochepa, koma zotsatira zimakondweretsa diso. Lero tikuphunzira zambiri za zokongola za shrub, phunzirani kukula pa siteti ndikuwululira zinsinsi za maluwa aatali.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Chibadwa cha Japan cha spirea ndi banja la Pink ndipo liri ndi mitundu yoposa 100 ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi mitundu. Malingana ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana, nyengo ya maluwa ya shrub imeneyi imasiyana kwambiri.

Mukhoza kuphunzira spirea ndi:

  • chitsamba chamtunda chomwe chimabwera kuchokera ku 0.5 mpaka 2.5 mamita;
  • Kuyala nthambi zokhala ndi mapiritsi osakanikirana apakatikati;
  • maluwa ang'onoang'ono omwe amakula m'magulu akuluakulu, okondweretsa kuyang'ana ndi mithunzi yonse, yoyera kupita ku pinki yakuda;
  • fungo lodabwitsa losadziwika bwino.
Spireas amawakonda ndi zokongoletsera kuti zikhale zolimba, korona yotseguka, yomwe imakhala yosavuta, komanso yamaluwa. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, shrub iyi - gwero la timadzi tokoma komanso timadzi tokoma.
Mukudziwa? Kum'mawa kwa Ulaya, spirea imadziwikanso kuti tavolga.
Shrub sichikulira mofulumira, amakhala ndi moyo zaka pafupifupi 15-20, pambuyo pake ndi zofunika kuti mutenge munda.

Kufalitsa ndi malo

Zomwe zimatanthawuza, ndizo Japan, komanso China. Pansi pa chilengedwe, spirea imapezeka mumtanda wa chernozem wa ku Ulaya, nkhalango zaku Siberia. Chitsambachi chimakonda mapiri otsetsereka a mapiri, otsekemera nkhalango zowomba, nthawi zina zimatha kuoneka pafupi ndi miyala. Komanso, nthawi zambiri zimakhala bwino pamphepete mwa mtsinje, m'mphepete mwa nyanja.

Onani mitundu ndi mitundu ya spirea.

Mitundu yodziwika

Chilengedwe ndi obereketsa adasamalira mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya spirea, yomwe yotchuka kwambiri inali:

  • "Golden Princess". Chomera chokongola sichitha kufika mamita 1 m'litali, koma chimakopa maso ndi masamba a golidi ndi nsonga zabwino zomwe zimakhala ndi maonekedwe osiyanasiyana chaka chonse. Pakati pa mwezi wa June, iwo amathandizidwa ndi inflorescences onunkhira a pinki wotumbululuka, okongoletsera okongoletsera mpaka autumn.
  • "Akalonga Aang'ono". Mitundu imeneyi imasiyanitsidwa ndi korona yake yeniyeni ndi kukula kwake (mpaka 30 cm wamtali). Zinthu zoterezi zinapangitsa "Princess Wachifumu" kukhala shrub yabwino ya alpine slides, mabedi ophatikizana a maluwa, makomo aakulu. Chomera chaching'ono ndi maluwa ndizochepa: zimakhala ndi nthambi zake zokhala ndi pinki yofiira kwambiri, zimasonkhanitsidwa ndi maburashi mpaka masentimita asanu.
  • "Shirobana". Mbali zosiyana za mitundu imeneyi ndi zimayambira ngati zing'onozing'ono zowononga maroon, kutambasula kwa masamba obiriwira obiriwira, omwe ali pafupi ndi kumapeto kwa mtundu wa chikasu, mtundu wofiira. Koma kutchuka kwa "Shiroban" kunapezedwa chifukwa cha maluwa ake, pamene ma inflorescences oyera, ofiira ndi ofiira amawonekera panthawi imodzi pamagulu ake.
  • "Macrofile a Spirea". Frost mtsogoleri wa mtundu umene umakula kufika mamita 1.5 ndipo uli ndi masamba akuluakulu a makwinya mpaka masentimita 20 m'litali. Kukula kwa mitunduyi kumakhala kofiira mu mdima wofiira, maroon mitundu, nthawi ya chilimwe imatembenukira kubiriwira, ndipo pafupi ndi m'dzinja imakhala ndi miyendo ya golidi. Iyo imamera kuyambira June mpaka August, ikukhala ndi maluwa ochepa pinki panthawiyi.
Mukudziwa? Spirea imamasuliridwa kuchokera ku Chigriki monga "kuwombera, kupindika."
  • "Crisp". Chomera chokhazika mtima pansi chokhazikika ndi masamba osungunuka omwe amapanga chipewa cha mthunzi wobiriwira wakuda. Ndimasangalala ndi mtundu wa zosiyanasiyana kuchokera pakati pa chilimwe mpaka September, wokhala ndi pinki yotumbululuka yokhala ndi zofiirira kwambiri. Maluwa ake amasonkhanitsidwa mu umbellate inflorescences osaposa masentimita 5-7. Iwo amasiyanitsidwa ndi "Kirisipo" ndipo amawombera mowongoka, nthawi zambiri amawombera pamapeto.
  • Goldflame. Zinyamazo ndizozoimira abwino kwambiri a mtundu wake, okhala ndi korona wawung'ono koma wandiweyani, mpaka mamita 80 masentimita, ndi mtundu wokongola wa mitundu yonse ya chikasu. Ali ndi mphukira zachindunji, zokhala ndi maluwa ang'onoang'ono omwe amapezeka mu June-August, omwe okongoletsera amakonda kugwiritsa ntchito Goldflame m'midzi.
  • "Miyambi". Chomera china chokhala ndi masamba obiriwira a mtundu woyamba: pamene ukufalikira, ndi ofiira, kukhala wobiriwira bwino pakati pa chilimwe. Maluwa amasonkhanitsidwa m'magulu akuluakulu a pinki, ofiira, burgundy maluwa omwe amawonekera pamwamba pa mphukira kuyambira June mpaka oyambirira autumn. Nthawi zina "Darts" amakondwera ndi maluwa mobwerezabwereza, ngakhale kuti si ochuluka kwambiri.

