Ndi tizilombo tomwe timayesedwa ngati tizirombo ta minda ndi minda

Posakhalitsa, aliyense wokhala m'nyengo ya chilimwe - wolima minda-wamaluwa-akukumana ndi mliri wotere monga tizirombo zomwe zimawononga zomera zomwe zimabzalidwa mwachikondi.

Ndi mitundu iti ya tizilombo tomwe timayambitsa minda ndi minda ya masamba, ndi momwe tingachitire nawo - tiyeni tiwone nkhaniyi.

Ntchentche yoyera

Whitefly ndi gulugufe laling'ono la mtundu wobiriwira, mofanana ndi mole, thupi lake silidutsa 3 mm.

Mitundu ya butterfly:

  • citrus;
  • chotsitsa;
  • chowuni;
  • fodya;
  • kabichi;
  • sitiroberi.

Gulugufe, pokhala pa zomera, amawasiya pazinthu zambiri zowonongeka, zomwe zimayamwa madzi onse ndi zakudya zochokera kumtunda. Kuti tipeze, ndikwanira kugwedeza chitsamba - ndipo mtambo woyera udzawuka mlengalenga.

Mazira ndi mphutsi zili mkati mwa masamba. Chifukwa cha kukhala kwawo, madontho aang'ono achikasu amakhala pa tsamba, maonekedwe a punctures chifukwa cha kuchotsedwa kwa madzi. Munthu wamkulu akhoza kutenga chithandizo cha ma ARV; ana ake, akusiya pa masamba ntchito ya ntchito yawo yofunikira, amapereka chakudya kwa bowa.

Mukhoza kumenyana ndi tizilombo mwa kupopera mankhwala amtundu wina ndi mankhwala:

  • Iskra-M;
  • "Malathion";
  • "Tsiktor".

Mu zotentha zowonongeka mungathe kupachika mitsempha yochulukira kapena fumigator kuchokera ku tizilombo.

Mankhwala amtundu angapindulenso.

Kawirikawiri amatha kupopera mbewu mankhwala osiyanasiyana:

  • adyo;
  • mafano;
  • masamba a fodya.

Utitiri

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tikutchedwa kukula kwazing'ono (mpaka 4 mm m'litali) ndi kulumpha mphamvu, koma molingana ndi kufotokoza kwa entomologists izi ndi mimbulu. Malingana ndi mitundu, iwo ali wakuda, ofiira ofiira, obiriwira ndi zitsulo zamitengo, ndipo wakuda ndi sheen buluu; ena ali ndi yellow elytra.

Mitundu ya utitiri wamaluwa:

  • cruciferous;
  • rapese;
  • beet.
Phunzirani momwe mungagwirire ndi mtedza wa cruciferous, komanso momwe mungagwirire nawo pa radishes ndi kabichi.

Amadyetsa masamba, zimayambira, mitu, kapena mizu. Patapita nthawi, utitiri ukhoza kutulutsa tsamba kukhala mthunzi wosatsegula. Mphutsi ya nkhuku zimapha mbande zazing'ono za mbewu.

Ndi kuzindikira kwadzidzidzi kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, polimbana ndi njira zotchuka:

  • Kupopera mankhwalawa m'mwamba mwa tomato ndi Kuwonjezera kwa sopo grated;
  • kusakaniza maluwa ndi mizu ya dandelion;
  • Kujambula mungu ndi phulusa ndi ufa wa fodya.

Powonjezera kwakukulu ndi kukhalapo kwa ana ambiri, kutuluka kwa kachilombo koyambitsa matenda kumaphatikizidwa ndi Carbofos.

Zikondwerero

Tizilombo ndi mtundu wa phokoso loopsya, lomwe ndi loopsa kwambiri, chifukwa silisiyanitsa pakati pa zikhalidwe. Amadya chilichonse - masamba, zimayambira, zipatso, komanso ngakhale zamasamba.

Ndi njenjete yomwe ili ndi mapiko a mapiko okwana 4 masentimita, mtundu wofiira-bulauni, imakhala ndi dzina lake pa malowo ngati mawonekedwe a mapiko. Mbozi zake ndi mdima wakuda, pafupifupi masentimita atatu.

Popewera maonekedwe a mafosholo, pamene mukumba musanafese, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timayambira mu nthaka.

