Malangizo odyetsa broilers. Kupha mbalame malangizo

Musanayambe zolengedwa zilizonse, mwiniwake amayesa pafupifupi kuchuluka kwa chakudya chofunikira. Pamene zinthu za broilers zimafuna zakudya zapadera ndi kudyetsa. Izi ndi nkhuku za kayendetsedwe ka nyama, ndipo chifukwa cha chitukuko chawo chabwino ndi phindu lolemera ayenera kupatsidwa chakudya chapadera.

Kodi amadya amadya bwanji?

Chakudya choyenera kwambiri chodyetsa mbalameyi ndi zakudya zosakaniza. Zosakaniza kale zogulitsidwa m'masitolo apadera. Kulemera kolemera koyenera kumadalira mwachindunji momwe nkhuku ndi akulu angadye patsiku. Choncho, mafuta awo akuchitidwa molingana ndi ndondomeko yapadera, yomwe ikuphatikizapo ndondomeko zotsatirazi: nthawi yoyamba, nthawi yoyamba, nthawi yowonjezera mafuta, ndi mapeto.

Ndikofunikira! Ntchito yolima broilers sayenera kutambasula pakapita nthawi, chifukwa miyezi iwiri nyama yawo imakhala yovuta. Choncho, mwamsanga mbalame imakula, bwino.

Nthawi yoyamba

Zakudya zoyenera m'masiku oyambirira ndi ofunika kwambiri, popeza vuto lalikulu likuwonetsedwa panthawiyi. Mu masiku asanu oyambirira, nkhuku imadya pafupifupi 15-20 g chakudya cha tsiku ndi tsiku. Pa nthawiyi, anyamatawa amadyetsedwa kasanu ndi kamodzi patsiku kuti mimba yomwe imakhala isanakwane mwamphamvu kuti idye chakudya. Kuwonjezeka kwa tsiku ndi tsiku kumafunika magalamu 15. Pa nthawiyi, chakudya chosavuta chimakhala chofunikira. Kuwonjezera pa chakudya, nkhuku zoyenera, oatmeal, kanyumba tchizi ndi mazira owiritsa. Pamapeto pa siteji iyi, kulemera kwa nkhuku kuyenera kukhala 50 mpaka 115 g

Werengani malamulo a kupha ndi kukonza nkhuku kunyumba.

Kuyambira nthawi

Panthawiyi, yomwe imayamba kuyambira masiku 6 ndikukhala 20, nkhuku tsiku lililonse imayenera kulandira 30 g (kumayambiriro) mpaka 80 g (kumapeto). Izi zikutanthauza kuti kuchuluka kwa chakudya kumakula pang'onopang'ono. Chiwerengero cha odyetsa akhoza kuchepetsedwa kufikira kasanu. Phindu lolemera pa tsiku liyenera kukhala pafupifupi 30 g, ndipo kumapeto kwa nthawi ya kulemera kwake kwa nkhuku ziyenera kukhala kuyambira 120 mpaka 650 g. Pa nthawi ino, amadyera, grated dzungu ndi karoti zimayambira mu zakudya. M'nyengo yozizira, popanda udzu wobiriwira, m'malo mwa udzu kapena udzu chakudya chimachotsedwa. Tiyeneranso kukumbukira kuti nkhuku zimafuna madzi okwanira.

Mukudziwa? Ngakhale ali ndi zaka 1, kukula kwa nkhuku za nkhuku zazing'ono zimatha kusiyanitsa ndi ana a mitundu ina - iwo amakhala ndi paws limodzi ndi theka.

Kusamba

Iyi ndi nthawi ya phindu lalikulu, choncho kuchuluka kwa chakudya kumakula kwambiri. Mpaka masiku 40, mbalame zimayenera kupeza 100-150 g chakudya tsiku lililonse. Kudyetsa nthawi imeneyi kumakhudza kwambiri kulemera, zomwe ziyenera kukhala ndi chizindikiro cha 0.7 mpaka 2.1 kg. Kulemera kolemera kumapindula mwa kuyambitsa mbatata yophika, kefir, ndi mpendadzuwa mu zakudya.

