Nkhuku zoumba zoyera: zimakhala zobala pakhomo

Kusankha mtundu wa nkhuku zobala nthawi zambiri kumayambitsa kukayikira kochuluka ndipo kumatenga nthawi yokwanira, koma kuti mudziwe bwino kusankha, nkofunika kuti mudziwe bwino malamulo ndi zizindikiro za mitundu iliyonse. Ngati chisankho chili pa nkhuku zoyera, ndiye kuti muyenera kudziwa maonekedwe, khalidwe, kudyetsa komanso zofunikira.

Mbiri yamabambo

Mtundu uwu unadziwika m'zaka za zana la XIX, monga zinalili ndipo akadakali mtundu umodzi wa mitundu yobala kwambiri. Mbiri ya kuswana inayamba ku Italy. Dzina la mtunduwo limagwirizanitsidwa ndi doko la England la Livorno. Mu theka lachiwiri la zaka za m'ma 1900, adayamba kutumizidwa ku United States, kumene adadutsa ndi mitundu ina kuti akabale nkhuku zowonjezera. Izi zinali mitundu yokongola ya ku Japan (phoenix, yokohama), ankhondo, azungu zoyera, komanso nkhuku za ku Spain.

Mukudziwa? Nkhuku zoyambirira zinapangidwa ku Ethiopia zaka zoposa 3,000 zapitazo!

Kamodzi m'mayikowa, mtunduwu watchuka kwambiri, unafalikira ku Ulaya ndipo unabwera ku England. Iwo anadza ku gawo la USSR kumayambiriro kwa zaka za zana la 20, iwo anali okalamba onse mwa mawonekedwe abwino ndipo anachita chisankho kuti apange zamoyo zawo zomwe zokhudzana ndi izi.

Kufotokozera ndi Zochitika

Mtundu uliwonse uli ndi maonekedwe ake omwe amawasiyanitsa ndi ena. Iwo amachokera ku zizindikiro zakuthupi zomwe ziri zofunika kuti zikule ndi kuswana.

Nkhuku za nkhonozi zimagwira nawo ntchito yobala mitundu yambiri yamtunduwu, monga mtanda, Borkovskaya barvistaya, rhodonite, yofiira, yofiira, yofiira.

Zomwe zili kunja

Nthawi zambiri, zizindikiro za kunja kwa nkhuku zikuphatikizapo:

  • kukula kochepa kwa mitundu ina;
  • phazi lalitali;
  • mawonekedwe obwereza;
  • thunthu mu mawonekedwe a tsamba lopindika;
  • kutalika kwalitali;
  • kumbuyo kumbuyo;
  • zozungulira mawere;
  • mutu wapakati;
  • mvula yandiweyani;
  • mapuloteni achikasu kapena bluish;
  • tsamba lakuda muzitsulo;
  • mchira waukulu wa tambala ndi mchira wa nkhuku.

Zochitika kunja zimasiyana malinga ndi zamoyo zomwe munthu wina anabadwira.

Nyengo

Leghorn ndi imodzi mwa nkhuku zomwe zimagwira ntchito kwambiri, choncho, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tithetse m'khola ndi mwayi woyenda. Kawirikawiri kusankha kosankhidwa koteroko si ndalama zambiri, koma chifukwa cha kukula kwake kwa mbalame nyumbayo siidula mtengo. Amakhala ovuta kwambiri, choncho malo awo okhala ayenera kukhala osamalidwa bwino komanso oyera. Payenera kukhala malo okwanira, kuthamanga kwakukulu kwa mpweya ndi kuwala kochuluka, mwinamwake nkhuku sizingapereke chiwerengero chofuna mazira.

Ndikofunikira! Pansi pa zovuta, nkhuku sizingapereke zotsatira zoyenera ndipo zimatha kumenyana pakati pawo.

Kawirikawiri, khalidwe lawo ndi lochezeka, chifukwa ndilosawoneka kuti nkhuku zithetsana kapena kuwonjezereka mu gulu. Khalani chete, ngati mumawasunga bwino ndikuwunika zakudya zawo.

Werengani komanso kumanga nkhuku zanu.

Kuthamanga kwachibadwa

Chizindikiro cha mtundu uwu ndi chakuti nkhuku pali pafupifupi nthenda yamtendere. Izi zikutanthauza kuti amaika mazira, koma kuti nkhuku ziwonekere, nkofunika kuti nkhuku zinyama zikhale ndi mazira, kapena kugula mbalame zazing'ono. Njira yina ndiyo yophatikizira.

Mukudziwa? Mtundu wa chipolopolo cha dzira sichigwirizana ndi khalidwe la dzira lokha.

Pambuyo pakutha, nkhuku zimasiyanitsidwa ndi kupirira kwawo kwakukulu ndi kukana zokhuza kunja, koma wina sayenera kuiwala kuti amafunikira chisamaliro ndi kudyetsa.

Kukonzekera

Mtundu uwu uli wabwino maonekedwe ndi zokolola zambiri:

  • kulemera: tambala - kuchokera 2.2 kg mpaka 2.7 kg, nkhuku - kuchokera 1.5 kg mpaka 2 kg;
  • nambala ya mazira pachaka: zidutswa 160-230;
  • dzira lolemera: 40-60 g;
  • chiyambi cha dzira kuika nthawi: sabata la 17-18 la moyo.

Izi ndizo, tikutha kuona kuti zizindikiro za zokolola zili pamlingo waukulu.

