Kodi bowa amakula m'dera la Krasnodar?

Dera la Krasnodar ndi paradaiso wa aliyense wosankha bowa. Dziko lokondweretsa, maiko odzitukumula, zonsezi zimapangitsa kuti bowa wochulukirapo, ndipo nyengo ya kusonkhanitsa kwawo imakhala kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa kasupe mpaka kumapeto kwa autumn. M'nkhani ino tidzakambirana za mitundu yofala kwambiri ya bowa chakupha ndi yodyera ku Kuban, komanso momwe mungawasiyanitsire.

Bowa Chodyera

Kudyetsa mitundu ali ndi kukoma kwapachiyambi, ndi kathanzi komanso kathanzi (mapuloteni ndi mchere). Ndiponso, kusonkhanitsa kwawo ndi nthawi yosangalatsa kwambiri, mawonekedwe abwino kwambiri a zosangalatsa, kuphatikiza ntchito zakunja ndi kuchita masewera olimbitsa thupi.

Bowa wonyezimira

Bowa wonyezimira (boletus) ali ndi phindu lalikulu la zakudya komanso kukoma kwake. Kuwonekera koonekera kwambiri. Makhalidwe ofunika:

  1. Chipewachi ndi chithunzithunzi (pakakula chimagwa pang'ono), mtundu umasiyana ndi bulauni (pafupifupi kirimu) mpaka maroon. Okalamba omwe ali aakulu, ndi amdima. Khungu ndi losalala, nthawi zina limatuluka, silingatengedwe kuchokera ku kapu. Diameter - kuyambira masentimita 7 mpaka 30, nthawizina imakula mpaka theka la mita.
  2. Msola ndi woboola pakati, wandiweyani, wotambasula panthawi ya kukula, koma khalidweli likukula kuchokera pansipa. Mtundu ndi wowala, nthawi zina wofiira, wofiira. Kawirikawiri pali mauna enieni. Ukulu - mpaka masentimita 25 mu msinkhu ndi kufika 10 mukutali.
  3. Mnofu ndi wandiweyani, nthawi imodzi yowutsa mudyo komanso minofu, mithunzi yowala. Fungo la boletus yatsopano silibwino, koma limakhala losangalatsa.
Kukula m'nkhalango zosakanikirana, pansi. Nthawi yosonkhanitsa ndi m'chilimwe ndi m'dzinja.

Boletus ndi abwino monga yophika mwatsopano, ndipo atatha kuyanika. Mukhoza kuphika, mwachangu, msuzi. Yogwirizana ndi nyama yofiira. Chakudya chapadera - chosakanizika borovik msuzi.

Bowa wa Oyster

Bowa wa oyster, komanso bowa wa oyster, sikuti akukula, koma amalimidwa pa mafakitale. Maonekedwe:

  1. Kapu imakhala yowala kwambiri ndi mthunzi wa violet, wakuda ndi ukalamba. Fomuyo ndi concave, pamene ikukula, imamveka bwino. Mphindi mpaka 20 cm.
  2. Mphindi wamphongo (pafupifupi masentimita 10), kuwala, kamangidwe kameneko, kufalikira, kusunthira mu kapu. Zophimbidwa ndi mbale zofiira.
  3. Nyama ndi yoyera, yowutsa mudyo, imakhala yovuta ndi ukalamba.

Anthu omwe amadalira zakudya zodyera, oyster bowa bowa amatha kudya bwino. Ganizirani mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya bowa oyisitara, momwe mungawawomeretsere, kuwawombera ndi kuwakulitsa m'matumba.

Amapezeka m'nkhalango kumene magulu amakula pa mitengo ikuluikulu ya mitengo yakale komanso yovunda. Nthawi yokolola - kutha kwa kasupe, kuyamba kwa chilimwe ndi nthawi yophukira.

Mukudziwa? Bowa wa oyster umakhala malo olemekezeka kwambiri ku Russia. Pa choyamba - champignons. Chiŵerengero chawo pa chikwanira chonse ndi 73 ndi 27%.

