"Ceramis", dothi lopangira zomera

Mu masitolo ogulitsa maluwa mungapeze mitundu yambiri ya nthaka ya zomera zamkati. Zimasiyana ndi zolemba ndi ntchito. Kusiyana kotereku kumafuna kumvetsetsa bwino chifukwa chake mitundu ina imagwiritsidwa ntchito. Pakati pa zinthu zonsezi, "Ceramis" zimatchulidwa makamaka. M'nkhaniyi tidzakuthandizani kumvetsetsa chomwe chiri, chomwe chimapangidwira komanso momwe mungamere chomera mu nthaka.

"Ceramis" - ndi chiyani?

Maluwa onse okula bwino amafunikira nthaka yabwino yomwe imapatsa chomera ndi zakudya zonse zofunika. Kupambana kwenikweni komweku kunapangidwa ndi nthaka ya "Ceramis" yomwe imapangidwa ndi wopanga kuchokera ku Germany. Zimachokera ku dongo, zomwe zimayendetsedwa m'mapiri a kumadzulo kwa Germany ndipo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'njira yapaderadera.

Mudzakhala okondwa kudziŵa mtundu wa dothi, zomwe zimapanga nthaka ndi feteleza.

Kwa zaka 20, adagonjetsa msika wa Western Europe. Tsopano amagwiritsidwa ntchito polima zomera zamkati zomwe zimakongoletsa ofesi nyumba ndi maofesi, mahotela, malo olimbitsa thupi, komanso nyumba zapadera. Msika wamsika wa Soviet, malo awa anawoneka posachedwapa, koma atha kale kupeza mafani ambiri. Ceramis "dothi" ili ndi tizilombo tochepa. Magaziwa amatenga chinyezi akamamwetsa mbewu. Mitengo yamchere, yomwe imaphatikizidwa, imasungunuka m'madzi ndipo pang'onopang'ono imalowa mmera. Chifukwa chakuti pali mtunda waung'ono pakati pa granules, zimathandiza kuti pakhale njira yosavuta yopangira maluwa.

Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa nthaka imeneyi kumapangitsa kuti muyambe kuyendera bwino madzi a mpweya wa mizu, yomwe imatetezera izo kuchokera ku kuvunda. Pogwiritsira ntchito mankhwalawo sungathe kukhazikika komanso osagwirizanitsidwa.

Vomerezani kuti ubwino ndi zochokera m'nthaka zimakhudza makamaka zokololazo. Werengani momwe mungakulitsire chonde.

Zolemba za dothi

Musanagwiritse ntchito "Ceramis" m'pofunikira kudziwa chomwe chimapangidwira ndi zomera zomwe ziri zoyenera. Nthaka ya mmaloyi makamaka ili ndi dothi ladothi la kukula kwake kwakukulu komwe kumapangidwa ndi NPK microelement - nayitrogeni, phosphorus ndi potaziyamu. Mu shopu la maluwa mungapereke mitundu yambiri ya nthaka, yomwe, malinga ndi momwe zimakhalira, ingagwiritsidwe ntchito popanga nyumba ndi ma orchid. Pachifukwa chachiŵiri, zolembazo zikuphatikizapo zidutswa za pine makungwa (pine).

Mukudziwa? Maluwa otchedwa orchids omwe amapezeka kwambiri ndi epiphytic kapena airy. Iwo safuna dzikolo, chifukwa amakhala m'madera ena m'chilengedwe, amapeza zakudya kuchokera ku nkhuni zawo, ndi madzi kuchokera mlengalenga. Monga lamulo, iwo amabadwira kunyumba. Choncho, m'nthaka za "Ceramis" za orchids zimaphatikizapo makungwa a makungwa.

Komanso "Ceramis" imagwiritsidwa ntchito polima mitengo ya kanjedza, nkhuyu, bonsai, mandimu ndi cacti. Komanso, akhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito monga nsomba yamchere ya aquarium, popanga mbeu zam'madzi ndi zinyama zina.

Zonse zabwino ndi zamwano

"Ceramis", ngati nthaka ina iliyonse, ili ndi ubwino ndi kuipa kwake. Ali ndi ubwino wambiri. Izi zikuphatikizapo:

  • Pokhalapo mutagula gawo lapansi, lingagwiritsidwe ntchito kwa chaka chimodzi, ngakhale maluwa amene munakulirawo adafa;
  • sichifunikira nthawi yotsatila, monga zimachitikira ndi nthaka;
  • Nthaka ya granulated imakulolani kukula maluwa m'miphika yokongoletsa yokongola;
  • panthawi yopatsa, mukhoza kudzaza ndalama zofunikira, zomwe zimalola kuti ndalamazo zigwiritsidwe ntchito;
  • "Ceramis" amakulolani kukumbukira mavuto omwe amatsanulira pawindo kapena kutaya mafinya, chifukwa sichifuna kugwiritsa ntchito miphika ndi pallets;
  • pogwiritsira ntchito malowa m'malo mwa dothi, sikuyenera kudandaula kuti mudzazaza duwa ndi madzi;
  • kugwiritsa ntchito nthaka ya granulated kumathandiza kuteteza zomera ku zochitika za nkhungu kapena tizilombo towononga;
  • kulingalira bwino kumathandiza kuti kuwonjezereka kwa maluwa, popanda kufunikira kupanga zina feteleza;
  • Ngati mukufuna kutumiza maluwa anu, nthaka imaloledwa.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mwasankha kulenga maluwa kuchokera ku zomera zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimafuna ulimi wothirira, makina a "Ceramis" ndi abwino kwa zolinga zanu, chifukwa maluwa onse amatenga chinyontho monga momwe akufunira.