Gwiritsani ntchito kupanga mapangidwe

Okonza Japan monga makamaka Spirea kuti akhale ndi mwayi wopereka maluwa m'munda nthawi yonse chifukwa cha mitundu yosiyana yomwe imafalikira mosiyana. Pochita izi, amasonkhanitsidwa m'magulu, ogwiritsidwa ntchito m'minda yamaluwa komanso ngati malo obiriwira. Mitundu yapamwamba imapanganso bwino mmalo mwa malire ndi kuzungulira. Thuy, spruce, juniper idzagwira ntchito bwino mu kampani kwa spirea.

Phunzirani za kulima spiraea "Bomald", "Vangutta", "Grefsheym", "Snowmaund", komanso spiraea birch ndi yoyera.

Kukula ndi kusamalira zomera

Kuti muzisangalala ndi kukongola kwa Spirea, ndikofunikira kukonzekera kubzala ndi kusamalira zomera.

Zomwe amangidwa

Chomeracho chimakonda malo otseguka, koma muyenera kukhala ndi nthawi yolimala kumapeto kwa maluwa mpaka masambawo atayamba kukula. Ndibwino kwambiri chifukwa cha mvula imeneyi kapena madzulo. Kuti upeze chitukuko chabwino, spirea imafuna kuwala kwina, ngakhale kuti mumthunzi wachewu umakhala wabwino.

Ndikofunikira! Pokonzekera tsogolo kapena munda wa ariel, kumbukirani kuti ngati shrub ikukula, idzafuna malo ofunika kukula kwa mizu yake.

Nthaka ndi feteleza

Spirea imatha kukula mu dothi losauka, koma panopa silingathe kukongola kwake konse. Zolondola zake ndizowonongeka, dothi lolimba, lodzaza ndi humus. Kutentha kwa nthaka kudzakhala pamtunda wa 5.6-7.8 pH. Ndikofunika kupanga masentimita 15-20 masentimita osanjikiza panthawi yobzala, njerwa ya njerwa idzachita izi. Monga chakudya choyambirira chitenge dothi lokhala ndi masamba kapena mchenga, mchenga, peat mu chiƔerengero cha 2: 1: 1.

Sankhani zitsamba zabwino kwambiri za maluwa.

Komanso, pamene ikukula, ndi zofunika kugwiritsa ntchito:

  • Kudyetsa zovuta pambuyo pokonza chitsamba;
  • yankho la mullein ndi superphosphate (10 magalamu pa 10 malita a madzi) pafupi ndi July.

Kuthirira ndi chinyezi

Kuthirira koyamba kumachitika ngakhale mutabzala chitsamba: 1-2 zidebe zamadzi panthawi. Chifukwa cha mizu yopanda chitukuko, ndizosayenera kuti chilala chikhale ndi spirea. Choncho, nyengo yotentha, kuthirira bwino ndikofunika: 15 malita a madzi kawiri pa mwezi pa chitsamba chimodzi. Pakati pa kutentha kwabwino, sizothandiza kuthirira mbewuyo mwakhama. Koma kupalira ndi kumasula nthawi zonse kumathera kuti nthawi zonse mupeze mpweya wabwino.

