Mitundu yabwino kwambiri yofiira currant pakati pa gulu

Nthaŵi zambiri zachilimwe zimakumana ndi vuto losankha mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya masamba, mtengo wa zipatso kapena mabulosi chitsamba. Pambuyo pake, lero zotsatira za kuswana sayansi zachititsa kuti munthu asankhe mitundu yambiri - mwachitsanzo, alipo kale mazana a iwo mu currants. Tidzakambirana za mitundu yosiyanasiyana yofiira ya currant, kapena porichki yomwe ikuyenera kukula pakatikati.

"Alpha"

Odyera ku Russia ankagwira ntchito yopanga "Alpha" zosiyanasiyana, kulandira zipatso mu 2009 kucha. Izi zikutanthauza kuti zipatso zoyamba kucha pa currant chitsamba zimawonekera pafupi masabata awiri pambuyo pa mitundu yoyambirira.

The currant chitsamba "Alpha" amadziwika ndi sing'anga kukula ndi kufala. Zipatso ndi zazikulu - 0.9-1.5 g uliwonse. Zili zozungulira. Mu mtundu - wofiira wofiira. Kukoma kwa chipatsocho ndi chokoma, chokoma ndi chowawa, malingana ndi mchere wa mchere umene umawerengedwa 4.7 mfundo. Kuwonjezera pa zipatso zokoma, zazikulu ndi zogwiritsidwa ntchito zosiyanasiyana, ubwino waukulu wa Alpha ndi yozizira hardiness, powdery mildew chitetezo chokhazikika, ubwino wokhala ndi zokolola zambiri komanso zokolola zambiri - 7.2-16.4 matani pa ha 1 limodzi ndi 1.8-4.1 makilogalamu pagulu .

Mukudziwa? The currant ili ndi zinthu zomwe zili ndi mphamvu zowononga mankhwala zomwe zimakulolani kuti muchotse ma radioyotopes kuchokera mu thupi laumunthu ndikutsatirani ndi zotsatira za ma radio rayation. Mankhwala a black currants analimbikitsidwa kuti adyeke pambuyo pangozi yachitsulo cha nyukiliya ya Chernobyl, komanso anthu omwe amakhala m'madera omwe ali ndi mafunde owonjezereka. Pa nthawi yomweyo, onse awiri ofiirira ndi ofiirira amadzimadzi ndi omwe amachititsa kuti asokonezeke kwambiri poyerekeza ndi zowonongeka.

"Hazori"

Imeneyi ndi imodzi mwa mitundu yabwino kwambiri yomwe imapsa mochedwa. Monga momwe kale, ndi kupindula kwa obereketsa ku Russia.

Zitsamba iye anapanga sing'anga kukula. Nthambizi ndizamphamvu, kufalikira. Currant iyi imakhala ndi chitetezo champhamvu kwa powdery mildew ndi tizirombo zambiri. Kutentha kwachisanu. Zipatso za "Asora" ndizozungulira ndi zazikulu - pafupipafupi zimafika m "magulu a 1 g. Zithunzizo ndi zofiira. Khalani ndi kukoma kokoma, kokoma ndi kowawasa. Malingana ndi kukula kwa mchere, amawerengedwa Mfundo 4. Zipatso zonse zimagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Zosiyanasiyana zimadziwika ndi zokolola zambiri.

Familiarize nokha ndi maphikidwe okonzekera wofiira currants: kupanikizana, kupanikizana, compote.

"Red Versailles"

Zipatso za mitundu iyi zipse nthawi yeniyeni. Tchire ndizochepa. Zipatso ndizozungulira, zazikulu - 1 masentimita awiri. Zithunzi zofiira, zimakhala ndi khungu lambiri. Kulawa zokoma ndi zowawa; chokoma kwambiri m'nthaŵi yakukula msinkhu. Kugwiritsa ntchito kwawo kulikonse.

Fruiting chomera chimapezeka ali ndi zaka zitatu. Chimake chake chimachitika zaka 6-7 za moyo. Kupereka ndi kukana chisanu chikhalidwe ndizochepa. Tsamba la currant la zosiyanasiyanazi likufuna kudya ndi kusamalira. Mmerawo ndi wokhazikika.