Phunzirani momwe mungadyetse ndi kusunga nkhuku za broiler.

Nsomba zatsopano ndi yisiti zikhoza kuwonjezeredwa patsiku (200 g ya yisiti, yomwe imadzipangidwira ndi madzi ofunda kapena mkaka) imaphatikizidwa ku makilogalamu 10 a chakudya. Chiwerengero cha kudya chakudya chingachepetse 3-4. Ngati mbalame imalandira chakudya choyenera, phindu lolemera tsiku ndi tsiku liyenera kukhala losachepera 50-55 g.

Maliriza mzere

Pamapeto pake, ma broilers amadyetsedwa kawiri pa tsiku, koma kuchuluka kwa chakudya ayenera kukhala osachepera 160-170 g. Pakadutsa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi, mbalame ikhoza kudyetsedwa osati kuphwanyidwa, koma mbewu zonse, mu zakudya ziyenera kukhala zowonjezera madzi ndi udzu. Panthawiyi, mulingo wa chakudya ndi waukulu kwambiri, ndipo pamapeto (pa miyezi iwiri) mbalameyi imaphedwa. Panthawiyi, iyenera kufika kulemera kwa 2.1-2.5 makilogalamu. Kudyetsa chakudya sikudzabweretsa zotsatira ndipo zomwe nkhukuzo sizidzatha.

Onani mitundu yabwino kwambiri ya broiler.

Momwe mungawerengere voliyumu yonse

Terengani nambala ya nthawi yodyetsa:

  • Mu nthawi yoyamba yomwe nkhuku imadya 15-20 g chakudya. Kuchuluka kwa masiku asanu, timapeza kuti mwanayo amafunikira pafupifupi 100 g chakudya;
  • nthawi yoyamba, kuchuluka kwa chakudya kumakula. Pafupifupi, mbalame imalandira pafupifupi magalamu 50 a chakudya tsiku lililonse, ndipo nthawi zonse idya magalamu 750;
  • Pa malo odyetserako mafuta, ma broilers amalandira chakudya chambiri, chomwe chimagwirizana ndi 100-150 g pa tsiku. Kuchuluka kwa masiku 20, timapeza 2-2.5 makilogalamu a chakudya;
  • Pamzere womaliza tsiku lililonse broiler amafunikira pafupifupi 160 g chakudya, choncho nthawi zonse amadya pafupifupi 3.2 makilogalamu.
Malamulo odyetsera odyera panyumba Kuchokera kuwerengera izo zikhoza kuwonedwa kuti a broilers adya chakudya chochuluka kwambiri pa chakudya ndi kumaliza magawo. Zonsezi, musanaphedwe, nkhuku zimafuna 6 mpaka 6.5 kg chakudya.
Mukudziwa? Mawu akuti "broiler" mu Chingerezi amatanthauza "kuwotcha pamatope."

Cholinga cha kuphedwa

Kuphweka mbalame zakupha nthawi zina zimagwiritsa ntchito kondomu. Zapangidwa ndi chitsulo ndi miyeso yotere yomwe nkhuku ikhoza kugwirizana nayo, ndipo mutu ukhoza kumamatira mu dzenje. Pachifukwa ichi, thupi liri bwino ndipo ndilobwino kwambiri kudula mmero - izi zimachitika ndi lumo kapena mpeni, pambuyo pake mtembo umasiyidwa kwa mphindi zingapo kuti umve. Ndi njira iyi ya kupha mbalameyo siimabvula ndipo sivulazidwa. Kuti apange tizilombo toononga, kuphatikizapo chitsulo, ntchito yamitengo, linoleum kapena yogulitsidwa.