"Ceramis" sizothandiza zokha, komanso zimathandiza kwambiri zomera. Nkhumba zadongo zing'onozing'ono zimatengera madzi kudzera m'matumbo ambiri ndipo zimagwira pamenepo. Zomera zimatha kupeza chakudya ndi chinyezi pakufunika. Mbali iyi imakupatsani inu kuchepetsa chiwerengero cha ulimi wothirira kwa 1 nthawi ziwiri kapena ngakhale masabata atatu. Ikukupatsanso mwayi wosiya ziweto zanu kwa nthawi yaitali osagwiritsidwa ntchito. Kugwiritsa ntchito chisonyezero cha chinyezi kukuthandizani kuthirira maluwa nthawi yake.

Granulate imakhala ndi khola lokhazikika ndipo silingakhululukire nthawi, choncho mizu imamva bwino nthawi zonse - mpweya wabwino umathamangira kwa iwo, zomwe zimapangitsa kukula kwakukulu ndi mawonekedwe okongola a zomera ... Zosiyanasiyana za granule zimalola chitukuko chachitsulo ngakhale chazing'ono ndi zofooka mizu. Ndi "Ceramis" mukhoza kuyambitsa maluwa mwamsanga nthawi iliyonse, pamene mukusankha poto kapena mphika.

Zoipa za ogwiritsa ntchito zambiri ndizofunika mtengo. Komabe, ngati tilingalira nthawi yogwiritsira ntchito ndi mtengo wogula, nthaka yotereyi ndi yotsika mtengo kuposa eni ake kapena malo omwe amadziwika bwino.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati munataya kapena mukudwala ndi duwa lomwe linakula mu "Ceramis", musathamangire kutaya izi pansi. Zokwanira kuzimutsuka bwino ndikuziwotcha mu uvuni - ndipo zakonzedwanso kuti zigwiritsidwe ntchito.

Momwe mungamasulire chomera pansi

Tiyeni tiyang'ane njira yowonjezera maluwa yomwe poyamba idakula pansi, mu "Ceramis". Koma choyamba muyenera kusankha pazomwe mukufuna.

Kufuna kubzala ndi kubzala

Musanayambe, muyenera kukonza zolemba. Mudzafunika:

  • shears kapena mkasi;
  • mphika kapena maluwa omwe maluwawo amaikidwa;
  • nthaka "Ceramis";
  • magolovesi;
  • mphamvu yowonjezereka yomwe timatsanulira nthaka, zomwe zingapangitse njira yochepetsera kukhala yabwino;
  • munda; spatula;
  • chisonyezero cha chinyezi.

Tikukulangizani kuti muganizire kufunika kwa nthaka acidity kwa zomera, momwe mungadziwire kuti acidity ya nthaka ndi momwe mungasokonezere nthaka.

Miyendo

Njira yokonzera duwa lachilengedwe lopangidwa ndi izi ndi izi:

  1. Kuwedza kumayamba ndi kudzaza miphika (1/9) ndi katemera wa "Ceramis".
  2. Maluwawo achotsedwa mosamalitsa kuchokera ku mphika, kumene unakula kale. Chinthu chachikulu ndicho kusunga malo omwe amamera momwe zingathere, koma panthawi yomweyi agwedeze nthaka yambiri.
  3. Njira yopangira zokolola pogwiritsa ntchito nthaka yowonongeka sizinali zosiyana ndi kubzala. Chomeracho chimakhala ndi mizu yake, ndipo "Ceramis" imatsanulira pamwamba. Ngati tikukamba za kuika maluwa, ndiye ngati kuli kotheka, mukhoza kuchepetsa mizu.
  4. Chomera chokhala ndi mtanda wa dziko lapansi chiyenera kupangidwa ndi ufa ndi granules kwa 1-2 masentimita. Izi ndi zofunika kuti mchenga wa nthaka usamame ndipo umakhala ndi nthaka yobiriwira nthawi zonse.
  5. Pambuyo pa kusinthitsa, ndikofunikira kuthirira maluwa - mlingo wa madzi uyenera kukhala ¼ wa mphamvu za miphika. Mutha kumwa madzi m'njira iliyonse (kaya mizu, kapena kuzungulira mpweya wa mphika), pamene chinyontho chimagawidwa mofanana mu buku lonse. Pambuyo kuthirira, muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti madzi samatsuka granules ndipo mizu sizimawonekera.
  6. Kuti mukule bwino, muyenera kuwonjezera feteleza "Ceramis", yomwe imapangidwa ndi chiŵerengero cha 1 kapu imodzi ya madzi okwanira 1 litre.
  7. Pofuna kuteteza chinyezi mu mphika, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito chisonyezo cha chinyezi. Imaikidwa mwachindunji mu mizu. Poyamba, mtundu wa chizindikirocho uli ndi zofiira zofiira - izi zikusonyeza kuti duwa likusowa kuthirira mwamsanga. Pambuyo maola 2-3, idzadzaza ndi chinyezi ndikusintha mtundu wake ku buluu. M'tsogolomu, m'pofunika nthawi zonse kufufuza kuwerengedwa kwa chizindikirochi ndi kuthirira chomera pamaso pa wofiira.