Kwa tizilombo timaphatikizapo mankhwala monga "Enzio", "Marshal", "Pamalo", "Fastak", "Mphezi", "Calypso", "Kinmiks", "Vertimek".

Polimbana nalo, gwiritsani ntchito mankhwalawa:

  • "Agrovertin";
  • "Natur Gard";
  • "Fitoverm".

Anthu amagwiritsira ntchito decoctions za zomera zotere:

  • tomato (masamba);
  • mpiru (ufa);
  • chowawa (ndi phulusa ndi sopo).

Komanso kwa anthu akuluakulu, misampha yokoma imayikidwa: zida zazing'ono zodzazidwa ndi madzi ndi kuwonjezera kwa kupanikizana kapena shuga.

Mukudziwa? M'minda yayikulu yaulimi kuti mazira awonongeke pamunda amabweretsa tizilombo tina tomwe timayambitsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Njirayi ikukuthandizani kuthetsa kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala pa chikhalidwe cha chikhalidwe.

Weevils

Imodzi mwa mabanja akuluakulu a kafadala, mu malo onse a Soviet komwe alipo pafupifupi mitundu 5,000.

Timagwiritsa ntchito mitundu yofala yomwe imayambitsa chikhalidwe cha chikhalidwe:

  • kum'mwera (imvi-bulauni, kukula mpaka 8 mm);
  • Mzere wofiira (ndi mikwingwirima yoyera ya longitudinal pa bulauni, kutalika 5 mm);
  • Mfundo zisanu (zoyera zoyera pamtundu wakuda, kuzungulira, 4 mm kutalika);
  • mdima wofiira wakuda mpaka 3 mm kutalika);
  • beet imvi (thupi ndi lakuda imvi, lophimbidwa pansi, kutalika 12 mm);
  • imvi ya imvi (imvi ndi maukwati akuda-bulauni, mamita 6 mm);
  • kachilomboka (tsamba lofiira mu mtundu wakuda, thupi 5.5 mm kutalika).

Zilonda zam'madzi zimadya pamatenda a zimayambira ndi masamba, kuwonjezera apo, kuvulaza mwanayo pang'onopang'ono za inflorescences, zomwe zimakhudza zokolola.

Phunzirani momwe mungagwirire ndi nkhokwe ya weevil, ndi weevil pa strawberries.

Kukonzekera kuwononga akulu:

  • "Decis";
  • Kinmiks;
  • Kemiphos.

Kulimbana ndi mphutsi:

  • "Basudin";
  • "Diazinon".

Maphikidwe a anthu:

  • Sopo yothetsera ndi bulauni ndi mafuta onunkhira;
  • kulowetsedwa kwa mpiru wa mpiru;
  • yankho la manganese.

Izi zimapangitsa kuti zomera zisamayende bwino.

Kivsyak

Kivsyak kapena millipede ali ndi mitundu yoposa 600, imafalitsidwa pafupifupi paliponse. Kodi ndiye kuti chimphona chachikulu chomwe chimatuluka mu latitudes chathu sichipezeka. Cholengedwa chofanana ndi nyongolotsicho chimakhala ndi thupi losasinthasintha ngati mawonekedwe a miyendo yambiri yamphepete mwachitsulo.

Kutalika kwa thupi 2-5 cm; Mtundu ukhoza kukhala wachikasu, woyera, wofiirira, wakuda, wobiriwira.

Chakudya chachikulu cha centipedes ndi chimbudzi, koma ngati palibe, kukula kwa chikhalidwe kumayamba kuvutika. Kivsyak amadya zipatso, mizu, amazula mizu ya mphukira, kuletsa chomera cha chinyezi ndi zakudya.

Ndikofunikira! Chifukwa cha chobvala cha chitinous, kuwonongeka kwa centipedes n'kovuta, choncho, ndi bwino kwambiri kugwiritsa ntchito kukonzekera nthaka madzulo pamene millipede akuyenda "pakufunafuna."

Mankhwala oterewa ndi otchuka:

  • "Actofit";
  • "Bitoxibacillin";
  • "Golden Spark".

Mitsempha ya zitsamba kapena ufa, komanso madzi a sopo, si othandiza pa mutu.

