Ikani bodza (sedum): kulima

Ngati chidwi chanu chimakopeka ndi chokongoletsera chokongoletsera, chomwe chikuwoneka ngati chikuwoneka ngati chowala pa bedi la maluwa, phiri kapena malo osankhidwa, mwinamwake mudzawona chinyama chachikulu cha stonecrop yonama. Osachita manyazi, okonda mthunzi, osasamala, chisanu chosasangalatsa chokongoletsera chosatha.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Chitsamba chomera zitsamba chimapitirizabe kuphuka rhizome. Kutalika kawirikawiri sikudutsa 25 cm.

Kuchokera mumzu nthambi zoumba, zingakhale za mitundu iwiri:

  • vegetative (wosabereka) - kutalika kwa 3 mpaka 6 cm, pomwe masamba obiriwira ochepa;
  • chonde (chonde) - kutalika kwake kuchoka pa 6 mpaka 22 masentimita, masamba amakhala ochepa mu chiwerengero ndipo amatha mofulumira kwambiri.
Masamba a minofu, mdima wobiriwira, amawombera pamatenda olakwika. Mpaka masentimita 2,5 m'litali, mpaka masentimita 1 m'lifupi. Mu mawonekedwe iwo amafanana ndi dzira lomwe limatembenuzidwa pansi, ndi tsamba logwedezeka pa phesi. Masambawa ndi otupa kwambiri.

Dziwani kuti miyala yamtengo wapatali ndi yotani.

Maluwa akhoza kusonkhanitsidwa mu inflorescences, malingana ndi zosiyanasiyana:

  • mawonekedwe a ambulera mu mawonekedwe a chishango;
  • playohazyalnye.
Ma inflorescences ali m'mabwinja a nthambi 4 zowongoka. Stonecrop yonyenga imasiyanitsa mosavuta ndi mitundu yake yolima ndikuti inflorescence sichikuzunguliridwa ndi masamba apamwamba. Maluwa amafika mpaka 15 mm, mawonekedwe a oboepomogo. Khalani ndi perianth yowumitsa ndi yachiwiri.

Maluwa a maluwawa ali ndi magawo asanu ogawanika, omwe amawoneka ngati ofiira obiriwira kapena obiriwira omwe amapezeka pamtunda.

Nkhumba za pinki zokongola ndi zofiirira, mu kuchuluka kwa zidutswa zisanu, kupitirira sepals ndi kutalika kwa 2-2.5 nthawi ndi kupanga mphutsi. Amasunga mawonekedwe a lanceolate, owonda, otambasula mmwamba, otambasula pamwamba, ngati kuti anasonkhana mu kapu.

Pezani chomwe chimapanga chofiira, chachikulu, chachikulu chotchedwa stonecrop.

Pa mtundu wofiira kapena wofiira wa 10 staminate filaments, omwe ali otalika kutalika kwa pamakhala, pali alangizi ofiira ofiira ngati mawonekedwe a ellipse. Zomera zimakula ndi kutalika kwa 30%. Gynetsa akuyimiridwa ndi ma carpets 5 a pinki a pinki omwe amavomereza pamunsi. Amapanga zipilala zochepa ngati zimenezi. Ovary pa fruiting amakhalabe mawonekedwe enieni, satuluka.

Zipatso zili ndi mawonekedwe ovuta a timapepala tambirimbiri. Fomu - yowongoka kwambiri, yokhala ndi zidutswa 5, 1 mm X 0.5 mm, wofiira mu kukula. Mbeu zing'onozing'ono, mpaka 1 mm kukula, kwakukulu. Mu mawonekedwe oblong ndi nsonga zomveka. Mbeu zimakonzedwa popanda kuphulika mkati ndipo sizimatulutsa ngati nyongolotsi yosagwirizana - ichi ndi kusiyana kosiyana pakati pa sedum ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zomera.