"Vika"

"Vika" amatanthauza mitundu ya masewera. Amapanga shrub yazitali-thunthu ndi korona waukulu ndi wakuda, nthambi za pubescent. Pakati pa fruiting nthawi palipakati kuzungulira zipatso za 0.5-0.8 g aliyense. Khungu lawo ndilopaka utoto wofiirira. Ndizokoma, mwa kukoma kokoma kumafala pachisoni. Zipatso zimayenera kugwiritsa ntchito mwatsopano komanso pokonza, komanso kukonzekera zakumwa zoledzeretsa.

Zokonda kwambiri - pogwiritsa ntchito bwino ulimi wamakono, zimatha kukwaniritsa matani 19.3 pa ha 1 Zimasiyanasiyana ndi kulekerera kwabwino kwa nyengo yozizira, komanso kukana powdery mildew ndi anthracnose.

Ndikofunikira! Zokolola za currant zimakhudza kusankha bwino kwa mitundu, mbande, malo odzala, komanso kutsata ndondomeko zonse zoyenera kusamalira. Kuchokera ku currants kumera ozizira, koma madera a dzuwa, akhoza kukwaniritsa luchshi kukolola kusiyana ndi zomwe zimakula m'deralo ndi nyengo yozizira, youma yomwe nyengo yamvula imakhalapo.

"Viksne"

Mitundu yoyambirira "Viksne" yobadwira ndi obereketsa ku Latvia. Amapanga chitsamba chamtali ndi korona wokongola kwambiri ya mawonekedwe osasunthika ndi mphukira zazikulu zowongoka. Kusiyanitsa bwino kuteteza kutentha kutentha, chitetezo cha mankhwala osokoneza bongo, zokolola zambiri - 5 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba ndi 16.7 matani pa 1 ha. Zina mwa zolephereka ndi kufooka kwa nsabwe za m'masamba.

Currant imapereka zipatso zazikulu - 0.7-0.8 g. Zonsezi, zamdima zofiira. Ali ndi kukoma kosangalatsa, komwe kumayikidwa pa mfundo 4.5. Zipatso zili ndi zolongosoka zabwino komanso cholinga chonse.

Phunzirani zambiri za makhalidwe ndi magetsi opanga zitsanzo za "Viksne".

"Dutch Red"

Zolinga zam'tsogolo zodzipereka zozizwitsa, zobadwira ku Holland kumapeto kwa zaka zana ndi zisanu ndi ziwiri. Amapanga tchire lamphamvu. Fruiting nthawi zonse. Zipatso zikuluzikulu mu kukula (mpaka 1 g misa), kuwala kofiira mtundu, mofanana ndi peyala. Kuti mulawe wowawasa, makhalidwe amchere amapezeka Mfundo 3.5. Amatha nthawi yaitali kuti asagwe kuchokera ku tchire. Nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga madzi, mavitamini. Zokolola za zosiyanasiyana ndi matani 12-15 pa hekitala ndi 4-5 makilogalamu pa chitsamba.

Zitsamba zam'madzi zimagonjetsedwa ndi matenda wamba, omwe amachititsa nkhungu. Iwo amadziwika ndi mkulu kukana otsika kutentha.

"Detvan"

"Detvan" imatanthawuza zapakati-mitundu yoyambirira. Anakhazikitsidwa ku Czech Republic. Kuwonongeka kwake kuli pakati pa July. Tchire ndi zowirira ndi zazikulu - mpaka mamita 1 mu msinkhu. Zipatso zimapangidwa zazikulu, masekeli a 0,7 mpaka 1 g, ndi khungu lofiira. Kukoma kwawo ndi kokoma ndi kowawa. Cholinga - chilengedwe chonse.

Makhalidwe ofunika: kukhazikika chitetezo kwa matenda, zabwino kulekerera frosty kutentha, nthawizonse mkulu zipatso - mpaka 10 makilogalamu ku chitsamba chimodzi.

Tikukulangizani kuti muwerenge za kulima, mankhwala komanso kugwiritsa ntchito wofiira currant.

"Jonker van Tets"

Dutch zosiyanasiyana, anabadwira mu 1941, omwe akadakali abwino kwambiri ndipo amasangalala kukhala wotchuka pakati pa wamaluwa ndi obereketsa. Kutchuka kwake kumalongosola ndi ubwino wotsatira: kuphuka koyamba, zokolola zambiri (mpaka 6.5 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi, kufika pa matani 16 pa ha 1), kuthekera kwabwino kuti apulumuke chilala ndi chisanu popanda vuto la chitukuko, kukana matenda opatsirana ndi fungal. Mbalameyi ili pamwamba - mpaka mamita 1.5-1.7, ndi ndondomeko zikufanana ndi mpira. Zipatsozo ndi zazikulu - 0.7-0.8 g iliyonse, yokutidwa ndi nkhungu, yofiira khungu lofiira. Amatha nthawi yaitali kuti asagwe pamthambi. Zimakonda zokoma ndi zowawa. Pophika, amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mchere, amagwiritsidwa ntchito mwatsopano, oyenera kuyamwa madzi.

