Malangizo ogwiritsiridwa ntchito "Enroflon" kwa mbalame

"Enroflon" - mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera pofuna kuteteza ziweto ndi nkhuku. Maantibayotiki amatsitsa ntchito yofunikira ya mabakiteriya ambiri a tizilombo ndi ma foscoplasma, zomwe zimalola kuti anthu odwala azipeza nthawi yochepa kwambiri. Ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito monga njira yowonetsera kuti mliriwu uwopsyezedwe, kapena nthawi yomwe moyo wa mbalame umakhala wotetezeka kwambiri pa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Fomu ya Mlingo

Tulutsani "Enroflon" mu mawonekedwe anayi:

  • ufa;
  • mapiritsi;
  • jekeseni;
  • njira yankho.

Kuti chithandizo cha nkhuku chigwiritse ntchito mawonekedwe atsopano okha. Yankho likuwoneka ngati kuwala, kasupe, madzi omveka bwino. Enroflon akhoza kukhala ndi ndondomeko yosiyanasiyana ya mankhwala - 2.5%, 5% ndi 10%.

Ndikofunikira! Kwa mbalame, Enroflon 10% yafunidwa, yomwe mu 1 ml ili ndi 100 mg yogwiritsira ntchito. Kukonzekera kumaperekedwa kwa mbalame zokha pokha pamlomo, poziponya pamlomo mwa pipette kapena poziwonjezera izo mu chidebe ndi madzi akumwa.

Tulutsani mawonekedwe, mawonekedwe ndi ma CD

Zomwe zimapangidwa ndi 1 ml ya mankhwala zikuphatikizapo:

  • Zosakaniza - enrofloxacin - 100 mg;
  • potaziyamu hydroxide - 25 mg;
  • benzyl mowa - 0.01 ml;
  • Trilon B - 10 mg;
  • madzi oyera - mpaka 1 ml.

Kuwonjezera pa enrofloxacin, zinthu zina zonse ndizozaza. Tulutsani mankhwala mu mabotolo a galasi kapena pulasitiki, omwe angakhale owonetseredwa komanso osadetsedwa.

Zokonzedwa m'mabotolo a mphamvu zotsatirazi:

  • 5ml;
  • 10 ml;
  • 100 ml;
  • 200 ml;
  • 250 ml;
  • 500ml;
  • 1 l.

Botolo lirilonse limaperekedwa ndi chilembo ndi chida cha chinenero cha Chirasha: dzina la mankhwala, dzina la wopanga ndi zina zofunikira zofunika (nambala yotsatila ndi tsiku lopangidwa, tsiku lomaliza, zosungirako). Nthawi zonse amatsatiridwa ndi malangizo. Chizindikirocho chimatchedwa "Zanyama".

Pharmacological katundu ndi zotsatira

"Enroflon" ndi mankhwala othandiza omwe ali m'gulu la fluoroquinolones ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa matenda a nkhuku za bakiteriya ndi matenda a mycoplasmal. Chidachi chimatanthawuzira kuti bactericidal zotsatira zapadera ndipo zimagwira ntchito motsutsana ndi mabakiteriya ambiri a gram-positive ndi gram, komanso mycoplasmas.

Zotsatira za antibacterial za mankhwalawa zimayambika chifukwa chakuti enrofloxacin imaletsa mabakiteriya a DNA kusakanikirana, kuteteza magawo awo, kupititsa patsogolo kubereka ndi kusokoneza kuthekera kwa mabakiteriya omwe alipo omwe amakhalapo.

Mankhwalawa amathamanga mofulumira ndipo amatha kulowa mkati mwa selo ya bakiteriya kudzera muzitsulo zake zotetezera ndipo zimayambitsa zovuta, zosagwirizana ndi ntchito yofunikira, morphological kusintha mkati mwa selo, zomwe zimayambitsa mabakiteriya kuti afe msanga.

Mukudziwa? Enrofloxacin pachiwindi imasandulika kukhala ciprofloxacin, yomwe imathandiza ngakhale kuchiza TB yomwe imayambitsa matenda a mycobacteria.

