Jamu zosiyanasiyana "Spring": makhalidwe, kulima agrotechnology

Jamu angapezeke pafupi ndi chiwembu chilichonse chamunda, anthu ambiri ngati kupanikizana kofiira kwa mabulosi awa. Masiku ano, ntchito ya obereketsa imayesetseratu kuswana mitundu yosagwira kutsika kutentha, chifukwa chotheka kulima kumpoto kwa dzikoli.

Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya "Spring" ndi momwe zimakhalira.

Mbiri yopondereza

Mu 2000, pempho linaperekedwa ku Register Register of Breeding Achievements kuti aganizire mitundu yatsopano ya jamu la Rodnik. Olembawo anali obereketsa Moscow Institute of Horticulture M.N. Simonov ndi I.V.Popova. "Spring" inapezeka podutsa zosiyanasiyana "Lada" ndi mmera mitundu "Purman". Mu 2002, "Spring" anaphatikizidwa mu zolembera ndipo amaloledwa kukula kwa malonda ndi zaumwini.

Kufotokozera ndi makhalidwe

"Spring" imayendera bwino malo atsopano ndipo mwamsanga imachulukitsa zobiriwira.

Pezani mitundu yambiri ya jamu ndi mitundu yabwino popanda minga.

Shrub

Chitsamba chazitali zakutali, chophatikizana, nthambi, yaitali komanso chowopsa cha mphukira zimatulutsa pamene zikukula. Mphukirayi ndi yamtengo wapatali, koma osati wandiweyani, m'mphepete mwachisawawa muli nthambi ziwiri kapena zitatu pa theka la mita, makamaka m'munsi mwa chitsamba. Masamba ochuluka a mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira, wawukulu, wojambula, tsamba zisanu. Pansi pa pepalali muli nsapato yofooketsa, pamtunda wapamwamba - wonyezimira, wofiira.

Zipatso

Ambiri, mpaka 5 g wolemera, zipatso zozungulira, pamene atsekedwa, amakhala ndi mtundu wobiriwira wonyezimira wobiriwira. Khungu ndi lolemera kwambiri, thupi ndi yowutsa mudyo, minofu, ndi fungo losangalatsa. Zipatso zimakhala ndi zokoma zokoma zokoma ndi zokometsera zolimbikitsa.

Zina mwa zinthu zosiyanasiyana

Spring imadziwika ndi oyambirira fruiting - chaka chotsatira mutabzala. Komanso, ndizowonjezera ndipo sizingafunikire kubzala mitundu ina yozungulira.

Mukudziwa? M'zinenero zosiyanasiyana, dzina la chikhalidweli limatanthauza tanthauzo losiyana: mu jamu la German limatanthauza "kutembenuka kwa Khristu", mu Chingerezi - "goose berry", ndi ku Italy - "masango osapsa".

Matenda ndi Kutsutsana ndi Tizilombo

Poyesa kuyesera, kulimbana kwakukulu ndi powdery mildew ndi septoria kunadziwika, ndikumenyana ndi anthracnose. Mitengo ikhoza kuyesedwa ndi tizirombo, nthawi zambiri ndi nsabwe za m'masamba, ndi moto. Mankhwala opangira mankhwala ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi malamulo a agrotechnical amalepheretsa kuwonongeka kwa tizilombo.

Pezani zomwe matenda ena ndi tizirombo zimakhudza gooseberries ndi momwe tingachitire ndi iwo.

Chilala kukana ndi chisanu kukana

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana siopa kutentha, kulekerera kubwerera chisanu bwino, kusintha kwakukulu kwa kutentha sikukhudza kukhwima. Shrub imalekerera kuchepa kochepa kwa chinyezi.

Nthawi yotulutsa ndi zokolola

Zosiyanasiyana ndi zoyamba kucha, mbewu imakololedwa kumapeto kwa June. Kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi kusonkhanitsa mpaka 11 makilogalamu.

Transportability

Zipatso, chifukwa cha khungu lakuda, kayendetsedwe kabwino kazitsulo, kupitiriza kuwonetsera. Kuti achite izi, ayenera kusonkhanitsidwa panthawi yomwe akukhwima.