Video: Jonker van Thets Review

"Houghton Castle"

Ngati mukufuna kudzala mitundu yosiyanasiyana yololera kucha, ndiye muyenera kuganizira njira yobzala zakale "Castle Houghton", yomwe inkaonekera kutali ndi 1850 ndi kuyesera kwa oweta Chingerezi.

Zomerazi zimapanga kukula kwapakati, koma zowonjezera, zomwe, panthawi ya fruiting, maburashi amfupi amawoneka ndi zipatso zofiira zolemera masekeli 0.5 g iliyonse.

"Castle Houghton" ili ndi ubwino wambiri: zipatso zokoma ndi zabwino kwambiri za mankhwala (4.5 mfundo za mchere), chisanu ndi kukana kwa chilala, zokolola zochuluka, kupirira (tchire amakhala zaka 6 mpaka 19), kudzibala.

Kusokonezeka

Currant "Cascade" ikuwoneka kuti ndi imodzi mwa zabwino kwambiri m'gululi midzi oyambirira. Ndibwino kuti mukhale ndi minda yamaluwa. Zimakhala zazikulu kwambiri, koma nthawi yomweyo zimagwirizana ndi chitsamba. Pa nthawi ya fruiting, yokongola, yozungulira ndi yaikulu zipatso masekeli 1.2-1.4 g aliyense amawonekera pa 10-masentimita racemes. The currants ndi zabwino kukoma - ndi lokoma ndi wowawasa ndi zolimbikitsa. Kakhitchini ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu zosiyanasiyana.

Kuphatikiza pa zipatso zapamwamba, Cascade imatchuka kwambiri chifukwa cha kutentha kwa chisanu, zipatso zokolola - pafupifupi 120 peresenti pa hekta imodzi, ndipo pafupifupi msinkhu wotsutsana ndi powdery mildew ndi anthracnose.

Phunzirani zambiri za kubzala currants (kumapeto kwa autumn), kusamalira nyengo (kumayambiriro, kumayambiriro kwa autumn, kukonzekera nyengo yozizira), komanso kudulira, matenda, ndi tizirombo (kapu, nsabwe za m'masamba, scythes).

Red Cross

Zina zofunikira kuziwona ndi Red Cross. Anakhazikitsidwa pakati pa zaka za m'ma 2000 ku United States. Amapanga chitsamba chazitali zakutali ndi kufalikira. Zipatso zake zikuluzikulu - kuyambira 0,8 mpaka 1.3 g. Zili zozungulira, koma zidaphwanyika kuchokera pamwamba ndi pansipa. Kukoma kwawo kumayikidwa pa mfundo 4.

"Cross Cross" ili ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi: zokhazikika, zowonjezera (matani 9 pa 1 ha ndi 2.7 makilogalamu kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi), zosagonjetsedwa ndi zozizwitsa zina ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, koma osati kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Zimavuta zozizira. Zimapanga zofuna panthaka - zimakhala zokolola kwambiri pamtunda wochuluka.

Mukudziwa? Ku Ulaya, kulima kofiira currants kunayamba ku Middle Ages. Poyamba, anabweretsedwa ku France, kenako anadza ku Germany. M'mayiko a ku Ulaya iye Kwa nthawi yayitali wamkulu ngati mankhwala chomera.

"Moto wa Mitsinje"

Mafunde mkati nthawi yeniyeni. Mitundu yayitali yamatabwa a bushy ndi korona-yofiira korona ndi nthambi zoonda. Malinga ndi zikhalidwe zomwe zikukula komanso ubwino wa sayansi ya zaulimi zimabweretsa zipatso zazikulu kapena zazikulu - kuchokera ku 0,5 mpaka 1 g mulemera. Iwo ndi ofiira obiriwira, kuzungulira.

Makhalidwe apamwamba a mmwamba - atayikidwa pa Mfundo 4. Kuphika ntchito yogwiritsidwa ntchito mwatsopano komanso yokonza. Kulawa zokoma ndi kuchepa pang'ono.