Kugwirizana kwa kutentha

Kutentha kumeneko, kuti kuzizira spiraea kumapirira popanda zovuta, chifukwa mu chilengedwe chikumera m'malo ovuta.

Ndikofunikira! Koma ngati pali chiopsezo cha chisanu chopanda chipale chofewa, ndiye chitetezeni chitetezo ndi kuphimba rosette wa chomeracho ndi 10-15 masentimita wosanjikiza masamba.

Chomera kubzala ndi kubzala

Zamwano zingathe kufalikira m'njira zitatu:

  • mbewu;
  • kuyala;
  • cuttings.

Kukula kuchokera ku mbewu

Yambani posungitsa kuti njira iyi si yoyenera mitundu ya haibridi chifukwa cha zamoyo. Kuberekera kwa mbewu za spirea ndi motere:

  1. Tengani mbewu.
  2. Konzani zitsulo zazikulu ndi makoma apansi.
  3. Dzazeni ndi chisakanizo cha peat ndi nkhuni.
  4. Timafalitsa mbewu pa workpiece ndikuphimba pamwamba ndi 1 cm ya peat kapena kuwaza ndi dziko lapansi.
  5. Patapita sabata ndi theka tikuyembekeza maonekedwe a mphukira zoyamba.
  6. Ayenera kusamalidwa ndi kuchiritsidwa ndi phytosporin, maziko, kapena mankhwala ena oletsa fungal.
  7. Patangopita miyezi 2-3, kumera, mbande ndi okonzeka kubzala pamalo omasuka.
  8. Onetsetsani kuti muzule mizu yaing'ono.
  9. Anabzala mphukira timamwa madzi ndi mulch ndi peat.
Zopindula ndi zitsanzo za mbeu zidzasangalala ndi mtundu wokha mu chaka chachitatu kapena chachinai cha kukula.
Zojambula zapanyanja pa nyumba ya chilimwe ndi manja awo - kulenga kukongola.

Kubalanso poyika

Ikani njira iyi ndi masika. Mphepete ya pansiyi imakankhidwira pansi pazithunzi zopangidwa kale ndi kuikapo kuti nthambi isabwerere ku malo ake oyambirira. Mbali ya mmera mtsogolo imadulidwa ndi kuwaza pa kutalika kwake kwa dziko lapansi. Kwa nyengo yozizira, musaiwale kubisa zigawo pansi pa bulangeti lotentha. Kale ndi kasupe woyamba mphukira idzamera mizu ndipo ingabzalidwe pamalo abwino. Mfundo ya kubalana chitsamba bushings /

Mukudziwa? Spirea inapatsa anthu mwayi wopanga mankhwala amodzi kwambiri padziko lonse - aspirin. Zonsezi ndi za glycoside salicin, chomwe chimapangidwa ndi zimayambira za zomera, zomwe zimakhalapo chifukwa cha mankhwala aakulu omwe akhala akuyesa kukhala mankhwala.

Kukula kuchokera ku cuttings

Njirayi ndi yophweka mu teknoloji yake komanso yothandiza kwambiri, popeza mpaka 70% ya mphukira imayamba. Ikuthandizani kuti muzigwira ntchitoyi ndi hybrids. Okonzekera njira zofananamo chaka ndi chaka, mphukira kuyambira pakati pa mwezi wa June, atatha kumaliza kukula kwa nyengo komanso nyengo isanakwane. Njira yoberekera ili motere:

  1. Dulani mphukira kuti ili ndi masamba 5-6.
  2. Pansi pawiri iyenera kuchotsedwa ndi petioles, ndi kudula masamba otsala ndi theka la tsamba.
  3. Sungani ma cuttings kwa maola asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi awiri (6-6) mu njira yothetsera epine (1 ml pa 2 malita a madzi).
  4. Chotsani madziwo ndi kuwaza mapeto a kudula ndi kukula kwa stimulator.
  5. Bzalani mbande muzitsulo zodzazidwa ndi mchenga wouma, osakanizidwa ndi peat, kusunga mbali ya 30-45 °.
  6. Timaphimba mphukira ndi filimu ndikuyika malo amthunzi kwa masiku angapo, nthawi zina timapopera mankhwalawa ndi madzi.
  7. Asanafike frosts, m'pofunikira kudzala mphukira yotseguka pansi, kugwiritsira bwino masamba ndi masamba, ndikuyika bokosi losasunthika pamwamba, kuti tsogolo lalitali liziyembekezera masika. Ngati patsikuli mukasuntha mizu ndi mtanda wa dziko lapansi, musaiwale kuthirira maluwa bwino.
  8. Chaka chotsatira, mphukira zonse zidzakhala zokonzeka ndipo zikhoza kubzalidwa m'malo osatha.
Ndikofunikira! Spirea sakonda kungowanika, komanso kuikidwa magazi. Pa chifukwa chimenechi, pamene mukufika, yesani kupewa madzi apansi pambali pafupi ndi mizu.