Zimene mungadye

Mbali yofunikira kwambiri ya moyo ndi kukolola kwa mitundu iliyonse ya nkhuku ndi zakudya zabwino, chifukwa cha mazira, kukula kwa achinyamata ndi thanzi la nkhuku zimadalira. Chifukwa cha kukula kwake kwa anthu, sikuti amafuna chakudya chochuluka, koma chikhalidwe chachikulu cha msinkhu uliwonse ndicho khalidwe labwino komanso nthawi zonse. Mtundu uwu ndi wodzichepetsa, safuna zina zowonjezera kapena vitamini zosakaniza.

Nkhuku

Ziphuphu zingapereke mitundu iyi ya mankhwala:

  • mazira owiritsa;
  • tirigu;
  • nthambi ya tirigu;
  • amadyera osiyanasiyana.

Pakapita nthawi, m'pofunika kuti pang'onopang'ono muonjezere zakudya zina kuti mudye wamkulu.

Nkhuku zazikulu

Zakudya za nkhuku akulu zimaphatikizapo:

  • mbewu zosiyanasiyana;
  • chimanga;
  • mdima;
  • chakudya;
  • mizu masamba;
  • udzu ndi udzu;
  • masamba.

Kuti zikhale zofunikanso, zowonjezera zikhoza kuwonjezeredwa kuti ziwonjezere zokolola, koma izi siziri zofunikira.

Phunzirani momwe mungapangire chakudya cha nkhuku kunyumba ndipo ndi mavitamini ati omwe amafunikira kuti mazira apange.

Zomwe amangidwa

Momwe mbalamezo zimakhalira ndizofunika kwambiri, mazira awo, khalidwe lawo ndi thanzi lawo zimadalira.

Zofunikira za Coop

Choyamba, nkhuku ya nkhuku iyenera kuyeretsedwa nthawi zonse, popeza mtundu uwu ndi woyera, ndipo malo odyera amaphatikizapo kuchuluka kwa matenda ambiri. Komanso, chipinda chikhale chete, chifukwa kupanikizika kungachepe kwambiri. Kukula kwa nkhuku nkhukuyenera kukhazikitsidwa potsatira mawerengedwe a 1 mita imodzi kwa nkhuku zisanu ndi zisanu ndi ziwiri.

Ndikofunikira! Kuyeretsa kosayenera kwa nyumba ya nkhuku kungayambitse mliri, monga momwe mbalame zimafe.

Ndikofunika kuti tipeze chisa kuchokera ku mtengo wachilengedwe, kuwerengera nkhuku 15-20 masentimita. Chisacho chimapangidwa ndi bokosi la matabwa lodzala ndi udzu. Pansi pali nkhuni zabwino kapena udzu. M'nyengo yozizira zimalimbikitsidwa kusunga kutentha pa madigiri 15 Celsius, nyengo yotentha - ngati n'kotheka mpaka madigiri 25 Celsius.

Yendayenda

Yard yakuyenda ikhoza kukhala yosiyana siyana malingana ndi mwayi. Danga laling'ono lidzakhala lokwanira, chikhalidwe chachikulu ndi chakuti mpanda wochokera ku gridiyo uyenera kukhala mamita oposa theka ndi theka. Izi ndi chifukwa chakuti nkhuku zazing'ono zimatha kuwuluka. Galasi liyenera kukhala ndi m'lifupi mokwanira.

Dzidziwitse nokha ndi malingaliro opanga ndi kukhazikitsa nkhuku nkhu: momwe mungapangire Kutentha, mpweya wabwino, kuunikira, madzi akudya, kudyetsa nkhuku.

Kodi kulipirira yozizira yozizira

Kuzizira koopsa Osakonzedwa kuti atumize nkhuku kunjachifukwa zingasokoneze thanzi lawo. Choncho, mu nkhuku nkhuku ndikofunika kuyika zipinda ndi miyala yaing'ono, yomwe nkhuku zimapezeka pamsewu, zimafunikira kuti zisaye chakudya kudziko lomwe limafuna.

Kodi n'zotheka kubereka mu khola

Kusungunuka muzitseke kumaloledwa, koma kokha ngati kuli kokwanira kokwanira. Chimodzi mwa zizindikiro za izi ndikuti nkhuku ikhoza kusunga mutu pakati pa ndodo momasuka. Chikhalidwe china - selo liyenera kukhala ndi chilakolako chochepa. Kunja kwa khola, m'pofunika kukonzekera kuika mazira.

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Makhalidwe abwino a mtundu uwu ndi awa:

  • kupanga mazira;
  • mtendere;
  • kupirira;
  • gwirani malo pang'ono;
  • osati kudya zakudya;
  • nthawi yoyamba yakuika mazira.

Makhalidwe oipa:

  • Ng'ombe za mtundu uwu sizikuphwanya mazira;
  • chiwerengero cha mazira chicheperachepera chaka.

Vuto: Nkhwangwa

Alimi a nkhuku amayamikira za mtundu wa Leghorn

Tinasunga nkhuku zabwino kwambiri m'mudzi. Zimathamanga bwino komanso zimakhala zosasamala.
Tolyan
//www.kury-nesushki.ru/posting.php?mode=quote&f=16&p=156&sid=e8bfbcd213b4c1c084e08b310c7c2df2

Ndili ndi white leggorn kwa zaka 6! Ndili wokhutira, ngakhale ndiri ndi mazira 200 pachaka (ndi nkhuku imodzi) ((((palibe (chidziwitso cha mbalame chokongola) ngati mbalame).
Gregory
//ferma.org.ua/threads/leggorn-belyj.78/#post-984

Tingathe kunena kuti nkhuku zoyera zimakhala ndi ubwino ndi zovuta zonse. Ndi chisamaliro choyenera ndi mikhalidwe, iwo amasonyeza mazira akuluakulu, koma musaiwale za zizindikiro zawo, monga kusakhala kwa chibadwa chokha.