Pliers

Mitundu ya tizilombo tating'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono tomwe sikhala mamita 1 mm kutalika sizimawonekere pa zomera; kamba kokha kokha pa masamba ndi zimayambira kokha kamathandizira kudziŵa za kukhalapo kwawo, zomwe zimatchedwa kuti spiderwebs.

Pezani mtundu wa nthata zamagulu ndi momwe mungagwirire nazo, komanso momwe mungagwirire ndi nthata za peyala.

Mtundu wa anthu akuluakulu ukhoza kukhala wofiira, wachikasu, wofiirira ndi wakuda, malingana ndi mitundu. Pogwiritsa ntchito makina akuluakulu amtunduwu, amapezeka mkati mwa masamba mwa mawonekedwe a mfundo.

M'mbali yathu muli mitundu ya nkhupakupa:

  • wamba;
  • chofiira;
  • Atlantic;
  • Turkestan.

Mite ndi imodzi mwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda omwe sititengeka ndi chinyezi, koma mpweya wouma. N'zotheka kuteteza kupezeka kwake mwa kupopera mbewu masamba panthawi yotentha.

Pa nkhondoyi ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito ndalama zogulidwa

  • "Actofit";
  • "Bicol";
  • "Devitan".

Pozindikira kuti asanatuluke, mungagwiritse ntchito mofatsa:

  • kulowetsedwa kwa masamba ndi nkhuku za henbane;
  • kulowetsedwa kwa nsonga za mbatata wobiriwira;
  • kuthamanga kwa chamomile.

Ndikofunikira! Mwamsanga musanayambe kupopera mbewu, zomwe zimachitika madzulo, m'pofunika kuwonjezera sopo losungunuka kwa infusions.

Mabedi ogona

Fomu yotchuka kwambiri, yomwe imatchedwa "msilikali" - wofiira ndi mawanga akuda, kutalika kwa thupi lake ndi pafupifupi 12 mm.

M'magulu a herbivorous omwe amapezeka m'minda komanso pa minda ya masamba, mitundu yotsatirayi imadziwika:

  • mtengo wobiriwira;
  • Bugudu cha Italy (wakuda ndi mikwingwirima yofiira);
  • beet (wowala wachikasu ndi zojambula zakuda);
  • cruciferous;
  • peyala;
  • nkhaka;
  • chishango cha mabulosi;
  • kamba koyipa (yofanana ndi mawonekedwe a kamba, mtundu ndi wofiirira).

Tizilombo timayamwa timadzi timene timadya, ena amadya zipatso zomwe zapangidwa.

Zomwe anakumana nazo wamaluwa amalimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe a misampha ndi njira zowerengeka musanagwiritse ntchito zida zolemetsa.

Kuopseza nsikidzi pa webusaiti amagwiritsira ntchito njira zoterezi:

  • kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa infusions (anyezi peel, mpiru ufa);
  • Kubzala kuzungulira malo omwe amabwezera mimbulu (mwachitsanzo, tsimitsifugi);
  • kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza phosphate feteleza.

Mwa mankhwala otsutsana ndi nsikidzi, zotsatirazi ndi zothandiza:

  • Aktara;
  • "Chlorophos";
  • "Phosphomide".

Chipatala cha Colorado

Mliri weniweni wamunda wa mbewu ndi Colorado chipatata kachilomboka, kamodzi ka mitundu ya tsamba kafadala. Kachilombo kakang'ono, kamtunda kakang'ono kuposa 1 masentimita m'litali, ndi thupi lokhala ndi ovalo, likulumikiza kumbuyo.

Mtundu wa kachilomboka kali kowala kapena utoto wokhala ndi mawanga wakuda pamutu ndi kumbuyo kwake kumbuyo kwake, mapikowo amawoneka owala kapena achimake ndi mikwingwirima yambiri yakuda.

Colorado ndi owopsa chifukwa amachuluka kwambiri ndipo amatsutsa mankhwala ambiri. Pakati pa maluwa, banja lawo likhoza kuwononga mbewu yonse, gnawing masamba ndi gnawing peduncles.

Kugwiritsa ntchito bwino kugwiritsira ntchito mankhwalawa:

  • "Bitoxibacillin";
  • "Coloradocide";
  • "Wopha";
  • "Colorado-Forte".

Njira zothandizira kwambiri zowonjezereka zikupopera mankhwala ndi zinthu zotere:

  • kulowetsedwa kwa tsabola wofiira;
  • birch tar njira;
  • msuzi celandine.