Mabakiteriya amatha kufa chifukwa cha kuphwanya mabakiteriya a DNA kumayambitsa chifukwa cha kuchepetsa mabakiteriya a DNA gyrase. Kusintha kwa maonekedwe osagwirizana ndi ntchito yofunikira ya mabakiteriya kumayambitsidwa ndi kuwonongeka kwa mabakiteriya a RNA, omwe amachititsa kuti ziwalo zake zikhale zolimba, ndipo njira zamagetsi zimalowa mkati mwa selo.

Kukaniza kwa Enrofloxacin m'mabakiteriya kumapangika pang'onopang'ono, pamene chinthucho chimasokoneza njira ya DNA helic replication. Kwa mankhwala opha tizilombo a njira ina yothandizira, kukana sikuchitika konse.

Zochitika zambiri za enrofloxacin zimapangitsa kuti zitheke kutsutsana ndi mabakiteriya ambiri, monga:

  • wosokoneza;
  • E. coli;
  • enterobacteria;
  • salmonella;
  • kachilombo kofiira;
  • Klebsiella;
  • pasteurella;
  • malire;
  • campylobacter;
  • corynebacteria;
  • staphylococcus;
  • streptococci;
  • pneumococci;
  • clostridia;
  • mycoplasma.

Ndikofunikira! Mankhwalawa sanagwiritse ntchito mankhwala okhudza anaerobic mabakiteriya.

Atakalowa m'matumbo, Enroflon amalowa mwazidzidzi mwamsanga. Amalowa m'magulu ndi ziwalo zonse, popanda kuthana ndi dongosolo la mitsempha yokha.

Pakadutsa maola 1-3 ali ndi mphamvu yogwira ntchito m'magazi. Enrofloxacin sichimangiriridwa ndi mapuloteni a plasma ndipo mwamsanga imaloĊµera m'ziwalo zonse ndi minofu. Amangopita kudutsa mu maselo a nyama ndi mabakiteriya. Mukalowa m'kati mwa chinyama, mankhwalawa amalowerera mu mabakiteriya omwe amagwira selo, ndipo amachititsa kuphwanya kwawo.

Mankhwalawa amasungidwa m'kati mwa maola pafupifupi 6, kenako amayamba kuchepa.

Matendawa amawoneka kale kale maola 24 mutagwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa. Enrofloxacin imatulutsidwa kuchokera ku thupi pafupifupi yosasintha mu bile ndi mkodzo. Komabe, m'chiwindi chikhoza kupangidwira pang'onopang'ono ku ciprofloxacin, kachilombo kena ka antibacterial kuchokera ku gulu la fluoroquinolones.

Pezani mankhwala omwe angaperekedwe kwa nkhuku.

"Enroflon" ndi mankhwala oopsa kwambiri a thupi, monga momwe amachitira osasinthika. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala ochokera ku gulu la 4 loopsya, lomwe limatanthauza kuti mankhwalawa amadziwika ngati oopsa.

Mukudziwa? Ngakhale kuti fluoroquinolones amasonyeza kuti amatulutsa antibacterial activity, iwo sakhala, chifukwa cha chikhalidwe chawo, mankhwala opha tizilombo, chifukwa ali ndi chiyambi chosiyana ndi chikhalidwe. Awa ndi mafananidwe opangira maantibayotiki.

Zizindikiro za kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala

Zizindikiro zogwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa Enroflon mu nkhuku zonse ndi mabakiteriya ndi matenda oyambitsa matenda oyambitsa matenda omwe amabwera chifukwa cha mabakiteriya omwe amadziwika ndi fluoroquinolones. Mwa matendawa, pali:

  • bakiteriya bronchitis;
  • nthenda yakupha ndi mabakiteriya;
  • atrophic rhinitis;
  • kulowa;
  • mycoplasmosis;
  • colibacteriosis;
  • salmonellosis;
  • Matenda ena omwe amabwera ndi mabakiteriya pamwambapa;
  • matenda achiwiri.

Nthawi zambiri nkhuku, ducklings, goslings, achinyamata a turkeys ndi pheasants amadwala ndi colibacillosis.