Kufalikira

Kawirikawiri, chomeracho chimakonzedwa kuti chikongoletsedwe. Koma ndondomekoyi ili ndi mavuto - Sedum spurium imatha kutentha. Ngakhale mu mawonekedwe awa akhoza kupezeka paliponse:

  • Kum'mawa kwa Ulaya;
  • Caucasus (Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, zigawo zaku Russia za Caucasus);
  • kumpoto chakumadzulo kwa Iran;
  • Turkey;
  • Chipembedzo;
  • Ciscaucasia;
  • gawo lakumadzulo la Transcaucasia;
  • gawo lina mu Dagestan;
  • ndi kum'mawa kwa Transcaucasia.
Mukudziwa? Scientific Dzina la chomeracho - "sedum" lochokera ku liwu lachilatini sedare ndikutembenuzidwa monga "chitonthozani". Chowonadi ndi chakuti zolemba za miyala zambiri zimakhala zowonongeka, ndipo mu mankhwala am'mawa zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala osokoneza bongo.

Kukula pakhomo

Kuchita khama pang'ono, ndipo zokongola zimakongoletsa mkati mwa munda wanu, denga la nyumba kapena mabedi. M'nthaka yomwe idakonzedweratu kapena yopanda kanthu, koma maluwa ambiri, timapuma ndikumala kudula kapena gawo la chimera chachikulu.

Zomwe amangidwa

Inde, nyengo yabwino ndi yamasika, koma kawirikawiri chomeracho chimayamba mizu nthawi iliyonse.

Chimene Sedum chingakhale chopanda nzeru pa nkhaniyi ndi nkhani yowunikira. Amakonda kuwala kwambiri, ndi bwino kuika ma phokoso pamawindo omwe akuyang'ana kumwera, koma ngati njira - kumbali yakummawa kapena kumadzulo. Chifukwa chosowa kuwala, zomera zimasintha mwanjira yomwe zimakhala zovuta kuzizindikira.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mapesi a chitsamba ali oonda ndi otambasula mmwamba - onaninso malo omwe akugwiritsira ntchito stonecrop kapena kukonza zina zowunikira.

Mu chilengedwe, zokoma zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kusintha nyengo, kotero ngati mukukula pawindo lazenera, m'nyengo yozizira ndi bwino kusuntha mphika pamalo ozizira, ndipo pafupifupi kutentha kufika 14 ° C.

Pezani zomwe zimakondedwa ndi Cranberry Morgan ndi Coneless Stonecrop.

Nthaka ndi feteleza

Monga chomera chilichonse, stonecrop imakonda zomera zamaluwa. Kapena olemera ndi humus kapena compost. Kuponderezedwa kungachititse kusintha kwakukulu kosayembekezereka. Ndipo ngati njira yomwe amakulira ikhoza kukutsatirani, ndiye kuti kutaya kwa chisanu ndikutaya komanso mwayi wosapulumuka m'nyengo yozizira kungasokoneze zolinga zanu.

Sedum sali wokondana ndi feteleza a nayitrogeni. Njira yabwino ndi yoperewera kwa potaziyamu phosphate feteleza.

Kuthirira ndi chinyezi

Kuti chinyezi chikhale chamtengo wapatali, chowonjezeracho chiyenera kuchotsedwa pamtunda. Izi ndi zofunika. Mwachitsanzo, mitundu yolima imalolera mosavuta nthawi yowuma, koma miyala yonyenga, ngati mupukuta dothi, imatha kufa, ndipo imayenera kubwezeretsa mawindo anu obiriwira pawindo.

Kuswana

Njira yosavuta yowonjezera sedum ndi kukoka zomera zingapo ndi mizu kuchokera ku nthaka yozembera ndikuziika pamalo atsopano. Koma, Sedum ikhoza kufalitsidwa ndi kuthandizidwa ndi mbewu kapena vegetatively.

Mbewu

Monga momwe tikudziwira kale, nyengo yamasika ndiyo nthawi yabwino yoperekera. Ngati mu March adabzalidwa mabokosi, ndiye kuti mwezi wa April zidzakhala zotheka kuzimasula kuti zitseguke pansi kapena maluwa atsopano.