Ndibwino kuti mwachangu muzidyera oyster wambiri (mukhoza ndi anyezi) ndikutumikira ndi ndiwo zamasamba. Ayeneranso kudzaza mapepala, ndipo akaphika, adzakhala mankhwala othandizira msuzi.

Grabovik

Nthaŵi zina amatchedwa browns, omwe ndi ofanana kwambiri. Bowa kunja kwambiri. Mutha kuphunziranso ndi zotsatirazi:

  1. Chipewa chikuwoneka ngati mtsamiro wokhala pansi, wozungulira, wovuta pang'ono, wofiira, wofiira masentimita 14.
  2. Msola uli wautali, scaly, kuchokera pamwamba pa 5 mpaka 13 masentimita, mtundu uli wofiira, wakuda kuyambira pamwamba mpaka pansi.
  3. Thupi ndi lofewa, zonunkhira, pansi ndilofalikira kwambiri, podulidwa amasintha mtundu wofiirira.
Zimakula pa mizu ya hornbeam, kawirikawiri birch, poplar, mtedza. Nyengo ndi chilimwe ndi theka lakumapeto. Ndi bwino kuphika mwatsopano (ndi bwino kuti mwachangu), koma ndibwino kuti muteteze (pickles, marinades).

Mtengo wa Oak

Chomera (chofiira, milky, podoreshnik, podzherzhik) chimakhala chodyetsedwa, chifukwa cha madzi owawa amafunikira chithandizo chapadera asanaphike. Maonekedwe:

  1. Kapu ndi concave pakati, yopangidwa mozungulira, lalanje-tsabola, yokutidwa ndi mbale zowoneka zachikasu kuchokera pansi, pazitali pazitali 6 cm.
  2. Lembani mpaka masentimita 7 m'litali, 3 masentimita awiri, kuwala kuposa pamwamba.
  3. Thupi ndi lowala, ndi fungo losangalatsa.

Tikukulimbikitsani kuti mudziwe bwino mitundu ya madambo, makamaka, ndi aspen, wakuda, komanso malo othandizira ndi ovulaza a m'mphepete mwa nyanja komanso njira zokolola madothi a m'nyengo yozizira.

Iyenera kuyendetsedwa m'nkhalango zakuda pamtunda wa oak, beech, ndi hazel. Kumeneko amakula yekha kapena m'magulu. Nthawi yokolola - kutha kwa chilimwe, pakati pa mwezi wa October. Mkaka umadya monga pickles, ndikuwongolera bwino. N'zosatheka kuumitsa bowa la mkaka - mwa mawonekedwewa aliwawawa kwambiri.

Hedgehog chikasu

Mungathe kukumana ndi mayina ena: Gidnum kapena Dentinum sanazindikire. Maonekedwe:

  1. Kapuyo ndi yosalala, yonyezimira, yofiira 3-6 masentimita, yosalala mpaka kumakhudza, pamene ikukula pakati mphotho imapangidwa.
  2. Lamulo loyera, mpaka masentimita 8, likupita pansi.
  3. Mnofu ndi wofewa, wosalimba, ndi fungo lopweteka. Bowa okalamba kulawa zowawa.
Amamera m'nkhalango zosakanikirana, pafupi ndi mitengo ya mtengo, amapanga magulu akuluakulu. Nyengo - kuyambira pakati pa mwezi wa August mpaka mochedwa kugwa (kufikira chisanu). Mukhoza kuphika pafupifupi mbale iliyonse kuchokera ku dzombe, ndizofanana ndi chanterelles. Ndibwino kuti mutumikire mokazinga ndi nyama kapena nsomba.

Purple

Purple akovitsa (komanso amethyst kapena wofiirira) ndi bowa kwambiri komanso wokongola kwambiri. Chifukwa cha mitundu yodalirika, zimatha kuganiza kuti ndizoopsa, koma sizili choncho.