Mavuto akukula

Ngakhale kuti chisanu chimatsutsa, jamu limakonda dzuwa, ndipo ndilofunika kulima pambali pa chiwembucho chimawunikira maola ambiri. Zojambula zamphamvu zingasokoneze mizu ya mbande, ndizofunika kuzibzala mumsasa.

Tikukulangizani kuti mudziwe bwino ndi mbali zosiyana za jamu zosiyanasiyana "Consul", "Grushenka", "Honey", "Malachite", "Mtsogoleri", "Kolobok", "Krasnoslavyansky".

Mzu wa mbewu sumafuna kuwonjezera: malo otsetsereka, kuyandikana kwa madzi pansi kumatsutsana naye.

Zokongola kuti nthaka ikhale yosankhidwa ndi loams, pamene mukuyenera kutsimikiza kuti asidi ndi otsika. Ngati dothi liri losavuta, likhoza kubweretsedwa pamtundu woyenera ndi liming. Kawirikawiri izi zatha miyezi ingapo musanafike.

Ndikofunikira! Musamabzala gooseberries pambuyo pa mbewu zina za mabulosi, zomwe zimawononga nthaka.

Nthawi ndi dongosolo lofika

Kudyetsa kwachitsulo kuyenera kuchitidwa kumayambiriro koyamba, chisanu chimasungunuka ndikukwera pansi. Nthawi yabwino (makamaka) yobzala mabasi ndi khumi khumi apitawo September, isanafike chisanu choyamba maluwawo ali ndi nthawi yozika mizu, kukhala ndi moyo mwachangu m'nyengo yozizira ndikukhala ndi mphamvu pa nthawiyi.

Miyezi ingapo musanadzalemo, chiwembucho chimasulidwa, amakumba ndi kuchotsa zitsamba zonse zamasamba ndi zinyalala zina, ngati kuli kofunikira kuti azichotsa.

Mitsukoyo imapanga masentimita 60 mozama, pafupifupi mita imodzi m'lifupi. Manyowa amaikidwa pansi: chidebe cha humus, 50 magalamu a superphosphate ndi calcium chloride (ngati nthaka yayamba kwambiri, yikani mchenga wa mtsinje). Gwiritsani jekeseni wa jamu Mukamadzala makope angapo pakati pa mizere kuchoka pamtunda wa mamita limodzi ndi hafu. Pamene kulima malonda kumadera akulu pakati pa mizere kungathe kupirira mtunda womwewo.

Mbande amafunikanso kukonzekera: kwa maola angapo mphukira mphukira imadonthozedwa mu kukula kokondweretsa, mwachitsanzo, "Appin". Mphukira imachepetsedwa kuchisanu chachisanu kuti tipeze chitsamba chokwanira m'tsogolomu.

Mbewuyo imatsikira kudzenje, imaigwira pansi, mizu imawongoka pang'onopang'ono imadula nthaka, kuonetsetsa kuti mizu ya mizu imakhalabe mlingo ndi pamwamba.

Mutabzala, dothi lakhala likuzungulira kuzungulira muzu kolala ndi kuthirira mochuluka, ndiyeno imaphimbidwa ndi mulch (peat, utuchi).

VIDEO: MMENE MUNGAPEZE KUKHALA

Mukudziwa? Jamu ndi lothandiza kudya mwatsopano kwa iwo omwe akugwira ntchito yolemera, kugwira ntchito ndi zitsulo kapena mankhwala. Berry amatha kuchotsa poizoni ndi poizoni m'thupi.

Zofunikira za chisamaliro cha nyengo

Jamu "Spring" ndi wodzichepetsa pa chisamaliro, kuthirira ndi kudyetsa, kupalira ndi kumasula nthaka - chirichonse, monga zitsamba zina zazitsamba. Onetsetsani kuti muzitha kudulira panthawi yake.