Leaf maluwa

Oimira a pabanja ali ndi thupi lopangidwa ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana 3-17 mm m'litali.

Phunzirani momwe mungagwirire ndi kachirombo kakang'ono kogwirira.

Kuwonjezera pa zomwe tatchula pamwambapa za Colorado mbatata, tizilomboti timapezeka:

  • kabichi (wakuda, wokongola kwambiri akupanga buluu kapena wobiriwira);
  • anyezi (wofiira)
  • sitiroberi (huda wachikasu-bulauni);
  • viburnum (greenish bulauni).

Tizilombo timapha masamba osati masamba okha, komanso mapesi a mapesi, zipatso zosapsa.

Mankhwala amachititsa kuti chiwombankhanga chiwonongeke:

  • Actellic;
  • "Karate";
  • "Malathion".

Mwa njira zofewa zachilengedwe:

  • fumbi la fodya;
  • chotsutsa;
  • kulowetsedwa kwa chowawa chowawa.

Ndikofunikira! Njira zosavuta zidzathandiza kupezeka kwa tizirombo tosiyanasiyana: osadumphadumpha ndi kubzala kubzala, mosamala mosamala zotsalira zowonjezera m'nyengo yozizira, nthawi zonse chitani mankhwala opopera mankhwala.

Meadow njenjete

Gulugufe lofiira-lofiira ndi mawanga ndilo logwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri madzulo. Mapiko a blizzard, monga amatchedwanso, amakhala 18 mpaka 27 mm.

Mitundu yodziwika ndi iyi:

  • kabichi moto;
  • chimanga njenjete.

Meadow njenjete alibe makonda apadera, ikugwirizana ndi zonse:

  • masamba;
  • chipatso;
  • mavwende;
  • mbewu;
  • mankhwala azitsamba.

Zimasiyanitsa kususuka ndi fecundity. Ndi magulu akuluakulu a moths musadye masamba okha, komanso mizu, zimayambira, mphukira.

Njira zothandizira mankhwala zimaphatikizapo kuchiza zomera zomwe zikukonzekera:

  • Imidor;
  • "Samurai";
  • "Tsiperus".

Mukhoza kuyesa zinthu zowonjezereka:

  • kulowetsedwa kwa nsonga za tomato;
  • kulowetsedwa kwa peel anyezi;
  • adyo kulowetsedwa.

Medvedka wamba

Medvedka wamba amatanthawuza mtundu wa ziphuphu padziko lapansi, thupi lake mpaka masentimita 5 m'litali limaperekedwa ndi kukumba mapazi. Thupi lokhala ndi chikasu tinge pamimba, wakuda-bulauni kumbuyo. Amagwiritsira ntchito moyo wake wonse pansi, kumene amakhala ndi mphutsi. Nyongolotsi ndi tizilombo akuluakulu timadya mizu ndi mizu ya zomera.

Mitundu yomwe ili pafupi ndi morpholoje: bere la polar ndilofika pa 5.5 cm m'litali, chimbalangondo cha mutu umodzi ndi pafupifupi masentimita 4 m'litali. Mitundu yonseyo imakonda kumadera akum'mwera.

Nkhondo yolimbana ndi Medvedka ndi yosiyana kwambiri ndi zomwe zatengedwa kuti ziwononge tizilombo tomwe timakonda. Popeza amakhala pansi, sizingatheke kupopera zomera, kungotayira nthaka.

Kwa tizilombo, nyamboyo imakonzedwa, yokhala ndi zinthu zomwe zimapangidwira medvedka - mwachitsanzo, Medvetoks, Antimedvedka. Nyerere (mbewu yambewu) imayikidwa dropwise mpaka kuya pafupifupi masentimita atatu musanayambe kufesa.

Anthu amachita zochitika zoterozo:

  1. Ikani nyambo ndi uchi kapena mowa.
  2. Mafuta a mpendadzuwa amathiridwa mu mink, amachititsa ziwalo za kupuma za tizirombo.
  3. Anabzala pafupi ndi malo omwe amapezeka pa tsamba la chrysanthemums kapena marigolds.
  4. Mu maenje obwera anagwedeza eggshell.
  5. Kukumba nyerere ndikuphwanya tizilombo.