Bowa lonse liri ndi mtundu wofiira-lilac umene umafalikira pamene ukukula. Zikuwoneka ngati izi:

  1. Chipewa ndi kuzungulira, mawonekedwe olondola, kukula kwakukulu - 5 cm.
  2. Msola ndi wamtali, woonda.
  3. Mnofu ndi wachifundo, pafupifupi wopanda kukoma.
Amakula m'nkhalango, m'madera ozizira otsika pamsana wa mossy. Mutha kusonkhanitsa kuyambira chiyambi cha chilimwe mpaka kumapeto kwa autumn. Kudya, ndi bwino kuwonjezera zakudya zomwe zimaphatikizapo bowa zina.

Ndikofunikira! Pafupi ndi lacquer, bowa woopsa kwambiri mofanana ndi nthawi zambiri kukula. Mukhoza kuwasiyanitsa ndi kukhalapo kwa "skirt" kapena fungo lakuda la radish. Ngati muli ndi kukayikira, ndibwino kuti musamamwe bowa ngati amenewa.

Chanterelle weniweni

Zokoma, zathanzi, bowa wamba omwe ndi ovuta kusokoneza ndi zina. Zizindikiro:

  1. Mtundu wa kapu umasiyana ndi chikasu mpaka lalanje, mawonekedwe ake ndi concave, m'mphepete mwake ndiwopera, ndimimba mwake ndi masentimita 10.
  2. Msola uli wosalala, wosawonekera mosiyana ndi kapu, mtundu womwewo ndi iwo, kutalika kwake ndi masentimita 3-7.
  3. Mnofu umatulutsa zipatso zouma, umakonda zokometsera zokhala ndi zowonjezereka.
Chanterelles amamera m'nkhalango, makamaka pamtambo. Mukhoza kusonkhanitsa kuchokera ku kasupe mpaka nthawi yophukira, chidule cha zokolola chiri mu July.

Zidzakhala zosangalatsa kuwerenga za phindu la chanterelles komanso momwe mungasiyanitse chanterelle yonama kuchokera ku chenichenicho.

Mukhoza kuphika pafupifupi chirichonse, musanayambe kutsuka, wouma ndi wiritsani kuchotsa mkwiyo. Sikoyenera kuti uume.

Mukudziwa? Chanterelle sakhudzidwa konse ndi mphutsi. Lili ndi zinthu zosadziwika zomwe zimapha mazira. Choncho, nthawi zakale, bowa achinyamata ankagwiritsidwa ntchito monga antihistamines.

Granular oiler

Bowa wosasunthira unasintha mtundu. Kusiyana ndi makhalidwe otsatirawa:

  1. Chipewa chimakhala chozungulira, pang'ono kutambasula, mithunzi ya bulauni, nthawizina ndi ukhondo wofiira, slimy ndi porous pamwamba, kuwala pamwambapa. Diameter mpaka 20 cm (koma nthawi zambiri pafupifupi masentimita 10).
  2. Msola ndi wowongoka, woonda, kuwala, mpaka 8-10 masentimita mu msinkhu, pang'ono mdima pansipa.
  3. Mnofu ndi wosapsa, koma wokondweretsa kulawa, yakuda chikasu.

Amamera mu udzu wochepa, pamtambo (makamaka m'nkhalango zamapine), nthawi zambiri amapanga magulu. Kusonkhanitsa kuyambira May mpaka November.

Idyani boletus nthawi zambiri mu mawonekedwe a pickles ndi marinades. Iwo ndi abwino mu supu, stews, roasts. Ena mafani amakonda kumwa bowawa mawonekedwe awo. Musanaphike, onetsetsani kuti muchotsa khungu.

Mokhovik wobiriwira

Zosayembekezereka, koma bowa wodyetsedwa.