Kuthirira

Ngati pali mvula yokwanira, kuthirira "Spring" sikunakonzedwe. Sikofunika kwa chinyezi, ndikwanira kuti nthaka inali yosalala. Ngati kulibe mvula kwa nthawi yaitali, jamu amafunika kuthirira. Kuthirira kuzungulira muzu kuti chinyezi chigawidwe mofanana pafupi ndi mphukira. Ndikofunika kuti dothi likhale labwino kwambiri panthawi yopanga mazira.

Ndikofunikira! Musati muwerenge ndi kuchuluka kwa madzi, simukufunikira kudzaza khosi, ndikwanira kuti mukhale bwino.

Kusamalira dothi

Kupalira ndi kumasula nthaka mu bwalo ndilololedwaYoyamba imapulumutsa zomera kuchokera ku tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kuyamwa chinyezi ndi chakudya kuchokera ku nthaka, yachiwiri imakhudza mizu ndi mpweya.

Kupaka pamwamba

Atangobzala, kupaka pamwamba sikunali kofunikira; kuchuluka kwa iwo kunaponyedwa m'dzenje. Komanso, pa mapangidwe a masamba, 50 magalamu a nitroammophoska amalowa m'nthaka. Pa mapangidwe a mazira ambiri, phulusa limaphatikizidwa ku nthaka, pafupifupi 200 magalamu. Pambuyo kukolola, pangani madzi akumwa (1 l pa madzi 10 l): mullein kapena kulowetsedwa kwa zitosi za mbalame. Masika am'mawa, maluwa asanatuluke, feteleza nitrogen amagwiritsidwa ntchito: ammonium nitrate kapena urea mpaka 20 magalamu.

Kudulira

Kudulira kumachitika kumayambiriro kwa kasupe kapena m'dzinja. Chotsani mphukira yosweka, yoonongeka ndi yodwala. Kutuluka kunja korona, kusiya zipatso zambiri ndi mphukira zazing'ono.

Kukonzekera kumathandiza pamene chomeracho chikukula nthambi zopitirira makumi awiri.

Tikukulimbikitsani kuti mudzidziwe nokha njira zodula gooseberries.

Kuteteza kutentha kwa chisanu

Mitundu imeneyi idapangidwira kulima m'madera ovuta kwambiri, choncho safunikanso malo ogonera.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa zosiyanasiyana

Zina mwa ubwino wa zosiyanasiyana:

  • kucha;
  • kukoma kwa zipatso za zipatso;
  • kukana chilala ndi kutentha;
  • kukolola kwakukulu;
  • bwino transportability;
  • chitetezo cha matenda aakulu a chikhalidwe;
  • kusankha kwakukulu m'kugwiritsira ntchito.
Zopweteka ndi kukhetsa zipatso kuchokera ku chitsamba pa kukula msinkhu.

Jamu ndi mabulosi othandiza komanso okoma, angagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi odwala shuga ndi kutaya thupi. Zipatso zimadya mwatsopano, kukonzekera mchere wochokera kwa iwo, kudzaza mapewa, kukonzekera kupanikizana kokometsera kapena kupanikizana m'nyengo yozizira. Anthu okonda kumwa mowa amavomereza vinyo wokoma komanso wathanzi.

Video: Ndemanga ya jamu "Spring"

Ndemanga

Imeneyi ndi mchere wosiyanasiyana. Mukamaliza kucha, mukhoza kudya kuchokera ku chitsamba. Kupanikizana kapena kutseka osati kucha, kapena kugula bwino Malachite. Kwa kupanikizana, ndizabwino !! Zapangidwa kuchokera ku "Tsar Jam". Ndipo ngati mutapachika pamtunda ngati momwe mungathere, ndiye kuti mchere udzatolera, koma izi sizikutchulidwa kulikonse. Mwina chifukwa m'madera ambiri a Russia alibe kutentha kokwanira?
Ilich1952
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Mmodzi mwa mitundu yowerengeka ya ku Moscow yoswana ndi kukoma kwake komanso kuchuluka kwa makhalidwe abwino. Kuwongolera pang'ono, koma kupanikizana, monga mwanena bwino, mukusowa mitundu yowawa, kotero Malachite ndi mitundu yosawerengeka ya kupanikizana.
Batkiv Garden
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