Nkhuku Brown Nick: kufotokozera mtundu

Lero pali mitundu yambiri ya nkhuku, zomwe zovuta zomwe zimakhala zovuta kudabwitsa alimi omwe ali ndi njuchi komanso oyenerera. Komabe, pali nkhuku Brown Nick, yomwe, chifukwa cha kukolola kwakukulu, kukoma kwa mazira, mawonekedwe awo ndi kulemera kwake, komanso momwe iwo alili okhutira, alimi ndi asayansi ali okondweretsa kwambiri.

Chomwe chimakondweretseratu olemba awa olemba mbiri, tiyeni tiwone.

Chiyambi

Nkhuku Brown Nick anabweretsedwa kumadera akumayiko a Soviet ochokera ku Germany. Chiyambi cha kusankhidwa kwa nkhuku yofiira ndikumayambiriro kwa 1965, pamene abambo a bungwe la Germany "H & N International" anapatsidwa ntchito yokweza nkhuku zomwe zimakhala ndi mazira akuluakulu, kuteteza matenda ofala kwambiri, kusakaniza chakudya.

Chifukwa cha kuswana bwino, asayansi analandira mtanda watsopano, wopindulitsa kwambiri, zomwe zinapindula kale ndi alimi achi German. Zaka zingapo pambuyo pake mtundu uwu unapezeka padziko lonse lapansi.

Pofuna kupeza mazira, nkhuku zimatchedwa "Brekel", "Hisex Brown" ndi "Hisex White", "Shaver," Leghorn "," Iza Brown "," Loman Brown "," White White "," Chiyukireniya Ushanka "," Orlovskaya "," Pavlovskaya "," Minorka "," Pushkinskaya ".
Nkhuku zambiri za nkhuku zimakhulupirira kuti Brown Nick ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yopangira ulimi, chifukwa imalola mazira pafupifupi 400 pachaka, ndipo imathamanga kwambiri kuika nkhuku.

Zizindikiro za kunja

Nkhuku Brown Nick amasiyana kwambiri, thupi lalikulu, lolemera kuyambira 1.7 mpaka 3 makilogalamu, malingana ndi chiwerewere. Chizindikiro cha mtunduwu ndi kudzikweza kwake, ndiko kuti, kuthekera kwa kupeza kugonana kwa mbalame pa msinkhu wa tsiku limodzi.

Pamene kubereka mbalame, ndikofunika kudziwa nthawi ya nkhuku.

Mizere

Mafunde a tsiku ndi tsiku amadziwika ndi mtundu wawo wofiira wa yunifolomu, momwe mikwingwirima yowopsya ya mithunzi yamdima imatha kuwonekera nthawi zina. Anthu akuluakulu amakhalanso oyera, amakhala ndi mawonekedwe akuluakulu a chifuwa chachikulu ndi mchira wamtali wokongola kwambiri, womwe umakhala waukulu kwambiri, womwe umakhala waukulu kwambiri, wowongoka ngati tsamba, wofiira.

Nkhuku zamatchi ndi zazikulu, zooneka ngati zofiira komanso zofiira. Mlomowu ndi wautali wautali, wokhotakhota pang'ono, utoto wofiirira pamwamba, wofiira-chikasu kuchokera pansi ndi kumbali. Amuna amakhala ndi miyendo inayi yokhala ndi miyendo inayi, yowonjezera, yofiira. Kulemera kwa tambala wamkulu kumakhala 2-2.5 makilogalamu.

Mukudziwa? Nkhuku zimathyola mazira onse, awo ndi ena, popanda kuwasiyanitsa.

Nkhuku

Nkhuku zingadziwike ndi mtundu wofiirira, ndi zofiira zoyera. Iwo ali ndi thupi lina laling'ono ngati mawonekedwe a trapezoid, kumene mapiko ang'onoang'ono amamatira mwamphamvu. Mutu wa nkhuku ndi waung'ono, wokhala ndi mizere yowoneka bwino, yofiira, yomwe imakhala yofiira ndi yowala kwambiri.

Makutu - mitundu yofiira, yoboola, yofiira. Mitsempha mwazimayi zazikulu, zazikulu zazing'ono, zopanda mazenera, ziphuphu - imvi. Kulemera kwa nkhuku wamkulu kumasiyana pakati pa 1.7-2.2 kg.

Makhalidwe

Monga azimayi onse a ku Germany, Kick Brown Nick amadziwika ndi kukhala wodekha komanso wodekha. Iwo ndi:

  • modzichepetsa;
  • musasonyeze zachiwawa. Zozizira nthawi zambiri, zimenyana, osati nkhanza, zisakwiyitse;
  • mtendere;
  • ali otetezeka kwambiri kupsinjika;
  • osati wamanyazi;
  • mwatsatanetsatane wotsatiridwa kuti azikhala moyo wapansi.