Mukhoza kuphunzira izi ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi:

  1. Chipewa cha mthunzi wa azitona wakuda, chiwonetsero, pansi pa spongy, ndi kuyera kuchokera pamwamba. Mimbayi imakhala yochokera pa 3 mpaka 10 cm, oimira akale - mpaka 15 cm.
  2. Msola ndi wachitsulo, wamtali, osati wophweka, wofiira mthunzi.
  3. Mnofu ndi wofewa, wosasunthika, ngati wodulidwa, ukhoza kukhala ndi chigoba cha bluish.

Amamera m'nkhalango ndi zitsamba, koma amasankha malo amdima (pansi pake, m'mphepete mwa nkhalango). Ambiri amakhala ndi bowa lokhalera. Ndibwino kuti muteteze, komanso monga mbale yotentha. Simungathe kuziphimba, koma onetsetsani kuti muchotse khungu.

Ndikofunikira! Kudya mokhovikov wakale mu chakudya kungawononge poizoni. Sungani bowa wang'ono okha aang'ono.

Bowa weniweni

Uchi ndi weniweni, ndi autumn - ndi parasitic bowa, koma ndithudi ntchito. Zizindikiro:

  1. Chipewacho ndi chaching'ono, ndipo chimakhala chachikulu mpaka masentimita 5, chakuda kuposa miyendo, chokhala ndi mapiri osagwirizana.
  2. Tsinde ndi loonda, mpaka 2 masentimita awiri ndi lalitali (mpaka 10 masentimita), nthawi zambiri lopindika, lofiira, limawoneka pansi.
  3. Mnofu ndi wandiweyani, wowala, exudes ndi mavitamini amphamvu.

Amamera pa mitengo ikuluikulu ya mitengo yophera, stumps ndi zitsamba. Amapanga mizinda yayikulu. Mutha kumugwira kumapeto kwa chilimwe ndi autumn.

Mukhoza kuphika kuchokera ku uchi pang'onopang'ono popanda chilichonse chisanachitike.

Brownberry wamba

Amatchedwanso birch kapena ang'onoang'ono. Bowa amawoneka motere:

  1. Kapu yophika pamwamba, yozungulira, yosalala, imvi-bulauni.
  2. Msola uli wokhotakhota, wowonjezera pang'ono, wautoto woyera, mpaka masentimita 15 m'litali ndi mamita atatu masentimita.
  3. Mnofu ndi wowala, wokometsera mokondwera, kusagwirizana kwa bowa wakale kumatayika.
Amakula m'nkhalango, nthawi zambiri achinyamata a birch groves. Nthawi yosonkhanitsa ndi chilimwe ndi theka lakumapeto. Mwachidziwikire chirichonse chikhoza kuphikidwa kuchoka ku brownish: Ndibwino kuti mupange mawonekedwe owiritsa ndi okazinga, oyenera kuyanika ndi pickling.

Wowonjezera kwambiri

Zachiyambi zenizeni zake zakunja za bowa. Momwe mungazindikire zambiri:

  1. Chophimbacho chiri chapamwamba, mpaka masentimita 8 mu awiri, ovate kapena kuzungulira, opitirira pamwamba. Mtundu - mithunzi yosiyanasiyana ya imvi ndi yofiirira. Maonekedwe ofunika - bowa ndi wamakono ndi mapulogalamu apakati pamakonzedwe a mawonekedwe oundana.
  2. Msolo ndi wopepuka, mawonekedwe ozungulira, kutalika kwake kufika pa masentimita 9.
  3. Thupi ndi loyera, lachikondi ndi lopweteka, losangalatsa kwa kukoma ndi kununkhiza.

Ndikofunikira! Wowonjezera wochuluka amakhala ndi ziwiri zakupha - mzere wamba. Zimasiyanitsidwa ndi kapu ya mawonekedwe osasintha popanda zikhomo zomwe zimakhala zovuta kwambiri.