Kupha nyama

Nkhuku imakulira kuti ipange nyama ndi mazira, ndipo posakhalitsa nkhuku ziyenera kuphedwa. Mu mafakitale, ndondomekoyi ndi yodziwika ndipo imachitika maminiti pang'ono. Kunyumba, zimakhala zovuta ndipo zimatenga nthawi yambiri. Kuti tipeze phunziro ili, tipereka mwachidule malangizo onse.

Kukonzekera

Musanaphe nkhosa, yoyamba muyenera kukonzekera izi:

  1. Tsiku loyamba kupha, muyenera kusankha munthu woyenera;
  2. Gwiritsani mwachidwi mapeyala, kuti musamawononge chirichonse;
  3. Kuyika selo kapena chipinda chosiyana;
  4. Asanaphedwe, iye sapatsidwa chakudya, koma amamwe madzi kuti matumbo ake athetsedwe kwathunthu. Kufulumizitsa kuyeretsa mmalo mwa madzi mukhoza kupereka mankhwala a 2% a mchere wa Glauber. Metabolism imapita patsogolo ngati simukuzimitsa kuwala.

Kuphedwa

N'zotheka kupha broiler pogwiritsa ntchito njira zingapo. Mmodzi wa iwo ndi njira yakunja:

  1. Mbalame yam'madzi mwa kugunda mutu.
  2. Ikani mu khola kapena imangomangirira paws ndi kumangiriza ndikuyiyika pamsomali kapena nthambi.
  3. Msuzi kapena mpeni kuti mudule mmero kumbuyo kwa earlobes (mungathe kungodula mutu pa chitsa).
  4. Lolani magazi aziyenda.

Ndikofunikira! Njira imeneyi ili ndi vuto, lomwe liri mu ingress ya mabakiteriya mu nyama ndi magazi. Thupi liyenera kuphikidwa nthawi yomweyo.

Mungagwiritse ntchito njira yamkati yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka m'minda ya nkhuku:

  1. Broiler stun.
  2. Yendetsani ndi paws kapena malo mu khola.
  3. Kuti mutsegule mlomo muyenera kujambula pamtima pakati pa lobes ndi maso.
  4. Ikani mkasi kapena mpeni wokhala ndi tsamba lofewa mumlomo ndikudula ziwiya zonse zofunika.
  5. Ikani mfundo mu ubongo.

Video: Kuphedwa kosalala

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Pamene magazi achotsedwa ku nyama yowonongeka, zotsatirazi zimatengedwa:

  1. Gwiritsani ntchito madziwa kuti mukhale otentha mpaka 65 ... madigiri 70. Gwirani izo kwa pafupi miniti.
  2. Kuyika pa tebulo mu kuyenda kozungulira kuti mubwere nthenga.
  3. Gwiritsani mbalame pamoto kuti muchotse tsitsi.
  4. Ikani mtembo.

Werengani komanso momwe mungadulire nkhuku kunyumba.

Njira yothetsera madzi ili ndi magawo angapo:

  1. M'dera la goiter mofatsa amachititsa khungu.
  2. Kusiyanitsa khungu la khungu, konyamulira kumutu.
  3. Pambuyo pake, tanizani goiter pa mfundo.
  4. Tsegulani mtembo m'dera la cloaca mwa kupanga chosowa.
  5. Kulimbitsa matumbo, kulekanitsa ndi mkati.
  6. Chotsani zitsulo ndi goiter.
Nyama yatha. Mukhoza kuchigwiritsa ntchito pokonzekera. Tinawafotokozera mwachidule za kuwerengera kwa chakudya chofunika chokhudzana ndi kukula kwa broilers, komanso anapereka malangizo ophera nkhuku. Tikukhulupirira kuti nkhani yathu idzakhala yothandiza kwa inu ndipo idzakuthandizani kumvetsa pang'ono za zovuta zamakono. Bwino labwino ndi mbalame yathanzi!