Pochita izi, mu bokosi amafesedwa pamwamba pa nthaka. Ndikofunika kuthirira madzi. Kenaka pafupi ndi galasi kapena chidutswa cha pulasitiki ndikuyika mu chipinda chokhala ndi kutentha kwa 5 ° C ... + 7 ° C, kapena m'nyumba yomwe ili pansi pa alumali (kumene masamba amasungidwa). Ngati palibe njira yoyamba kapena yachiwiri yomwe mungapeze, ikani chodezera / tebulo mu thumba la pulasitiki pulasitiki ndikulimangiriza.

Mawu akuti stratification ndi masabata awiri. Zonsezi nthawi zonse zimafunika kuthimbidwa ndi kuwonetsedwa. Pambuyo pa masabata awiri mukutentha kwapansi, timasamutsira kuchipinda chofunda ndikudikirira masabata awiri mpaka awiri asanakhalepo mbande zoyamba. Masamba awiri oyambirira adzafunika kuwongolera.

Phunzirani momwe mungamerere agave, adenium, aihrizone, alowe, zamiokulkas, kalanchoe, lithops, euphorbia, yucca, echeveria, nyama zamphongo, hatiora, havortiya, mamuna, stapelia, pachipodium, ripsalis.

Zamasamba

Njira zamasamba zosavuta. Kugawa chitsamba ndi kusunga mbali ya rhizome ikhoza kuchitidwa pa nthawi iliyonse yabwino (ndipo isanakwane komanso pambuyo pake). Chitsamba chamagetsi ndi zaka 4-5.

Njira ina ndi kusonkhanitsa. Apa ndikofunika kuti dothi likhale lotayirira ndipo pamene kudula kuchokera kwa kholo kubzala ndikofunikira kusungira masamba ochepa, omwe amachokera pansi. Kudyetsa sikofunika.

Kapena masamba. Kutsekedwa kapena kudula masamba salowetsedwa pansi, kumanyowetsa nthaka. Pambuyo masabata 3-5 adzalima mizu. Kuphulika pafupifupi pafupifupi zaka ziwiri kapena zitatu za moyo.

Kudulira

Kudulira kumachitika pazinthu ziwiri:

  • Popanda masamba owuma kapena ofooka, amayamba ndi pambuyo pake;
  • Njira yachiwiri ndikuteteza kuti maluwawo asafalikire. Pali mitundu yomwe masamba ndi zimayambira ndi zokongoletsa komanso zosowa, ndipo musalole kuti ziphuphu.

Zima

Ambiri mwa zomera zomwe zimakula kuthengo sizikufuna kukonzekera kwakanthawi kozizira. Koma ndi kofunika mukamatsuka ndi kutsitsimula bedi kumapeto kwa masamba, - sungani masamba omwe amawotchedwa kwambiri ngati momwe zingathere, zidzakhala zofunikira kwambiri pa chomera.

Pamaso pa wintering chomera amwe madzi okwanira. Timachita kudulira, kuchoka kumayambira 3-5 cm wamtali. Mukhoza kuwawaza ndi nthaka kapena kudula mphukira.

Mitundu ina ya Sedum iyenera kusungidwa mu nyengo yozizira, ndipo kumapeto kwa kasupe kuchotsa zowonongeka ndi kupereka mpweya watsopano ndi kuwala.

Mukudziwa? Mitundu yambiri ya blipers si yamphamvu komanso yozizira, koma masamba awo amakhala obiriwira. Amakhalanso ndi mawonekedwe awo okongola ndi mtundu pansi pa chisanu. Maziko a chozizwitsa ichi ndi kuthekera kwa chomera kubweretsa nthawi yozizira chinthu china, chodabwitsa "chotsitsa". Amalola selo kuyamwa kuti lisamawonongeke komanso kuti lisaswe maselo.