Amamera m'nkhalango, amakonda malo a mchenga ndi amsasa, kudula, m'mphepete. Nyengo yosonkhanitsa ndi nyengo, kuyamba kwa chilimwe. Kutha kwina kwachiwiri kotheka kumayambiriro kwa autumn.

Zowonjezera ndi zabwino kuyanika ndi kuzizira, komanso zimapangidwanso bwino.

Kuthamanga koyera

Chizungu (aka Utatu kapena Chipolishi) truffle ndi truffle wamba ku Russia, ngakhale kuti sali woimira kwambiri wa banja lino.

Zizindikiro:

  1. Amagwiritsanso ntchito mbatata zosaoneka bwino.
  2. Tubers pafupifupi kwathunthu kumizidwa.
  3. Diameter - mpaka masentimita 15.
  4. Mtundu ndi wachikasu, wachikulire - wakuda.
  5. Kuchuluka kwake kukufikira 0,5 kg.
  6. Mkati mwawo muli chikasu chowala, chofanana mofanana ndi mbatata.
  7. Mafuta a mandimu, okhala ndi nut.
Habita - nkhalango zokhala ndi dothi lonyowa, mchenga kapena dothi. Truffle amabisala pansi pa masamba osweka kapena singano, n'zovuta kupeza. Zowoneka - ziphuphu pansi popanda udzu, komanso fungo lapadera.

Nthawi yokolola imatha kumapeto kwa dzinja - m'dzinja. Chogulitsidwacho chiri choyambirira, ndipo chimayamikiridwa chifukwa cha kukoma kwake kodabwitsa (monga nyama). Zouma kapena zowonongedwa mwatsopano. Ndibwino kuti mukhale msuzi kapena msuzi wokoma.

Mukudziwa? M'mayiko ena, truffle yoyera ndi yokoma mtengo, ndipo ena amawerengedwa pakati pa bowa woopsa. Mwachitsanzo, ku Spain kugulitsa kwake sikuletsedwa ndilamulo.

Common adyo

Kawiri adyo nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zokometsera, chifukwa zimakhala ndi fungo lapadera ndi ndondomeko ya adyo. Maonekedwe:

  1. Chipewachi ndi chaching'ono (1-3 masentimita), pamene chimakula, chimawongola, chofiira kapena chachikasu, zimakhala zofiira mpaka kumakhudza, zophimbidwa kuchokera pansipa ndi mbale zowonjezera.
  2. Msola ndi wamdima, woonda, mkati, pamwamba (mpaka masentimita 5).
  3. Nyama ndi yoonda, yotumbululuka, imakhala ngati adyo.
Amakula m'magulu akuluakulu m'nkhalango, pamchenga kapena dongo. Nthawi yokolola ili mkatikati mwa chilimwe-October.

Garlic akhoza kukazinga, yophika, kuzifutsa. Pakati pa chithandizo cha kutentha kapena kuthira, imataya kukoma kwake, pamene kuyanika - kukoma kumakula.

Champignon wamba

Champignon wamba (Pecheritsa) - bowa wochuluka kwambiri pamsika lero. Zizindikiro:

  1. Chophimbacho ndi choyera, choyamba chimasintha, kenaka chinawongoledwa, chopangidwa ndi silky, kuchokera mkati mwake chokhala ndi mbale zofiira, zokwana masentimita 10.
  2. Tsinde ndi loyera, lalitali, makamaka lalitali, lalitali mamitala 10 cm.
  3. Mnofu ndi wandiweyani, wowala, ndipo kuwonongeka kumapangitsa kuti phokoso likhale lofiira.
Kawirikawiri imakula mu udzu, imakonda dothi lolemera la humus, limapezeka paliponse. Chosonkhanitsa chikuchitika kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa May mpaka kumapeto kwa Oktoba.

Champignons - imodzi mwa bowa wotchuka kwambiri. Tikukulangizani kuti mupeze momwe mungamere mimbulu, momwe mungamerekere kunyumba, kuyeretsa ndi kufungira bowa.