Moth

Gulugugu wamng'ono, kawirikawiri wakuda ndi mapiko osalimba.

M'minda ndi m'minda yakhitchini mitundu yake ndi yofala:

  • kabichi (mthunzi-imvi mthunzi);
  • apulo (siliva-woyera mpaka wakuda);
  • ashberry (imvi-bulauni ndi zipsera zowala);
  • impso (zakuda ndi zoyera);
  • zipatso zofiira (imvi-bulauni zofiira);
  • hawthorn (golide wagolide ndi glitter);
  • mbatata (siliva-bulauni ndi kusudzulana).

Choopsa chachikulu kwa zomera ndi mbozi. Tiyenera kudziŵa kuti mole ndi yaikulu kwambiri. Mbozi, kupatula masamba ndi zimayambira, kukunkha masamba, zipatso ndi mbewu zazuzu, ndipo, pokhala mmenemo, amadya mpaka atadumpha malo onsewa.

Mankhwala othandiza:

  • "Bitoxibacillin";
  • "Lepidocide";
  • "Entobacterin".

Zithandizo zamankhwala:

  • kulowetsedwa kwa tansy;
  • kulowetsedwa kwa tsabola wofiira;
  • decoction ya marigolds.

Mokritsa

Mokritsa si tizilombo, monga ambiri amakhulupirira, koma nthumwi ya chipani cha crustaceans. M'madera athu omwe amapezeka manda kapena manda. Thupi la crustacean liri 20 mm kutalika, kawirikawiri imvi, bulauni kapena imvi yakuda.

Zomwe zimapangidwanso m'mbuyo mwake zimakhala zofanana ndi chipolopolo cha mbale zingapo zomwe zimagwirizana. Mukhoza kuwapeza pamalo amodzi: pansi pa miyala, mitengo kapena zinyalala, pansi pa mulu wa udzu wosasunthika ndi nthambi.

Chakudya chamtengo wapatali cha nkhuni ndi zomera zowonongeka, koma ngati palibe chakudya choyambirira, icho chiyamba kuyamba kudya masamba ndi masamba, mizu ya zomera zomwe zimalima. Kawirikawiri nkhuni zimapezeka m'mabotchi, kumene, ngati sizikudziwika nthawi, zimatha kuwononga zonsezi.

Njira yokonzeka imagwiritsidwa ntchito motsutsana ndi nkhuku:

  • Aktara;
  • "Bingu 2".

Zina mwa zinthu zosavuta kuchita:

  • boric acid njira;
  • Kutsekemera kwa fodya fumbi losakaniza ndi tsabola wofiira.

Ntchentche

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda - hymenoptera, oviparous, ndi gnawing pakamwa zipangizo.

Mitundu yotsatirayi ndi yofala m'minda ya masamba:

  • ophika anyezi kapena ntchentche (ntchentche, mpaka 3 mm m'litali);
  • mphukira (imvi ndi bulauni mikwingwirima, mpaka 7 mm m'litali);
  • Katsitsumzukwa (kofiira-bulauni, mpaka 7 mm);
  • beet (siliva wakuda, mpaka 8 mm);
  • onion hover (wakuda ndi golide wamtengo wapatali, mamita 9 mm);
  • karoti (wakuda ndi chitsamba chobiriwira, 5 mm kutalika).

Malingana ndi zamoyo, ntchentche ndi mphutsi zawo zimawononga masamba a masamba ndi masamba, masamba ndi anyezi mu maluwa, mavwende ndi ndiwo zamasamba, zamasamba mbewu ndi masamba. Nkhumba zimadula ndime mu ziwalo za chipatso ndi mphukira, chifukwa choti mbewuyo imalira chifukwa cha nthawi.

Pofuna kuthana ndi ntchentche, gwiritsani ntchito zipangizozi:

  • "Gaupsin";
  • "Vermicide";
  • "Malathion".

Mafuta obirira ndi otchuka pakati pa anthu:

  • naphthalene ndi phulusa;
  • fodya;
  • tsabola;
  • phulusa.

Wireworm

Aworworm ndi mphutsi ya kachilomboka kameneka, ndipo imakwera pamwamba pa mtundu wodwala wa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, chifukwa mphutsi ya pang'onopang'ono imakhalapo asanayambe maphunziro kwa zaka zisanu, zomwe zingayambitse mavuto ambiri panthawiyi.