Mankhwalawa amagwiritsidwanso ntchito kuteteza matenda a bakiteriya m'mapiko ndi mbalame zazikulu. Salmonellosis nkhuku

Njira yothandizira

"Enroflon" imagwiritsidwa ntchito pa ulimi wa nkhuku zothandizira zoweta zazikulu, komanso chithandizo ndi kupewa achinyamata kuyambira masiku oyambirira a moyo. Ndizoyenera kuchiza nkhuku, nkhuku, nkhuku, nkhuku zonse, kuphatikizapo broilers, zomwe zimadziwika kuti ndi zofooka zambiri ku matenda osiyanasiyana.

Kwa nkhuku

Nkhuku zimayambitsidwa ndi matenda m'mwezi woyamba wa moyo. Sanagwiritsenso ntchito njira yowonjezereka, kuteteza chitetezo chofooka, kotero kuti akhoza kuwombera mosavuta ndi zolembera kapena iwo adzatenthedwa ndiyeno.

Mbali yofunika kwambiri yopewa matenda a nkhuku ndi chakudya choyenera.

Palinso nthawi zambiri pamene amagula nkhuku zowonongeka kuchokera m'manja, kuti anapiye ali kale kachilombo kaye chifukwa alimi akugulitsa akunyalanyaza chitetezo cha nthawi yopuma. Choncho, n'zotheka kupereka Enroflon kuyambira tsiku loyamba la moyo kwa nkhuku zogula ndi zodzikongoletsera nkhuku kuti zisawonongeke kuti zikhoza kuchitika matenda.

Fufuzani matenda omwe ali opatsirana komanso omwe sali opatsirana amakhudza nkhuku za broiler ndi momwe mungawachitire, komanso mankhwala omwe ayenera kukhala mu chida choyamba cha mwini nkhuku.

Ndi zophweka kupereka mankhwala kwa anapiye - ndikwanira kungosintha kuchuluka kwa mankhwala ndi madzi kumwa madzi. Kuchuluka kwa madzi otengedwa ndizofunikira kwa anapiye kwa tsiku limodzi. Ndipo kuchuluka kwa mankhwala ayenera kufanana ndi chiwerengero cha 0,5 ml ya mankhwala pa 1 lita imodzi ya madzi.

Enroflon imadzipukutidwa m'madzi, ndipo amaperekedwa kwa nkhuku. Yankho likhoza kukonzekera madzulo, kotero kuti m'mawa ana amakhala okonzeka kumwa, ndipo simungathe kusokoneza nthawi pokonzekera.

Kupewa, monga chithandizo, kawirikawiri kumakhala masiku 3 mpaka 5. Panthawiyi, anapiye amaperekedwa kokha madzi omwe mankhwalawo amatha. Zina, madzi oyera sayenera kuperekedwa.

Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa mankhwala okhudzana ndi matendawa kumakuthandizani kuti muteteze ana onse ku matenda omwe mu masiku angapo amatha kuwombera gulu lonselo.

Ndikofunikira! Ndikoyenera kupatsa anapiye "Enroflon" kuyambira tsiku loyamba la moyo komanso nthawi yomwe nkhuku zimakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi matenda a bakiteriya. Izi ndi nthawi kuyambira masiku 1 mpaka 5 a moyo, kuyambira masiku 20 mpaka 25 komanso kuyambira masiku 35 mpaka 40.

Pakuti nkhuku

Ngakhale kuti nkhuku zazikuluzikulu - mbalame zimakhala zolimba ndipo sizimadwala kawirikawiri, ana awo kuyambira masiku asanu mpaka asanu ndi awiri a moyo ndi ofooka kwambiri ndipo amayamba kudwala matenda ambiri oopsa. Mu Turkey poults, m'mimba matenda, kutupa kwa bronchi ndi mapapo, ndipo ngakhale matenda ammimba akhoza kuchitika. Choncho, nyama zinyama zikulimbikitsidwa kupereka enrofloxacin pofuna kupewa matenda onsewa. Mankhwalawa amadzipukutira m'madzi pa mlingo wa 0,5 ml wa mankhwala pa 1 lita imodzi ya madzi abwino akumwa. Komabe, nkhuku zobadwa kumene sizikhala ndi chilakolako chabwino, ngakhale zimakana kumwa. Choncho, muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti anawo amamwa madzi okonzeka.