Champignon akhoza kukonzekera mwangwiro mwanjira iliyonse.

Munda wa Entoloma

Malowa entrophe (nkhalango, minga, chishango) ndi chithokomiro cha tsamba la rose kapena subabriac. Maonekedwe:

  1. Chipewa chikuwoneka ngati chidebe chophwanyika, choyera choyera, mpaka masentimita 12 m'mimba mwake, chiri ndi mbale zazikulu zobiriwira.
  2. Msola ndi wowala, wautali, wamakono, mawonekedwe ake, kutalika kwake ndi 12 cm.
  3. Nyamayo imakhala yoyera, yofiira, imakhoza kununkhira ngati ufa kapena kusanunkhiza.
Amamera m'nkhalango, koma n'zotheka kukomana ndi malo osungirako nyama. Kawirikawiri pafupi ndi tchire, maluwa akutchire, mitengo, mitengo ya zipatso ndi tchire. Kusonkhanitsa kumachitika pakati theka la chilimwe.

Zokwanira marinades, salt, frying. Amafuna zoyambirira kuwira.

Bowa woopsa

Oimira nkhunguyi amadziwika ndi kupezeka kwa poizoni kwa anthu. Malingana ndi mtundu ndi mlingo zingayambitse:

  • chiphe;
  • zovuta za dongosolo la manjenje;
  • zotsatira zowononga.
Pansipa tilongosola zoopsa zomwe anthu ambiri amakhala nazo ku bowa ku Kuban.

Mukudziwa? Bowa woopsa kwambiri padziko lapansi ndi grebe wotumbululuka. Ndilofala ku Ulaya, Asia ndi North America.

Chirabe chapafupi

Icho chiri cha mtundu wa zofukiza. Zikuwoneka ngati izi:

  1. Kapu imakhala yowala (yobiriwira kapena imvi), yaying'ono kapena yowonongeka pang'ono, m'mphepete mwake muli osagwirizana, mpaka masentimita 15 m'mimba mwake.
  2. Tsinde ndi loyera, lalitali, mpaka masentimita 16 mu msinkhu.
  3. Thupi ndi loyera, pafupifupi silikununkhiza.
Zakudya zam'madzi nthawi zambiri zimasokonezeka ndi champignon, russula kapena greenfinch. Kwa izi sizinachitike, muyenera kukumbukira makhalidwe a toadstool:
  • Kukhalapo kwa Volva (kupuma pamtunda) - Kuwala kowala pansi pa kapu;
  • Kukhalapo kwa chikopa (thumba) pansi pa mwendo;
  • zoyera, mbale zofewa pansi pa kapu.

Boletus

Gwiritsani ntchito malamulo kapena galasi ku Gal. Kusiyanitsa ndi borovik zodyedwa kungakhale pazifukwa zotsatirazi:

  • squat - bowa amakula makamaka m'lifupi;
  • chovala chofewa chachikulu, chithunzi, pinki ndi ma lalanje;
  • Mimba mwendo, kutupa, pamwamba pa manda wofiira.

Amanita wofiira

Bowawa sikuti asokonezeke ndi chirichonse. Classic amanita, monga zithunzi za ana:

  1. Chipewacho ndi chachikulu (mpaka 20 cm), chophweka kapena chozungulira pang'ono, nthawi zina chimagwirizana. Mtundu wa Hat ndi wofiira. Pazikopa zamtundu woyera. Nthawi zina "msuzi" woyera amasiya kapu.
  2. Msola uli wapamwamba, wamakono, woyera.
  3. Thupi limakhala lachikasu pang'ono.

Amanita Panther

A panther (imvi) amauluka agaric sali owala ngati wofiira, koma woimira woopsa kwambiri. Zikuwoneka ngati izi:

  1. Chipewa chamatope: bulauni, bulauni, imvi. Mkati mwake mpaka masentimita 12, kuzungulira, pang'ono kutsogolo. Khungu lofiira limaphimbidwa ndi maonekedwe oyera, nthawi zina malaya oyera amachokera pansi.
  2. Msola uli wowongoka, wamakono, woyera, mpaka 12 cm mu msinkhu, nthawizina mphete ilipo.
  3. Mnofu ndi wofewa, madzi osasinthasintha, amanunkhira.