Mitundu yambiri "Maolivi a Mitsinje" ndi yokhazikika, imalolera kutentha kwa nyengo yozizira bwino, imapereka zokolola zambiri - 6.4 makilogalamu ku chitsamba ndi 21.3 matani pa ha 1. Odyetsa aonetsetsa kuti zitsamba zamtunduwu zimakhala ndi chitetezo champhamvu ku powdery mildew, anthracnose, ndi septoria.

"Kulowa dzuwa"

Uwu ndi mabulosi omwe amamera ndi tchire ndi tchire tomwe timathamanga ndi mphukira yowongoka. Zipatso zake ndizochepa - ndili wolemera wa 0,3 g. Mtundu ndi wowala komanso wofiira. Maonekedwewo ndi ozungulira, okonzedwa pambali. Anapanga m'manja mwake 10-12 masentimita m'litali. Kusiyanitsa zokonda zokhutiritsa. Ndibwino, fruiting ndi yabwino - 3.4 makilogalamu pagulu ndi matani 11.3 pa hekitala.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yachonde, yokhala ndi chisanu. Odwala nthawi zambiri, monga momwe amachitira poyera tizilombo toyipa.

Werenganinso za katundu, ntchito ndi kukonzekera kwa white currant.

"Okondedwa"

Mitundu ya Chibelarusi inalengedwa m'ma 80s a zaka zapitazo. Bweretsani mwafupipafupi mawu. Misa yopulumulidwa ali pakatikati pa chilimwe. Amapanga zitsamba zazing'ono zazikulu ndi korona wozungulira ndi nthambi zamphamvu. Zipatso zimapangidwira pazitsulo zosalika kwambiri - masentimita 7 m'litali. Zipatso zimakhala zazikulu, zolemera mpaka 0,9 g. Zili zofewa komanso zowutsa mudyo, zimakhala ndi deta yabwino kwambiri, zimawerengedwa bwino kwambiri. Kuwonjezera pa kukoma kwabwino, zipatsozo zimadziwikanso ndi kuyenda bwino, vitamini C (30.2 mg pa 100 g) ndi cholinga cha chilengedwe chonse.

Zina mwa zikuluzikulu za currant "Zachilengedwe" - chitetezo cha matenda akuluakulu a fungal, anthracnose ndi powdery mildew, zokolola zambiri - makilogalamu 12 ochokera ku chitsamba, kudzibala - 60%, kupulumuka bwino kutentha. Zina mwa zofooka - nthawi zambiri kugonjetsedwa malo oyera, dzimbiri.

Video: Red currant zosiyanasiyana "Okondedwa"

"Niva"

Zosiyanasiyana za sing'anga zoyambirira kucha. Zipatso zimaonekera kumapeto kwa July. Mitengo ya fruiting - matani 11 pa 1 ha ndi 1.6 makilogalamu pa chitsamba. Koma ubwino wokhala ndi ubereki - pambuyo poti pulogalamuyi imapanga kuchokera 69% mpaka 91% mwa mazira.

Chitsambachi n'chosakanikirana ndi kukula kwake. Zipatso zingakhale zomangamanga ndi zazikulu - masekeli ochokera ku 0.7 mpaka 1 g.Ndipo zipangizo zamakono zamakono, zipatso zopitirira 1,9 g iliyonse zimatha kupezeka. Maonekedwe awo ndi ozungulira, mtundu ndi wofiira kwambiri. Kukoma kumawoneka ndi kukoma. Malinga ndi mchere wamkulu mu currant "Niva" kuchokera 3.1 mpaka 4 mfundo. Lili ndi vitamini C wambiri - kuchokera 71.9% mpaka 76%. Zosiyanasiyana zimadziwika ndi kusagwirizana ndi chilala, zabwino zozizira hardiness, chitetezo cha m'thupi kwa powdery mildew, septoriozu, impso mite, wodzichepetsa kusamalira.

"Chokoma Choyambirira"

Mu currant "Oyambirira Sweet" kukula wamtali baka - mpaka 1.5 mamita, ndi kwambiri wandiweyani mphukira. Zipatso zipse kumayambiriro - sing'anga-kakulidwe wofiira kowala bwino zipatso masekeli 0.5-0.9 g apangidwa. Iwo ali wokongola maonekedwe, zabwino transportability, zabwino kukoma makhalidwe, iwo anapachikidwa pa nthambi kwa nthawi yaitali pambuyo yakucha. Malingana ndi kukula kwa mchere amasonyeza Mfundo 4. Cholinga chawo chiri chonse. Kukaniza chisanu, matenda ndi tizilombo toononga, ndi kukolola kwapamwamba kungathenso kuwerengedwa mwa ubwino wa zosiyanasiyana. Kawirikawiri zokolola ndi 3.5 kg pa shrub.