Zindikirani kuti nkhuku zabwino kwambiri zakumwa zakumwa zimamwa kuchokera kwa akumwa akumwa pamene akuwona dontho lalitali likugwedezeka.

Onetsetsani kuti madzi sali ozizira kapena oipitsidwa. Kupereka madzi a turkeys nthawi ndi nthawi kuti asaiwale kukwaniritsa ludzu lawo.

Kwa goslings

Mbalamezi zimatengedwa kuti ndi mbalame zamphamvu komanso zathanzi kwambiri. Achinyamata nthawi zambiri amakula bwino komanso sadwala. Ali ndi kachilombo koyambitsa matenda kuchokera ku kubadwa. Komabe, pali milandu pamene goslings a mwezi woyamba wa moyo akudwala kwambiri.

Izi zimachitika kawirikawiri ngati anapiye amapangidwa ndi manja awo molingana ndi malamulo onse oswana. Koma ngati anyamatawa adatengedwa kuchokera ku manja ena, izi sizimatsimikizira kuti makolo a mazira kapena mazira sakadwala. Choncho, pofuna kuteteza, mukhoza kupereka ana a Enroflon atsopano pachiyambi cha moyo.

Pezani zomwe mukusowa kudyetsa goslings m'masiku oyambirira a moyo.

Mafinya amaperekedwa madzi ndi njira yothetsera mankhwala yomwe imadonthozedwa. 0,5 ml ya Enroflona yawonjezedwa ku 1 l madzi.

Kwa mbalame zazikulu ndi broilers

Kwa akuluakulu, mankhwalawa amaperekedwa monga chithandizo cha matenda opatsirana. Kwa ma broilers, izi ndi zofunika kwambiri, popeza ataya chitetezo chawo chifukwa cha ntchito zambiri zobereketsa ndipo amatha kutengeka ndi matenda opatsirana.

Ng'ombe yayikulu imapatsidwa mankhwala mofanana ndi aang'ono, mwa kuchepetsa 0,5 ml kapena 1 ml yokonzekera mu madzi okwanira 1 litre. Chikhalidwe chachikulu cha chithandizo chamankhwala ndi nthawi yokwanira ya mankhwala omwe aperekedwa. Choncho, mbalame ziyenera kuyamba kupereka Enroflon pamene zizindikiro zoyamba za matenda a bakiteriya zikuwonekera:

  • ziwalo zosayera, makamaka ngati pali kusiyana kwakukulu kwa mtundu ndi mawonekedwe;
  • zamakhalidwe, zamantha, kugona;
  • kupatukana kwa ntchentche kuchokera ku nasopharynx;
  • ngati maso ndi madzi akukula;
  • ngati pali kuwomba, mbalame zomveka kuchokera pachifuwa.

Ndikofunikira! Njira yaikulu ya chithandizo cha mbalame zakutchire "Enroflon" - kuchepetsa 10% mwa mankhwala mu madzi akumwa pa mlingo wa 0,5-1 ml ya mankhwala pa madzi okwanira 1 litre. Mankhwalawa amatha masiku 3-5. Pa nthawiyi, madzi okha ndi omwe amaperekedwa kwa nkhosa, musapereke mankhwala oyera.
Pochiza salmonellosis, mlingo wa mankhwalawo uyenera kukhala wowirikiza kawiri, moyenera, 1-2 ml ya mankhwala pa madzi okwanira 1 litre.

Kawirikawiri, njira imodzi yokha ya enrofloxacin imafunika kuti munthu ayambe kuchira. Ngati mukukumana ndi mavuto, mukhoza kubwereza njira yothandizira, koma pakadali pano nkofunika kukaonana ndi veterinarian kuti mudziwe uphungu.

Zotsatira zoyipa

Kawirikawiri, pamene mlingo wawonetseredwa ukuwonetseredwa ndi kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwafupipafupi kwa zotsatirapo zilizonse mu mbalame, sizikuchitika.

Komabe, fluoroquinolones, monga mankhwala opha tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, amakhala ndi zotsatira zowononga osati tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, komanso mabakiteriya opindulitsa m'matumbo. Motero, thupi la m'mimba la microflora lingathe kuwonongedwa kwathunthu, lomwe liri ndi mavuto oterowo:

  • matenda osokonekera;
  • kupindula pang'ono;
  • chosokoneza;
  • kusintha mtundu ndi zinyalala za zinyalala.