Nyongolotsi yonyenga

Tizilombo tonyenga - dzina lodziwika la mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya bowa yomwe ili yoopsa kwa maonekedwe a anthu ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi bowa wodyedwa.

Ndikofunikira! Bowa wonyenga ali ngati malo enieni, ndipo amakhala m'madera omwewo pa stumps ndi mitengo. Ngati muli ndi kukayikira pang'ono - musamatole bowa wotere!

Mbali yaikulu ya agaric yonyenga ndiyo kusowa kwa "skirt", mphete yojambula pamlendo. Kuphatikizanso apo, pali zizindikiro zina zoopsa:

  • fungo lonunkhira (lofanana ndi lapansi);
  • Kuwala kwa zikopa (zosiyana za chikasu ndi zofiira) ndi zosalala zawo;
  • mbale zamdima pansi pa zipewa (zimakhala zowala zenizeni).

Bowa la satana

Bolet Sataninsky - wachibale wapamtima wa boletus.

Makhalidwe:

  1. Chipewacho chimayendetsedwa, chotsamira-chotsamira, chachikulu (mpaka 30 cm), choyera-choyera, ndi madontho onyenga.
  2. Tsinde ndi lowala (lofiira), lalifupi ndi lakuda.
  3. Mnofu mu kapu ndi wachikasu, mwendo uli wofiira, podulidwa umatembenuka buluu, umakhala wosasangalatsa.

Bowa ali ndi mawonekedwe enieni, koma m'malo mwake kulivuta kusokoneza ndi chinthu china.

Nguluwe

Svushka (nkhokwe, zonyansa) sizowononga poizoni, koma ndizoopsa chifukwa zimaphatikiza mitundu yonse ya poizoni kuchokera kumalo akunja kupita ku zamkati.

Svushka ikuwonekera kale kwambiri bowa wina ndi zipatso zochuluka mpaka kumapeto kwa autumn. Taganizirani mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nkhumba.

Mungathe kuphunziranso ndi makhalidwe otsatirawa:

  1. Шляпка крупная (до 15 см), обычно плоская, но может иметь выпуклость или воронку в средине, мясистая, бурая.
  2. Ножка тонкая (1,5 см в диаметре), но длинная (до 9 см в высоту).
  3. Мякоть рыхлая, желтоватая, в местах повреждения становится бурой.

Ena osankha bowa amaona kuti nkhumba imadya. Koma osankha bowa amateur amagwiritsa ntchito bowa wamtunduwu moletsedwa.

Entomoma ndi owopsa

Yaikuru kuposa mitundu ina ya entolom. Zizindikiro:

  1. Chipewa chachikulu (mpaka 25 cm) cha mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya imvi, yosalala, yosasunthika.
  2. Mphuno yamphongo, imvi, imatha kufika masentimita 15 mu msinkhu.
  3. Nyama ndi yoyera, imakhala ndi fungo lokoma.
The poizoni entolom akhoza kusokonezeka ndi cholengedwa chatsopano, munda entoloma, champignon, ryadovkoy ndi govorushkoy. Kusiyanitsa kwa iwo bowa woopsa ukhoza kukhala pazifukwa zotsatirazi:
  • lonse, mbale zosaoneka pamutu;
  • kusowa kwa mphete pamlendo.

Ndi maphunziro abwino, mumatha kusiyanitsa mowa kwambiri wa bowa woopsa. Ndikofunika kuti mukhale osamala kwambiri, komanso kuti musamathetse bowa, zomwe simunatsimikizike.

Video: Bowa wodyedwa m'nkhalango za ku Krasnodar Territory