Dzina "waya" amene analandira chifukwa cha kuyenda - zowoneka. Kutalika kwa thupi lachikasu kapena la bulauni kumakhala pafupi masentimita 2.5. Kuphatikiza pa kuwononga udzu wobiriwira wa zomera, tizilombo ta wireworm timapeza tizibowo mu zipatso ndi mizu, zomwe zimayambitsa iwo.

Mankhwala amagwiritsidwa ntchito polimbana:

  • "Basudin";
  • "Limbikani";
  • Metarizin.

Miyeso ya anthu:

  • nthaka;
  • kupopera mankhwala a birch tar;
  • kuthirira nthaka ndi njira yothetsera potassium permanganate.

Kugwiritsa ntchito msampha kumathandizanso. Pofuna kusonkhanitsa mbozi, amakoka dzenje pafupi ndi malo omwe ali pamtunda ndikudzaza ndi udzu wovunda. Pambuyo pake, pamene mphutsi zathyoledwa, udzu watenthedwa.

Njenjete ya peppered

Njenjete, kapena wofufuza-banja la agulugufe okhala ndi mapiko a pafupifupi masentimita asanu.

Mitundu yofala kwambiri ndi iyi:

  • jamu (mapiko oyera, ndi madontho a mdima wakuda ndi wachikasu);
  • zofiira (zachikasu zofiirira ndi mtundu wakuda);
  • nyengo yozizira (yofiira imvi);
  • pine (mitundu itatu mu mtundu: wachikasu, wakuda ndi woyera);
  • birch (kuwala kofiira ndi mizere yakuda ndi madontho);
  • maulendo (malachite mitundu).

Mphuphu zimasiya mwana pa mitengo yamtundu ndi mitengo yambiri ndi zitsamba, zipatso ndi kukongoletsera. Mbozi zowonongeka zimadula minofu ya mphukira, masamba, masamba ndi maluwa.

Mankhwala:

  • Bromofos;
  • "Malathion";
  • "Permethrin".

Zosavuta:

  1. Kupopera mbewu zamkuwa ndi kukonzekera mkuwa.
  2. Kugwiritsa ntchito infusions wa mpiru ufa, phulusa, fodya.
  3. Mphete yamphete imamanga pamitengo ya mitengo ya zipatso.

Aphid

Microscopic, kawirikawiri tizilombo tating'onoting'ono, tomwe timakonda kwambiri. Malingana ndi mitundu, pali chikasu, chakuda, chobiriwira, chofiira, chofiirira.

M'minda yathu ndi minda, mitundu yotsatirayi ndi yofala:

  • peach;
  • mbatata;
  • mtengo wa apulo;
  • ananyamuka
  • nyemba;
  • tsamba la ndulu;
  • mizu;
  • chiti;
  • Hermes;
  • karoti;
  • poplar woyera;
  • mphesa phylloxera.
Phunzirani momwe mungagwirire ndi nsabwe za m'masamba mankhwala, komanso momwe mungagwirire ndi nsabwe za m'masamba pa kabichi, apulo, nkhaka.

Nsabwe za m'masamba zimadyetsa mitengo, ndipo zimafooketsa chitetezo cha mthupi chifukwa cha kusowa kwa zakudya. Pofooka zomera, msewu umatsegulira ma virus, mabakiteriya ndi bowa. Muzu wa aphid zosiyanasiyana umachepetsa muzu wa appendages ndipo umatsogolera ku shrinkage ya zomera.

Ndi mphamvu ya tizilombo tomwe timagwiritsa ntchito:

  • Aktara;
  • "Fitoverm";
  • "Agrovertin".

Njira zoperekera ndizo:

  1. Kupopera mankhwala ndi zitsamba zopweteka (marigold, adyo, chitsamba chowawa).
  2. Kutentha ndi phulusa ndi fumbi la fodya.
  3. Kuthamanga tizirombo ndi sopo ndi madzi panthawi yovuta.
  4. Kubzala zomera zotsitsimutsa (tansy, lavender, celandine).

Kupuma

Thrips ndi zazikulu (mpaka 2 mm kutali) zakuda, zofiirira kapena zamtundu.Tizilombo timadyetsa osati zomera zokha, komanso tizilombo tina ndi ana awo.