Black currant ingapangitse mitsuko yambiri: kupanikizana, kupanikizana kwa mphindi zisanu, zipatso, nthaka ndi shuga, tincture ya vodika, moonshine ndi mowa, vinyo.

"Ronde"

Zitsamba zazikulu za "Ronde" zosiyanasiyana zimabereka zipatso kumapeto. Amapereka mdima wofiira, wokoma ndi wowawasa wolemera 0,6-0.7 g. Amakhala ndi zokolola zabwino - ndi njira zoyenera za ulimi, mpaka makilogalamu 10 akhoza kusonkhanitsidwa kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi. Pafupifupi, kuchokera ku chomera chimodzi n'zotheka kukwaniritsa 7-8 makilogalamu. Zipatso zimakhala zozungulira. Ali ndi zamkati zamasamba ndi zokoma kwambiri - ku Ulaya izi zosiyanasiyana zimatengedwa kuti ndizofotokozera. Zipatso zimasungidwa mosamala panthawi yopita. Nthawi yakucha, nthawi yayitali sasiya nthambi. Mwatsopano ukhoza kusungidwa mu nyengo yozizira kwa milungu itatu.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imakhala yozizira kwambiri yolimba komanso yolimbana ndi chilala. Zitsamba zake zimakhala zomveka, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti azikhala ndi zida zazing'ono.

"Rosette"

Zambiri zakumadzulo zochokera ku Dutch. Amakula sredneroslye ndi zitsamba zosasunthira ndi zamphamvu ndi zovuta, zomwe zimadziwika ndi kukula msanga. Zipatso zimapangidwa pa nthawi yaitali mapeto a kumapeto kwa July - oyambirira August.

Malinga ndi khalidwe la chisamaliro ndi kukula, zipatso zimatha kukhala zazikulu kapena zazikulu - kuyambira 0,7 mpaka 1.2 g. Zimakoma zokoma ndi zokoma. Cholinga chawo chiri chonse.

Ndikofunikira! Sitikuyenera kuteteza anthu omwe ali ndi mbiri ya zilonda zam'mimba, gastritis, chiwindi, kuthamanga kwa magazi, matenda a magazi.

"Ural wokongola"

Izi zosiyanasiyana zili ndi ubwino wambiri. Ali ndi zitsamba zakuda komanso zosapsa. Pakatikatikati, zipatso zazikulu zolemera 1-1.7 g zimapangidwa. Zipatso ndizokoma kwambiri, zimanyamula bwino, zimakhala ndi maonekedwe okongola, zomwe zimalandira kwambiri pamatope Mfundo zisanu.

Zitsamba zimapirira bwino nyengo yovuta, zimapereka zokolola zambiri - 11.7 matani pa ha 1 ndi 3,5 mpaka 15.5 makilogalamu pa chitsamba. Mkhalidwe wawo wodzibala yekha ndi woposa 61%. Amalimbana molimba mtima ndi zida za moto ndi mafolosi, ndipo samakhala ndi powdery mildew.

Video: zosiyanasiyana "Ural kukongola"

"Njoka"

Zipatso za "njoka" m'nthawi yoyamba. Amapatsa lalikulu, mpaka 1.1 g, zipatso zozungulira. Zitsamba zimakula ndizitali. Zomwe zimasinthidwa kuti zikhale nyengo yozizira, zimatemera katemera wabwino ku matenda akuluakulu ndi tizilombo towononga. Zokolola ndi matani 16.8 pa 1 ha, 6.4 makilogalamu pa shrub.

Zipatso zimayambitsidwa ndi asidi, chifukwa chake zimayesedwa 3.8 mfundo. Zingagwiritsidwe ntchito pa zolinga zonse. Kotero, ife tinakufotokozerani inu ku 20 mitundu yofiira currant, yomwe ili ndi makhalidwe abwino - kukoma kwabwino, zokolola zambiri, kukana kuzizira ndi matenda ofala kwambiri. Ndipo kotero kuti currant inabweretsa zokolola zabwino kwa nthawi yaitali, mukhoza kubzala mitundu yambiri yosiyana yakucha.