Ndikofunikira! Nkhuku Brown Nick amalekerera bwino, kutentha kutentha kuposa kutentha, komwe kumachepetsa kupanga mazira ndi kukhala ndi matenda osiyanasiyana.
Kuphatikiza apo, mbalame za mtundu uwu zimasiyanitsidwa ndi kukana kwabwino kwa nyengo yowawa, zimasinthasintha mwangwiro ku zikhalidwe zilizonse. Ngati amapereka kuyenda nthawi zonse, nkhuku zimatha kuchita mwakhama.

Kukonzekera

Brown Nick ndi ya mitundu ya dzira, motero, ili ndi zizindikiro zabwino zothandizira. Zigawo za dzira zimadalira zaka za nkhuku komanso kulemera kwake. Zowonjezera zizindikiro zikufotokozedwa mu tebulo lotsatira:

Mbalame M'badwo (milungu)Mbalame yolemera (kg)Chiwerengero cha mazira pachakaKulemera kwa mazira (g)
Mpaka 601,6-1,825560
60-801,8-236060
902-2,240070

Chiwopsezo chachikulu cha zokolola nkhuku chimabwera zaka 1.5 zoyambirira za moyo wawo. Amayamba kuthamangira ali ndi miyezi 5-6, ndipo mazira amaikidwa nthawi zonse, chaka chonse. Mazira ali ndi chipolopolo chofiira kwambiri, chomwe chimathandiza kwambiri kayendetsedwe ka kayendedwe kawo.

Ngati tilankhula za chibadwa cha nkhuku, ndiye kuti nkhuku za mtundu uwu zimakula bwino. Ichi ndichifukwa chake kubereka ana apamwamba akusowa chophimba.

Mukudziwa? Brown Nick Hens Mazira ali ndi chimodzi mwa zinthu zodabwitsa kwambiri. Iwo samasowa konse fungo la nsomba zomwe zimakhala ndi mazira a mitundu ina.

Zimene mungadye

Ngakhale kuti Brown Nick sali wokhutira ponena za chakudya, amafunika kukonza chakudya chokwanira, kuti azionetsetsa kuti akudya mazira nthawi zonse.

Phala losakaniza

Kudzichepetsa mu chakudya kumathandiza mbalame kuwonjezera kwenikweni chirichonse chomwe chiri pafupi. Nkhuku zokondwera zimasangalala ndi phala losakaniza lokonzedwa mothandizidwa ndi msuzi, mkaka wothira kapena madzi omwe amadziwira.

Ndibwino kuti muwonjezere zakudya zamtamini ndi minerals: masamba, zipatso, udzu. Monga lamulo, phala kuchokera ku zakudya zosakaniza, zophika beets, kaloti, mavitamini premixes amaperekedwa m'mawa.

Ali ndi zaka khumi, achinyamata amafunika kudyetsedwa kasanu patsiku, pogwiritsa ntchito tirigu wambiri (semolina, chimanga, yachchnyak kuti amere tirigu kuti agone nkhuku, th) kuphatikizapo tirigu wophika. Nkhuku za mwezi umodzi zimasamutsidwa ku zakudya zowonjezereka powonjezera tirigu wothira chakudya. Ali ndi zaka zisanu ndi chimodzi, nkhuku zizoloŵera chakudya chambiri ndikupita ku chakudya chachitatu pa tsiku.

Phunzirani momwe mungamerekere tirigu kwa nkhuku, kodi kuchuluka kwa chakudya kwa zigawo za tsiku, ndi mavitamini otani omwe amafunika kuti mazira apangidwe, momwe angapezere zigawo, momwe angapangire chakudya chokhalira nkhuku.

Zamasamba

Chifukwa chakuti mbalamezi zimachita bwino kwambiri, m'pofunikira kuti muzidya zakudya zamasamba komanso masamba atsopano, omwe ali ndi mavitamini komanso mchere wambiri. Nkhuku sizidzasiya beets, kaloti, nsonga za zomera, ntchentche.

Ndikofunika kupititsa patsogolo mndandanda wa mbalame ndi mchere wosiyanasiyana ndi mavitamini osiyanasiyana, zomwe zilibe zomwe zingasokoneze mazira a nkhuku komanso thanzi la nkhuku.