Pezani chomwe chimayambitsa kutsekula m'matchi.

Pogwiritsira ntchito nthawi yaitali, mopitirira mlingo woyenera, kapena mwachangu wa munthu wina kuntchito yogwira ntchito ya mbalame, zotsatirazi zingayambe kuchitika. Nthawi zambiri, anthu ena amatha kusokonezeka ndi enrofloxacin. Pankhaniyi, muyenera kusiya kumwa fluoroquinolones kwathunthu, perekani mbalame antihistamine, ndipo mupitirize kuchiza matenda a bakiteriya ndi maantibayotiki ochiritsira.

Ndikofunikira! Nyama ya mbalame zothandizidwa ndi enrofloxacin sizingadye ndi anthu kwa masiku 11 mutha mankhwala omaliza. Mazira a kuika nkhuku amachotsedwanso kuntchito chifukwa amakhalanso ndi mchere wa fluoroquinolones.
Nyama inkagwira mbalame isanafike nthawi ya masiku 11 ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha:

  • pofuna kudyetsa nyama zina;
  • kuti apange nyama ndi mafupa.
Kuika nkhuku, zomwe mazira ake amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti azidya, mwina musamapereke mankhwala konse, kapena mazira awo asagwiritsidwe mwa mtundu uliwonse. Chowonadi ndi chakuti enrofloxacin imachotsedweratu, kuphatikizapo kupyolera mu mazira, ndipo kuika kwake mkati mwawo kuli kwakukulu kwambiri. Choncho, ngakhale kukonza mazira sikumapangitsa kuti iwo aziloledwa chakudya m'njira iliyonse.

Kusamvana kwa kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala

Enroflon ali ndi zotsutsana zambiri pamene mankhwala sayenera kuperekedwa kwa mbalame.

  1. Mu matenda ndi zilonda za impso ndi chiwindi. Mankhwalawa amasokonezedwa ndi ziwalo izi, ndipo ngati sizigwira ntchito bwino, ndiye kuti thupi silingathe kuchotsa fluoroquinolones.
  2. Ndi kusagwirizana kulikonse kwa mankhwala yogwira ntchito kapena hypersensitivity kwa icho.
  3. Ngati muli otsegula kwa fluoroquinolones.
  4. Pamodzi ndi mabakiteriya a bacteriostatic - "Levomitsetinom", "Tetracycline", macrolides.
  5. Mukamagwiritsa ntchito "Theofillina".
  6. Pamodzi ndi steroids.
  7. Ngati amagwiritsidwa ntchito mofananamo ndi antiticoagulants.
  8. Ngati mbalame zimalandira zokonzekera zitsulo, aluminium, calcium ndi magnesium, chifukwa zinthu izi zimakhudza kwambiri kuyamwa kwa mankhwala. Ngati simungathe kuletsa zinthu zomwe tazitchula pamwambapa, Enroflon ayenera kupatsidwa maola awiri kapena maola 4 mutatha kutenga izi.
Ndikofunikira! Zimalimbikitsidwa kuchepetsa kukhala kwa mbalame zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Enroflon dzuwa, dzuwa limaloza mkhalidwe wa munthu ndipo zimachepetsera chithandizo cha mankhwala.

Maganizo ndi zikhalidwe zosungirako

Kusungirako kwa "Enroflon" kumaloledwa pa kutentha kuchokera +5 mpaka +25. Malowa akhale mdima, otetezedwa ku dzuwa, youma, bwino mpweya wokwanira.

Sungani mankhwalawa ndi ololedwa kokha m'malo omwe ana sangathe kupeza. Tsiku lakumapeto, pansi pa zonse zosungirako - zosapitirira zaka zisanu kuchokera tsiku lopangidwa.

Enroflon ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo omwe amatchulidwa kuti antibacterial effect. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pochiza nkhuku motsutsana ndi matenda ambiri a bakiteriya. Mankhwalawa ndi othandiza komanso otsika poizoni, chifukwa atatha kulemera kwambiri mu ziwalo ndi ziwalo zimachotsedweratu ndi mkodzo ndi bile.