Zingakhale zovuta kukula

Mavuto omwe amapezeka mumasamalidwe kawirikawiri amatuluka ndi mitundu yobala. Zimasonyezedwa kuti popanda kusamala, chomeracho chikuwoneka chikuchepa, kenako chimabwereranso ku mawonekedwe oyambirira ndi osiyana siyana m'tchire.

Ndipo mowonjezereka kwambiri mawonekedwe ndi mtundu wa masamba, mtundu wa maluwa amene umakula, umakhala wosadziwika kwambiri. Mwinamwake muyenera kuganizira kuti nthawi zonse muyenera kutulutsa mphukira za mtundu wobiriwira, ndiyeno mudzasunga zosiyana ndi zosiyanasiyana za sedum yanu.

Pezani zomwe zimakula zimakonda kukula ngati zomera za mkati.

Chifukwa cha chikhalidwe chake, stonecrop sichisewera wosewera mpira, imakhala bwino kwambiri ndi oyandikana nawo onse m'munda. Choncho, ndibwino kugawira gawo la munthu payekha, poganizira mfundo yakuti ikufalikirabe mu nyengo.

Ndibwino kuti mukhale gulu, ndi lothandiza pazithunzi kapena pambali mwa munda umene muli mipanda yamwala. Malo otsetsereka, monga madenga, nsapato kapena zokongoletsera zamtengo.

Tizilombo, matenda ndi kupewa

Momwemonso, zomera zimagonjetsedwa ndi matenda osiyanasiyana ndi tizirombo. Koma pali "matenda" angapo omwe angakhudze zitsamba, koma izi ndizosiyana ndi lamulo:

  • downy mildew - Chipika choyera cha powdery, chikhalidwe cha fungal, chochititsa kuyanika kwa masamba;
  • powdery mildew - bowa omwe amachititsa mbali zosiyanasiyana za mbewu;
  • amawonetsa pamapepala a pepala - komanso matenda a fungal, masamba okhudzidwa sayenera kuchotsedwa, koma kuwotcha.
N'zotheka kuteteza matenda mwa chisamaliro choyenera panthawi yake, kupopera mankhwala onse awiri omwe akukonzekera ndi njira zothetsera. Koma chofunika kwambiri ndi chakuti ngakhale chomera chotheka chingapulumutsidwe.

Ponena za tizirombo, zomera mu chipindachi, zimakhala zochepa, koma ngati muwona mbozi, mbozi ndi zina za zolengedwa zouluka za Mulungu mumaluwa, zitsamba zolowera mmera monga gawo la kupewa.

Phunzirani momwe mungagwirire ndi nyerere, slugs, bears, moles, makoswe, makoswe pa tsamba.

Kutentha kwa dothi ndi nkhani yachinsinsi, ndi kukhazikika kwake maluwa akhoza kuthandizidwa ndi kuvunda kwa mizu, ngati pali kuchuluka kwa chinyezi. Choncho, ngalande ingathenso kukhala ndi gawo lofunika kwambiri popewera matenda.

Ndikofunikira! Mwina mungakumane ndi zovuta kupeza mankhwala osokoneza bongo - gwiritsani ntchito mankhwala a zitsamba zakuda, sangapweteke stonecrop.
Ikani zonyenga kusamalira, kudzichepetsa komanso chomera chokongola kwambiri. Mankhwala osagwiritsa ntchito mankhwala amati madzi ake amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa zilonda zamoto, zotentha, ndi zosakaniza ndi sedum ndi mowa ndi mankhwala a gout, warts ndi chimanga. Ndipo imachenjeza kuti yokha, madziwo ndi amwano, amatha kuyabwa ndi kuwotcha. Koma ife tikuzindikira izo moonekera, monga chinthu cha munda wokongoletsera. Komanso, kukula ndi kusamalira kungaphatikizepo ngakhale ana. Pochita zimenezi, amapeza chifundo chachikulu ngati chimodzi mwa zinthu zabwino kwambiri zomwe zimapangidwira zobiriwira.

Video: momwe mungapitirire ndikukula stonecrop