Nyama ya nyama

Mbalame ndi zofunika osati ma vitamini okha, komanso zimatengera zinthu, makamaka mapuloteni ndi calcium. Kulephera kwawo kungayambitse matenda osiyanasiyana mu nkhuku, komanso kuchepetsa mazira abwino. Nyama ndi nsomba za nsomba, zakumwa za mkaka zimawonedwa kuti ndizochokera kwabwino kwambiri puloteni ndi calcium. Ngati n'kotheka, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti "pamper" zigawo ndi mphutsi ndi mphutsi. Kuphatikiza pa pantophagy, mtundu umenewu uli ndi chakudya chochepa cha kudya. Choncho, kwa munthu wamkulu mungakonde 100 g chakudya pa tsiku.

Dziwani ngati nkofunika kukhala ndi tambala, chifukwa chiyani nkhuku zimatulutsa mazira, zimatengera mazira ang'onoang'ono, zomwe mungachite kuti nkhuku zidzathamanga m'nyengo yozizira, momwe mungayang'anire mazira atsopano.
Zakudya zogwiritsira ntchito nkhuku zomwe zimakhala m'nyumba zapakhomo patsiku zimawoneka ngati izi:

  • Zomera: tirigu, oats, balere (wouma kapena kumera);
  • phala: zochokera masamba kapena chakudya;
  • mbewu za mpendadzuwa;
  • udzu watsopano, amadyera;
  • vitamini premixes.
Nkhoma zowonongeka kapena zouma zimaperekedwa kuti mbalame ziperekedwe masana, chifukwa chakudya chimadyetsedwa tirigu wouma.

Ndikofunika kupereka magawowa ndi kupeza madzi oyera. Omwe akumwawa nthawi zonse amadzaza madzi atsopano.

Kusamalira ndi kusamalira

Kuchita kwa nkhuku, thanzi lawo ndi ntchito zawo zimatsimikiziridwa mwachindunji ndi zofunikira za kukonza kwawo ndi kusamalidwa bwino.

Maseŵera a kuwala

Kuchuluka kwa masana ndi nthawi yake sikunapangidwe ndi mapangidwe a nkhuku akuluakulu komanso achinyamata. Chisamaliro chiyenera kutengedwa kuti chitsatire ndondomeko zotsalira nkhuku. Pafupipafupi, mbalame zimafuna maola 14-16 tsiku lililonse.

Ndikofunikira! Popeza nkhuku za Brown Nick zikuyenda mozungulira chaka chonse, mosasamala kanthu za nyengo, amafunikira kuyatsa magetsi nthawi zonse.

Tikulimbikitsidwa kukonzekera kuyatsa mbalame, malingana ndi msinkhu wawo:

  • "ana obadwa" (masiku 1-3): coefficient yowunikira ndi 10 lux, nthawi ya tsiku ili pafupi nthawi;
  • anapiye mwezi uliwonse (mpaka masiku 30): 10 maola ndi maola 16;
  • Kuyambira masiku 30 mpaka kufika koyamba: mpaka 7.5 lux ndi maola 9;
  • pa nthawi yowopsa dzira: mpaka 7.5 lux ndi maola 16.
Panthawi ya dzira, iyenso iyenera kusungidwa pa 70% chinyezi m'nyumba.

Chipinda

Pakuti nkhuku za Brown Nick zikhoza kulandiridwa monga zomwe zili muzitsekerero, komanso mu nkhuku yaikulu ya nkhuku. Komabe, ndikofunikira kuti chipinda chikhale choyera, ukhondo, ndi kutentha kofunikira.

Makhalidwe oipa amachititsa kuti mbalame zisamalidwe, koma siziyenera kuloledwa kutsika kwa thermometer mkatikatikati mwa 5 ° C. Kuyenda nkhuku m'nyengo yozizira kumatsutsana, chifukwa amatha kuzizira ndi kuzizira.

Phunzirani momwe mungapangire nkhuku nkhuku, mpweya wabwino, chisa, chisa, kutentha kwanu.

Kutentha kwabwino kwambiri mu chipinda ndi 21-25 ° C. Nkofunika kuti musalole kuti zitsulo zikhale m'nyumba ya nkhuku. Pamene mukukula mbalame, nkofunika kulemekeza chiwerengero cha anthu pa mita imodzi.

Pansi pansi chiwerengero cha nkhuku pa 1 lalikulu. M. amapanga magawo 13 a nyama zinyama ndi maunite 7 a anthu akuluakulu, ndi khola - chifukwa nkhuku imodzi imatenga 1.42 lalikulu mamita, nkhuku yaikulu - 2.84 mita za mamitala. Ngati izi sizingaoneke ndipo mbalame zikuponderezedwa, ndiye kuti matenda osiyanasiyana angayambe kutsogolo kwa kutentha kwambiri.