Kudulira

Imodzi mwazikuluzikulu za maluwa ndi zamoyo zowona bwino ndi zowonongeka zowonongeka, zomwe zimapanga mawonekedwe okongola kwa chomera. Pangani zovuta ndi malamulo awa:

  • Nthawi yabwino yodulira mitengo ndi kuyamba kwa kasupe;
  • kuchotsa kwathunthu zofooka kapena zakufa zakuphuka;
  • Anapanga makamponi amfupikitsidwa ku impso zakufupi;
  • chomera chokhala ndi zaka 4 pafupipafupi amataya 20-25 masentimita pakudulira;
  • Chitsamba chazaka 7 chimasinthidwa, choncho timachotsa mphukira zonse, ndikusiya chitsa;
  • Pambuyo pa njirayi m'pofunikanso kudyetsa spiraeus kuti mupatse mphamvu.
Japanese spirea - kudulira.

Ngati chitsamba chachikulire sichibwezeretsa mtundu wake wobiriwira mpaka pamphuno, ndiye kuti ndi nthawi yosinthira ku mbeu yatsopano.

Zingakhale zovuta kukula

Kuchokera ku maonekedwe a Japanese Spiraea kusamala ndi koyenera kufotokoza mfundo zingapo:

  • Musaiwale kubisala mbewu zazing'ono m'nyengo yozizira kuti zisunge mphamvu zawo;
  • Komanso mbande zatsopano zimafunika kupalira mmera kuti udzu usawathetse;
  • Pofuna kusunga chinyezi cha nthaka chisanafike miyezi youma, mulching ndi utuchi amatha kuchitidwa, mbola 6-8 masentimita;
  • Ngati simukukonzekera kufalitsa mbewu ndi mbeu, ndiye kuti phulani maluwa owuma mutatha kufota kotero kuti spirea isataye pachabe.
Mukudziwa? Spirea, pansi pa dzina lake lachiwiri, "Tavolga" kawirikawiri imapezekanso muwopsya wotchuka wa Chirasha, mwachitsanzo, mu epic "Sadko".

Tizilombo, matenda ndi kupewa

Spirea imakhala ndi thanzi labwino, nthawi zambiri sichidziwika ndi matenda. Mwa adani ake akulu:

  • aphid;
  • kangaude;
  • grey nkhungu ndi mtundu uliwonse wa malo.
Nkhumba Mite Ngakhale kuti spirea yakufa imataya maonekedwe ake okongola, koma musagwiritse ntchito vutoli, tiyeni tione momwe tingachitire ndi tizirombo molondola:

  • Nkhumba zimatha kudziwika ndi mdima wochuluka kwambiri, pambuyo pa masamba omwe amawoneka achikasu kwa kanthawi kochepa, kenako nkuuma ndi kugwa. Kuwonjezeka kwakupezeka kwa tizilombozi kumapezeka mu July ndi August. Chitsimikizo cha 0.2% cha bex, matefos, phosphamide chingathandize kuchotsa izo;
  • Panthawi imodzimodziyo pali nsomba za nsabwe za m'masamba zomwe zimadyetsa zowonongeka kwa mbeu, zomwe zimapangitsa kufa kwake kupyolera mwa kuyanika. Polimbana nalo, amagwiritsa ntchito njira zothetsera kronefos, fosalos, pyrimor;
  • motsutsana ndi matenda a fungal monga nkhungu imbudzi, ziphuphu zimabwera ndi mawonekedwe a fungicidalal, Bordeaux osakaniza, sulfure colloidal.

Japanese spirea - mitundu yabwino kwambiri.

Japanese Spirea imafunikira chidwi cha wamaluwa ndi okongoletsera chifukwa cha maonekedwe ake okongola chifukwa cha raznazy shrub ndi maluwa ochepa kwambiri. Chomeracho chidzakhala chowonjezera kuwonjezera pa mapiri a alpine, curb kapena mazinga. Ndipo kupatsidwa kuphweka ndi kuphweka mu chisamaliro, kugwira nawo ntchito sikungayambitse mavuto kapena zowonongeka zosafunikira.

Video: Japanese spirea