Mwa mitundu ya herbivorous, zotsatirazi ndizofala:

  • zosiyana;
  • maluwa;
  • fodya;
  • bulbous;
  • rosan.

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timadya timadzi timene timakhala ndi masamba, mphukira, komanso masamba. Ngati sali kuwonongedwa, iwo adzawononga inflorescences ndi zotsatira zokolola.

Mankhwala oletsa mankhwala:

  • "Agravertine";
  • Actellic;
  • "Intavir".

Njira zapakhomo zikupopera mankhwala osokoneza bongo:

  • anyezi (mankhusu);
  • adyo;
  • dandelion

Slugs

Slugs ndi gastropods, zomwe, mosiyana ndi misomali, "anatayika" chipolopolo pa chisinthiko. Ali ndi mitundu yonyenga - yakuda chikasu, bulauni kapena imvi.

Mitundu yotchuka kwambiri komanso yogwirizana ya slugs:

  • munda;
  • wamaliseche
  • mesh;
  • Europe yayikulu;
  • msewu;
  • kabichi;
  • mutu wofiira

Kuwonjezera pamenepo, mollusk imadyetsa zipatso (zipatso zimapweteka kwambiri), masamba ndi zimayambira, zimatsatiranso njira yofanana ndi ntchentche.

Njira yabwino kwambiri yopezera zochitikazo ndi kuchepetsa chinyezi pa malowa ndikuchotsa malo onse omwe ali pakhomo pawo: matabwa, nthawi yayitali pansi, zipangizo zamatabwa, milu ya miyala, ndi zina zotero.

Popeza kuti timadzi timeneti timadya chakudya cha mbalame, m'nyengo yozizira, malo a chilimwe amadyetsa mbalame, ndipo amawakoka pamalowa. Njira yothana ndi slugs ndi cholepheretsa ku mtedza wa mtedza kapena mazira a eggshell, obalalika pozungulira munda. The mollusk siikaika pangozi kuvulaza thupi. Iwo amasonkhanitsanso ndi manja; njira zamagulu sizili zogwirizana ndi izi.

Mukudziwa? Mazira a slug amatha kubisala kwa zaka zingapo, mpaka nthawi yabwino imatha.

Ndodo

Kwa makoswe muli mitundu ya nyama zing'onozing'ono zomwe zimadya chomera chakudya.

Tizilombo timaphatikizapo:

  • mbewa (voles, nkhalango);
  • nsalu;
  • makoswe, kuphatikizapo madzi;
  • hares.

Zovulaza fluffy zingathe kuwononga munda wonse kapena munda - iwo akudya zipatso, ndiwo zamasamba, mizu ndi zipatso (zomwe zingakhoze kufika). Zitsamba ndi mitengo zimavutika kwambiri, mwachitsanzo, hares amakonda makungwa awo aang'ono.

Misampha imagwiritsidwa ntchito motsutsana ndi nyamazi, amphaka amabweretsedwa (adani achilengedwe a mbewa ndi makoswe), minks kumadera amapezeka ndi zinki phosphide, calcium arsenate kapena Krysid.

Pofuna kuteteza zomera pamene palibe mwiniwake pa webusaitiyi, amagwiritsa ntchito zotetezera izi:

  1. Konzani chisakanizo cha dongo, choko, mullein, carbolic acid ndi mkuwa sulphate, aziphimba ndi mitengo ikuluikulu. Kusakaniza kumeneku sikukwiyitsa kwambiri kwa makungwa kuposa kukometsera laimu.
  2. Amapanga mipanda kuzungulira mitengo ndi tchire kuchokera ku meshoni yabwino yosungunuka, kukumba izo kuti zitheke.
  3. Mitengoyi imamangiriridwa ndi nthambi za pine spruce, kuigwiritsa ntchito ndi chitsamba chowawa, chopaka mafuta. Yemweyo kusakaniza zitsamba mulch nthaka kuzungulira landings.

Kudziwa mdani wanu "nkhope", n'kosavuta kumenyana naye. Koma ndibwino kuti mutengepo kanthu. Nthawi zambiri, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timayambitsa kusamalidwa kosayenera kwa malowa, kotero kuti timapereka chidwi kwambiri kwa zomera pa nkhaniyi, thukuta laling'ono liripo.