Kuwerengetsera mawerengedwe

Popanga banja, monga lamulo, zigawo 10-15 zimayikidwa pa tambala. Chiŵerengero chimenecho chimapangitsa kukhala kotetezeka, mwamtendere ndi mwamtendere mu nyumba ya nkhuku, komanso kukwaniritsa zizindikiro zabwino zopezera mazira ku nkhuku. Tambala amaika dongosolo mu nyumba, amateteza "ma ward" ake ndikuyendetsa khalidwe lawo.

Mbalame zimatha kunyamula popanda "mtsogoleri", koma kukhalapo kwake kumapatsa kupeza mazira abwino kwambiri, mazira.

Ubwino ndi zovuta

Brown Nick ndi mtundu wabwino, wobala bwino wa zigawo, zomwe alimi ali nazo ubwino wambiri:

  • kukhala mwamtendere, mwamtendere;
  • mazira okwera mazira, pafupifupi mazira 400 pachaka;
  • kuchuluka kwabwino kwa achinyamata, pamwamba pa 98%;
  • zonse zam'kati ndi zapansi zimalandiridwa;
  • mazira apamwamba, nsomba za nsomba, zipolopolo zolimba kwambiri;
  • ndalama zochepa zimadya.
Mtundu uwu ulibe zovuta, chosowa chokha ndicho kusowa kwa chibadwa cha amayi mu nkhuku, chifukwa chake ndi koyenera kugwiritsa ntchito maubwenzi a ana omwe amakolola.

Ndikofunikira! Ndikofunika kuti nkhuku izi zisungidwe kwa zaka zitatu, popeza zaka zapamwamba zowonjezera zowonjezera zimachepetsedwa kwambiri.
Brown Nick ndi mtundu wapadera wa nkhuku zomwe, mosamala, zimatha kukondweretsa ndi ma rekodi olemba mazira. Mbalame zimakhala ndi bata, zimakhala bwino, zimakhala zolekerera ndi zikhalidwe zilizonse za nyumba, kusamalira modzichepetsa, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti kuswana zikhale zosavuta, komanso zimakondweretsa mlimi aliyense.

Nkhuku Brown Nick: kanema

Nkhuku Brown Dzina: ndemanga

Gwiritsani ntchito chinthu mofulumira, mu masiku 7-10 ... funso ndilo ngati pali zolembedwa mu chakudya chanu chomwe chili chofunika kuti mazira apange.

Mwachitsanzo, pamene tinkatulutsa chakudya cha pulogalamu ya PC-1 (700r - 40 makilogalamu), tinagula chakudya cha mtengo wapatali kwa 330r - 30kg, nkhuku zinayimilira pazinthu masiku 7-10.

Pamene tinkatha kuzidyetsa kachiwiri ndi chakudya chabwino, ndiye patapita masiku asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu (5-7) nkhuku zinabweretsedweramo monga kale (tsopano izi zilibe kuyenda, chifukwa tikukonzekera).

Mazira omwe amawunikira ayenera kukhala: Nsomba, nyama, komanso choko, shell Rock, yaiwisi yazira, zina mwazitsulo ziyenera kukhala ...

Stasya Svetloyar
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Ndagula chaka chatha mu April 50pcs. Kurochak wapita 30pcs. Anagwiritsa ntchito sitima ya Solonyansky yosungiramo nkhuku ngati nkhuku yazing'ono 22. kinuli.Kross ndinasangalala ndi mphamvu zawo osati nkhuku imodzi inatha. Ndili ndi miyezi isanu pamene dzira linali laling'ono ndiye kuti ndilolera. Ndidali ndi zofiira ndipo amadya maina awo a bulauni nthawi zonse ngakhale kutentha. kuchokera 30 NICK mpaka mazira 12-17. Poyamba, nkhuku m'nyengo yozizira pafupifupi sizinachedwe. Nkhuku sizili abwenzi zimasowa chilichonse. Ngati mutuluka kunja kwa khola mumayenda kumene maso a kakieto akuyang'anitsitsa.
Alibabay
//forum.fermeri.com.ua/viewtopic.php?f=80&t=2975#p164665

Ndidzakuuzani "chinsinsi" - pafupifupi dzira lonse kapena achinyamata omwe amalonda akugulitsa. Zabwino zingatengedwe ngati pali "kudzera mwa iye" ... ndipo ma broilers a moyo amadya kwambiri, kotero iwo ndi broilers ... broiler popanda kudya, izi ndizoipa kale ... ndipo chifukwa sakanakhala mu broilers.

Zaka zingapo zapitazo ndinatenga Brown Nick (miyezi inayi) ku Shpitkah, patapita masabata 2-3, iwo anathamanga pafupifupi chaka chonse, ali ndi mpumulo pa nthawi ya kukhetsa ... pamakhalabe zidutswa zingapo zatsalira, kuthamanga tsiku lililonse.

Diti
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