Ndikofunikira! Kutentha kwa "Ceramis" dothi sikoyenera, chifukwa izi zingathe kuwononga mizu ya mbewu.

Kuika maluwa a orchid mu granulate kuli ndi zofunikira zina. Taganizirani izi mwazigawo:

  1. Kusuntha bwino kwa orchid kumachotsedwa ku mphika wakale, ndiye zotsalira za nthaka zimachotsedwa. Sikoyenera kuchotsa kwathunthu nthaka yakale - ndikwanira kuti muchite izi kuti muthe kufufuza bwinobwino mizu ya mbeu.
  2. Mizu imafufuzidwa mosamala, nthawi zambiri panthawi yomwe imafalikira imawululidwa kuti imakhudzidwa ndi tizirombo. Pochotseratu nsabwe za m'masamba kapena thrips, muyenera kuyika chomeracho madzi otentha, osasankhidwa. Kuonjezerapo, mungathe kulandira orchid ndi kukonzekera mwapadera.
  3. Kumapeto kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, mizu youma kapena yovunda imachotsedwa. Izi zikhoza kuchitika pogwiritsa ntchito shears kapena lumo, zomwe zimayambitsidwa ndi mowa. Mdulidwewo uyenera kuchitidwa ndi wothandizira mabakiteriya kapena opanikizidwa ndi makala.
  4. Chomeracho chikutsukidwa, masamba owuma ndi maluwa osabvali achotsedwa. Zigawo zonse zimathandizidwanso ndi mabakiteriya.
  5. Musanadzalemo, mizu iyenera kuuma kwa maola 8.
  6. Muyeneranso kukonzekera mphika wa orchids. Kuchita izi, ndiko kusanatetezedwe, ndipo madzi akuyikidwa pansi.
  7. Pambuyo maola 8 mutha kuyika maluwa pang'onopang'ono. Zonsezi zimadzaza ndi "Ceramis"; Ndikofunika kuonetsetsa kuti mizu ya mlengalenga ikukhala pamwamba.

Ndikofunika kwambiri kukonzekera bwino nthaka musanadzalemo ndi kuwononga nthaka.

Zomwe zimasamalira zomera

Kusamalira chomera chomwe chimamera mu "Ceramis" sikunali kosiyana kwambiri ndi kukula kwa nthaka yamba. Komabe, kuthirira mbewu ndi kofunika kokha pamene chinyezi chimachokera. Pachifukwa ichi, simungakhoze kuchita popanda chizindikiro cha chinyezi.

Mankhwala a orchids obzalidwa mu gawo lapansi "Ceramis", ndikofunika kuti asamalire bwino. Pambuyo pake, imaikidwa pawindo lakummawa kapena pamalo omwewo. Komabe, orchid iyenera kutetezedwa ku dzuwa, ndipo kutentha kumafunika kukhala pakati pa 20 ° C ndi 22 ° C. Kuthirira koyamba kumachitika patatha masiku 4-5, pogwiritsa ntchito madzi ofunda oyeretsedwa.

Mukudziwa? Kununkhira kwa orchid kumakhala kosiyana kwambiri - kuchokera ku zonunkhira bwino mpaka kununkhira kwa nyama yovunda. Komabe, ngakhale ma orchids, mosiyana ndi maluwa ambiri, samayambitsa matenda.

Maluwa omwe mumamera m'nthaka "Ceramis", amafunikanso kubwezeretsanso mchere. Manyowa akhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ulimi uliwonse wothirira, pamene ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zapadera kuchokera ku mndandanda wa Seramis.

Onani mitundu ya feteleza yamchere.

"Ceramis" ndi nthaka yabwino yomwe imakulolani kuti mukulitse mbewu iliyonse, popanda kudandaula kuti chinyezi chowonjezera chidzavulaza chiweto chanu. Komanso, zimakhudza kukula kwa duwa. Ndikofunikanso kuti kutumiza kwa "Ceramis" ndi njira yophweka, osati yopukuta komanso yosayera. Zopindulitsa izi zimatsimikizira mtengo wamtengo wapatali.

Video: zomwe ndimakumana nazo ndi zazing'ono za ceramis